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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(01-4)

时间:2008-10-13 07:44来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:03.83]2001 Passage4
[00:06.05]The world is going through the biggest wave of mergers2
[00:08.96]and acquisitions ever witnessed.
[00:11.59]The process sweeps from hyperactive America to Europe
[00:15.52]and reaches the emerging countries with unsurpassed might.
[00:20.45]Many in these countries are looking at
[00:22.57]this process and worrying:
[00:25.00]"Won't the wave of business concentration turn into
[00:28.42]an uncontrollable anti-competitive force?"
[00:32.85]There's no question that the big are getting bigger
[00:36.08]and more powerful.
[00:37.89]Multinational corporations accounted for less than
[00:41.22]20% of international trade in 1982.
[00:46.56]Today the figure is more than 25% and growing rapidly.
[00:52.61]International affiliates3 account for
[00:55.24]a fast-growing segment of production in economies
[00:58.35]that open up and welcome foreign investment.
[01:02.90]In Argentina, for instance,
[01:05.10]after the reforms of the early 1990s,
[01:08.33]multinationals4 went from 43% to almost 70%
[01:13.27]of the industrial production of the 200 largest firms.
[01:18.52]This phenomenon has created serious concerns
[01:22.05]over the role of smaller economic firms,
[01:25.40]of national businessmen and over the ultimate stability
[01:29.42]of the world economy.
[01:31.97]I believe that the most important forces behind
[01:34.69]the massive M&A wave are the same
[01:37.62]that underlie5 the globalization process:
[01:40.85]falling transportation and communication costs,
[01:44.43]lower trade and investment barriers
[01:47.15]and enlarged markets that require enlarged
[01:50.37]operations capable of meeting customers' demands.
[01:55.03]All these are beneficial, not detrimental6, to consumers.
[01:59.44]As productivity grows, the world's wealth increases.
[02:03.87]Examples of benefits or costs of
[02:06.59]the current concentration wave are scanty7.
[02:09.72]Yet it is hard to imagine that the merger1 of
[02:12.64]a few oil firms today
[02:14.76]could re-create the same threats to competition
[02:17.88]that were feared nearly a century ago in the U.S.,
[02:21.52]when the Standard Oil trust was broken up.
[02:25.15]The mergers of telecom companies,
[02:27.57]such as WorldCom,
[02:29.08]hardly seem to bring higher prices for consumers
[02:32.41]or a reduction in the pace of technical progress.
[02:36.54]On the contrary, the price of communications
[02:39.47]is coming down fast.
[02:41.79]In cars, too, concentration is increasing
[02:45.62]--witness Daimler and Chrysler,
[02:48.44]Renault and Nissan--but it does not appear
[02:51.77]that consumers are being hurt.
[02:53.39]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:54.70]Yet the fact remains
[02:56.11]that the merger movement must be watched.
[02:58.83]A few weeks ago, Alan Greenspan warned against
[03:01.95]the megamergers in the banking8 industry.
[03:04.79]Who is going to supervise,
[03:06.81]regulate and operate as lender of last resort with
[03:11.04]the gigantic banks that are being created?
[03:14.56]Won't multinationals shift production
[03:16.79]from one place to another
[03:19.01]when a nation gets too strict
[03:20.72]about infringements9 to fair competition?
[03:24.09]And should one country take upon itself
[03:26.70]the role of "defending competition" on issues
[03:29.32]that affect many other nations,
[03:31.85]as in the U.S. vs. Microsoft case?

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1 merger vCJxG     
n.企业合并,并吞
参考例句:
  • Acceptance of the offer is the first step to a merger.对这项提议的赞同是合并的第一步。
  • Shareholders will be voting on the merger of the companies.股东们将投票表决公司合并问题。
2 mergers b4ab62fffa9919cbf1e93fcad6d3150c     
n.(两个公司的)合并( merger的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Mergers fall into three categories: horizontal, vertical, and conglomerate. 合并分为以下三种:横向合并,纵向合并和混合合并。 来自辞典例句
  • Many recent mergers are concentrated within specific industries, particularly in retailing, airlines and communications. 现代许多合并企业集中进行某些特定业务,在零售业、民航和通讯业中更是如此。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
3 affiliates 8039227006b7ce850a1cb99be5471e50     
附属企业( affiliate的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • She affiliates with an academic society. 她是某学术团体的成员。
  • For example, these security affiliates participated in the floating of 19,000,000,000 of issues in 1927. 例如,这些证券发行机构在1927年的流通证券中,就提供了一百九十亿美元的证券。
4 multinationals 62535937a7268e716f9c1a6586b6cc78     
跨国公司( multinational的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • These local companies are only small fry compared with the huge multinationals. 同那些跨国公司比,这些当地的公司不过是小鱼小虾。
  • Some people believe that the multinationals have too much power. 有人认为跨国公司的权力太大了。
5 underlie AkSwu     
v.位于...之下,成为...的基础
参考例句:
  • Technology improvements underlie these trends.科技进步将成为此发展趋势的基础。
  • Many facts underlie my decision.我的决定是以许多事实为依据的。
6 detrimental 1l2zx     
adj.损害的,造成伤害的
参考例句:
  • We know that heat treatment is detrimental to milk.我们知道加热对牛奶是不利的。
  • He wouldn't accept that smoking was detrimental to health.他不相信吸烟有害健康。
7 scanty ZDPzx     
adj.缺乏的,仅有的,节省的,狭小的,不够的
参考例句:
  • There is scanty evidence to support their accusations.他们的指控证据不足。
  • The rainfall was rather scanty this month.这个月的雨量不足。
8 banking aySz20     
n.银行业,银行学,金融业
参考例句:
  • John is launching his son on a career in banking.约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
  • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有广博的银行业务知识。
9 infringements c954281a444bb04eab98d2db6b427383     
n.违反( infringement的名词复数 );侵犯,伤害
参考例句:
  • It'seems to me we've got to decide on wider issues than possible patent infringements. 我认为我们不能只考虑侵犯专利可能性这一问题,要对更大的一些问题做出决策。 来自企业管理英语口语(第二版)(2)
  • Wikipedia relies on its users to correct errors and spot copyright infringements. 维基百科主要依靠用户来纠正错误,并发现版权侵权行为。 来自互联网
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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