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21世纪大学英语读写教程第二册 Unit7

时间:2006-02-21 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yxdzgd5   字体: [ ]


Text A

Pre-reading Activities
First Listening
1. As you listen to Part One of the tape, try to figure out what the words blrk and blurking mean.

Second Listening
2. Now listen to Part Two, and work out what porfing is.

Thinking: A Neglected Art

Carolyn Kane

It is generally agreed that the American education system is in deep trouble. Everyone is aware of the horrible facts: school systems are running out of money, teachers can't spell, students can't read, high school graduates can't even find China on the map.
Most of us know, or think we know, who is to blame: liberal courts, spineless school boards, ridiculous government regulations. It's easy to select a bad guy.
But possibly the problem lies not so much in our institutions as in our attitudes. It is sad that although most of us claim that we believe in education, we place no value on intellectual activity.
We Americans are a charitable and humane1 people: We have institutions devoted2 to every good cause from rescuing homeless cats to preventing World War III. But what have we done to promote the art of thinking? Certainly we make no room for thought in our daily lives. Suppose a man were to say to his friends, "I'm not going to PTA tonight (or the baseball game, or whatever) because I need some time to myself, some time to think"? Such a man would be shunned4 by his neighbors; his family would be ashamed of him. What if a teenager were to say, "I'm not going to the dance tonight because I need some time to think"? His parents would immediately start looking in the Yellow Pages for a psychiatrist5.
Several years ago a college administrator6 told me that if he wanted to do any serious thinking, he had to get up at 5:30 in the morning — I suppose because that was the only time when no one would interrupt him. More recently I heard a professor remark that when his friends catch him in the act of reading a book, they say, "My, it must be nice to have so much free time." And even though I am an English teacher — a person who should know better — I find myself feeling vaguely7 guilty whenever I sneak8 off to the library to read. It is a common belief that if a man is thinking or reading, he is doing nothing. Through our words and our actions, we express this attitude every day of our lives. Then we wonder why our children refuse to take their studies seriously and why they say to their teachers, "Why do I need to learn this stuff? It won't do me any good; I'll never need it."
It's easy to understand the reasons for this prejudice against thinking. One problem is that to most of us, thinking looks suspiciously like doing nothing. A human being in deep thought is an uninspiring sight. He leans back in his chair, props10 up his feet, puffs12 on his pipe and stares into space. He gives every appearance of wasting time. Besides, he's leaving all the hard work for us! We wish he would get up and do something useful — clean the house, maybe, or mow13 the lawn. Our resentment14 is natural.
But thinking is far different from laziness. Thinking is one of the most productive activities a human being can undertake. Every beautiful and useful thing we have created exists because somebody took the time and effort to think of it.
And thinking does require time and effort. It's a common misconception that if a person is "gifted" or "bright" or "talented," wonderful ideas will flash spontaneously into his mind. Unfortunately, the intellect doesn't work this way. Even Einstein had to study and think for months before he could formulate15 his theory of relativity. Those of us who are less intelligent find it a struggle to conceive even a moderately good idea, let alone a brilliant one.
Another reason why we distrust thinking is that it seems unnatural16. Human beings are a social species, but thinking is an activity that people do best when they're alone. Consequently, we worry about people who like to think. It disturbs us to meet a person who deliberately17 chooses to sit alone and think instead of going to a party or a soccer match. We suspect that such a person needs counseling. In addition, such people can sometimes appear unfriendly — and that makes us deeply uneasy.
Our concern is misplaced. Intelligence is just as much a part of human nature as friendliness18. It would certainly be unnatural for someone to totally isolate19 themselves. But it would be equally unnatural for a person to allow his mind to die of neglect.
If Americans ever became convinced of the importance of thought, we would probably find ways to solve the problems of our schools, problems that now seem impossible to overcome. But how can we revive interest in the art of thinking? The best place to start would be in the home. Family members should practice saying such things as," I'll wash the dishes tonight because I know you want to catch up on your thinking."
This may sound crazy. But if we are to survive as a free people, we will have to take some such course of action as soon as possible, because regardless of what some advertisers have led us to believe, this country does not run on oil. It runs on ideas.
(870 words)

