英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

21世纪大学英语读写教程第三册 Unit3

时间:2006-02-21 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yxdzgd5   字体: [ ]
特别声明:本栏目内容均从网络收集或者网友提供,供仅参考试用,我们无法保证内容完整和正确。如果资料损害了您的权益,请与站长联系,我们将及时删除并致以歉意。
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Unit 3

Text A

Pre-reading Activities

1. Before you listen to the passage, predict the words that are missing in the printed version of the passage. Then when you hear the passage, mark where you hear differences between your predictions and what's actually on the tape. Don't worry about writing down exactly what you hear — just note where you hear differences.

The sense of _____ dominates every modern culture to such an extent that most people never _____. Relying mainly on _____ seems so natural — how could a culture favor _____ instead? What would such a culture be like? It's almost impossible to imagine. But _____ is in fact not as "natural" as we normally think. Although most humans are born with _____, no one is born knowing how to _____. We must learn _____, and many of the rules we learn vary _____. _____ is an excellent example: Before artists invented formal rules for portraying1 three dimensions, no one thought of distant objects as looking _____. If you doubt this, try explaining _____ to a young child.

2. If you had to lose one of your senses, which one would you choose to give up? And having lost it, what do you think you'd miss the most?

3. It's common to speak of "the five senses" — but are there only five? Some researcher say that we all have and use other senses as well. What others can you think of?

The Sense of Wonder

Rachel Carson

A child's world is fresh and new and beautiful, full of wonder and excitement. It is our misfortune that, for most of us, that clear-eyed vision — that true instinct for what is beautiful and awe2-inspiring — is dimmed and even lost before we reach adulthood3. If I had influence with the angels who are supposed to preside over all children, I would ask that their gift to each child in the world be a sense of wonder so indestructible that it would last throughout life.
If children are to keep alive their natural sense of wonder without any such gift from the angels, they need the companionship of at least one adult who can share it, rediscovering with the child the joy, excitement and mystery of the world we live in. Parents often feel inadequate4 when confronted on the one hand with the eager, sensitive mind of a child and on the other with a world of complex physical nature. In a mood of self-defeat, they exclaim, "How can I possibly teach my child about nature — why, I don't even know one bird from another!"
I sincerely believe that for children, and for parents seeking to guide them, it is not half so important to know as it is to feel. If facts are the seeds that later produce knowledge and wisdom, then the emotions and the impressions of the senses are the fertile soil in which the seeds must grow. The years of early childhood are the time to prepare the soil. Once the emotions have been aroused — a sense of the beautiful, the excitement of the new and the unknown, a feeling of sympathy, pity, admiration5 or love — then we wish for knowledge about the object of our emotional response. Once found, such knowledge has far more lasting6 meaning than mere7 information. It is more important to pave the way for children's desire to know than to put them on a diet of facts they are not ready to assimilate.
Even if you feel you have little knowledge of nature at your disposal, there is still much you can do for your child. Wherever you are and whatever your resources, you can still look up at the sky — its dawn and evening beauties, its moving clouds, its stars by night. You can listen to the wind, whether it blows with majestic8 voice through a forest or sings a many-voiced chorus around the corners of your apartment building, and in the listening, you can gain magical release for your thoughts. You can still feel the rain on your face and think of its long journey from sea to air to earth, and wonder at the mysteries of natural selection embodied9 in the perfume and flavour of a fruit. Even if you are a city dweller10, you can find some place, perhaps a park or a golf course, where you can observe the mysterious migrations12 of the birds and the changing seasons. And with your child you can ponder the mystery of a growing seed, even if it's just one planted in a pot of earth in the kitchen window.
Exploring nature with your child is largely a matter of being open to what lies all around you. It is learning again to use your eyes, ears, nose and fingertips, opening up the disused channels of your senses. For most of us, knowledge of our world comes largely through sight, yet we look about with such unseeing eyes that we are partially13 blind. One way to open your eyes to unnoticed beauty is to ask yourself, "What if I had never seen this before? What if I knew I would never see it again?"
What is the value of preserving and strengthening this sense of awe and wonder, this recognition of something beyond the boundaries of human existence? Is the exploration of the natural world just a pleasant way to pass the golden hours of childhood or is there something deeper?
I am sure there is something much deeper, something lasting and significant. Those who dwell, as scientists or laypeople, among the beauties and mysteries of the earth are never alone or weary of life. Whatever the problems or concerns of their personal lives, their thoughts can find paths that lead to inner satisfaction and to renewed excitement in living. Those who contemplate14 the beauty of the earth find reserves of strength that will endure as long as life lasts. There is symbolic15 as well as actual beauty in the migration11 of the birds, the ebb16 and flow of the tides, the folded bud ready for the spring. There is something infinitely17 healing in the repeated refrains of nature — the assurance that dawn comes after night, and spring after the winter.
I like to remember the distinguished18 Swedish oceanographer, Otto Pettersson, who died a few years ago at the age of ninety-three, in full possession of his keen mental powers. His son has related in a recent book how intensely his father enjoyed every new experience, every new discovery concerning the world about him.
"He was an incurable19 romantic," the son wrote, "intensely in love with life and with the mysteries of the universe." When he realized he had not much longer to enjoy the earthly scene, Otto Pettersson said to his son: "What will sustain me in my last moments is an infinite curiosity as to what is to follow."
(883 words)

