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新概念英语第一册Lesson 33 A fine day

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  Lesson 33 A fine day

  听录音,然后回答问题。Where is the Jones family?
琼斯一家人在哪里?
It’s a fine day today.
There are some clouds in the sky, but the sun is shining.
Mr Jones’s with his family.
They are walking over the bridge.
There are some boats on the river.
Mr Jones and his wife are looking at them.
Sally is looking at a big ship.
The ship is going under the bridge.
Tim is looking at an airplane.
The airplane is flying over the river.
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
day
n. 日子
cloud
n. 云
sky
n. 天空
sun
n. 太阳
shine
v. 照耀
with
prep. 和……在一起
family
n. 家庭(成员)
walk
v. 走路, 步行
over
prep.跨越,在……之上
bridge
n. 桥
boat
n. 船
river
n. 河
ship
n. 轮船
airplane
n. 飞机
fly
v. 飞
参考译文
今天天气好。
天空中飘着几朵云,但阳光灿烂。
琼斯先生同他的家人在一起。
他们正在过桥。
河上有几艘船。
琼斯先生和他的妻子正在看这些船。
莎莉正在观看一艘大船。
那船正从桥下驶过。
蒂姆正望着一架飞机。
飞机正从河上飞过。

 

  自学导读
课文详注 Further notes on the text
1.It is a fine day today.今天天气好。
句中的it是指天气。又如:
Is it cold today?  今天冷吗?
No, it isn't. 不,不冷。
2.some clouds,几朵云。
some既可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词。如:some tables一些椅子(可数名词),some milk一些牛奶(不可数名词)。
3.There are some clouds in the sky, but the sun is shining.天空中飘着几朵云,但阳光灿烂。
这句是并列句,由两个分句构成,连词but表明分句之间存在着对比及转折关系。两分句之间大多要用逗号,有时可不用逗号。
4.Mr. Jones is with his family.琼斯先生同他的家人在一起。
句中with是介词,表示"和……一起"。family是指"家里的人"或"家庭成员"。
5.They are walking over the bridge.他们正在过桥。
句中的over有"穿过"的意思。又如:
The aeroplane1 is flying over the river.
飞机正在河上飞过。
The birds are flying over the house.
鸟儿在屋上飞过。
over还可表不"在……上方"(不接触表面),如:
The sky is over our heads.
天空在我们头顶上。
6.There are some boats on the river. 河上有几艘船。
句中on意为"在……上面"(接触表面)。又如:
There is a book on  the table.
桌上有一本书。
7.The ship is going under the bridge. 那船正从桥下驶过。
句中under意为"在……下面(或下方)"。如:
There is a dog under the tree.
树下有只狗。
ship一般指海洋中行驶的大船。boat一词指河中行驶的小船。另外:aeroplane(英国英语),airplane(美国英语),飞机(正式用语); plane,飞机(非正式用语)。
语法  Grammar in use
现在进行时(2)
(请参见 Lessons 31~32语法部分。)
现在进行时的形式是由be的现在时形式+现在分词形式构成。当句中主语名词为复数或者人称代词为第2人称或第3人称复数时,be的现在时形式应为are。


 词汇学习  Word study
1.jump  v.
(1)跳跃;跃过:
They are jumping a ditch2.
他们正跃过一个深沟。
They jumped off the wall and ran off.
他们从墙上跳下去跑掉了。
(2)略去;跳过:
He jumped the first grade in college.
他跳过大学一年级(指跳级直接升入二年级)。
(3)突然上升;猛增:
They jumped the registration3 fees4 from £20 to £50.
他们把注册费从20英镑涨到50英镑。
His company's profits jumped surprisingly last year.
他所在公司去年的利润令人惊异地飞速增加。
2.sleep
(1)v.睡觉:
He sleeps for only 4 hours every night.
他每夜只睡4个小时。
I was so excited that I could hardly sleep.
我兴奋得无法入睡。
(2)n.睡眠;睡觉:
He had a good sleep last night.
他昨天夜里睡得很酣畅。


练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 34
A
1  She is typing a letter.
2  She is making the bed.
3  He  is coming.
4  The sun is shining.
5  He is giving me some magazines.
B
1  What are the men doing?
They're cooking a meal.
2  What are they doing?
They're sleeping.
3  What are the men doing?
They're shaving.
4  What are the children doing?
They're crying.
5  What are the dogs doing?
They're eating bones.
6  What are the women doing?
They're typing letters.
7  What are the children doing?
They're doing their home-work.
8  What are the women doing?
They're washing dishes.
9  What are the birds doing?
They're flying over the river.
10  What are they doing?
They're walking over the bridge.
11  What are the man and the woman doing?
They're waiting for a bus.
12  What are the children doing?
They're jumping off the wall.


课堂笔记
新单词:day、cloud、sky、sun、shine、with、family、walk、over、bridge、boat、river、ship、aeroplane、fly
day after day:一天一天的
day and night:日日夜夜
day break:拂晓
Sunday /sQndi/:星期天
Monday、Tuesday、Wednesday、Thursday、Friday、Saturday
It's a fine day today.
There are some clouds in the sky.
sky-blue:天蓝色
sky sign:高楼上的广告牌
动词+ing的规则:
jump, jumping
sweep, sweeping5
shave, shaving
shine, shining
单词双写的条件:
1.必须是单音节单词(音标里有几个元音音标,就是有几个音节)。
2.单音节的单词一般都是重读,且为闭音节。
3.单词末尾有一个辅音字母,一个元音字母。
sit, sitting
run, running
Mr. Jones is with his family.
Mrs. Liu is with those children.
family man:有家室的人
family doctor:家庭医生
family tree:家谱
family planning:计划生育
family name:姓氏
There are three people in my family.
walk around:四处走走
walk home:走回家
walk over:走过 They are walking over the bridge.
go:行驶,走,去,加油
go under the bridge 在桥底下走过
The ship is going under the bridge.
in the river
on the river
There are some boats on the river.
There is a boy in the river.
He is swimming.
He is swimming across the river.
plane(非正式)
aeroplane(正式)
I have to fly. 我必须得走了。
escape:逃跑(从被禁锢到逃脱)
flee:逃走(强调逃离时慌慌张张的心态)
get away:逃离,很快地走(口)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 aeroplane qKLyf     
n.(英)飞机 (=airplane)
参考例句:
  • I can see that aeroplane,but I can't see a bird.我能看见那架飞机,但是小鸟我就看不见了。
  • The aeroplane was flying a few feet above the sea.飞机正在距海面几英尺的低空飞行。
2 ditch GlXzY     
n.沟,沟渠,渠道
参考例句:
  • With the blind leading the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.如果瞎子替瞎子带路的话,那么两方肯定会掉到沟里。
  • The water in the ditch is not very clean.沟里的水不很清洁。
3 registration ASKzO     
n.登记,注册,挂号
参考例句:
  • Marriage without registration is not recognized by law.法律不承认未登记的婚姻。
  • What's your registration number?你挂的是几号?
4 fees a1ff09453cc85d1a8cc7fb1f4911f8e4     
费用; (加入组织或做某事付的)费( fee的名词复数 ); 专业服务费; 咨询费; 报酬
参考例句:
  • Employees are reimbursed for any legal fees incurred when they relocate. 员工调往异地工作时,他们可以报销由此产生的所有法律服务费用。
  • As a scholar you will not have to pay college fees. 作为接受奖学金的学生,你不必付大学的费用。
5 sweeping ihCzZ4     
adj.范围广大的,一扫无遗的
参考例句:
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
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