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21世纪大学英语读写教程第四册 Unit10

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Unit 10

Text A

Pre-reading Activities

First Listening
Before listening to the tape, have a quick look at the following words.

spiritual
精神上的

ancestor
祖先

Athenian
雅典人

literate1
有文化修养的

ecology
生态学

epic2
史诗(的)

Visigoth
西哥特人

marauder
强盗

desecrate3
亵渎

align4 oneself with
与…结盟

outnumber
数目超过

Second Listening
Listen to the tape again. Then, choose the best answer to each of the following questions.

1. What is the speaker's main purpose in this graduation speech?
A) To provide practical advice for those entering the job market.
B) To reflect on the value of the education the graduates have received.
C) To inspire the graduates to live a life of high ideals.
D) To inform the graduates about some interesting historical facts.
2. Which of the following is NOT an accomplishment5 of the Athenians?
A) Creating a culture which flourishes until today.
B) Creating great works of art which have lasting6 beauty.
C) Inventing science, philosophy, and political democracy.
D) Holding the values of truth and beauty in the highest regard.
3. Which of the following are the Visigoths given credit for?
A) Striving for excellence7 in all things.
B) Developing modern logic8 and science.
C) Creating the Olympic games.
D) Being excellent horsemen and warriors9.
4. At the end of the speech, what choice does the speaker pose to the graduates?
A) To choose to follow either the spirit of the Athenians or that of the Visigoths.
B) To choose whether or not to attend graduate school.
C) To choose whether to pursue social justice or a high-paying career.
D) To remember the history of Europe, so that its wars need not be repeated.

