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21世纪大学英语读写教程第四册 Unit9

时间:2006-02-21 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:scholaryang   字体: [ ]
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Unit 9

Text A

Pre-reading Activities

First Listening
Before listening to the tape, have a quick look at the following words.

decimal
十进位的

movable type
活字

transport
运输

Second Listening
Listen to the tape again. Then, choose the best answer to each of the following questions.

1. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A) Most people think that the West, rather than China, is the source of technological1 innovation.
B) China deserves much more credit than is usually given for the development of
the modern world.
C) China had a glorious past, but has not been important in recent world history.
D) The importation of paper, printing, and moveable type from China have been
crucial to the development of the West.
2. Which of the following is NOT given as an example of a Chinese innovation?
A) The game of chess.
B) The printing press.
C) Modern educational methods.
D) Modern agricultural methods.
3. The passage emphasizes the importance to the West of Chinese advances in which of the following areas?
A) Agriculture and writing.
B) Mathematics and clocks.
C) Financial organization and taxation2.
D) Paper money and the steam engine.
4. Why does the author of this article emphasize the many contributions made by China?
A) To assert Chinese superiority over the West.
B) To point out that China actually produces more grain than the United States.
C) To underscore(强调)that China and the West are true and equal partners.
D) To give the true history of agriculture.

The West's Debt to China

Robert Temple

One of the greatest untold3 secrets of history is that the'"modern world" in which we live is a unique synthesis of Chinese and Western ingredients. Possibly more than half of the basic inventions and discoveries upon which the "modern world" rests come from China. And yet few people know this. Why?
The Chinese themselves are as ignorant of this fact as Westerners. From the seventeenth century onwards, the Chinese became increasingly dazzled by European technological expertise4, having experienced a period of amnesia5 regarding their own achievements. When the Chinese were shown a mechanical clock by Jesuit missionaries6, they were awestruck. They had forgotten that it was they who had invented mechanical clocks in the first place!
It is just as much a surprise for the Chinese as for Westerners to realize that modern agriculture, modern shipping7, the modern oil industry, modern astronomical8 observatories9, modern music, decimal mathematics, paper money, umbrellas, fishing reels, wheelbarrows, multi-stage rockets, guns, underwater mines, poison gas, parachutes, hot-air balloons, manned flight, brandy, whisky, the game of chess, printing, and even the essential design of the steam engine, all came from China.
Without the importation from China of nautical10 and navigational improvements such as ships' rudders, the compass and multiple masts, the great European Voyages of Discovery could never have been undertaken. Columbus would not have sailed to America, and Europeans would never have established colonial empires.
Without the importation from China of the stirrup, to enable them to stay on horseback, knights12 of old would never have ridden in their shining armor to aid damsels in distress13; there would have been no Age of Chivalry14. And without the importation from China of guns and gunpowder15, the knights would not have been knocked from their horses by bullets which pierced the armor, bringing the Age of Chivalry to an end.
Without the importation from China of paper and printing, Europe would have continued for much longer to copy books by hand. Literacy would not have become so widespread.
Johann Gutenberg did not invent movable type. It was invented in China. William Harvey did not discover the circulation of the blood in the body. It was discovered — or rather, always assumed — in China. Isaac Newton was not the first to discover his First Law of Motion. It was discovered in China.
These myths and many others are shattered by our discovery of the true Chinese origins of many of the things, all around us, which we take for granted. Some of our greatest achievements turn out to have been not achievements at all, but simple borrowings. Yet there is no reason for us to feel inferior or downcast at the realization16 that much of the genius of mankind's advance was Chinese rather than European. For it is exciting to realize that the East and the West are not as far apart in spirit or in fact as most of us have been led, by appearances, to believe, and that the East and the West are already combined in a synthesis so powerful and so profound that it is all-pervading. Within this synthesis we live our daily lives, and from it there is no escape. The modern world is a combination of Eastern and Western ingredients which are inextricably fused. The fact that we are largely unaware17 of it is perhaps one of the greatest cases of historical blindness in the existence of the human race.
Why are we ignorant of this gigantic, obvious truth? The main reason is surely that the Chinese themselves lost sight of it. If the very originators of the inventions and discoveries no longer claim them, and if even their memory of them has faded, why should their inheritors trouble to resurrect their lost claims? Until our own time, it is questionable18 whether many Westerners even wanted to know the truth. It is always more satisfying to the ego19 to think that we have reached our present position alone and unaided, that we are the proud masters of all abilities and all crafts.
We need to set this matter right, from both ends. And I can think of no better single illustration of the folly20 of Western complacency and self-satisfaction than the lesson to be drawn21 from the history of agriculture. Today, a handful of Western nations have grain surpluses and feed the world. When Asia starves, the West sends grain. We assume that Western agriculture is the very pinnacle22 of what is possible in the productive use of soil for the growth of food. But we should take to heart the astonishing and disturbing fact that the European agricultural revolution, which laid the basis for the Industrial Revolution, came about only because of the importation of Chinese ideas and inventions. The growing of crops in rows, intensive hoeing of weeds, the "modern" seed drill, the iron plow23, the moldboard to turn the plowed24 soil, and efficient harnesses were all imported from China. Before the arrival from China of the trace harness and collar harness, Westerners choked their horses with straps26 round their throats. Although ancient Italy could produce plenty of grain, it could not be transported overland to Rome for lack of satisfactory harnesses. Rome depended on shipments of grain by sea from places like Egypt. As for sowing methods — probably over half of Europe's seed was wasted every year before the Chinese idea of the seed drill came to the attention of Europeans. Countless27 millions of farmers throughout European history broke their backs and their spirits by plowing28 with ridiculously poor plows29, while for two thousand years the Chinese were enjoying their relatively30 effortless method. Indeed, until two centuries ago, the West was so backward in agriculture compared to China, that the West was the Underdeveloped World in comparison to the Chinese Developed World. The tables have now turned. But for how long? And what an uncomfortable realization it is that the West owes its very ability to eat today to the adoption31 of Chinese inventions two centuries ago.
It would be better if the nations and the peoples of the world had a clearer understanding of each other, allowing the mental chasm32 between East and West to be bridged. After all they are, and have been for several centuries, intimate partners in the business of building a world civilization. The technological world today is a product of both East and West to an extent which until recently no one had ever imagined. It is now time for the Chinese contribution to be recognized and acknowledged, by East and West alike. And, above all, let this be recognized by today's schoolchildren, who will be the generation to absorb it into their most conceptions about the world. When that happens, Chinese and Westerners will be able to look each other in the eye, knowing themselves to be true and full partners.
(1 151 words)

