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新视野大学英语读写教程词汇 第一册 unit08 b

时间:2010-12-17 06:10来源:互联网 提供网友:wokan222   字体: [ ]

  <TITLE>New Words</TITLE>
  ||<1> <em>creativity</em> |n.  |[U] the ability to create new ideas or things |创造力
  ||||A good teacher can encourage students' creativity. |好老师能够激发学生的创造力。
  ||||This exercise can encourage creativity in the use of language. |这类练习可以激发运用语言的创造力。
  ||<2>chill|v.|make or become cold |(使) 变冷;冷藏
  ||||The freezing weather chilled me to the bone. |寒冷的天气使我感到冰冷刺骨。
  ||||I put some beer in the icebox to chill. |我放了些啤酒到冰箱里冷藏。
  |||n.|[sing.] a feeling of coldness |寒冷;寒意
  ||||The sound of his boots precedes him and he brings a rush of morning chill in. |随着靴子声他进了屋, 带进一阵清晨的寒气。
  ||||Please, turn on the heater to rid us of this chill. |请把暖气打开, 帮我们赶走寒气。
  |@|<3>dip|vt.|put sth. into a liquid and lift it out again |蘸,浸
  ||||She dipped her hand in the sea to find out how cold it was. |她把手放入海水中, 想感觉一下它有多凉。
  ||||The painter dipped his brush into the paint. |画家拿画笔蘸颜料。
  |@|<4>applaud|v.|express good opinion or favor by clapping one's hands |拍手,喝彩;称赞
  ||||Everyone applauded when the play ended. |演出结束时, 大家都热烈鼓掌。
  ||||They have been applauded for their decision to close the small paint factory. |他们决定关闭这座小印染厂,得到了大家的赞扬。
  |@|<5>remark|vt.|say sth., esp. about sth. one has just noticed |评论;谈论
  ||||He remarked that we shouldn't be late again. |他说我们不应该再迟到了。
  ||||As he often remarked, one is never too old to learn. |正如他一向所说的那样, 一个人要活到老学到老。
  |||n.|[C] a comment |评论;谈论
  ||||It's impolite to make remarks on others' personal affairs. |对别人的私事说三道四是不礼貌的。
  ||||I didn't agree with his closing remarks. |我对他的闭幕词不太赞同。
  |@|<6>decade|n.|[C] a period of ten years |十年
  ||||The habit accompanied him for decades. |这个习惯伴随了他数十年。
  ||||Prices have risen continuously during the past decade. |在过去的10年里,物价一直在上涨。
  |@|<7>convince|vt.|make sb. feel certain that sth. is true |使确信,使信服
  ||||You don't have to convince me you're right. |你不必说服我相信你是对的。
  ||||It took many hours to convince the judge of his guilt. |花费了许多小时法官才相信他有罪。
  |@|<8>capacity|n.|1. [C, U] one's ability to do sth. |才能,能力
  ||||This book is within the capacity of young readers. |这本书年轻读者可以读懂。
  ||||They have improved their organization and fighting capacity. |他们提高了组织能力和战斗力。
  ||||2. [sing.] the ability to hold or contain sth. |容量,容积
  ||||This room has a seating capacity of 100 people. |这个房间可坐100人。
  ||||The university decided to increase the capacity of the lecture hall. |学校决定扩大演讲厅的容纳力。
  ||<9>impulse|n.|[C] a sudden wish to do sth. |冲动;刺激
  ||||a man of impulse |易冲动的人
  ||||She bought the dress on impulse. |她一时冲动买了这件衣服。
  |@|<10>potential|n.|[U] qualities that exist and can be developed |潜力,潜能
  ||||She shows potential as a teacher. |她表现出当教师的潜在能力。
  ||||He reached his full potential as a composer. |作为一名作曲家,他已充分发挥了自己的潜能。
  |||a.|likely to happen or become so, although not actually existing at present |潜在的
  ||||The hole in the road is a potential danger. |路上的坑是个潜在的危险。
  ||||Education develops potential abilities. |教育能开发人的潜能。
  ||<11>reservoir|n.|1. [C] a large amount of sth. that is available and has not yet been used |贮藏,蓄积
  ||||Colleges are a reservoir of talents for companies. |大学是公司的人才储备库。
  ||||She found she had a reservoir of unexpected strength. |她发现自己身上蓄积了意想不到的力量。
  ||||2. [C] |水库
  ||||If it rains heavily, the reservoir will overflow. |如果下大雨,水库里的水就会溢出来。
  ||<12>concrete|a.|definite and specific |具体的
  ||||He supported his idea with concrete examples. |他用具体例子来说明他的观点。
  ||||Have you any concrete plans about how to deal with these difficulties? |对怎样解决这些困难,你有没有什么具体的计划?