My Graduation Speech

Neil Postman

Author's Note: Having sat through two dozen or so graduation speeches, I have naturally wondered why they are so often so bad. One reason, of course, is that the speakers are chosen for their eminence10 in some field, and not because they are either competent speakers or gifted writers. Another reason is that the audience is eager to be done with all the ceremony so that it can proceed to some serious reveling. Thus any speech longer than, say, fifteen minutes will seem tedious, if not entirely12 pointless. There are other reasons as well, including the difficulty of saying something inspirational without being banal13. Here I try my hand at writing a graduation speech, and not merely to discover if I can conquer the form. This is precisely14 what I would like to say to young people if I had their attention for a few minutes.
If you think my graduation speech is good, I hereby grant you permission to use it, without further approval from or credit to me, should you be in an appropriate situation.
Members of the faculty15, parents, guests and graduates, have no fear. I am well aware that on a day of such high excitement, what you require, first and foremost, of any speaker is brevity. I shall not fail you in this respect. There are exactly eighty-five sentences in my speech, four of which you have just heard. It will take me about twelve minutes to speak all of them and I must tell you that such economy was not easy for me to arrange, because I have chosen as my topic the complex subject of your ancestors. Not, of course, your biological ancestors, about whom I know nothing, but your spiritual ancestors, about whom I know a little. To be specific, I want to tell you about two groups of people whose influence is still with us. They were very different from each other, representing opposite values and traditions. I think it is appropriate for you to be reminded of them on this day because, sooner than you know, you must align yourself with the spirit of one or the other.
The first group lived about 2,500 years ago in the place we now call Greece, in a city they called Athens. We do not know as much about their origins as we would like. But we do know a great deal about their accomplishments16. They were, for example, the first people to develop a complete alphabet, and therefore they became the first truly literate population on earth. They invented the idea of political democracy, which they practiced with a vigor17 that puts us to shame. They invented what we call philosophy. And they also invented what we call science, and one of them—Democritus by name—conceived of the atomic theory of matter 2,300 years before it occurred to any modern scientist. They composed and sang epic poems of unsurpassed beauty and insight. And they wrote and performed plays that, almost three millennia18 later, still have the power to make audiences laugh and weep. They even invented what, today, we call the Olympics, and among their values none stood higher than that in all things one should strive for excellence. They believed in reason. They believed in beauty. They believed in moderation. And they invented the word and idea which we know today as ecology.
About 2,000 years ago, the vitality19 of their culture declined and these people began to disappear. But not what they had created. Their imagination, art, politics, literature, and language spread all over the world so that, today, it is hardly possible to speak on any subject without repeating what some Athenian said on the matter 2,500 years ago.
The second group of people lived in the place we now call Germany, and flourished about 1,700 years ago. We call them the Visigoths, and you may remember that your sixth-or seventh-grade teacher mentioned them. They were spectacularly good horsemen, which is about the only pleasant thing history can say of them. They were marauders—ruthless and brutal20. Their language lacked subtlety21 and depth. Their art was crude and even grotesque22. They swept down through Europe destroying everything in their path, and they overran the Roman Empire. There was nothing a Visigoth like better than to burn a book, desecrate a building, or smash a work of art. From the Visigoths, we have no poetry, no theater, no logic, no science, no humane23 politics.
Like the Athenians, the Visigoths also disappeared, but not before they had ushered25 in the period known as the Dark Ages. It took Europe almost a thousand years to recover from the Visigoths.
Now, the point I want to make is that the Athenians and the Visigoths still survive, and they do so through us and the ways in which we conduct our lives. All around us—in this hall, in this community, in our city—there are people whose way of looking at the world reflects the way of the Athenians, and there are people whose way is the way of the Visigoths. I do not mean, of course, that our modern—day Athenians roam abstractly through the streets reciting poetry and philosophy, or that the modern-day Visigoths are killers26. I mean that to be an Athenian or a Visigoth is to organize your life around a set of values. An Athenian is an idea. And a Visigoth is an idea. Let me tell you briefly27 what these ideas consist of.
To be an Athenian is to hold knowledge and, especially, the quest for knowledge in high esteem28. To contemplate29, to reason, to experiment, to question—these are, to an Athenian, the most exalted31 activities a person can perform. To a Visigoth, the quest for knowledge is useless unless it can help you to earn money or to gain power over other people.
To be an Athenian is to cherish language because you believe it to be humankind's most precious gift. In their use of language, Athenians strive for grace, precision, and variety. And they admire those who can achieve such skill. To a Visigoth, one word is as good as another, one sentence indistinguishable from another. A Visigoth's language aspires33 to nothing higher than the cliche34.
To be an Athenian is to understand that the thread which hold civilized35 society together is thin and vulnerable; therefore, Athenians place great value on tradition, social restraint, and continuity. To an Athenian, bad manners are acts of violence against the social order. The modern Visigoth cares very little about any of this. The Visigoths think of themselves as the center of the universe. Tradition exists for their own convenience, good manners are an affectation and a burden, and history is merely what is in yesterday's paper.
To be an Athenian is to take interest in public affairs and the improvement of public behavior. Indeed, the ancient Athenians had a word for people who did not. The word was idiotes, from which we get our word idiot. A modern Visigoth is interested only in his own affairs and has no sense of the meaning of community.
And, finally, to be an Athenian is to esteem the discipline, skill, and taste that are required to produce enduring art. Therefore, in approaching a work of art, Athenians prepare their imagination through learning and experience. To a Visigoth, there is no measure of artistic36 excellence except popularity. What catches the fancy of the multitude is good. No other standard is respected or even acknowledged by the Visigoth.
Now, it must be obvious what all this has to do with you. Eventually, like the rest of us, you must be on one side or the other. You must be an Athenian or a Visigoth. Of course, it is much harder to be an Athenian, for you must learn how to be one, you must work at being one, whereas we are all, in a way, natural-born Visigoths. That is why there are so many more Visigoths than Athenians. And I must tell you that you do not become an Athenian merely by attending school or accumulating degrees. My father-in-law was one of the most committed Athenians I have ever known, and he spent his entire adult life as a dress cutter on Seventh Avenue in New York City. On the other hand, I have known physicians, lawyers, and engineers who are Visigoths of unmistakable persuasion37. And I must also tell you, as much in sorrow as in shame, that at some of our great universities, perhaps even this one, there are professors of whom we may fairly say they are closet Visigoths. And yet, you must not doubt for a moment that a school, after all, is essentially38 an Athenian idea. There is a direct link between the cultural achievements of Athens and what the faculty of this university is all about. I have no difficulty imagining that Plato, Aristotle, or Democritus would be quite at home in our classrooms. A Visigoth would merely scrawl39 obscenities on the wall.
And so, whether you were aware of it or not, the purpose of your having been at this university was to give you a glimpse of the Athenian way, to interest you in the Athenian way. We cannot know on this day how many of you will choose the way and how many will not. You are young and it is not given to us to see your future. But I will tell you this, with which I will close: I can wish for you no higher compliment than that in the future it will be reported that among your graduating class the Athenians mightily40 outnumbered the Visigoths.
Thank you, and congratulations.
(1 620 words)