New Words

misfortune
n. bad luck 不幸;灾祸

clear-eyed
a. 视力好的;目光炯炯的

awe-inspiring
a. 令人敬畏;令人惊叹的

dim
vt. make less bright or unable to see clearly 使…暗淡;使…看不清
a. (of a light) not bright; not easy to see 昏暗的;模糊的

* angel
n. 天使

* preside
vi. have authority or control; direct 负责;主持

inadequate
a. not good enough in quality, ability, size, etc. 不够格的;不能胜任的;不充分的

confront
vt. stand or meet face to face; bring face to face 面对;遭遇

mood
n. state of mind or feelings 心境,心情;情绪

sincerely
ad. 真诚地;忠实地

sincere
a. free from falseness; true and honest 忠实的;真诚的

arouse
vt. cause to become active; excite 唤醒;激发

rouse
vt. 1. cause to become active; excite (=arouse) 唤醒;激发
2. wake (sb.) up 唤醒,使醒来

mere
a. nothing more than 只不过的,仅仅的

* assimilate
vt. take in and make a part of oneself; absorb 使同化;吸收

disposal
n. the act of getting rid of sth.; the power or right to use sth. freely 处理;支配

dispose
vt. 1. put in place; set in readiness 布置;配置
2. cause to have a tendency (to do sth.) 使有倾向;使愿意

majestic
a. showing power and greatness; dignified20 and impressive 雄伟的,威严的

* majesty21
n. 1. greatness; a show of power as of a king or queen 雄伟;庄重;君王尊严
2. [M-] 陛下(对帝王、王后等的尊称)

* chorus
n. 1. a song sung by many singers together 合唱曲
2. a group of singers singing together 合唱队

selection
n. the act of selecting; sb. or sth. that is selected 选择;被选出的人(或物)

* embody22
vt. 1. represent (a quality, idea, etc.) in a physical form 体现;使具体化
2. contain, include 包含

* perfume
n. 1. a sweet or pleasant smell 芳香,香气
2. 香水

flavo(u)r
n. a taste; a special quality 味道;风味;特色
vt. give a particular taste to 给…调味

migration
n. the movement of a group (often of animals, birds, etc.) from one area to another 迁移;移居;(鸟类等的)迁徒

* migrate
vi. 1. (of animals) travel regularly to a different area according to the seasons of the year (动物的)迁徒
2. change one's place of living; move from one place to another, especially to find work 迁移;(农业季节工人等)外出找工作

* migrant
n. 迁移动物;移居者;农业季节工人

* ponder
vt. think about carefully; consider 沉思;考虑

strengthen
vt. make stronger 加强,强化

awe
n. a feeling of respect mixed with fear and wonder 敬畏;惊叹

recognition
n. the act of recognizing; the state of being recognized 认同;认出;承认

* weary
a. very tired; bored 疲倦的;厌倦的

reserve
n. anything kept for later use 储备物
vt. 1. keep for a special purpose 保留;储备
2. (AmE) book (美)预订

