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NPR 2011-12-19

时间:2012-01-12 06:13来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 Early this morning, the US ended its military involvement in Iraq. A final convoy1 of heavily armoured personnel carriers rolled across the border into Kuwait. Soldiers cheered, bumped fists and hugged each other in celebration. The nearly nine-year war cost nearly 4,500 American lives. It’s estimated more than 100,000 Iraqis were killed. 

 
More than 200 asylum2 seekers--many from central Asia—are missing after their ship sank off the coast of Indonesia. NPR’s Anthony Kuhn reports from Jakarta the passengers were apparently3 trying to make it to Australia. 
 
Fishing boats searched for missing the asylum seekers in choppy seas off the island of Java. Local media say dozens have been rescued but bad weather and high waves are hampering4 the rescue effort. The fishing boat was carrying more than double its intended capacity of 100 people when it sank in rough seas. Most of the asylum seekers were Afghans with some Iraqis, Iranians and Turks as well. Indonesia is a popular transit5 point for asylum seekers and illegal migrants heading for Australia. Last month a boat capsized in the same area, killing6 eight asylum seekers. Anthony Kuhn, NPR News, Jakarta. 
 
There are still more than 800 people missing in the Philippines after a typhoon last week. The storm set off flash floods and landslides7 that swept entire houses near the sea. At least 650 people are confirmed dead. 
 
Tributes are pouring in for former Czech President and dissident leader Vaclav Havel, who died today at the age of 75 after a long illness. NPR’s Eric Westervelt reports. 
 
Jailed and hounded for his outspoken8 criticism and sly mockery of the Soviet-backed authoritarian9 regime Havel dubbed10 “Absurdistan”, the playwright11 led a corps12 of Czech artists, intellectuals and musicians who challenged the totalitarian state. The sometimes shy, quiet artist helped spark a mass, peaceful and successful uprising dubbed the “Velvet Revolution”. He later became his country’s first democratically elected president and helped guide the peaceful break-up of Czech-Slovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. German Chancellor13 Angela Merkel today wrote that Havel’s dedication14 to freedom and democracy is as unforgotten as his great humanity. She added that Germans owe him a debt of gratitude15 for his inspiration and work. Havel, a heavy smoker16, had been ill for a long time. He would still speak out on important issues, but had been frail17 and largely out of the public spotlight18 for much of the last eight years. Eric Westervelt, NPR News. 
 
The House is to vote tomorrow on a bill to extend the social security payroll19 tax cuts and jobless benefits by two months. The Senate passed it yesterday 89:10. But House Speaker John Boehner says that compromise isn’t good enough and Congress should write a new bill that includes spending cuts and lasts an entire year. 
 
“Ninety percent of those reductions, frankly20, the president agrees with. So we can, we can find common ground. It’s just the usual, let’s just punt. Kick the can down the road, we’ll come back and do it later.” 
 
Boehner was interviewed on NBC’s "Meet the Press". 
 
This is NPR News. 
 
Egypt’s health ministry21 reports at least 10 people have died in three days of fighting between troops and protesters in Cairo. More than 400 people have been wounded. The demonstrators say the military leaders are mismanaging the transition from the rule of Hosni Mubarak overthrown22 10 months ago. On its Facebook page, the ruling military is calling the protesters "hooligans" and claiming the violence is part of a conspiracy23 against Egypt.  
 
A London newspaper is reporting Britain is drawing up emergency plans to remove its citizens living in Spain and Portugal if their banking24 systems collapse25 and people can't get their money out of those countries. Larry Miller26 reports it’s being described as a “nightmare scenario”. 
 
About a million British live in Spain with 50,000 in Portugal. According to The Sunday Times, the British foreign office is increasingly concerned expats could be stranded27 unable to withdraw cash or lose their homes if banks call in mortgages. The paper quotes sources as saying the Foreign Office is planning for the worst with thousands of penniless British leaving at airports with no way to get home. The contingency28 plans reportedly include sending planes, ships and buses to evacuate29 the expats. This comes as credit rating agency S&P downgraded 10 Spanish banks and Fitch warned a solution to the eurozone crisis is probably beyond reach. For NPR News, I’m Larry Miller in London. 
 
The Des Moines Register is endorsing30 Mitt31 Romney for the Republican presidential nomination32. Editorial on today’s edition says the former Massachusetts governor is the best candidate to rebuild the economy. The Iowa caucuses33 are the first contest in Republican nomination process, held in a little more than two weeks. 