New Words

eminence
n. superiority in rank, position, achievement, etc. 出众,卓越

revel11
vi. make merry; celebrate noisily 作乐;狂欢

tedious
a. long and boring; uninteresting 冗长的;乏味的

pointless
a. without meaning or purpose 无意义的;无目的的

inspirational
a. of or giving inspiration 有灵感的;给予灵感的;鼓舞人心的

inspiration
n. 灵感;鼓舞人心的人(或事物)

banal
a. dull or unoriginal 陈腐的,老一套的

hereby
ad. by doing or saying this; as a result of this 据此;因此

permission
n. consent; authorization41 同意;许可

permissable
a. 可允许的,许可的

foremost
ad. in the first place; before all else 首先;首要地

ancestor
n. any (esp. remote) person from whom one is descended42 祖先,祖宗

spiritual
a. of or concerning the spirit as opposed to matter 精神上的

align
v. come, bring or arrange into a line (使)成一直线

literate
a. able to read and write; having studied or read a great deal 有读写能力的;有文化修养的

vigor
n. great physical or mental strength 精力,活力

vigorous
a. full of vigor; showing physical strength or activity 精力旺盛的;充满活力的

epic
n. a long poem about the deeds of gods and great men, or the early history of a nation 叙事长诗;史诗

unsurpassed
a. unexcelled, not capable of being improved on 未被超越的;超群的,卓绝的

moderation
n. avoidance of excesses or extremes; the ability or quality of keeping one's desires within reasonable limits 适度;节制

ecology
n. the branch of biology dealing43 with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings 生态学

flourish
vi. grow vigorously; prosper44; be in one's prime 繁荣;兴旺;处于旺盛时期

spectacularly
ad. in a spectacular manner, stunningly45 引人注目地;令人吃惊地

spectacular
a. grandly out of the ordinary; striking or amazing 壮观的;令人称奇的

horseman
n. a rider on horseback; a skilled rider 骑马的人;骑手

marauder
n. a person or animal that goes about searching for things to steal, people to attack, etc. (尤指流动作案的)强盗,抢劫者;攫食的动物

ruthless
a. having no pity or compassion46 无情的;残忍的

brutal
a. having or showing no tender human feeling; cruel 残忍的;野蛮的;残酷的

subtlety
n. the quality or condition of being subtle; the ability or tendency to make fine distinctions 微妙;细微;细致;精细

crude
a. rough, unpolished; not skillfully done or finished 粗糙的;不精细的

grotesque
a. strange and unnatural47 so as to arouse fear or laughter 奇形怪状的;怪诞的;可笑的

overrun
vt. spread over; conquer (territory) by force 蔓延;侵占

desecrate
vt. violate (a sacred place or thing) with violence; treat as not sacred 玷辱(神明);亵渎

usher24
vt. bring, esp. by showing the way 引,领

roam
v. wander with no special plan or purpose 漫游;闲逛

abstractly
ad. in an abstract state or manner; without any particular aim or purpose 抽象地;无明确目的地

briefly
ad. in a concise48 manner; for a short time 简要地;短暂地

esteem
n. high regard; favorable opinion 尊重;好评
vt. have a high regard for; greatly respect; think favorably of 尊重;敬重;赞成

exalted
a. elevated in rank, position, etc.; noble, lofty (地位等)高的,崇高的;尊贵的,高尚的

exalt30
vt. raise in status or power, etc.; praise highly 提升;晋升;赞扬

humankind
n. human beings collectively 人类

precision
n. the quality of being precise; exactness 精确;准确

precise
a. exact in form, detail, measurements, time, etc. 精确的,准确的

indistinguishable
a. that cannot be distinguished49 as being different or separate 难以分辩的; 难以区别的

aspire32
vi. desire strongly to achieve sth.; have ambition for sth. 渴望;追求;有雄心

aspiration50
n. (a) strong desire to do sth. or have sth., esp. sth. great or important 强烈愿望,热望;志向,抱负

cliche
n. a familiar phrase or expression used so often that it has lost much of its expressive51 force 陈词滥调;老生常谈

vulnerable
a. weak; easily hurt or attacked 脆弱的;易受伤的;易受攻击的

restraint
n. controls or limitations; things that prevent one from doing sth. 克制;约束