  ||<13>capture|vt.|1. catch sb. or sth. |捕获,捕捉
  ||||The criminal was captured when trying to escape from the city. |罪犯在企图逃离这座城市时被捕获。
  ||||In his traveling report, he tried to capture the beauty of the Great Waterfalls. |他努力在他的游记中记录下大瀑布的壮美。
  ||||2. seize; occupy |夺得;占领
  ||||The army fought its way down and captured many enemy camps. |部队长驱直入, 攻下许多敌军军营。
  ||||The town was captured after a siege lasting ten days. |小镇被围10天后沦陷了。
  ||<14> <em>fleeting|a.|passing quickly; not lasting long |飞逝的;短暂的
  ||||the fleeting hours |飞逝的时光
  ||||Youth is so fleeting. |青春是如此的短暂。
  ||<15>carriage|n.|[C] |四轮马车
  ||||The queen rode in a decorated carriage pulled by four white horses. |女王乘一辆由四匹白马拉着的华丽马车。
  ||||The passenger wagons were not going into town for another half hour, so I hired a carriage and went in myself. |半小时内没有客车进城, 我只能雇一辆马车, 自己前往。
  ||<16>scarcely|ad.|1. only a moment ago |仅仅;才
  ||||The meeting had scarcely begun when it was interrupted. |会议刚开始就被打断了。
  ||||Scarcely had he arrived home when it began to rain. |他一回到家就开始下雨了。
  ||||2. almost not; hardly |几乎不
  ||||He scarcely goes to cinema. |他几乎不去看电影。
  ||||I scarcely knew what to do next. |我简直不知道下一步该做什么。
  |@|<17>awake|v.|(awoke, awoken) wake up or make sb. wake up |(使)醒来;唤醒
  ||||A loud noise awoke me in the middle of the night. |夜半时分,  一声巨响将我惊醒。
  ||||He awoke to find himself alone in the room. |他醒来时发现房内只有他自己。
  |@|<18>recall|v.|bring back to memory; remember |回想,回忆起
  ||||David recalled an incident that took place in his hometown some 12 years before. |戴维回想起大约12年前发生在自己家乡的一桩事情。
  ||||I recall that on at least one occasion I saw him taking money from the office. |我想起至少有一次我看见他从办公室里拿走钱。
  ||<19>fortunately</em> |ad.    |by good chance; luckily |幸运地
  ||||Fortunately, the train was on time. |幸好火车按时到达。
  ||||Fortunately, this has not happened. |幸运的是,这一情况并没有发生。
  ||<20>sketch|v.|make a quick or simple drawing or painting |勾画,绘草图
  ||||He sketched the cat. |他给猫画了个速写。
  ||||He grabbed a piece of paper and quickly sketched the bird before it flew away. |他抓起一张纸,赶在那只鸟飞走前把它画了下来。
  ||<21>fertile|a.|1. (of a person's mind) inventive; full of new ideas |(思想、创意等) 丰富的
  ||||He is a child with a fertile imagination.  |他是个有丰富的想象力的孩子。
  ||||Ideas appear one after another in her fertile mind. |她想象力丰富,头脑里想法层出不穷。
  ||||2. (of land) able to produce good crops |(土地)肥沃的,富饶的
  ||||The land is fertile of wheat. |这片土地盛产小麦。
  ||||A large area of desert was reclaimed to return to fertile soil in the northwest. |西北地区有一大片沙漠经过改良变成了肥沃的土地。
  |@|<22>advantage|n.|[C, U] a good quality or condition |优势;有利条件
  ||||She has an obvious advantage because of her fluent English. |她说一口流利的英语,所以有明显的优势。
  ||||His teaching experience gives him an advantage over other applicants. |他的教学经历使他比别的求职者有优势。
  |@|<23>productive|a.|1. achieving a lot |有收益的,富有成效的
  ||||Talks to end the strike had not been very productive. |旨在结束罢工的谈判没有取得什么成果。
  ||||I spent a productive hour in the library. |我在图书馆的一个小时很有收获。
  ||||2. producing or able to produce goods or crops, esp. in large quantities |多产的
  ||||a productive writer |多产作家
  ||||They have found ways to make more productive use of agricultural land. |他们找到了使农业用地更多产的方法。
  |@|<24>disturb|vt.|interrupt sb. or make sb. worried or upset |打扰;妨碍; 使烦恼
  ||||He told his secretary that he was not to be disturbed. |他吩咐秘书不要让人打搅他。
  ||||Don't disturb him when he is reading. |他看书时别打扰他。
  ||<25> <em>undisturbed</em> |a.    |not being disturbed |未受打扰 (或妨碍) 的
  ||||The author went up into the mountains where he could finish writing his novel undisturbed. |作者住进了山区,那里他可以不受干扰地写完小说。
  ||||Local homeowners are soundly asleep in the early morning, undisturbed by the loud frogs. |当地的房主人清晨沉睡,未受蛙鸣的打搅。