New Words

a. 1. lacking courage and determination 没有骨气的
2. 无脊椎的

n. 脊柱;脊椎

a. deserving to be laughed at; absurd 可笑的;荒谬的,荒唐的

n. a rule or restriction20 规章;规则

v. l. 调节,调校,调整
2. 控制,管理

n. 调节器,校准器

n. (infml., esp. AmE) a man; fellow (主美)男人;人

a. 1. generous in giving money, food, etc. to other people 慷慨施舍的,慈善的
2. kind in one's attitude to others 仁慈的,慈爱的

a. having or showing sympathy, kindness and understanding 富于同情心的;仁慈的

vt. help the progress of; encourage or support 促进;提倡

vt. keep away from; avoid 避开,回避;避免

n. 精神科医生,精神病专家

a. 精神病的

a. 1. 精神的,心灵的
2. 超自然的

n. a person responsible for managing public or business affairs 行政官员;管理人

n. 1. the control or direction of affairs, as of a country or business 行政;管理;经营
2. the supervision21 group of a company or institution; the national government 行政机关;政府

ad. not precisely22, not distinctly, more or less 含糊地;模糊地;多少

a. 1. not clearly described, expressed, felt or understood 含糊的;不清楚的
2. not clear in shape or form 模糊的

vi. go somewhere quietly and/or secretly 潜行,溜

n. 1. (无用的)东西
2. material of which sth. is made 原料;材料

ad. 猜疑地;可疑地

a. 1. (of) not trusting 猜疑的,疑心的
2. causing sb. to think that there is sth. wrong 容易引起怀疑的;可疑的

vt. (up) support 架起,支起

n. 1. the outward form sb. or sth. has 外表,外观
2. 出现,露面

vt. 刈(草坪等处)的草

n. an area of short, regularly cut grass in the garden of a house or in a public park 草坪

n. a feeling of anger because one feels that he is treated badly or unfairly and cannot do anything about it 忿恨,怨愤

n. an idea which is wrong or untrue 错误想法,误解

vi. 1. move or pass very quickly 闪现;突现
2. give or produce a bright light 闪光;闪烁

ad. 自动地;自发地

a. done out of natural feelings or causes without planning or arrangement 自发的;不由自主的

n. 1. the ability to understand or deal with ideas and information 智力,才智
2. a person of high intelligence and reasoning power 有才智的人

vt. 1. express (a thought, idea, etc.) clearly and exactly using particular words 确切地阐述(或表达),阐发
2. develop (a plan, policy, etc.) 制订(计划、政策等)

n. 相对性;相对论

ad. not extremely; to some extent 适度地;一般地

a. 1. of middle degree, power, or rate; neither large or small, high or low, fast or slow, etc. 中等的;普通的;一般的
2. (done or kept) within sensible limits 适度的,不过分的;有节制的
3. (of political opinions or policies) not extreme and concerned with slow or small changes in the system 不激进的,稳健的
v. (cause to) become less extreme and violent or more acceptable (使)和缓;减弱

n. [单复同] 物种

ad. intentionally23, on purpose 有意地,故意地

n. (AmE) football (美)英式足球

v. give (usually professional) advice to sb. who has a problem 提出建议(或劝告)

vt. (often pass.) 1. cause to be alone or separated from others [常被动]使孤立;使脱离
2. keep apart from other people so that a disease will not spread 使隔离

a. (of) without worrying (about), despite 不顾;不论

Phrases and Expressions

be in trouble
having difficulties or problems 处于困境中,有麻烦

run out (of sth.)
have no more (of sth.); use all (of sth.) 用完;耗尽

lie in
exist in; be found in 在于

believe in
have faith or trust in; consider to be true, valuable, important, etc. 信任;信赖;相信…的真实性

make (no) room for
find (no) space or time for (不)给…让出地方或时间

sneak off to
go somewhere secretly 偷偷溜往

prop up
support from falling 支撑;支持

puff11 on
draw smoke through (a pipe, cigarette, etc.) (一口一口地)抽(烟斗、香烟等)

give every appearance of
show (a certain result) from what can be seen or known 显示出…的迹象

let alone
not to mention, not to speak of 更别提,更不用说

become /be convinced of sth.
become/feel certain that sth. is true 确信某事是真实的

catch up on
spend time doing (sth.) which has been left undone or neglected 弥补(耽搁下来的工作、睡眠等),赶完

regardless of
without acknowledging; despite, in spite of 不顾;不论

Proper Names

Carolyn Kane

PTA = (Parent-Teacher Association)