continuity
n. the state of being continuous 连续性;连贯性

continual
a. going on without stopping; happening over and over again 持续不断的;频繁的

affectation
n. artificial behavior meant to impress others; a feeling or manner that is pretended 不自然的行为;矫揉造作

idiotes
n. (Gk) a person who is not in the public eye; an ignorant person 平庸的人;无知的人

idiot
n. a foolish or stupid person 白痴;傻瓜

popularity
n. the state or quality of being well liked, favored, or admired 普遍;流行;受欢迎

natural-born
a. 天生的

cutter
n. a worker whose job is cutting cloth, glass, stone, etc. (服装)剪裁师;玻璃切割工;凿石工

avenue
n. a road or way bordered with trees; a street, esp. a wide, principal one that runs at right angles to others called streets 林阴道;大街

persuasion
n. the act of persuading; the state of being persuaded; a group of people holding a particular belief 劝说;说服;持有某种信仰的宗派

closet
a. private; secret 私下的;秘密的
n. a small room or cupboard for clothes, etc.; a small, private room for reading, meditation52, etc. 壁橱;储藏室;小房间(阅读、沉思用)

scrawl
vt. write, draw or mark hastily or carelessly 乱写;乱画;乱涂

obscenity
n. the state of being obscene; obscene word or act 淫秽,猥亵;猥亵淫秽的话(或行为)

obscene
a. indecent, disgusting (usu. about sex) 淫秽的,猥亵的

glimpse
n. & v. (have) a brief, quick look (at) 一瞥,一看

mightily
ad. with power or strength; greatly 有力地;强烈地;大大地

outnumber
vt. exceed in number 数目超过;比…多

Phrases and Expressions

sit through
remain seated until the end of; be present at 一直坐到…结束;出席

be/have done with
have finished with; be finished with 结束;完毕

first and foremost
most importantly; above all else 最重要的;首先

align oneself with sb.
join sb. as an ally; come into agreement with sb. 与某人结盟;与某人一致

put...to shame
cause shame to (sb./sth.); show (sb./sth.) to be inferior by comparison 使(某人/某事)蒙羞;使(某人/某事)相形见绌

sweep down
move steadily53 with great force or speed 席卷;突袭

usher in
introduce or mark the beginning of a new period, fashion, generation, etc. 引进(新时期、新一代等);标志着(新时期、新时尚、新一代)的开始

known as
generally recognized as; called or labeled as 公认为;被称为

hold...in high esteem
have a very favorable opinion of; show great respect to 给…以好评;对…非常尊敬

aspire to
desire strongly to achieve (sth.); have ambition for (sth.) 渴望取得;对…抱有雄心

take interest in
be keen to know more about (sth.) or be involved in (it) 对…感兴趣

catch the fancy of sb./sb.'s fancy
please sb.; appeal to sb. 合某人的心意;吸引某人

have to do with
be connected with; be related to 与…有联系;与…有关

at home
at ease as if in one's own home; familiar 自在;无拘无束;熟悉

Proper Names

Neil Postman
尼尔·波斯特曼

Greece
希腊(欧洲巴尔干半岛南部国家)

Athens
雅典(希腊首都)

Democritus
德谟克利特(460—370 BC,古希腊唯物主义哲学家,原子论创始人之一)

Athenian
雅典人

Visigoth
西哥特人(公元5世纪后入侵罗马帝国并在法国和西班牙建立王国的条顿族人)

the Dark Ages
黑暗时代(公元5世纪至11世纪,欧洲中世纪的早期)

Plato
柏拉图(427—347 BC,古希腊哲学家)