* reservation
n. 1. doubt or uncertainty23, esp. when one's agreement with sth. is in some way limited 保留;保留意见
2. (AmE) booking; reserved seat or accommodation 预定;预定的座席(或住处等)

symbolic(al)
a. 象征性的

symbol
n. (of) a sign, shape or object which represents a person, idea or an item 象征;标志;符号

ebb
n. a flowing of the tide away from the shore 退潮,落潮

tide
n. the regular rise and fall of the ocean, caused by the attraction of the Moon 潮汐

* bud
n. a small swelling24 on a plant that will grow into a flower, leaf, or branch 牙;花蕾

* heal
v. (cause to) become sound or healthy again 治愈;痊愈

infinitely
ad. 无穷地,无限地

* finite
a. having an end or a limit 有限的

* refrain
n. a part of a song that is repeated, esp. at the end of each verse (歌曲中的)叠歌,副歌
vi. (from) hold oneself back (from) 忍住;克制

oceanographer
n. 海洋学家

possession
n. 1. the act or state of possessing or being possessed25 拥有;具有
2. (often pl.) personal property [常复数]所有物;

keen
a. 1. good, strong, quick at understanding 敏锐的
2. (on, to) eager or anxious to do sth. 热切的

intensely
ad. greatly or extremely; strongly 极度地;强烈地

intense
a. great or extreme; strong 极度的;强烈的

intensity26
n. 1. 强烈,剧烈
2. 强度,烈度

concerning
prep.(fml) about; with regard to; in connection with 关于

earthly
a. of this world as opposed to heaven; material rather than spiritual 尘世的,世俗的

Phrases and Expressions

preside over
direct (a committee or other formal group of people); have or exercise control or authority over (sth.) 主持(委员会等);掌管(某事)

wish for
have a desire for; long for 想要;希望得到

pave the way (for)
make smooth or easy (for); be a preparation (for) 为…铺平道路;为…作准备

at sb.'s disposal
available for one to use as one wishes 由某人支配或使用

wonder at
be surprised by or curious about 对…感到惊讶

natural selection
the theory developed by Charles Darwin that plants and animals best suited to the conditions around them survive while those not suited to the conditions die out 自然选择(指生物界适者生存不适者被淘汰的现象)

a matter of sth./doing sth.
a question of; an instance or a case of 一个…的问题;一件…的事

open up
make or become open or accessible 打开;开放

be weary of
be tired of; be bored with 对…感到厌倦

look about
look around; examine the place or state of affairs 扫视四周;观察(事态)

be in possession of
have in one's possession; maintain control over 拥有;控制

as to
about; concerning 关于;有关

Proper Names

Rachel Carson
雷切尔·卡森(女子名)