New Words

untold
a. not told to anyone 未说过的,未被讲述的;未透露的

synthesis
n. (pl syntheses / -si:z /) the combining of separate things, esp. ideas, to form a complex whole 综合,结合,综合体

Westerner
n. a native or inhabitant of the West, i.e. Europe and North America 西方人,欧美人

onwards
ad. forward in time or space 向前

dazzle
vt. (often passive) to impress sb. greatly through beauty, knowledge, skill, etc. 使昏眩;使惊奇;使赞叹不已;使倾倒

amnesia
n. partial or total loss of memory [医] 记忆缺失;遗忘(症)

regarding
prep.with reference to; concerning 关于;至于;就…而论,在…方面

awestruck
a. suddenly filled with wonder and respect or fear 充满敬畏(或畏怯、惊奇)之心

astronomical
a. of astronomy 天文学的;天文的,天体的

decimal
a. based on or counted in tens or tenths 小数的;十进位的

wheelbarrow
n. (also barrow) an open container for moving small loads in, with a wheel at one end, and two legs and two handles at the other 手推车;独轮车

multi-stage
a. having many stages (火箭、导弹等)多级的

underwater
a. situated33, used or done below the surface of the water 在水下的;供水下用的;在水中操作(或生长)的

parachute
n. 降落伞

hot-air
a. filled with heated air 热空气的

brandy
n. a strong alcoholic34 drink usu. made from wine 白兰地(酒)

whisky
n. (US or Irish whiskey) a strong alcoholic drink made from malted grain, esp. barley35 or rye 威士忌酒
importation
n. the act of bringing goods, services, ideas, etc. from a foreign country into one's own country 进口;输入

nautical
a. of ships, sailors or sailing 船舶的;海员的;航海的

navigational
a. relating to the action, process or art of finding the position and direct the course of a ship, an aircraft, a car, etc., using maps, instruments, etc. 航行的;航海的;航空的

navigation
n. 航行;航海;航空

rudder
n. a vertical36 piece of wood or metal at the back of a boat, used for steering37 (船的)舵
compass
n. (also magnetic compass) a device for finding direction. with a needle that always points to the north 罗盘(仪),指南针