Aristotle
亚里士多德(384—322 BC,古希腊哲学家和科学家,柏拉图的学生)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 literate 181zu     
n.学者;adj.精通文学的,受过教育的
参考例句:
  • Only a few of the nation's peasants are literate.这个国家的农民中只有少数人能识字。
  • A literate person can get knowledge through reading many books.一个受过教育的人可以通过读书而获得知识。
2 epic ui5zz     
n.史诗,叙事诗;adj.史诗般的,壮丽的
参考例句:
  • I gave up my epic and wrote this little tale instead.我放弃了写叙事诗,而写了这个小故事。
  • They held a banquet of epic proportions.他们举行了盛大的宴会。
3 desecrate X9Sy3     
v.供俗用,亵渎,污辱
参考例句:
  • The enemy desecrate the church by using it as a stable.敌人亵渎这所教堂,把它当做马厩。
  • It's a crime to desecrate the country's flag.玷污国旗是犯罪。
4 align fKeyZ     
vt.使成一线,结盟,调节;vi.成一线,结盟
参考例句:
  • Align the ruler and the middle of the paper.使尺子与纸张的中部成一条直线。
  • There are signs that the prime minister is aligning himself with the liberals.有迹象表明首相正在与自由党人结盟。
5 accomplishment 2Jkyo     
n.完成,成就,(pl.)造诣,技能
参考例句:
  • The series of paintings is quite an accomplishment.这一系列的绘画真是了不起的成就。
  • Money will be crucial to the accomplishment of our objectives.要实现我们的目标,钱是至关重要的。
6 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
7 excellence ZnhxM     
n.优秀,杰出,(pl.)优点,美德
参考例句:
  • His art has reached a high degree of excellence.他的艺术已达到炉火纯青的地步。
  • My performance is far below excellence.我的表演离优秀还差得远呢。
8 logic j0HxI     
n.逻辑(学);逻辑性
参考例句:
  • What sort of logic is that?这是什么逻辑?
  • I don't follow the logic of your argument.我不明白你的论点逻辑性何在。
9 warriors 3116036b00d464eee673b3a18dfe1155     
武士,勇士,战士( warrior的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • I like reading the stories ofancient warriors. 我喜欢读有关古代武士的故事。
  • The warriors speared the man to death. 武士们把那个男子戳死了。
10 eminence VpLxo     
n.卓越,显赫;高地,高处;名家
参考例句:
  • He is a statesman of great eminence.他是个声名显赫的政治家。
  • Many of the pilots were to achieve eminence in the aeronautical world.这些飞行员中很多人将会在航空界声名显赫。
11 revel yBezQ     
vi.狂欢作乐,陶醉;n.作乐,狂欢
参考例句:
  • She seems to revel in annoying her parents.她似乎以惹父母生气为乐。
  • The children revel in country life.孩子们特别喜欢乡村生活。
12 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
13 banal joCyK     
adj.陈腐的,平庸的
参考例句:
  • Making banal remarks was one of his bad habits.他的坏习惯之一就是喜欢说些陈词滥调。
  • The allegations ranged from the banal to the bizarre.从平淡无奇到离奇百怪的各种说法都有。
14 precisely zlWzUb     
adv.恰好,正好,精确地,细致地
参考例句:
  • It's precisely that sort of slick sales-talk that I mistrust.我不相信的正是那种油腔滑调的推销宣传。
  • The man adjusted very precisely.那个人调得很准。
15 faculty HhkzK     
n.才能;学院,系;(学院或系的)全体教学人员
参考例句:
  • He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  • He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
16 accomplishments 1c15077db46e4d6425b6f78720939d54     
n.造诣;完成( accomplishment的名词复数 );技能;成绩;成就
参考例句:
  • It was one of the President's greatest accomplishments. 那是总统最伟大的成就之一。
  • Among her accomplishments were sewing,cooking,playing the piano and dancing. 她的才能包括缝纫、烹调、弹钢琴和跳舞。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
17 vigor yLHz0     
n.活力,精力,元气
参考例句:
  • The choir sang the words out with great vigor.合唱团以极大的热情唱出了歌词。
  • She didn't want to be reminded of her beauty or her former vigor.现在,她不愿人们提起她昔日的美丽和以前的精力充沛。
18 millennia 3DHxf     
n.一千年,千禧年
参考例句:
  • For two millennia, exogamy was a major transgression for Jews. 两千年来,异族通婚一直是犹太人的一大禁忌。
  • In the course of millennia, the dinosaurs died out. 在几千年的时间里,恐龙逐渐死绝了。
