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21世纪大学英语读写教程第一册 Unit3

时间:2006-02-21 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yxdzgd5   字体: [ ]
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Unit 3

Text A

Listening

First Listening
Before listening to the tape, have a quick look at the following word.

amaze
使惊羡

drum


harmonica
口琴

rock and roll music
摇滚乐

porch
门廊

audition1
试唱

hit
轰动一时的人(或事、物)

album
集锦密纹唱片

influential2
有影响的

encounter
遭到

charts
排行榜

Second Listening
Listen to the tape again. Then, choose the best answer to each of the following questions.

1. The main purpose of the listening passage is________.
A) to give an overview3 of Stevie Wonder's life and career
B) to analyze4 Stevie Wonder's most popular albums
C) to discuss different types of music in the U.S.
D) to discuss the status of blind people in the U.S.
2. Stevie's career as a pop musician can be described as________.
A) a long struggle to gain fame
B) great success from a young age on
C) a long but unremarkable career
D) early popularity that didn't last
3. Which of the following problems did Stevie NOT have to overcome?
A) Being born poor and blind.
B) An unhappy childhood.
C) A serious car accident.
D) Both A) and B).
4. Which of the following best describes Stevie Wonder?
A) A musician who sings mostly about love and romance.
B) A musician who is popular because he is blind.
C) A man who has been very successful despite many obstacles.
D) A typical poor black person in the U.S..

Pre-reading Questions

1. Do you know who Stevie Wonder is? What do you know about him and his accomplishments5?
2. Besides Stevie Wonder, what other people with physical disabilities do you know about who have achieved fame and success? Describe who they are and what they have done.
3. How do you think you would feel if you became blind? How would it affect your life?

Stevie Wonder: Sunshine in the Shadow

When Stevie Morris was born, on May 13, 1950, the doctors shook their heads and told the mother that her son was born blind and likely would always be that way. She broke into tears.
Blind and black and poor — what kind of life could this new infant have? In her wildest dreams, Mrs. Morris could never have imagined that her new baby would become a famous musician called Stevie Wonder. At the time, all she could do was pray — and worry.
Stevie himself didn't worry at all. Life was too full. He was brought up among church-going people whose faith helped them bear the poverty. He loved music and would pound spoons or forks on any surface that faintly resembled a drum.
He even ran and played with sighted children. "I didn't realize I was blind until I was about four," he says. That might sound strange. To a small child just learning about the world, it wasn't strange at all. Stevie heard and smelled and touched. As far as he knew, that was all anyone could do. That was life.
When Stevie's mother got tired of her tables being used for drums, she bought him a toy set. He played so hard that he had actually worn the toy out within a few weeks. Other toy sets followed; then an uncle added a toy harmonica, and Stevie learned to play it so quickly that everyone was amazed.
Stevie taught himself to play the piano as quickly as he had once learned the harmonica. With friends, he began playing rock and roll music. They performed on the front porch of Stevie's apartment building, drawing crowds of neighbors to watch and listen and clap time to the beat.
"I loved that beat," Stevie says. He not only loved the beat, he was very good at making it.
Ronnie White, of the Miracles singing group, heard Stevie and promptly6 took him down to his recording7 company, Motown Records.
"Give him an audition," Ronnie said. They did. All the top people at Motown got together to hear a little blind boy who wasn't even ten years old yet. At first, they were being nice. Poor kid. They didn't want to hurt his feelings.
Then they heard Stevie sing and play, and nobody said "poor kid" anymore. They were too busy congratulating themselves on finding a youngster who could be the musical talent of the decade. "He's a wonder boy," somebody said as they watched little Stevie dart8 from one instrument to the next, playing each one with ease.
"Wonder," somebody else said, "Little Stevie Wonder."
The new name stuck and Stevie Morris became Little Stevie Wonder. He had his first hit when he was twelve years old. It was called "Fingertips" and it was a smash.
Over the following years, Little Stevie Wonder became one of the top recording artists at Motown, producing one hit after another. But as he grew into adulthood9, Stevie began to get tired of the way the Motown company controlled all aspects of his career. He wanted to write and produce his own songs, but the Motown company thought it was unwise to change a winning formula.
When he turned 21, Stevie finally got his freedom. Against Motown's wishes he started exploring: he made records that combined gospel, rock and roll, and jazz and which used African and Latin American rhythms. To the record company's surprise, Stevie's new albums such as "Music of My Mind" and "Innervisions" were even more popular than his early ones. Stevie Wonder had become a mature man and an independent musical artist.
Just after this success, however, tragedy struck. In August of 1973, Stevie was involved in a serious car accident. For nearly a week he lay in a coma10, unable to speak or walk. "We don't know when he'll be out of danger," the doctor said. Everyone waited and prayed. Suddenly, it didn't matter that Stevie was a musical genius or that he had conquered blindness and poverty. All he had left was his faith and strong will.
That turned out to be enough. Stevie fought back from the shadow of death as he had once fought out from the shadow of blindness. He went on to give more performances, make more hit records.
The car accident changed Stevie by making him reevaluate his goals in life. He still loved to make music, but he also started to pay more attention to the world outside. He worked to create a national holiday to honor the civil rights leader Dr.Martin Luther King, Jr.. He recorded songs urging racial harmony and raised money to end world hunger. Recently, Stevie was honored by South African president Nelson Mandela for his work against that country's system of racial apartheid.
Stevie Wonder has faith and fame, wealth and love. He has not only conquered his own darkness, but through his music and his social activities he has been able to bring sunshine to the shadow of many other lives.
(834 words)

