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新概念英语第一册lesson 61 A bad cold

时间:2005-04-23 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:鱼尾巴   字体: [ ]
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  lesson 61 A bad cold

  What is good news for Jimmy?
听录音,然后回答问题。吉米有什么好消息?
MR WILLIANMS:        Where's Jimmy?
MRS WILLIAMS:          He's in bed.
MR WILLIAMS:               What's the matter with him?
MRS WILLIAMS:          He feels ill.
MR WILLIAMS:              He looks ill.
MRS WILLIAMS:          We must call the doctor.
MR WILLIAMS:              Yes, we must.
MR WILLIAMS:              Can you remember the doctor's telephone number?
MRS WILLIAMS:          Yes. It's 09754.
DOCTOR:                    Open your mouth,       Jimmy.       Show me your tongue. Say, 'Ah'.
MR WILLIMAMS:              What's the matter with him, doctor?
DOCTOR:                    He has a bad cold,      Mr Williams, so he must stay in bed for a week.
MRS WILLIAMS:        That's good news for Jimmy.
DOCTOR:                    Good news? Why?
MR WILLIAMS:              Because he doesn't like school!
New Word and expressions 生词和短语
feel
v. 感觉
look
v. 看(起来)
must
modal verb 必须
call
v. 叫,请
doctor
n. 医生
telephone
n. 电话
remember
v. 记得,记住
mouth
n. 嘴
tongue
n. 舌头
bad
adj. 坏的,严重的
cold
n. 感冒
news
n. 消息
参考译文
威廉斯先生:吉米在哪儿?
威廉斯夫人:他躺在床上。
威廉斯先生:他怎么啦?
威廉斯夫人:他觉得不舒服。
威廉斯先生:他看上去是病了。
威廉斯夫人:我们得去请医生。
威廉斯先生:是的,一定得请。
威廉斯先生:你还得医生的电话号码吗?
威廉斯夫人:记得。是09754。
医 生:把嘴张开,吉米。让我们
看看你的舌头。说“啊——”
威廉斯先生:他得了什么病,医生?
医 生:他得了重感冒,威廉斯先生,
因此他必须卧床一周。
威廉斯夫人:对吉米来说,这可是个好消息。
医 生:好消息?为什么?
威廉斯先生:因为他不喜欢上学。

 

  自学导读
1.fell ill, 感觉病了;look ill, 看起来有病。
前者指自我感觉,后者指外表形象。ill是表语,look和feel都是系动词,可像am/is/are那样,后面跟形容词。
2.…so he must stay in bed for a week.……因此他必须卧床休息一周。
so表示"因此"、"所以"。for可以引出一段时间,表示某个动作持续多少时间。又如:
for two hours each day 每天两小时
3.That's good news for Jimmy. 对吉米来说,这可是个好消息。
句中的news是不可数名词,不是复数形式。在英语中,有些以-s 结尾的名词可作单数使用,又如:mumps1(腮腺炎),measles2 (麻疹)。
4.She has a headache. 她头疼。
根据现代英语习惯,headache前常用不定冠词a。其他ache型的复合词也多用不定冠词,如:an earache3(耳疼),a toothache (牙疼),a stomach ache(胃疼)。
5.take/have an aspirin4, 服/吃一片阿司匹林。
6.have a temperature, 发烧。


  语法  Grammar in use
1.完全动词 have(2)
have(和 have got)常与表示疼痛和疾病的名词连用。关于与这种名词连用的不定冠词a/an的用法可有几种情况:
(1)必须用不定冠词,如 a cold(感冒),a headache(头疼),a sore throat(嗓子疼):
I have a headache/cold
我头疼/感冒了。
(2)不定冠词可用可不用,如 catch(a)cold(患感冒),have(a)backache/stomach ache/toothache(患背痛/胃痛/牙疼等):
I've had(a) toothache all night.
我牙疼了一整夜。
(3)复数形式的疾病名称前面不用冠词。如 measles(麻疹),mumps(流行性腮腺炎),shingles(带状疱疹):
Most children are in bed with mumps.
大多数孩子们都得了流行性腮腺炎,躺在床上。
(4)被认为不可数的疾病名称前面不用冠词,如flu(流行性感冒),gout(痛风),hepatitis(肝炎)等:
I was in bed with flu for ten days.
我因患流感,卧床10天。
the也可以与 flu,measles和 mumps等词连用,如:
He's got the flu/the measles/the mumps
他得了流感/麻疹/腮腺炎。
2.must(2)
must是情态助动词(如can一样),它本身没有时态、性或数的变化,也不能单独作谓语动词(简短回答除外)。must表示"必要性",即某人必须做某事。(请参见 Lessons 29~30语法部分。)