  |@|<26>associate|n.|[C] a partner or colleague |合作人;同事
  ||||business associates |商业合作伙伴
  ||||The police caught the thief and his associates. |警察抓住了那个小偷和他的同伙。
  |@|<27>invent|vt.|make or produce a new thing or idea for the first time |发明,创造
  ||||He invented an electronic instrument that gives an alarm when an intruder comes in. |他发明的电子仪器能在有人闯入时发出警报声。
  ||||I began to invent reasons for staying away from work. |我开始为自己旷工编造理由。
  ||<28> <em>inventor</em> |n. |[C] a person who invents sth. |发明者,发明家
  ||||Alexander Graham Bell is the inventor of the telephone. |亚力山大·格雷厄姆·贝尔是电话的发明者。
  ||||Freud is the inventor of psychoanalysis. |弗洛伊德是精神分析学说的创立者。
  |@|<29>claim|vt.|state to be true, even though not proved |声称;自称
  ||||He claimed that he hadn't done it, but I didn't believe him. |他声称没有做这件事, 可是我不相信他。
  ||||People who fish and sail sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea. |渔夫和水手有时会声称在海上看到过妖怪。
  ||<30>engineering|n.|[U] the work involved in designing and building roads, bridges, machines, etc. |工程
  ||||biochemical engineering |生化工程
  ||||electrical engineering |电气工程
  |@|<31>string|n.|[C, U] a strong thread, esp. used for tying things up |细绳
  ||||The packet was tied with string. |这个包裹是用绳子捆着的。
  |■|<32>pliers|n.|(pl.) |钳子
  ||||When the knob on the television was lost, we had to use a pair of pliers to change the channel. |当电视旋钮丢失后,我们只能用钳子来换频道。
  ||||His teeth were extracted with pliers and he suffered a lot. |他的牙齿是用钳子拔掉的,痛得要命。
  |@|<33>motion|n.|[U] the act of moving from one place or position to another |运动
  ||||You must not get out of the car when it is in motion. |汽车行驶的时候千万不能下车。
  |@★|<34>pendulum|n.|[C] |钟摆
  ||||a pendulum with a 3-inch swing |摆幅为3英寸的钟摆
  ||||A pendulum is dangling from the ceiling. |从屋顶上垂下个大钟摆。
  |@|<35>swing|v.|(swung, swung) move back and forth or from one side to another from a fixed point |摇摆,摆动
  ||||the swinging of the pendulum |钟摆的摆动
  ||||The boy swung on the swing. |这个男孩荡秋千。
  |@|<36>context|n.|1. [C, U] the general conditions in which sth. takes place |(事情发生的) 环境,背景
  ||||Considering the historical context, such events were not surprising. |考虑到当时的历史背景,发生那样的事情并不让人吃惊。
  ||||In the context of the present economic crisis it seems unwise to lower government dues. |在目前经济危机的情况下,降低税金似乎是不明智的。
  ||||2. [C, U] words that come before and after a word, phrase, statement, etc. |上下文
  ||||Can you tell the meaning of this word from its context? |你能根据上下文判断出这个词的意思吗?
  ||||The context is important for understanding the meaning of a word. |上下文对理解词义很重要。
  |@|<37>transfer|v.|move from one place or job to another |转移;调动
  ||||His employer transferred him to another branch. |老板把他调到了另一个分公司。
  ||||He has transferred from the army to the navy. |他从陆军转到海军。
  |@|<38>principle|n.|[C] a basic truth, law, or theory |原则;原理
  ||||It is a principle of mine to help people when I can. |我的一个原则是尽可能地给人以帮助。
  ||||A bicycle and a motorcycle are built on the same principle, though they use different types of power. |虽然自行车和摩托车使用的动力不同,但它们的构造原理是相同的。
  |@|<39>enhance|vt.|improve |提高,增强
  ||||These measures can enhance the quality of our life. |这些措施可以提高我们的生活质量。
  ||||Health enhances beauty. |健康使人显得更美。
  ||<40>vitamin|n.|[C] |维生素
  ||||vitamin C |维生素C
  ||||Recommended diets include more vitamins and minerals. |推荐的食谱包括更多的维生素和矿物质。
  ||<41>therapy|n.|[C, U] the treatment of illness |治疗
  ||||The therapy involves getting the patient to tell the doctor about his early childhood. |治疗过程包括让病人告诉医生自己年幼时的情况。
  ||||This child is very disturbed emotionally and may require long-term therapy.  |这小孩情绪非常不稳定, 可能需要长期治疗。
  ||<42>novel|a.|not like anything known before; new |新颖的,新奇的
