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21世纪大学英语读写基础教程 Unit3

时间:2006-02-21 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yxdzgd5   字体: [ ]
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Unit 3

Text A

Have you ever paid tributes to your mother? Have you ever expressed your emotions on the theme of mothers? Here industrialist1 Ross Perot and Professor Michael DeBakey are eager to salute2 their own mothers.

Mothers

An old Jewish proverb says, "God could not be everywhere, and therefore he made mothers."
Ann Taylor expressed her emotions on the theme of mothers with the following:
Who ran to help me when I fell,
And would some pretty story tell,
Or kiss the place to make it well?
My mother.
On account of the many tributes paid to mothers from the time of Eve, one might think the subject exhausted3. But not so. Here, Industrialist Ross Perot and Professor Michael E. DeBakey are ready, indeed eager, to salute their own cherished mothers.

My mother was an angel.
Our family lived six blocks from the railroad tracks. During the Depression, the freight trains were filled with hoboes wandering from town to town looking for work. Every day they would come by our house asking for food. My kind mother would always share our food with them.
These people were poor and desperate, but we had absolutely no fear of them. When they knocked and asked for food, there was no concern that they might break in and steal things.
One day, a hobo said, "Lady, don't you have a lot of people stopping by here?"
My mother said, "Yes, we do."
"Do you know why?" he asked.
She replied, "Not really."
Then he took her out to the street and showed her a mark on our curb4. He said, "Lady, this mark on your curb says that you will feed people. That's why you get so many visitors."
After the man left, I turned to my mother and said, "Do you want me to wash that mark off the curb?"
She replied with words that I will remember for the rest of my life. "No, Son, leave it there. These are good people. They are just like us, but they're down on their luck. We should help them."

Ross Perot
Industrialist

My mother's birthday, Christmas, is symbolic5 of her human warmth, her giving nature, her noble character, and her high Christian6 values. She and my father instilled7 those values in all their children from the earliest age, and she lived to make life better not only for her family, but for everyone she knew, particularly those less fortunate than she.
I recall vividly8 one incident in my childhood that had a lasting9 impact on me. Every Sunday after dinner, my parents would pack food, clothing, and books in our car and would drive, with their children, to an orphanage11 just outside our hometown. One Sunday I saw my mother packing a favorite cap of mine, and I protested. She calmly explained that I had several other caps and could easily get new ones, whereas the orphan10 who would receive this cap had none at all. She assured me that I would derive12 a special feeling of happiness when I saw the smile on the boy's face as he put the cap on his head. That lesson made a deep impression on me, and the truth of her words has certainly stood the test of time as other incidents in my life have validated14 her words. I consider the wonderful parents that God gave me my greatest blessing15, for they both believed it was always more blessed to give than to receive.
Michael E. DeBakey, M.D.
Professor
(545 words)

New Words

Jewish
a. of the Jews 犹太人的

proverb
n. 谚语,语言

emotion
n. strong feeling of any kind 激情;情感

theme
n. the main subject or idea of a talk, book, movie, etc. (谈话、书、电影等的)题目,主题

following
a. 下列的,下述的

account
n. 理由,根据;账目

* tribute
n. a gift, speech of praise, etc., given as an expression of gratitude16 toward another(表示敬意的)礼物;颂词,称赞

exhaust
vt. 1. use up 用尽,耗尽
2. talk about, write about or study a subject fully17 详尽论述(某事物)

industrialist
n. a person engaged in the management of industry 工业家;实业家

eager
a. full of interest or desire; keen 热切的;渴望的;热心的

* salute
vt. honor or acknowledge with praise 颂扬

* cherish
vt. be fond of (sb./sth.); love 珍爱(某人/某事物);爱

railroad
n. (AmE) railway (美)铁路

freight
n. goods transported by ships, aeroplanes, or trains (水运、空运、陆运的)货物

hobo
n. (esp. AmE) an unemployed18 worker wandering from place to place (尤美)流动的失业工人;失业游民

wander
vi. move about without any special purpose or direction 游荡;闲逛;流浪

desperate
a. wild or dangerous because of despair (因绝望而)不顾一切的,拼命的

absolutely
ad. completely; beyond any doubt 完全地;绝对地

concern
n. worry; anxiety 担心;焦虑

* curb
n. (由路缘石砌成的街道或人行道的)路缘

symbolic
a. 象征的,象征性的

warmth
n. the state or quality of being warm 热情;温暖

character
n. mental or moral qualities that make a person, group, nation, etc., different from others (个人、集体、民族等特有的)品质,特性

