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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(01-5)

时间:2008-10-13 07:45来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:00.00]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:06.51]2001 Passage5
[00:08.42]When I decided1 to quit my full time employment
[00:11.27]it never occurred to me that I might
[00:13.38]become a part of a new international trend.
[00:16.51]A lateral2 move that hurt my pride
[00:18.93]and blocked my professional
[00:20.54]progress prompted me to abandon
[00:23.37]my relatively3 high profile career although,
[00:26.69]in the manner of a disgraced government minister,
[00:29.93]I covered my exit by claiming
[00:32.35]"I wanted to spend more time with my family".
[00:36.19]Curiously, some two-and-a-half years
[00:38.91]and two novels later,
[00:40.82]my experiment in what the Americans term
[00:43.94]"downshifting" has turned my tired excuse
[00:47.37]into an absolute reality.
[00:50.50]I have been transformed from a passionate
[00:53.42]advocate of the philosophy of "having it all",
[00:56.64]preached by Linda Kelsey for the past seven years
[00:59.87]in the pages of She magazine,
[01:02.29]into a woman who is happy to settle for
[01:04.81]a bit of everything.
[01:07.03]I have discovered, as perhaps Kelsey
[01:09.75]will after her much-publicized resignation
[01:13.28]from the editorship of She after a build-up of stress,
[01:17.03]that abandoning the doctrine4 of "juggling5 your life",
[01:20.85]and making the alternative move into "downshifting" brings
[01:24.89]with it far greater rewards
[01:26.98]than financial success and social status.
[01:31.12]Nothing could persuade me to return
[01:33.54]to the kind of life Kelsey used to advocate
[01:36.46]and I once enjoyed:
[01:38.58]12-hour working days, pressured deadlines,

[01:42.11]the fearful strain of office politics
[01:44.84]and the limitations of being a parent on "quality time".
[01:49.78]In America, the move away from juggling to a simpler,
[01:54.11]less materialistic6 lifestyle is a well-established trend.
[01:58.75]Downshifting--also known in America
[02:01.58]as "voluntary simplicity"--has, ironically,
[02:05.31]even bred a new area of
[02:07.32]what might be termed anti-consumerism.
[02:11.56]There are a number of bestselling downshifting
[02:14.09]self-help books for people
[02:16.20]who want to simplify their lives;
[02:18.62]there are newsletters, such as The Tightwad Gazette,
[02:22.34]that give hundreds of thousands of Americans
[02:24.75]useful tips on anything
[02:26.98]from recycling their cling-film to making their own soap;
[02:31.41]there are even support groups for those
[02:33.90]who want to achieve the mid-'90s equivalent of
[02:36.83]dropping out.
[02:38.64]While in America the trend started as a reaction to
[02:41.55]the economic decline--after the mass redundancies
[02:45.07]caused by downsizing in the late '80s
[02:48.41]--and is still linked to the politics of thrift7, in Britain,
[02:52.62]at least among the middle-class downshifters of my acquaintance,
[02:56.95]we have different reasons for seeking to simplify our lives.
[03:00.48]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[03:01.79]For the women of my generation
[03:03.71]who were urged to keep juggling through the '80s,
[03:06.83]downshifting in the mid-'90s
[03:09.25]is not so much a search for the mythical8 good life
[03:13.08]--growing your own organic vegetables,
[03:15.30]and risking turning into one
[03:18.02]--as a personal recognition of your limitations.


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1 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
2 lateral 83ey7     
adj.侧面的,旁边的
参考例句:
  • An airfoil that controls lateral motion.能够控制横向飞行的机翼。
  • Mr.Dawson walked into the court from a lateral door.道森先生从一个侧面的门走进法庭。
3 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
4 doctrine Pkszt     
n.教义;主义;学说
参考例句:
  • He was impelled to proclaim his doctrine.他不得不宣扬他的教义。
  • The council met to consider changes to doctrine.宗教议会开会考虑更改教义。
5 juggling juggling     
n. 欺骗, 杂耍(=jugglery) adj. 欺骗的, 欺诈的 动词juggle的现在分词
参考例句:
  • He was charged with some dishonest juggling with the accounts. 他被指控用欺骗手段窜改账目。
  • The accountant went to prison for juggling his firm's accounts. 会计因涂改公司的帐目而入狱。
6 materialistic 954c43f6cb5583221bd94f051078bc25     
a.唯物主义的,物质享乐主义的
参考例句:
  • She made him both soft and materialistic. 她把他变成女性化而又实际化。
  • Materialistic dialectics is an important part of constituting Marxism. 唯物辩证法是马克思主义的重要组成部分。
7 thrift kI6zT     
adj.节约,节俭;n.节俭,节约
参考例句:
  • He has the virtues of thrift and hard work.他具备节俭和勤奋的美德。
  • His thrift and industry speak well for his future.他的节俭和勤勉预示着他美好的未来。
8 mythical 4FrxJ     
adj.神话的;虚构的;想像的
参考例句:
  • Undeniably,he is a man of mythical status.不可否认,他是一个神话般的人物。
  • Their wealth is merely mythical.他们的财富完全是虚构的。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  阅读理解
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