New Words

sunshine
n. the light and heat of the sun 阳光

infant
n. a very young child 婴儿

musician
n. a person who performs on a musical instrument, or who writes music 乐师,作曲家

pray
vi. (for, to) speak to God in order to give thanks or to ask for help 祈祷,祈求

spoon
n. 匙,调羹

faintlh
ad. slightly; mildly 轻微地;微弱地

resemble
vt. look or be like 像,类似

drum
n. 鼓

tire
v. (使)感到疲劳;(使)厌倦,(使)厌烦

harmonica
n. 口琴

amaze
vt. fill with great surprise; cause wonder in 使惊奇;使惊羡

*porch
n. (建筑物前有顶的)门廊,入口处

apartment
n. 公寓大楼;一套公寓房间

clap
vi. applaud 拍手
miracle
n. 奇迹

promptly
ad. immediately and without any delay 迅速地,及时地

audition
n. (对志愿艺人等的)面试(指试读、试唱、试奏等)

kid
n. a child 小孩

congratulate
vt. speak to (a person) with praise and admiration11 for a happy event or sth. successfully done 祝贺

youngster
n. a young person, esp. a boy 年轻人;男孩

talent
n. 1. a special ability or skill 天才,天资;超常智能
2. people of such ability 人才

decade
n. a period of 10 years 十年(期)

*dart
vi. move suddenly and quickly 猛冲,飞奔

instrument
n. 乐器;仪器;器具;器械

ease
n. 1. freedom from difficulty 容易
2. freedom from discomfort13, pain or worry 安适;悠闲;无痛苦;无忧虑

fingertip
n. the end of a finger 指尖

smash
n. 轰动的演出,巨大的成功
v. (cause to) break into pieces violently 打碎,粉碎

adulthood
n. 成年

aspect
n. a particular part or feature of sth. being considered 方面

career
n. a profession or occupation with opportunities for advancement14 or promotion15 职业;生涯

formula
n. 公式,程式;准则,方案

explore
v. 探索;探测;勘探

gospel
n. (= gospel music) 福音音乐(美国黑人的一种宗教音乐,具有爵士音乐和美国黑人伤感歌曲色彩)

jazz
n. 爵士音乐

rhythm
n. 节奏;韵律

*album
n. 1. a long-playing record with several items by the same performer (同一表演者的)集锦密纹唱片
2. a book with blank pages for stamps, photographs, etc. 集邮册,相册

mature
a. fully12 grown or developed mentally or physically16 充分发育的;(智力或体力)成熟的

independent
a. 独立的,自主的

tragedy
n. 1. a terrible event that causes great sadness 惨事,灾变
2. a serious play with a sad ending 悲剧

involve
vt. 使陷入,使卷入;牵扯,连累

coma
n. 昏迷

musical
a. of or for music 音乐的

genius
n. 天才;创造能力;天才人物

conquer
vt. gain control over (sth. unfriendly or difficult) 征服;克服(困难等)

performance
n. the acting17 of a play, the playing of a piece of music, the doing of a dance, etc., in front of an audience 演出,表演,演奏

reevaluate
vt. 重新评价

goal
n. 1. an end; objective 目的;目标
2.(足球等的)球门;得分进球

hunger
n. state of not having enough to eat; lack of food 饥饿

urge
vt. 力劝;恳求;敦促

racial
a. characteristic of race; due to or resulting from race 种族的;由种族引起的

harmony
n. agreement (of feelings, interests, opinions, etc.) 和睦,融洽,一致

apartheid
n. (南非的)种族隔离

fame
n. the condition of being known or talked about a lot 名声,名望

activity
n. 活动;行动

Phrases and Exgressions

break into
begin suddenly (to cry, sing, laugh, etc.) 突然(哭、唱、笑)起来

bring up
take care of during infancy18 and childhood; nurse and educate 抚养;养育

as far as
to the degree that 就…;尽…;至于

get tired of
be no longer interested in 厌倦,厌烦

wear out
make useless by use 把…用坏;把…穿破

with ease
without difficulty 容易地,无困难地

grow into
become gradually with the passage of time 成长的

congratulate oneself on /that ...
因…而暗自庆幸

Proper Names

Stevie Wonder
史蒂威·旺达(人名)