Christian
a. 基督教的;基督教徒的

instill
vt. put (ideas, feelings, etc.) gradually but firmly into sb's mind by a continuous effort 逐渐灌输

particularly
ad. especially 特别,尤其

fortunate
a. lucky 幸运的

recall
vt. remember; bring (sth.) back to mind 记得;回想起

vividly
ad. in a lively manner 清晰地;生动地

incident
n. event or happening, often of little importance 事情,发生的事;小事

childhood
n. the condition or time of being a child 童年;幼年时代

lasting
a. continuing for a long time 持久的

impact
n. strong effect or influence on sb./sth. 影响;作用

pack
vt. put (items) into a container 把东西装进(箱子、盒子等)

orphanage
n. a place or institution for the housing and care of orphans19 孤儿院

hometown
n. the town where one was born and lived while they were young 故乡,家乡

favorite
a. best liked 最喜欢的

protest
v. express strong disagreement or disapproval20 about (sth) 抗议;对…提出异议

calmly
ad. 平静地;镇定地

whereas
conj.compared with the fact that; while 然而,但是;而

orphan
n. a child whose parents are dead 孤儿

assure
vt. promise or tell sth. to (sb.) confidently or firmly 向…保证

derive
vt. get or obtain 取得,得到

happiness
n. 愉快,快乐,高兴

impression
n. an effect produced (esp. on the mind or feelings) 印象

validate13
vt. 1. make (sth.) logical or justifiable21 证实;确证
2. make (sth.) legally effective 使(某事物)具有法律效力

blessing
n. God's favour and protection (上帝的)赐福,保佑

Phrases and Expressions

on account of
because of 因为,由于

pay (a) tribute to sb./sth.
express one's admiration22 or respect for sb./sth. 对(某事物)表示赞赏或敬意

look for
search for or try to find (sb./sth.) 寻找;寻求

come by
visit a person or place for a short time, often when one is going somewhere else; get, obtain 访问,看望;得到,获得

ask for
expect or demand (sth.) 要;要求

share with
have a share of (sth.) with another or others 与别人分享(某物)

break in
get into a building by using force, usu. in order to steal sth. 强行闯入屋内,破门而入

stop by
pay a short visit to a person or place, usu. when one in going somewhere else (顺便)过访

wash sth. off
remove sth. from the surface of a material, etc., by washing 把某物冲洗掉

be down on one's luck
have bad luck, esp. in money matters 不走运;穷困潦倒

at all
(used with negatives or questions) in any way or of any type [用于否定句或疑问句]丝毫,一点;根本

Proper Names

Ann Taylor
安·泰勒(人名)

Eve
夏娃(《圣经》故事《创世纪》中上帝造的第一个女人)

Ross Perot
罗斯·佩罗(1930—,美国企业家。1992、1996年两度竞选美国总统)

Michael E. Debakey
迈克尔·E·德巴基(1908—,美国外科医生)

the Depression
大萧条(指1929年到20世纪30年代早期的世界性严重经济萧条)


