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历年考研英语翻译mp3(2002)

时间:2008-10-14 01:09来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:02.88]2002
[00:06.01]Almost all our major problems involve human behavior,
[00:10.04]and they cannot be solved by physical
[00:12.15]and biological technology alone.
[00:15.07]What is needed is a technology of behavior,
[00:17.80]but we have been slow to develop the science
[00:20.48]from which such a technology might be drawn1.
[00:23.61](1)<One difficulty is that almost
[00:25.36]all of what is called behavioral science
[00:27.91]continues to trace behavior to states of mind,
[00:30.89]feelings, traits of character,
[00:33.01]human nature, and so on.>
[00:35.13]Physics and biology once followed similar practices
[00:39.05]and advanced only when they discarded them.
[00:42.18](2)<The behavioral sciences have been
[00:44.08]slow to change partly because the explanatory items
[00:47.91]often seem to be directly observed and partly
[00:50.63]because other kinds of explanations
[00:53.01]have been hard to find.>
[00:54.93]The environment is obviously important,
[00:57.34]but its role has remained obscure.
[00:59.57]It does not push or pull, it selects,
[01:02.29]and this function is difficult to discover and analyze2.
[01:06.01](3)<The role of natural selection in evolution
[01:08.84]was formulated only a little more than a hundred years ago,
[01:12.78]and the selective role of the environment
[01:15.06]in shaping and maintaining the behavior
[01:17.28]of the individual is only beginning to be recognized and studied.>
[01:21.71]As the interaction between organism
[01:23.64]and environment has come to be understood, however,
[01:27.22]effects once assigned to states of mind, feelings,
[01:30.44]and traits are beginning to be traced to accessible conditions,
[01:34.77]and a technology of behavior may therefore become available.
[01:38.93]It will not solve our problems, however,
[01:41.85]until it replaces traditional prescientific views,
[01:45.48]and these are strongly entrenched3.
[01:47.90]Freedom and dignity illustrate4 the difficulty.
[01:51.03](4)<They are the possessions of the autonomous
[01:53.35](self-governing) man of traditional theory,
[01:56.47]and they are essential to practices
[01:58.38]in which a person is held responsible for his conduct
[02:01.81]and given credit for his achievements.>
[02:04.34]A scientific analysis shifts both the responsibility
[02:08.06]and the achievement to the environment.
[02:10.38]It also raises questions concerning "values."
[02:13.40]Who will use a technology and to what ends?
[02:16.05]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:16.56](5)<Until these issues are resolved,
[02:18.23]a technology of behavior will continue to be rejected,
[02:21.66]and with it possibly the only way to solve our problems.>

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
2 analyze RwUzm     
vt.分析,解析 (=analyse)
参考例句:
  • We should analyze the cause and effect of this event.我们应该分析这场事变的因果。
  • The teacher tried to analyze the cause of our failure.老师设法分析我们失败的原因。
3 entrenched MtGzk8     
adj.确立的,不容易改的(风俗习惯)
参考例句:
  • Television seems to be firmly entrenched as the number one medium for national advertising.电视看来要在全国广告媒介中牢固地占据头等位置。
  • If the enemy dares to attack us in these entrenched positions,we will make short work of them.如果敌人胆敢进攻我们固守的阵地,我们就消灭他们。
4 illustrate IaRxw     
v.举例说明,阐明;图解,加插图
参考例句:
  • The company's bank statements illustrate its success.这家公司的银行报表说明了它的成功。
  • This diagram will illustrate what I mean.这个图表可说明我的意思。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  翻译
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