multiple
a. having or involving many individuals, items or types 多个(或多项、多种)的
n. <数> 倍数

multiplyvt. 乘,使相乘

mast
n. an upright post of wood or metal used to support a ship's sails 船桅,桅杆

voyage
n. a long journey, esp. by sea or in space 航行,(尤指)航海;航天

colonial
a. of, relating to or possessing a colony or colonies 殖民地的;拥有殖民地的

stirrup
n. either of a pair of metal or leather loops that hang down from a horse's saddle to support a rider's feet 马镫

knight11
n. (欧洲中世纪的)骑士;(近代英国的)爵士(品位低于从男爵,其名前称号用 Sir)

armo(u)r
n. (formerly) a protective, usu. metal, covering for the body, worn when fighting 盔甲

damsel
n. (arch) a young woman who is not married (古)(诗)少女,姑娘;闺女

chivalry
n. (in the Middle Ages) the ideal qualities expected of a knight, such as courage, hono(u)r and concern for weak and helpless people 骑士品质(或气概、精神、道德标准、信条等)(如勇武、荣誉感、侠义、扶持弱小、慷慨、谦恭、尊敬女性、对敌人宽容等);骑士制度

gunpowder
n. explosive powder used esp. in bombs or fireworks 火药

bullet
n. a small missile with a pointed38 end that is fired from a gun 子弹

literacy
n. the ability to read and write 识字,有文化;读写能力

movable
a. that can be moved 可动的,活动的

circulation
n. the movement of blood round the body from and to the heart 血液循环

circulate
v. (使)环行;(使)环流;(使)循环

borrowingn. a thing borrowed, esp. money or a word taken by one language from another 借用;采用;借用物;借用词语

downcast
a. (of a person, an expression, etc.) depressed39; sad 垂头丧气的;沮丧的

all-pervading
a. present and seen or felt everywhere 遍及各方面的;无孔不入的

inextricable
a. so closely linked that separation is impossible (绳结等)解不开的;分不开的

inextricably
ad. 紧密地;不可分割地

gigantic
a. of very great size or extent; huge 巨大的;庞大的

originator
n. a person who originates; inventor 创始人;发明者;创作者

inheritor
n. a person who receives money, property etc. as a result of the death of the previous owner 继承人;后继者

resurrect
vt. 1. bring (sb.) back to life again 使(某人)复活
2. revive (a practice, etc.); bring back into use 使(某种做法等)重新流行;重新唤起对…的记忆;重新使用

ego
n. an individual's idea of oneself, esp. in relation to other people or to the outside world 自我,自己

unaided
a. not assisted by sb./sth; without help 无助的;独立的

folly
n. being foolish; lack of wisdom 愚笨,愚蠢

complacency
n. (usu. derog) a calm feeling of satisfaction with oneself, one's work, etc. 自满(情绪),沾沾自喜

self-satisfaction
n. (derog) a feeling of being too pleased with oneself and one's own achievements 沾沾自喜,自鸣得意

handful
n. a small number 少数,少量

pinnacle
n. the highest point; the peak 顶峰,极点,顶点

mo(u)ldboard
n. a curved metal plate in a plow, which turns over the earth from the furrow40 (农)犁壁

Strap25
n. a strip of leather, cloth or other flexible material, often with a buckle41, used for fastening sth., keeping sth. in place, carrying sth. or holding onto sth. 带,条带;皮带;布带;铁皮条

transport
vt. take sth./sb. from one place to another in a vehicle 运输,运送;输送;搬运

overland
ad. across the land; by land, not by sea or air 横越大陆地;经由陆路

satisfactory
a. of an acceptable nature or standard; good enough for a purpose 令人满意的;可喜的;恰当的

shipment
n. a cargo42 or goods transported, esp. by ship 装载(或交运)的货物(量)

sow
v. put or scatter43 seed in or on the ground; plant land with seed 播种,种;撒播(种子);播种于(土地)

effortless
a. needing little or no effort 不需要努力的;不(大)费劲的;容易的

backward
a. having made or making less than normal progress 落后的

underdeveloped
a. (of a country, etc.) not having achieved a high level of economic development 未充分发展的;不发达的;落后的

adoption
n. the act of taking over sth. and having or using it as one's own 采取,采纳,采用

chasm
n. a very wide difference between people, groups, etc., esp. one that is unlikely to change (感情、兴趣、意见等的)大差别,大分歧

intimate
a. (of people) having a very close and friendly relationship 熟悉的;亲密的;密切的

fundamental
a. that need to be known or learned first; most important 基本的,根本的;重要的