  词汇学习  Word study
1.feel  v.
(1)觉得;感到;意识到:
I could feel rain on my face.
她感觉到雨点打在我的脸上。
He's feeling a little better today.
他今天感觉好点了。
(2)摸,触;(客体)给人某种感觉:
He felt his pockets and then took out a small box.
他摸摸他的口袋,然后取出一个小盒子。
The silk feels very smooth.
丝绸摸上去很滑爽。
(3)认为;以为;相信:
I feel that he has made a mistake.
我认为他犯了一个错误。
I feel it unnecessary to do so.
我认为这样做没必要。
2.remember  v.
(1)记得;回忆:
Can Mrs. Williams remember the doctor's telephone number?
威廉斯太太记得起医生的电话号码吗?
I remember he used to dress in a blue suit.
我记得他从前常穿一套蓝色衣服。
(2)记住;牢记;不忘记:
I tried hard to remember the long passage of Shakespeare.
我努力记住莎士比亚的大段说白。
Remember your appointment with the dentist.
别忘了你和牙医的预约。


  练习答案  Key to written exercises
Lesson 62
A
1  He has a cold.
2  He can't go to work.
3  He is not well.
4  He feels ill.
5  He must see a doctor.
6  He does not like doctors.
B
1  What's the matter with Elizabeth?
Does she have an earache?
No, she doesn't have an earache.
She has a headache.
So she must take an aspirin.
2  What's the matter with George?
Does he have a headache?
No, he doesn't have a headache.
He has an earache.
So he must see a doctor.
3  What's she matter with Jim?
Does he have a stomach ache?
No, he doesn't have a stomach ache.
He has a toothache.
So he must see a dentist.
4  What's the matter with Jane?
Does she have a toothache?
No, she doesn't have a toothache.
She has a stomach ache.
So she must take some medicine.
5  What's the matter with Sam?
Does he have a stomach ache?
No, he doesn't have a stomach ache.
He has a temperature.
So he must go to bed.
6  What's the matter with Dave?
Does he have a headache?
No, he doesn't have a headache.
He has flu.
So he must stay in bed.
7  What's the matter with Jimmy?
Does he have a headache?
No, he doesn't have a headache.
He has measles.
So we must call the doctor.
8  What's the matter with Susan?
Does she have an earache?
No, she doesn't have an earache.
She has mumps.
So we must call the doctor.
Lesson 61 A bad cold 重感冒
Health is a kind of freedom and comes first of all.


[词汇]
feel v. 感觉
look v. 看(起来)
must modal verb 必须
call v. 叫,请
doctor n. 医生
telephone n. 电话
remember v. 记得,记住
mouth n. 嘴 open your mouth
tongue n. 舌头 show me your tongue
bad adj. 坏的,严重的 bad cold
cold n. 感冒
news n. 消息 [nju:z] [nu:z] good news
They are looking at the blackboard.
feel/smell/look/taste