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 convoy do6zu     
vt.护送,护卫,护航;n.护送;护送队
参考例句:
  • The convoy was snowed up on the main road.护送队被大雪困在干路上了。
  • Warships will accompany the convoy across the Atlantic.战舰将护送该船队过大西洋。
2 asylum DobyD     
n.避难所,庇护所,避难
参考例句:
  • The people ask for political asylum.人们请求政治避难。
  • Having sought asylum in the West for many years,they were eventually granted it.他们最终获得了在西方寻求多年的避难权。
3 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
4 hampering 8bacf6f47ad97606aa653cf73b51b2da     
妨碍,束缚,限制( hamper的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • So fraud on cows and development aid is seriously hampering growth. 因此在牛问题上和发展补助上的诈骗严重阻碍了发展。
  • Short-termism, carbon-trading, disputing the science-are hampering the implementation of direct economically-led objectives. 短效主义,出售二氧化碳,进行科学辩论,这些都不利于实现以经济为主导的直接目标。
5 transit MglzVT     
n.经过,运输;vt.穿越,旋转;vi.越过
参考例句:
  • His luggage was lost in transit.他的行李在运送中丢失。
  • The canal can transit a total of 50 ships daily.这条运河每天能通过50条船。
6 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
7 landslides 5a0c95bd1e490515d70aff3ba74490cb     
山崩( landslide的名词复数 ); (山坡、悬崖等的)崩塌; 滑坡; (竞选中)一方选票占压倒性多数
参考例句:
  • Landslides have cut off many villages in remote areas. 滑坡使边远地区的许多村庄与外界隔绝。
  • The storm caused landslides and flooding in Savona. 风暴致使萨沃纳发生塌方和洪灾。
8 outspoken 3mIz7v     
adj.直言无讳的,坦率的,坦白无隐的
参考例句:
  • He was outspoken in his criticism.他在批评中直言不讳。
  • She is an outspoken critic of the school system in this city.她是这座城市里学校制度的坦率的批评者。
9 authoritarian Kulzq     
n./adj.专制(的),专制主义者,独裁主义者
参考例句:
  • Foreign diplomats suspect him of authoritarian tendencies.各国外交官怀疑他有着独裁主义倾向。
  • The authoritarian policy wasn't proved to be a success.独裁主义的政策证明并不成功。
10 dubbed dubbed     
v.给…起绰号( dub的过去式和过去分词 );把…称为;配音;复制
参考例句:
  • Mathematics was once dubbed the handmaiden of the sciences. 数学曾一度被视为各门科学的基础。
  • Is the movie dubbed or does it have subtitles? 这部电影是配音的还是打字幕的? 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 playwright 8Ouxo     
n.剧作家,编写剧本的人
参考例句:
  • Gwyn Thomas was a famous playwright.格温·托马斯是著名的剧作家。
  • The playwright was slaughtered by the press.这位剧作家受到新闻界的无情批判。
12 corps pzzxv     
n.(通信等兵种的)部队;(同类作的)一组
参考例句:
  • The medical corps were cited for bravery in combat.医疗队由于在战场上的英勇表现而受嘉奖。
  • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.战争爆发时,他自愿参加了海军陆战队。
13 chancellor aUAyA     
n.(英)大臣;法官;(德、奥)总理;大学校长
参考例句:
  • They submitted their reports to the Chancellor yesterday.他们昨天向财政大臣递交了报告。
  • He was regarded as the most successful Chancellor of modern times.他被认为是现代最成功的财政大臣。
14 dedication pxMx9     
n.奉献,献身,致力,题献,献辞
参考例句:
  • We admire her courage,compassion and dedication.我们钦佩她的勇气、爱心和奉献精神。
  • Her dedication to her work was admirable.她对工作的奉献精神可钦可佩。
15 gratitude p6wyS     
adj.感激,感谢
参考例句:
  • I have expressed the depth of my gratitude to him.我向他表示了深切的谢意。
  • She could not help her tears of gratitude rolling down her face.她感激的泪珠禁不住沿着面颊流了下来。
16 smoker GiqzKx     
n.吸烟者,吸烟车厢,吸烟室
参考例句:
  • His wife dislikes him to be a smoker.他妻子不喜欢他当烟民。
  • He is a moderate smoker.他是一个有节制的烟民。
17 frail yz3yD     
adj.身体虚弱的;易损坏的
参考例句:
  • Mrs. Warner is already 96 and too frail to live by herself.华纳太太已经九十六岁了,身体虚弱,不便独居。