Phrases and Expressions
bring...to an end
cause...to end 使…完结(终了、结束)

or rather
(used to correct sth. one has said previously44, or to give more accurate information)more exactly; more truly; it would be better to say 或者确切点说

lose sight of
fail to consider (sth.); forget (sth.) 忘记;忽略

set...right
put...right; rectify45 校正;纠正

take...to heart
consider seriously; be much affected46 or upset by (sth.) 认真考虑(某事);关注(某事);对(某事)想不开;为(某事)忧虑(或伤心、烦恼)

come about
happen, esp. in a way that seems impossible to prevent 发生,产生

for lack of
because there is not enough 因缺乏

come to the attention of
draw (sb.'s) attention 引起…的关注

compared to/with
examined to see how people or things are alike and how they are different 与…相比

by/in comparison to/with
(when) compared with/to 与…相比

look...in the eye(s)/face
look at (sb.) steadily without shame or embarrassment (心地坦然地)直视(某人),正视(某人)

Proper Names

Jesuit
耶稣会会士(1534 年 Ignatius Loyola 所创天主教一修会的成员)

Columbus
哥伦布(1451—1506,意大利航海家、新大陆发现者)

Gutenberg
谷登堡(1398—1468,德国金匠、活字印刷术发明者)

Harvey
哈维(1578—1657,英国医师、生理学家、实验生理学创始人之一)

Newton
牛顿(1642—1727,英国物理学家、数学家和天文学家)

