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新概念英语第一册Lesson 31 Where’s Sally?

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  Lesson 31 Where’s Sally?

 

  听录音,然后回答问题。Is the cat climbing the tree?
猫正在爬树吗?
Where’s Sally, Jack1?
She’s in the garden, Jane.
What’s she doing?
She’s sitting under the tree.
Is Tim in the garden, too?
Yes, he is.
He’s climbing the tree.
I beg your pardon?
Who’s climbing the tree.
Tim is.
What about the dog?
The dog’s in the garden, too.
It’s running across the grass.
It’s running after a cat.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
garden
n. 花园
under
prep.在……这下
tree
n. 树
climb
v. 爬,攀登
who
pron.谁
run
v. 跑
grass
n. 草,草地
after
prep.在……之后
across
prep.横过,穿过
cat
n. 猫
参考译文
简:杰克,萨莉在哪儿?
杰克:她在花园里,简。
简:她在干什么?
杰克:她正在树荫下坐着。
简:蒂姆也在花园里吗?
杰克:是的,他也在花园里。他正在爬树。
简:你说什么?谁在爬树?
杰克:蒂姆在爬树。
简:那么狗呢?
杰克:狗也在花园里。它正在草地上跑,
在追一只猫。

 

  自学导读
词汇学习  Word study

1.climb  v.
(1)攀登,攀爬:
The children are always climbing trees.
孩子们总是在爬树。
He likes climbing mountains.
他喜欢爬山。
(2)逐步上升(增长):
The temperature is climbing steadily2.
温度正在慢慢地平稳上升。
The price of gold climbed back.
金价逐渐回升了。
(3)(在社会地位等方面)往上爬:
He is trying hard to climb to the top of the social ladder.
他正努力爬到社会的最顶层。
He has climbed to a very high position in his field.
他已在自己的领域中爬到了一个很高的位置。
2.run  v.
(1)跑,奔跑:
He is running quickly.
他正飞快地跑着。
He runs a mile every morning to keep fit.
他每天早晨跑一英里步以保持身体健康。
(2)流动;流出:
The current3 is running strong.
水流湍急。
Her eyes ran with tears.
她落泪了。
(3)追赶;追逐:
The dog is running after a cat.
那只狗正在追赶一只猫。
Many young men are running after that girl.
许多年轻人在追求那个姑娘。


语法  Grammar in use
现在进行时(1)
(1)在英文中若想表达此刻正在进行的动作或事件,要用动词的现在进行时形式。现在进行时由be的现在时形式(am, is, are)+现在分词组成。如课文中的Shes sitting under the tree 和Hes climbing the tree等句子均为现在进行时。对大多数动词来说,在动词后面直接加-ing即可构成现在分词,如doing, climbing。以-e结尾的动词,要去掉-e,再加-ing,如making。如果动词只有一个元音字母而其后跟了一个辅音字母时,则需将与辅音字母双写,再加-ing,如running, sitting。
(2)疑问式:将用了现在进行时的句子变成一般疑问句时只需将助动词提前。如:
Hes reading a magazine.
Is he reading a magazine?
他正在看一本杂志吗?
(3)否定式:现在进行时的否定式是将否定词not放在助动词之后。如:
The dog is drinking its milk.
The dog is not drinking its milk.
狗没在喝它的那份牛奶。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 32
A
1  He is opening the window.
2  She is sharpening4 this pencil.
3  She is dusting the cupboard.
4  She is emptying the basket.
5  He is looking at the picture.
B
1  What is Mr. Richards doing?
Is he cleaning his teeth?
No, he isnt cleaning his teeth.
Hes opening the window.
2  What is my mother doing?
Is she shutting the door?
No, she isnt shutting the door.
Shes making the bed.
3  What is the dog doing?
Is it drinking its milk?
No, it isnt drinking its milk.
Its eating a bone.
4  What is my sister doing?
Is she reading a magazine?
No, she isnt reading a magazine.
Shes looking at a picture.
5  What is Emma doing?
Is she dusting the dressing5 table?
No, she isnt dusting the dressing table.
Shes cooking a meal.
6  What is Amy doing?
Is she making the bed?
No, she isnt making the bed.
Shes sweeping6 the floor.
7  What is Tim doing?
Is he reading a magazine?
No, he isnt reading a magazine.
Hes sharpening a pencil.
8  What is the girl doing?
Is she turning on the light?
No, she isnt turning on the light.
Shes turning off the tap.
9  What is the boy doing?
Is he cleaning his teeth?
No, he isnt cleaning his teeth.
Hes putting on his shirt.
10  What is Miss Jones doing?
Is she putting on her coat?
No, she isnt putting on her coat.
Shes taking off her coat.


 课堂笔记
语法 ―― 时态:
在第一册出现了八种时态
1.首先了解概念
2.时态 ―― 动词变化规则,时间的状态
now -- 现在进行时
usually, often, always... -- 一般现在时
already, yet -- 现在进行时
现在进行时,表示现在正在进行或者发生的动作、状态;
表示现阶段正在进行或发生,但说话的此刻动作不一定进行;
后面加一个将来的时间,可以表示打算做的事情。
结构:S. + be + V.-ing
S. + be + not + V.-ing
Be + S. +v.-ing?
Yes, S. + be / No, S. + be + not
What + be + S. + v.-ing
What is Sally doing? / Tim doing? / What are they doing?
Are they climbing the tree?
Is she sitting under the tree?
The dog is / isn't running after the cat.
Is the dog running after the cat?
Yes, it is. / No, it isn't.
I am speaking / talking.
Sam is climbing the tree.
We are listening.
I am studying English in New Oriental7 School.
I am reading Gone with the wind.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 jack 53Hxp     
n.插座,千斤顶,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛举;n.(Jake)杰克
参考例句:
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
2 steadily Qukw6     
adv.稳定地;不变地;持续地
参考例句:
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
3 current YYezN     
n.涌流,趋势,电流,水流,气流;adj.当前的,通用的,流通的,现在的,草写的,最近的
参考例句:
  • Electric current is often powerful enough to kill a man.电流常强得足以致命。
  • There is a story about her in the current number.最近一期上有关于她的故事。
4 sharpening 4fbfd3d5262f90798bc383f9920a9ac7     
n.磨快;磨尖;磨刀;削尖v.(使)提高( sharpen的现在分词 );(使声音)变得尖锐;(使)变得更好(或技术更高、更有效等);(使)变得锋利
参考例句:
  • This knife needs sharpening. 这把刀需要磨了。
  • The contradictions are sharpening. 矛盾正在加剧。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
5 dressing 1uOzJG     
n.(食物)调料;包扎伤口的用品,敷料
参考例句:
  • Don't spend such a lot of time in dressing yourself.别花那么多时间来打扮自己。
  • The children enjoy dressing up in mother's old clothes.孩子们喜欢穿上妈妈旧时的衣服玩。
6 sweeping ihCzZ4     
adj.范围广大的,一扫无遗的
参考例句:
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
7 oriental lJxxo     
adj.东方的,东方人的,东方文化的
参考例句:
  • China is an oriental country with a long history.中国是一个有着悠久历史的东方国家。
  • They maintain a very powerful fleet in Oriental waters.他们在远东海域保持着一支非常强大的舰队。
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