  • She lay in bed looking particularly frail.她躺在床上,看上去特别虚弱。
18 spotlight 6hBzmk     
n.公众注意的中心,聚光灯,探照灯,视听,注意,醒目
参考例句:
  • This week the spotlight is on the world of fashion.本周引人瞩目的是时装界。
  • The spotlight followed her round the stage.聚光灯的光圈随着她在舞台上转。
19 payroll YmQzUB     
n.工资表,在职人员名单,工薪总额
参考例句:
  • His yearly payroll is $1.2 million.他的年薪是120万美元。
  • I can't wait to get my payroll check.我真等不及拿到我的工资单了。
20 frankly fsXzcf     
adv.坦白地,直率地;坦率地说
参考例句:
  • To speak frankly, I don't like the idea at all.老实说,我一点也不赞成这个主意。
  • Frankly speaking, I'm not opposed to reform.坦率地说,我不反对改革。
21 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
22 overthrown 1e19c245f384e53a42f4faa000742c18     
adj. 打翻的,推倒的,倾覆的 动词overthrow的过去分词
参考例句:
  • The president was overthrown in a military coup. 总统在军事政变中被赶下台。
  • He has overthrown the basic standards of morality. 他已摒弃了基本的道德标准。
23 conspiracy NpczE     
n.阴谋,密谋,共谋
参考例句:
  • The men were found guilty of conspiracy to murder.这些人被裁决犯有阴谋杀人罪。
  • He claimed that it was all a conspiracy against him.他声称这一切都是一场针对他的阴谋。
24 banking aySz20     
n.银行业,银行学,金融业
参考例句:
  • John is launching his son on a career in banking.约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
  • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有广博的银行业务知识。
25 collapse aWvyE     
vi.累倒;昏倒;倒塌;塌陷
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做了一次彻底的调查分析。
26 miller ZD6xf     
n.磨坊主
参考例句:
  • Every miller draws water to his own mill.磨坊主都往自己磨里注水。
  • The skilful miller killed millions of lions with his ski.技术娴熟的磨坊主用雪橇杀死了上百万头狮子。
27 stranded thfz18     
a.搁浅的,进退两难的
参考例句:
  • He was stranded in a strange city without money. 他流落在一个陌生的城市里, 身无分文,一筹莫展。
  • I was stranded in the strange town without money or friends. 我困在那陌生的城市,既没有钱,又没有朋友。
28 contingency vaGyi     
n.意外事件,可能性
参考例句:
  • We should be prepared for any contingency.我们应该对任何应急情况有所准备。
  • A fire in our warehouse was a contingency that we had not expected.库房的一场大火是我们始料未及的。
29 evacuate ai1zL     
v.遣送;搬空;抽出;排泄;大(小)便
参考例句:
  • We must evacuate those soldiers at once!我们必须立即撤出这些士兵!
  • They were planning to evacuate the seventy American officials still in the country.他们正计划转移仍滞留在该国的70名美国官员。
30 endorsing a5b3f1341cd4294ff105734a1ff0bd61     
v.赞同( endorse的现在分词 );在(尤指支票的)背面签字;在(文件的)背面写评论;在广告上说本人使用并赞同某产品
参考例句:
  • Yet Communist leaders are also publicly endorsing religion in an unprecedented way. 不过,共产党领导层对宗教信仰的公开认可也是以前不曾有过的。 来自互联网
  • Connecticut Independent Senator Joseph Lieberman is endorsing Republican Senator John McCain. 康涅狄格州独立派参议员约瑟夫。列波曼将会票选共和议员约翰。麦凯恩。 来自互联网
31 mitt Znszwo     
n.棒球手套,拳击手套,无指手套;vt.铐住,握手
参考例句:
  • I gave him a baseball mitt for his birthday.为祝贺他的生日,我送给他一只棒球手套。
  • Tom squeezed a mitt and a glove into the bag.汤姆把棒球手套和手套都塞进袋子里。
32 nomination BHMxw     
n.提名,任命,提名权
参考例句:
  • John is favourite to get the nomination for club president.约翰最有希望被提名为俱乐部主席。
  • Few people pronounced for his nomination.很少人表示赞成他的提名。
33 caucuses d49ca95184fa2aef8e2ee3b613a6f7dd     
n.(政党决定政策或推举竞选人的)核心成员( caucus的名词复数 );决策干部;决策委员会;秘密会议
参考例句:
  • Republican caucuses will happen in about 410 towns across Maine. 共和党团会议选举将在缅因州的约410个城镇进行。 来自互联网
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