19 vitality lhAw8     
n.活力,生命力,效力
参考例句:
  • He came back from his holiday bursting with vitality and good health.他度假归来之后,身强体壮,充满活力。
  • He is an ambitious young man full of enthusiasm and vitality.他是个充满热情与活力的有远大抱负的青年。
20 brutal bSFyb     
adj.残忍的,野蛮的,不讲理的
参考例句:
  • She has to face the brutal reality.她不得不去面对冷酷的现实。
  • They're brutal people behind their civilised veneer.他们表面上温文有礼,骨子里却是野蛮残忍。
21 subtlety Rsswm     
n.微妙,敏锐,精巧;微妙之处,细微的区别
参考例句:
  • He has shown enormous strength,great intelligence and great subtlety.他表现出充沛的精力、极大的智慧和高度的灵活性。
  • The subtlety of his remarks was unnoticed by most of his audience.大多数听众都没有觉察到他讲话的微妙之处。
22 grotesque O6ryZ     
adj.怪诞的,丑陋的;n.怪诞的图案,怪人(物)
参考例句:
  • His face has a grotesque appearance.他的面部表情十分怪。
  • Her account of the incident was a grotesque distortion of the truth.她对这件事的陈述是荒诞地歪曲了事实。
23 humane Uymy0     
adj.人道的,富有同情心的
参考例句:
  • Is it humane to kill animals for food?宰杀牲畜来吃合乎人道吗?
  • Their aim is for a more just and humane society.他们的目标是建立一个更加公正、博爱的社会。
24 usher sK2zJ     
n.带位员,招待员;vt.引导,护送;vi.做招待,担任引座员
参考例句:
  • The usher seated us in the front row.引座员让我们在前排就座。
  • They were quickly ushered away.他们被迅速领开。
25 ushered d337b3442ea0cc4312a5950ae8911282     
v.引,领,陪同( usher的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The secretary ushered me into his office. 秘书把我领进他的办公室。
  • A round of parties ushered in the New Year. 一系列的晚会迎来了新年。 来自《简明英汉词典》
26 killers c1a8ff788475e2c3424ec8d3f91dd856     
凶手( killer的名词复数 ); 消灭…者; 致命物; 极难的事
参考例句:
  • He remained steadfast in his determination to bring the killers to justice. 他要将杀人凶手绳之以法的决心一直没有动摇。
  • They were professional killers who did in John. 杀死约翰的这些人是职业杀手。
27 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
28 esteem imhyZ     
n.尊敬,尊重;vt.尊重,敬重;把…看作
参考例句:
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • The veteran worker ranks high in public love and esteem.那位老工人深受大伙的爱戴。
29 contemplate PaXyl     
vt.盘算,计议;周密考虑;注视,凝视
参考例句:
  • The possibility of war is too horrifying to contemplate.战争的可能性太可怕了,真不堪细想。
  • The consequences would be too ghastly to contemplate.后果不堪设想。
30 exalt 4iGzV     
v.赞扬,歌颂,晋升,提升
参考例句:
  • She thanked the President to exalt her.她感谢总统提拔她。
  • His work exalts all those virtues that we,as Americans,are taught to hold dear.他的作品颂扬了所有那些身为美国人应该珍视的美德。
31 exalted ztiz6f     
adj.(地位等)高的,崇高的;尊贵的,高尚的
参考例句:
  • Their loveliness and holiness in accordance with their exalted station.他们的美丽和圣洁也与他们的崇高地位相称。
  • He received respect because he was a person of exalted rank.他因为是个地位崇高的人而受到尊敬。
32 aspire ANbz2     
vi.(to,after)渴望,追求,有志于
参考例句:
  • Living together with you is what I aspire toward in my life.和你一起生活是我一生最大的愿望。
  • I aspire to be an innovator not a follower.我迫切希望能变成个开创者而不是跟随者。
33 aspires e0d3cbcde2a88805b7fd83a70eb48df3     
v.渴望,追求( aspire的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The fame to which he aspires was beyond his reach. 他追求的名誉乃是他所不能及的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • An old steed in the stable still aspires to gallop a thousand li. 老骥伏枥,志在千里。 来自《简明英汉词典》
34 cliche jbpy6     
n./a.陈词滥调(的);老生常谈(的);陈腐的
参考例句:
  • You should always try to avoid the use of cliche. 你应该尽量避免使用陈词滥调。
  • The old cliche is certainly true:the bigger car do mean bigger profits.有句老话倒的确说得不假:车大利大。
35 civilized UwRzDg     
a.有教养的,文雅的