Egypt
埃及(东北非国家)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
2 taxation tqVwP     
n.征税,税收,税金
参考例句:
  • He made a number of simplifications in the taxation system.他在税制上作了一些简化。
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
3 untold ljhw1     
adj.数不清的,无数的
参考例句:
  • She has done untold damage to our chances.她给我们的机遇造成了不可估量的损害。
  • They suffered untold terrors in the dark and huddled together for comfort.他们遭受着黑暗中的难以言传的种种恐怖,因而只好挤在一堆互相壮胆。
4 expertise fmTx0     
n.专门知识(或技能等),专长
参考例句:
  • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我们赞叹不已。
  • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.让你真正在专业技术上有一个全新的突破。
5 amnesia lwLzy     
n.健忘症,健忘
参考例句:
  • People suffering from amnesia don't forget their general knowledge of objects.患健忘症的人不会忘记关于物体的一些基本知识。
  • Chinese medicine experts developed a way to treat amnesia using marine materials.中国医学专家研制出用海洋物质治疗遗忘症的方法。
6 missionaries 478afcff2b692239c9647b106f4631ba     
n.传教士( missionary的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Some missionaries came from England in the Qing Dynasty. 清朝时,从英国来了一些传教士。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The missionaries rebuked the natives for worshipping images. 传教士指责当地人崇拜偶像。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
7 shipping WESyg     
n.船运(发货,运输,乘船)
参考例句:
  • We struck a bargain with an American shipping firm.我们和一家美国船运公司谈成了一笔生意。
  • There's a shipping charge of £5 added to the price.价格之外另加五英镑运输费。
8 astronomical keTyO     
adj.天文学的,(数字)极大的
参考例句:
  • He was an expert on ancient Chinese astronomical literature.他是研究中国古代天文学文献的专家。
  • Houses in the village are selling for astronomical prices.乡村的房价正在飙升。
9 observatories d730b278442c711432218e89314e2a09     
n.天文台,气象台( observatory的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • John Heilbron, The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories, 3-23. 约翰.海耳布隆,《教会里的太阳:教堂即太阳观测台》,第3-23页。 来自互联网
  • Meteorologists use satellites, land observatories and historical data to provide information about the weather. 气象学家使用卫星、上天文台和历史资料来提供有关天气的信息。 来自互联网
10 nautical q5azx     
adj.海上的,航海的,船员的
参考例句:
  • A nautical mile is 1,852 meters.一海里等于1852米。
  • It is 206 nautical miles from our present location.距离我们现在的位置有206海里。
11 knight W2Hxk     
n.骑士,武士;爵士
参考例句:
  • He was made an honourary knight.他被授予荣誉爵士称号。
  • A knight rode on his richly caparisoned steed.一个骑士骑在装饰华丽的马上。
12 knights 2061bac208c7bdd2665fbf4b7067e468     
骑士; (中古时代的)武士( knight的名词复数 ); 骑士; 爵士; (国际象棋中)马
参考例句:
  • stories of knights and fair maidens 关于骑士和美女的故事
  • He wove a fascinating tale of knights in shining armour. 他编了一个穿着明亮盔甲的骑士的迷人故事。
13 distress 3llzX     
n.苦恼,痛苦,不舒适;不幸;vt.使悲痛
参考例句:
  • Nothing could alleviate his distress.什么都不能减轻他的痛苦。
  • Please don't distress yourself.请你不要忧愁了。
14 chivalry wXAz6     
n.骑士气概,侠义;(男人)对女人彬彬有礼,献殷勤
参考例句:
  • The Middle Ages were also the great age of chivalry.中世纪也是骑士制度盛行的时代。
  • He looked up at them with great chivalry.他非常有礼貌地抬头瞧她们。
15 gunpowder oerxm     
n.火药
参考例句:
  • Gunpowder was introduced into Europe during the first half of the 14th century.在14世纪上半叶,火药传入欧洲。
  • This statement has a strong smell of gunpowder.这是一篇充满火药味的声明。
16 realization nTwxS     
n.实现;认识到,深刻了解
参考例句:
  • We shall gladly lend every effort in our power toward its realization.我们将乐意为它的实现而竭尽全力。
  • He came to the realization that he would never make a good teacher.他逐渐认识到自己永远不会成为好老师。
17 unaware Pl6w0     
a.不知道的,未意识到的
参考例句:
  • They were unaware that war was near. 他们不知道战争即将爆发。
  • I was unaware of the man's presence. 我没有察觉到那人在场。
18 questionable oScxK     
adj.可疑的,有问题的
参考例句:
  • There are still a few questionable points in the case.这个案件还有几个疑点。
  • Your argument is based on a set of questionable assumptions.你的论证建立在一套有问题的假设上。
19 ego 7jtzw     
n.自我,自己,自尊
参考例句:
  • He is absolute ego in all thing.在所有的事情上他都绝对自我。
  • She has been on an ego trip since she sang on television.她上电视台唱过歌之后就一直自吹自擂。
20 folly QgOzL     
n.愚笨,愚蠢,蠢事,蠢行,傻话
参考例句:
  • Learn wisdom by the folly of others.从别人的愚蠢行动中学到智慧。
  • Events proved the folly of such calculations.事情的进展证明了这种估计是愚蠢的。
21 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
22 pinnacle A2Mzb     
n.尖塔,尖顶,山峰;(喻)顶峰
参考例句:
  • Now he is at the very pinnacle of his career.现在他正值事业中的顶峰时期。