1 主语+不及物动词
2 主系表结构,其中系动词(link-verb)包括be动词和感官动词。
be动词后可跟形容词和名词;感官动词后多加形容词做表语。
I feel happy.
The food smells terrible.
She looks sad.
This tastes good.
I feel ill.
She feels ill.
Do you feel ill?
How do you feel?
How does she feel?
How does Jimmy feel?
Jimmy looks ill. Jimmy is in bed. He feels ill. He doesn't feel ill. Does he feel ill? How does he feel? He looks ill.
feel funny/ feel like (doing) sth./feel free to do sth.
look at the blackboard
look 表示看的动作/ see 表示看的内容、结果/ watch 观看移动的东西/ observe 表示观察/ spot /sight/view 察看
lose oneself at the first sight
I lost myself at the first sight of my wife.
sightsee/ scan/ glimpse5 瞥一眼/ glance 匆匆看一眼/ stare/ notice/ note 看到并记住
look for 寻找/ look after照顾/ look forward to 希望/ look down on(upon)
call(s) a doctor
doctor/ Dr./quack 江湖郎中/ healer6 大夫/dentist 牙医/physician 内科医生/ surgeon 外科医生
see a doctor/ see the dentist
send for a doctor/ ask the doctor
Jimmy feels ill today. He looks ill. You must see/call a doctor.
Mrs. Williams must call a doctor.
at the butcher's/at the doctor's
middle school
Jimmy is a middle school student. He is in bed now. He feels ill. He looks ill. Mrs. Williams is his mother. They must call the doctor. Now Jimmy is at the doctor's.
retell/ recite/ repeat
remember/ recall7/ recollect8/ remind 使想起/ review 复习
When I recall sth. happened last year, …
I like stamps collecting.
I can't recollect what happened in past year.
remember + 名词或代词
I remember you.
the doctor's telephone number
I can remember the doctor's telephone number.
Can you remember the doctor's telephone number?
remember to do sth. 记得去做某事
remember doing sth. 记得做了某事
post
When you go by the post office, remember to post the letter.
I remember posting the letter.
remember sth.
mouth [mauW]
month [mQnW] n. 月
mouse [maus] n.鼠,耗子
tongue twister [5twistE] n. 绕口令/ mother tongue
open your mouth/ show me your tongue /show your tongue to me
bad/ ill/ evil9
cold adj. 寒冷的 It is cold.
n. 感冒 have/ catch/ get a bad cold.
其否定形式是用 don't 和 doesn't, 用do 和 does 构成疑问句
I have a cold today. I don't have a cold today. Do you have a cold today? Jimmy has a cold today. Jimmy doesn't have a cold today. Does Jimmy have a cold today?
a piece of news
That is good news for me!
That is good news for Jimmy!
No news is the good news.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 mumps 6n4zbS     
n.腮腺炎
参考例句:
  • Sarah got mumps from her brother.萨拉的弟弟患腮腺炎,传染给她了。
  • I was told not go near Charles. He is sickening for mumps.别人告诉我不要走近查尔斯, 他染上了流行性腮腺炎。
2 measles Bw8y9     
n.麻疹,风疹,包虫病,痧子
参考例句:
  • The doctor is quite definite about Tom having measles.医生十分肯定汤姆得了麻疹。
  • The doctor told her to watch out for symptoms of measles.医生叫她注意麻疹出现的症状。
3 earache tkrzM     
n.耳朵痛
参考例句:
  • I have been having an earache for about a week.我的耳朵已经痛了一个星期了。
  • I've had an earache for the past few days.我耳痛好几天了。
4 aspirin 4yszpM     
n.阿司匹林
参考例句:
  • The aspirin seems to quiet the headache.阿司匹林似乎使头痛减轻了。
  • She went into a chemist's and bought some aspirin.她进了一家药店,买了些阿司匹林。
5 glimpse wenzr     
vt.瞥见;n.一瞥,一看
参考例句:
  • One glimpse at himself in the mirror was enough.让他照着镜子看自己一眼就够了。
  • She catches a glimpse of a car in the distance.她一眼就瞥见了远处的汽车。
6 healer healer     
n.医治者;治疗物;治病术士
参考例句:
  • Time may be a great healer , but it's a poor beautician . 时间也许是个高明的医师,但却是个蹩脚的美容师。 来自辞典例句
  • As a healer of bodies I had scant success. 作为治疗肌体的医生,我的成就甚微。 来自辞典例句
7 recall mtByJ     
n.回忆,召回,取消;vt.回想起,召回,与...相似,恢复
参考例句:
  • As you may recall, he was in the army then.你可能记得当时他正在从军。
  • We demand that you recall your army from our border.我们要求你们撤回在我们边境的部队。
8 recollect eUOxl     
v.回忆,想起,记起,忆起,记得
参考例句:
  • He tried to recollect things and drown himself in them.他极力回想过去的事情而沉浸于回忆之中。
  • She could not recollect being there.她回想不起曾经到过那儿。
9 evil KiHzS     
n.邪恶,不幸,罪恶;adj.邪恶的,不幸的,有害的,诽谤的
参考例句:
  • We pray to God to deliver us from evil.我们祈求上帝把我们从罪恶中拯救出来。
  • Love of money is the root of all evil.爱钱是邪恶的根源。
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