Yellow Pages


1 humane Uymy0     
  • Is it humane to kill animals for food?宰杀牲畜来吃合乎人道吗?
  • Their aim is for a more just and humane society.他们的目标是建立一个更加公正、博爱的社会。
2 devoted xu9zka     
  • He devoted his life to the educational cause of the motherland.他为祖国的教育事业贡献了一生。
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
3 shun 6EIzc     
  • Materialists face truth,whereas idealists shun it.唯物主义者面向真理,唯心主义者则逃避真理。
  • This extremist organization has shunned conventional politics.这个极端主义组织有意避开了传统政治。
4 shunned bcd48f012d0befb1223f8e35a7516d0e     
v.避开,回避,避免( shun的过去式和过去分词 )
  • She was shunned by her family when she remarried. 她再婚后家里人都躲着她。
  • He was a shy man who shunned all publicity. 他是个怕羞的人,总是避开一切引人注目的活动。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 psychiatrist F0qzf     
  • He went to a psychiatrist about his compulsive gambling.他去看精神科医生治疗不能自拔的赌瘾。
  • The psychiatrist corrected him gently.精神病医师彬彬有礼地纠正他。
6 administrator SJeyZ     
  • The role of administrator absorbed much of Ben's energy.行政职务耗掉本很多精力。
  • He has proved himself capable as administrator.他表现出管理才能。
7 vaguely BfuzOy     
  • He had talked vaguely of going to work abroad.他含糊其词地说了到国外工作的事。
  • He looked vaguely before him with unseeing eyes.他迷迷糊糊的望着前面,对一切都视而不见。
8 sneak vr2yk     
  • He raised his spear and sneak forward.他提起长矛悄悄地前进。
  • I saw him sneak away from us.我看见他悄悄地从我们身边走开。
9 prop qR2xi     
  • A worker put a prop against the wall of the tunnel to keep it from falling.一名工人用东西支撑住隧道壁好使它不会倒塌。
  • The government does not intend to prop up declining industries.政府无意扶持不景气的企业。
10 props 50fe03ab7bf37089a7e88da9b31ffb3b     
小道具; 支柱( prop的名词复数 ); 支持者; 道具; (橄榄球中的)支柱前锋
  • Rescuers used props to stop the roof of the tunnel collapsing. 救援人员用支柱防止隧道顶塌陷。
  • The government props up the prices of farm products to support farmers' incomes. 政府保持农产品价格不变以保障农民们的收入。
11 puff y0cz8     
  • He took a puff at his cigarette.他吸了一口香烟。
  • They tried their best to puff the book they published.他们尽力吹捧他们出版的书。
12 puffs cb3699ccb6e175dfc305ea6255d392d6     
n.吸( puff的名词复数 );(烟斗或香烟的)一吸;一缕(烟、蒸汽等);(呼吸或风的)呼v.使喷出( puff的第三人称单数 );喷着汽(或烟)移动;吹嘘;吹捧
  • We sat exchanging puffs from that wild pipe of his. 我们坐在那里,轮番抽着他那支野里野气的烟斗。 来自辞典例句
  • Puffs of steam and smoke came from the engine. 一股股蒸汽和烟雾从那火车头里冒出来。 来自辞典例句
13 mow c6SzC     
  • He hired a man to mow the lawn.他雇人割草。
  • We shall have to mow down the tall grass in the big field.我们得把大田里的高草割掉。
14 resentment 4sgyv     
  • All her feelings of resentment just came pouring out.她一股脑儿倾吐出所有的怨恨。
  • She cherished a deep resentment under the rose towards her employer.她暗中对她的雇主怀恨在心。
15 formulate L66yt     
  • He took care to formulate his reply very clearly.他字斟句酌,清楚地做了回答。
  • I was impressed by the way he could formulate his ideas.他陈述观点的方式让我印象深刻。
16 unnatural 5f2zAc     
  • Did her behaviour seem unnatural in any way?她有任何反常表现吗?
  • She has an unnatural smile on her face.她脸上挂着做作的微笑。
17 deliberately Gulzvq     
  • The girl gave the show away deliberately.女孩故意泄露秘密。
  • They deliberately shifted off the argument.他们故意回避这个论点。
18 friendliness nsHz8c     
  • Behind the mask of friendliness,I know he really dislikes me.在友善的面具后面,我知道他其实并不喜欢我。
  • His manner was a blend of friendliness and respect.他的态度友善且毕恭毕敬。
19 isolate G3Exu     
  • Do not isolate yourself from others.不要把自己孤立起来。
  • We should never isolate ourselves from the masses.我们永远不能脱离群众。
20 restriction jW8x0     
  • The park is open to the public without restriction.这个公园对公众开放,没有任何限制。
  • The 30 mph speed restriction applies in all built-up areas.每小时限速30英里适用于所有建筑物聚集区。
21 supervision hr6wv     
  • The work was done under my supervision.这项工作是在我的监督之下完成的。
  • The old man's will was executed under the personal supervision of the lawyer.老人的遗嘱是在律师的亲自监督下执行的。
22 precisely zlWzUb     
  • It's precisely that sort of slick sales-talk that I mistrust.我不相信的正是那种油腔滑调的推销宣传。
  • The man adjusted very precisely.那个人调得很准。
23 intentionally 7qOzFn     
  • I didn't say it intentionally. 我是无心说的。
  • The local authority ruled that he had made himself intentionally homeless and was therefore not entitled to be rehoused. 当地政府裁定他是有意居无定所,因此没有资格再获得提供住房。
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