  • It represents the pinnacle of intellectual capability.它代表了智能的顶峰。
23 plow eu5yE     
n.犁,耕地,犁过的地;v.犁,费力地前进[英]plough
参考例句:
  • At this time of the year farmers plow their fields.每年这个时候农民们都在耕地。
  • We will plow the field soon after the last frost.最后一场霜过后,我们将马上耕田。
24 plowed 2de363079730210858ae5f5b15e702cf     
v.耕( plow的过去式和过去分词 );犁耕;费力穿过
参考例句:
  • They plowed nearly 100,000 acres of virgin moorland. 他们犁了将近10万英亩未开垦的高沼地。 来自辞典例句
  • He plowed the land and then sowed the seeds. 他先翻土,然后播种。 来自辞典例句
25 strap 5GhzK     
n.皮带,带子;v.用带扣住,束牢;用绷带包扎
参考例句:
  • She held onto a strap to steady herself.她抓住拉手吊带以便站稳。
  • The nurse will strap up your wound.护士会绑扎你的伤口。
26 straps 1412cf4c15adaea5261be8ae3e7edf8e     
n.带子( strap的名词复数 );挎带;肩带;背带v.用皮带捆扎( strap的第三人称单数 );用皮带抽打;包扎;给…打绷带
参考例句:
  • the shoulder straps of her dress 她连衣裙上的肩带
  • The straps can be adjusted to suit the wearer. 这些背带可进行调整以适合使用者。
27 countless 7vqz9L     
adj.无数的,多得不计其数的
参考例句:
  • In the war countless innocent people lost their lives.在这场战争中无数无辜的人丧失了性命。
  • I've told you countless times.我已经告诉你无数遍了。
28 plowing 6dcabc1c56430a06a1807a73331bd6f2     
v.耕( plow的现在分词 );犁耕;费力穿过
参考例句:
  • "There are things more important now than plowing, Sugar. "如今有比耕种更重要的事情要做呀,宝贝儿。 来自飘(部分)
  • Since his wife's death, he has been plowing a lonely furrow. 从他妻子死后,他一直过着孤独的生活。 来自辞典例句
29 plows 7817048a62a416c01167efbd3f217c22     
n.犁( plow的名词复数 );犁型铲雪机v.耕( plow的第三人称单数 );犁耕;费力穿过
参考例句:
  • Alex and Tony were turning awkward hands to plows and hoe handles. 亚历克斯和托尼在犁耙等农活方面都几乎变成新手了。
  • Plows are still pulled by oxen in some countries. 在一些国家犁头仍由牛拖拉。
30 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
31 adoption UK7yu     
n.采用,采纳,通过;收养
参考例句:
  • An adoption agency had sent the boys to two different families.一个收养机构把他们送给两个不同的家庭。
  • The adoption of this policy would relieve them of a tremendous burden.采取这一政策会给他们解除一个巨大的负担。
32 chasm or2zL     
n.深坑,断层,裂口,大分岐,利害冲突
参考例句:
  • There's a chasm between rich and poor in that society.那社会中存在着贫富差距。
  • A huge chasm gaped before them.他们面前有个巨大的裂痕。
33 situated JiYzBH     
adj.坐落在...的,处于某种境地的
参考例句:
  • The village is situated at the margin of a forest.村子位于森林的边缘。
  • She is awkwardly situated.她的处境困难。
34 alcoholic rx7zC     
adj.(含)酒精的,由酒精引起的;n.酗酒者
参考例句:
  • The alcoholic strength of brandy far exceeds that of wine.白兰地的酒精浓度远远超过葡萄酒。
  • Alcoholic drinks act as a poison to a child.酒精饮料对小孩犹如毒药。
35 barley 2dQyq     
n.大麦,大麦粒
参考例句:
  • They looked out across the fields of waving barley.他们朝田里望去,只见大麦随风摇摆。
  • He cropped several acres with barley.他种了几英亩大麦。
36 vertical ZiywU     
adj.垂直的,顶点的,纵向的;n.垂直物,垂直的位置
参考例句:
  • The northern side of the mountain is almost vertical.这座山的北坡几乎是垂直的。
  • Vertical air motions are not measured by this system.垂直气流的运动不用这种系统来测量。
37 steering 3hRzbi     
n.操舵装置
参考例句:
  • He beat his hands on the steering wheel in frustration. 他沮丧地用手打了几下方向盘。
  • Steering according to the wind, he also framed his words more amicably. 他真会看风使舵,口吻也马上变得温和了。
38 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
39 depressed xu8zp9     
adj.沮丧的,抑郁的,不景气的,萧条的
参考例句:
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮丧时就感到完全脱离了现实。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.这个坏消息使他的母亲意志消沉。
40 furrow X6dyf     
n.沟;垄沟;轨迹;车辙;皱纹
参考例句:
  • The tractor has make deep furrow in the loose sand.拖拉机在松软的沙土上留下了深深的车辙。
  • Mei did not weep.She only bit her lips,and the furrow in her brow deepened.梅埋下头,她咬了咬嘴唇皮,额上的皱纹显得更深了。
41 buckle zsRzg     
n.扣子,带扣;v.把...扣住,由于压力而弯曲
参考例句:
  • The two ends buckle at the back.带子两端在背后扣起来。
  • She found it hard to buckle down.她很难专心做一件事情。
42 cargo 6TcyG     
n.(一只船或一架飞机运载的)货物
参考例句:
  • The ship has a cargo of about 200 ton.这条船大约有200吨的货物。
  • A lot of people discharged the cargo from a ship.许多人从船上卸下货物。
43 scatter uDwzt     
vt.撒,驱散,散开;散布/播;vi.分散,消散
参考例句:
  • You pile everything up and scatter things around.你把东西乱堆乱放。
  • Small villages scatter at the foot of the mountain.村庄零零落落地散布在山脚下。
44 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
45 rectify 8AezO     
v.订正,矫正,改正
参考例句:
  • The matter will rectify itself in a few days.那件事过几天就会变好。
  • You can rectify this fault if you insert a slash.插人一条斜线便可以纠正此错误。
46 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  读写教程  第四册  unit
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