参考例句:
  • Racism is abhorrent to a civilized society. 文明社会憎恶种族主义。
  • rising crime in our so-called civilized societies 在我们所谓文明社会中日益增多的犯罪行为
36 artistic IeWyG     
adj.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;善于艺术创作的
参考例句:
  • The picture on this screen is a good artistic work.这屏风上的画是件很好的艺术品。
  • These artistic handicrafts are very popular with foreign friends.外国朋友很喜欢这些美术工艺品。
37 persuasion wMQxR     
n.劝说;说服;持有某种信仰的宗派
参考例句:
  • He decided to leave only after much persuasion.经过多方劝说,他才决定离开。
  • After a lot of persuasion,she agreed to go.经过多次劝说后,她同意去了。
38 essentially nntxw     
adv.本质上,实质上,基本上
参考例句:
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
39 scrawl asRyE     
vt.潦草地书写;n.潦草的笔记,涂写
参考例句:
  • His signature was an illegible scrawl.他的签名潦草难以辨认。
  • Your beautiful handwriting puts my untidy scrawl to shame.你漂亮的字体把我的潦草字迹比得见不得人。
40 mightily ZoXzT6     
ad.强烈地;非常地
参考例句:
  • He hit the peg mightily on the top with a mallet. 他用木槌猛敲木栓顶。
  • This seemed mightily to relieve him. 干完这件事后,他似乎轻松了许多。
41 authorization wOxyV     
n.授权,委任状
参考例句:
  • Anglers are required to obtain prior authorization from the park keeper.垂钓者必须事先得到公园管理者的许可。
  • You cannot take a day off without authorization.未经批准你不得休假。
42 descended guQzoy     
a.为...后裔的,出身于...的
参考例句:
  • A mood of melancholy descended on us. 一种悲伤的情绪袭上我们的心头。
  • The path descended the hill in a series of zigzags. 小路呈连续的之字形顺着山坡蜿蜒而下。
43 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
44 prosper iRrxC     
v.成功,兴隆,昌盛;使成功,使昌隆,繁荣
参考例句:
  • With her at the wheel,the company began to prosper.有了她当主管,公司开始兴旺起来。
  • It is my earnest wish that this company will continue to prosper.我真诚希望这家公司会继续兴旺发达。
45 stunningly PhtzDU     
ad.令人目瞪口呆地;惊人地
参考例句:
  • The cooks, seamstresses and other small investors are stunningly vulnerable to reversals. 那些厨师、裁缝及其他的小投资者非常容易受到股市逆转的影响。
  • The production cost of this huge passenger liner is stunningly high. 这艘船城造价之高令人惊叹。
46 compassion 3q2zZ     
n.同情,怜悯
参考例句:
  • He could not help having compassion for the poor creature.他情不自禁地怜悯起那个可怜的人来。
  • Her heart was filled with compassion for the motherless children.她对于没有母亲的孩子们充满了怜悯心。
47 unnatural 5f2zAc     
adj.不自然的;反常的
参考例句:
  • Did her behaviour seem unnatural in any way?她有任何反常表现吗?
  • She has an unnatural smile on her face.她脸上挂着做作的微笑。
48 concise dY5yx     
adj.简洁的,简明的
参考例句:
  • The explanation in this dictionary is concise and to the point.这部词典里的释义简明扼要。
  • I gave a concise answer about this.我对于此事给了一个简要的答复。
49 distinguished wu9z3v     
adj.卓越的,杰出的,著名的
参考例句:
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
50 aspiration ON6z4     
n.志向,志趣抱负;渴望;(语)送气音;吸出
参考例句:
  • Man's aspiration should be as lofty as the stars.人的志气应当象天上的星星那么高。
  • Young Addison had a strong aspiration to be an inventor.年幼的爱迪生渴望成为一名发明家。
51 expressive shwz4     
adj.表现的,表达…的,富于表情的
参考例句:
  • Black English can be more expressive than standard English.黑人所使用的英语可能比正式英语更有表现力。
  • He had a mobile,expressive,animated face.他有一张多变的,富于表情的,生动活泼的脸。
52 meditation yjXyr     
n.熟虑,(尤指宗教的)默想,沉思,(pl.)冥想录
参考例句:
  • This peaceful garden lends itself to meditation.这个恬静的花园适于冥想。
  • I'm sorry to interrupt your meditation.很抱歉,我打断了你的沉思。
53 steadily Qukw6     
adv.稳定地;不变地;持续地
参考例句:
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  读写教程  第四册  unit
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