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1 industrialist JqSz4Y     
n.工业家,实业家
参考例句:
  • The industrialist's son was kidnapped.这名实业家的儿子被绑架了。
  • Mr.Smith was a wealthy industrialist,but he was not satisfied with life.史密斯先生是位富有的企业家,可他对生活感到不满意。
2 salute rYzx4     
vi.行礼,致意,问候,放礼炮;vt.向…致意,迎接,赞扬;n.招呼,敬礼,礼炮
参考例句:
  • Merchant ships salute each other by dipping the flag.商船互相点旗致敬。
  • The Japanese women salute the people with formal bows in welcome.这些日本妇女以正式的鞠躬向人们施礼以示欢迎。
3 exhausted 7taz4r     
adj.极其疲惫的,精疲力尽的
参考例句:
  • It was a long haul home and we arrived exhausted.搬运回家的这段路程特别长,到家时我们已筋疲力尽。
  • Jenny was exhausted by the hustle of city life.珍妮被城市生活的忙乱弄得筋疲力尽。
4 curb LmRyy     
n.场外证券市场,场外交易;vt.制止,抑制
参考例句:
  • I could not curb my anger.我按捺不住我的愤怒。
  • You must curb your daughter when you are in church.你在教堂时必须管住你的女儿。
5 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符号的,象征主义的
参考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
6 Christian KVByl     
adj.基督教徒的;n.基督教徒
参考例句:
  • They always addressed each other by their Christian name.他们总是以教名互相称呼。
  • His mother is a sincere Christian.他母亲是个虔诚的基督教徒。
7 instilled instilled     
v.逐渐使某人获得(某种可取的品质),逐步灌输( instill的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Nature has instilled in our minds an insatiable desire to see truth. 自然给我们心灵注入了永无休止的发现真理的欲望。 来自辞典例句
  • I instilled the need for kindness into my children. 我不断向孩子们灌输仁慈的必要。 来自辞典例句
8 vividly tebzrE     
adv.清楚地,鲜明地,生动地
参考例句:
  • The speaker pictured the suffering of the poor vividly.演讲者很生动地描述了穷人的生活。
  • The characters in the book are vividly presented.这本书里的人物写得栩栩如生。
9 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
10 orphan QJExg     
n.孤儿;adj.无父母的
参考例句:
  • He brought up the orphan and passed onto him his knowledge of medicine.他把一个孤儿养大,并且把自己的医术传给了他。
  • The orphan had been reared in a convent by some good sisters.这个孤儿在一所修道院里被几个好心的修女带大。
11 orphanage jJwxf     
n.孤儿院
参考例句:
  • They dispensed new clothes to the children in the orphanage.他们把新衣服发给孤儿院的小孩们。
  • They gave the proceeds of the sale to the orphanage.他们把销售的收入给了这家孤儿院。
12 derive hmLzH     
v.取得;导出;引申;来自;源自;出自
参考例句:
  • We derive our sustenance from the land.我们从土地获取食物。
  • We shall derive much benefit from reading good novels.我们将从优秀小说中获得很大好处。
13 validate Jiewm     
vt.(法律)使有效,使生效
参考例句:
  • You need an official signature to validate the order.你要有正式的签字,这张汇票才能生效。
  • In order to validate the agreement,both parties sign it.为使协议有效,双方在上面签了字。
14 validated c9e825f4641cd3bec0ba01a0c2d67755     
v.证实( validate的过去式和过去分词 );确证;使生效;使有法律效力
参考例句:
  • Time validated our suspicion. 时间证实了我们的怀疑。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • The decade of history since 1927 had richly validated their thesis. 1927年以来的十年的历史,充分证明了他们的论点。 来自辞典例句
15 blessing UxDztJ     
n.祈神赐福;祷告;祝福,祝愿
参考例句:
  • The blessing was said in Hebrew.祷告用了希伯来语。
  • A double blessing has descended upon the house.双喜临门。
16 gratitude p6wyS     
adj.感激,感谢
参考例句:
  • I have expressed the depth of my gratitude to him.我向他表示了深切的谢意。
  • She could not help her tears of gratitude rolling down her face.她感激的泪珠禁不住沿着面颊流了下来。
17 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
18 unemployed lfIz5Q     
adj.失业的,没有工作的;未动用的,闲置的
参考例句:
  • There are now over four million unemployed workers in this country.这个国家现有四百万失业人员。
  • The unemployed hunger for jobs.失业者渴望得到工作。
19 orphans edf841312acedba480123c467e505b2a     
孤儿( orphan的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The poor orphans were kept on short commons. 贫苦的孤儿们吃不饱饭。
  • Their uncle was declared guardian to the orphans. 这些孤儿的叔父成为他们的监护人。
20 disapproval VuTx4     
n.反对,不赞成
参考例句:
  • The teacher made an outward show of disapproval.老师表面上表示不同意。
  • They shouted their disapproval.他们喊叫表示反对。
21 justifiable a3ExP     
adj.有理由的,无可非议的
参考例句:
  • What he has done is hardly justifiable.他的所作所为说不过去。
  • Justifiable defense is the act being exempted from crimes.正当防卫不属于犯罪行为。
22 admiration afpyA     
n.钦佩,赞美,羡慕
参考例句:
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他对风景之美赞不绝口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  读写教程  基础教程  unit
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