Morris
莫里斯(姓氏)

Ronnie White
罗尼·怀特(人名)

Motown Records
莫顿唱片公司

Innervisions
《内心幻觉》(唱片名)

Martin Luther King, Jr.
小马丁·路德·金(1929 — 1968,美国民权运动领袖)

Nelson Mandela
纳尔逊·曼德拉(1918 —,南非共和国总统)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 audition 8uazw     
n.(对志愿艺人等的)面试(指试读、试唱等)
参考例句:
  • I'm going to the audition but I don't expect I'll get a part.我去试音,可并不指望会给我个角色演出。
  • At first,they said he was too young,but later they called him for an audition.起初,他们说他太小,但后来他们叫他去试听。
2 influential l7oxK     
adj.有影响的,有权势的
参考例句:
  • He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他总是试图巴结最有影响的人物。
  • He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是个很有影响的人物。
3 overview 8mrz1L     
n.概观,概述
参考例句:
  • The opening chapter gives a brief historical overview of transport.第一章是运输史的简要回顾。
  • The seminar aims to provide an overview on new media publishing.研讨会旨在综览新兴的媒体出版。
4 analyze RwUzm     
vt.分析,解析 (=analyse)
参考例句:
  • We should analyze the cause and effect of this event.我们应该分析这场事变的因果。
  • The teacher tried to analyze the cause of our failure.老师设法分析我们失败的原因。
5 accomplishments 1c15077db46e4d6425b6f78720939d54     
n.造诣;完成( accomplishment的名词复数 );技能;成绩;成就
参考例句:
  • It was one of the President's greatest accomplishments. 那是总统最伟大的成就之一。
  • Among her accomplishments were sewing,cooking,playing the piano and dancing. 她的才能包括缝纫、烹调、弹钢琴和跳舞。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
6 promptly LRMxm     
adv.及时地,敏捷地
参考例句:
  • He paid the money back promptly.他立即还了钱。
  • She promptly seized the opportunity his absence gave her.她立即抓住了因他不在场给她创造的机会。
7 recording UktzJj     
n.录音,记录
参考例句:
  • How long will the recording of the song take?录下这首歌得花多少时间?
  • I want to play you a recording of the rehearsal.我想给你放一下彩排的录像。
8 dart oydxK     
v.猛冲,投掷;n.飞镖,猛冲
参考例句:
  • The child made a sudden dart across the road.那小孩突然冲过马路。
  • Markov died after being struck by a poison dart.马尔科夫身中毒镖而亡。
9 adulthood vKsyr     
n.成年,成人期
参考例句:
  • Some infantile actions survive into adulthood.某些婴儿期的行为一直保持到成年期。
  • Few people nowadays are able to maintain friendships into adulthood.如今很少有人能将友谊维持到成年。
10 coma vqxzR     
n.昏迷,昏迷状态
参考例句:
  • The patient rallied from the coma.病人从昏迷中苏醒过来。
  • She went into a coma after swallowing a whole bottle of sleeping pills.她吃了一整瓶安眠药后就昏迷过去了。
11 admiration afpyA     
n.钦佩,赞美,羡慕
参考例句:
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他对风景之美赞不绝口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
12 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
13 discomfort cuvxN     
n.不舒服,不安,难过,困难,不方便
参考例句:
  • One has to bear a little discomfort while travelling.旅行中总要忍受一点不便。
  • She turned red with discomfort when the teacher spoke.老师讲话时她不好意思地红着脸。
14 advancement tzgziL     
n.前进,促进,提升
参考例句:
  • His new contribution to the advancement of physiology was well appreciated.他对生理学发展的新贡献获得高度赞赏。
  • The aim of a university should be the advancement of learning.大学的目标应是促进学术。
15 promotion eRLxn     
n.提升,晋级;促销,宣传
参考例句:
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教师与校长商谈了迪克的升级问题。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那个职员升了级,加了薪。
16 physically iNix5     
adj.物质上,体格上,身体上,按自然规律
参考例句:
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他浑身不舒服,心绪也很乱。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到极恶心。
17 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
18 infancy F4Ey0     
n.婴儿期;幼年期;初期
参考例句:
  • He came to England in his infancy.他幼年时期来到英国。
  • Their research is only in its infancy.他们的研究处于初级阶段。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  读写教程  第一册  unit
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