  ||||I spent six months living in a tiny village in northern India, which was a novel experience. |我在印度北部的一个小村子里住过6个月,这对我来说是全新的体验。
  ||||He has come up with a novel way of catching fish. |他提出了一个捕鱼的新方法。
  ||<43> <em>potentially</em> |ad.    |possibly true in the future, but not true now |可能地;潜在地
  ||||Their difference in interests is a potentially serious threat to their marriage. |他们的兴趣差异对他们的婚姻是个潜在的严重威胁。
  ||||Smoking is a potentially harmful habit. |吸烟是个有潜在危害的习惯。
  ||<44>fascinating|v.|extremely interesting |迷人的;有吸引力的
  ||||Shanghai is one of the most fascinating cities in the world. |上海是世界上最迷人的城市之一。
  ||||It was a fascinating painting, with clever use of color and light. |这是一幅吸引人的绘画,色彩和光线的使用都十分巧妙。
  <TITLE>Phrases and Expressions</TITLE>
  ||<45>right away|at once; without delay |立刻
  |||I am going there right away. |我现在就到那里去。
  |||I have something to say to you right away. |我有话要马上跟你说。
  ||<46>act on / upon|act according to |依照...行动
  |||The lawyer will act on your instructions. |律师会按照您的吩咐行事。
  |||The group acted upon the statements the researchers made. |这个小组是按照研究人员的建议行事的。
  ||<47>come one's way|occur so that one has it or gets it |发生在某人身上;可以被某人利用
  |||Take advantage of the opportunities coming your way. |有机会时要好好利用它。
  |||I'm waiting for a big break to come my way. |我希望好运降临在我身上。
  ||<48>fall asleep|go into a state of sleep |睡着
  |||He fell asleep soon after he turned off the light. |他关上灯很快就睡着了。
  |||Her three-year-old daughter fell asleep while we talked. |我们谈话时她3岁的女儿睡着了。
  ||<49>take advantage of|1. make use of |利用
  |||I took advantage of the moment to leave the room. |我利用这个时机离开了屋子。
  |||The students took advantage of the fine weather to play tennis. |学生们利用好天气打网球。
  |||2. treat sb. unfairly in order to get sth. |(不公正地)利用某人
  |||The thief took advantage of her innocence. |小偷利用了她的天真。
  |||The robber took advantage of the old woman's kindness by cheating her to open the door. |那个抢劫犯利用老人的善良骗她打开门。
  ||<50>bring sb. together|arrange for people to meet and do sth. together |使聚在一起;使联合
  |||We brought the researchers together to finish the project. |我们将研究人员聚在一起完成这项工程。
  |||The event is unique in bringing together people of common interest. |将志趣相投的人聚在一起实属难得。
  ||<51>lead to|cause sth. to happen |引发,导致
  |||The driver's carelessness led to the accident. |驾驶员的粗心大意导致了这场车祸。
  |||His ignorance led to his failure. |他失败是由于无知。
  ||<52>at once|at the same time; all at one time |同时
  |||Don't eat and talk at once. |不要一边吃饭一边说话。
  |||I can't do two things at once. |我不能同时做两件事情。
  ||<53>set (sth.) in motion|cause (sth.) to start moving or happening |使...运转起来 ;启动
  |||Pull this handle to set the machine in motion. |拉动这个手柄就可以使机器运转起来。
  |||The discovery set in motion a new round of searching for the missing boy. |那个发现开始了又一轮寻找失踪男孩的过程。
  ||<54>back and forth|going in one direction and then in the opposite direction |来回,前后
  |||Someone was pacing back and forth behind the curtain. |有人在幕布后踱来踱去。
  |||She walked back and forth along the shore of the sea, anxiously waiting for the fishing boats to return. |她沿着海岸走来走去, 焦急地等待着渔船的返回。
  ||<55>take up|start doing sth. as a habit, job, or interest |开始从事;对...产生兴趣
  |||He took up art while at school. |他在学校时开始学习艺术。
  |||When he left school he took up news writing. |他毕业后开始从事新闻写作。
  <TITLE>Proper Names</TITLE>
  ||<56>Edison   | |爱迪生(1847—1931,美国发明家)
  ||<57>Picasso   | |毕加索(1881—1973,西班牙画家)
  ||<58>Shakespeare   | |莎士比亚(1564—1616,英国戏剧家和诗人)
  ||<59>Ludwig van Beethoven   | |路德维希·凡·贝多芬(1770—1827,德国作曲家)
  ||<60>Salvador Dali | |萨尔瓦多·达利(1904—1989,西班牙超现实主义画家)
  ||<61>Edwin Land   | |埃德温·兰德(1909—1991,美国发明家,宝丽来相机的发明者)
  ||<62>Polaroid   | |宝丽来相机
  ||<63>Santa Fe   | |圣菲(美国新墨西哥州首府)

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