Otto Pettersson
奥托·彼得森(男子名)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 portraying e079474ea9239695e7dc3dd2bd0e7067     
v.画像( portray的现在分词 );描述;描绘;描画
参考例句:
  • The artist has succeeded in portraying my father to the life. 那位画家把我的父亲画得惟妙惟肖。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Ding Ling was good at portraying figures through careful and refined description of human psychology. 《莎菲女士的日记》是丁玲的成名作,曾引起强烈的社会反响。 来自汉英文学 - 中国现代小说
2 awe WNqzC     
n.敬畏,惊惧;vt.使敬畏,使惊惧
参考例句:
  • The sight filled us with awe.这景色使我们大为惊叹。
  • The approaching tornado struck awe in our hearts.正在逼近的龙卷风使我们惊恐万分。
3 adulthood vKsyr     
n.成年,成人期
参考例句:
  • Some infantile actions survive into adulthood.某些婴儿期的行为一直保持到成年期。
  • Few people nowadays are able to maintain friendships into adulthood.如今很少有人能将友谊维持到成年。
4 inadequate 2kzyk     
adj.(for,to)不充足的,不适当的
参考例句:
  • The supply is inadequate to meet the demand.供不应求。
  • She was inadequate to the demands that were made on her.她还无力满足对她提出的各项要求。
5 admiration afpyA     
n.钦佩,赞美,羡慕
参考例句:
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他对风景之美赞不绝口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
6 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
7 mere rC1xE     
adj.纯粹的;仅仅,只不过
参考例句:
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
8 majestic GAZxK     
adj.雄伟的,壮丽的,庄严的,威严的,崇高的
参考例句:
  • In the distance rose the majestic Alps.远处耸立着雄伟的阿尔卑斯山。
  • He looks majestic in uniform.他穿上军装显得很威风。
9 embodied 12aaccf12ed540b26a8c02d23d463865     
v.表现( embody的过去式和过去分词 );象征;包括;包含
参考例句:
  • a politician who embodied the hopes of black youth 代表黑人青年希望的政治家
  • The heroic deeds of him embodied the glorious tradition of the troops. 他的英雄事迹体现了军队的光荣传统。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 dweller cuLzQz     
n.居住者,住客
参考例句:
  • Both city and town dweller should pay tax.城镇居民都需要纳税。
  • The city dweller never experiences anxieties of this sort.城市居民从未经历过这种担忧。
11 migration mDpxj     
n.迁移,移居,(鸟类等的)迁徙
参考例句:
  • Swallows begin their migration south in autumn.燕子在秋季开始向南方迁移。
  • He described the vernal migration of birds in detail.他详细地描述了鸟的春季移居。
12 migrations 2d162e07be0cf65cc1054b2128c60258     
n.迁移,移居( migration的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • It foundered during the turmoils accompanying the Great Migrations. 它在随着民族大迁徙而出现的混乱中崩溃。 来自辞典例句
  • Birds also have built-in timepieces which send them off on fall and spring migrations. 鸟类也有天生的时间感应器指导它们秋春迁移。 来自互联网
13 partially yL7xm     
adv.部分地,从某些方面讲
参考例句:
  • The door was partially concealed by the drapes.门有一部分被门帘遮住了。
  • The police managed to restore calm and the curfew was partially lifted.警方设法恢复了平静,宵禁部分解除。
14 contemplate PaXyl     
vt.盘算,计议;周密考虑;注视,凝视
参考例句:
  • The possibility of war is too horrifying to contemplate.战争的可能性太可怕了,真不堪细想。
  • The consequences would be too ghastly to contemplate.后果不堪设想。
15 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符号的,象征主义的
参考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
16 ebb ebb     
vi.衰退,减退;n.处于低潮,处于衰退状态
参考例句:
  • The flood and ebb tides alternates with each other.涨潮和落潮交替更迭。
  • They swam till the tide began to ebb.他们一直游到开始退潮。
17 infinitely 0qhz2I     
adv.无限地,无穷地
参考例句:
  • There is an infinitely bright future ahead of us.我们有无限光明的前途。
  • The universe is infinitely large.宇宙是无限大的。
18 distinguished wu9z3v     
adj.卓越的,杰出的,著名的
参考例句:
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
19 incurable incurable     
adj.不能医治的,不能矫正的,无救的;n.不治的病人,无救的人
参考例句:
  • All three babies were born with an incurable heart condition.三个婴儿都有不可治瘉的先天性心脏病。
  • He has an incurable and widespread nepotism.他们有不可救药的,到处蔓延的裙带主义。
20 dignified NuZzfb     
a.可敬的,高贵的
参考例句:
  • Throughout his trial he maintained a dignified silence. 在整个审讯过程中,他始终沉默以保持尊严。
  • He always strikes such a dignified pose before his girlfriend. 他总是在女友面前摆出这种庄严的姿态。
21 majesty MAExL     
n.雄伟,壮丽,庄严,威严;最高权威,王权
参考例句:
  • The king had unspeakable majesty.国王有无法形容的威严。
  • Your Majesty must make up your mind quickly!尊贵的陛下,您必须赶快做出决定!
22 embody 4pUxx     
vt.具体表达,使具体化;包含,收录
参考例句:
  • The latest locomotives embody many new features. 这些最新的机车具有许多新的特色。
  • Hemingway's characters plainly embody his own values and view of life.海明威笔下的角色明确反映出他自己的价值观与人生观。
23 uncertainty NlFwK     
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
24 swelling OUzzd     
n.肿胀
参考例句:
  • Use ice to reduce the swelling. 用冰敷消肿。
  • There is a marked swelling of the lymph nodes. 淋巴结处有明显的肿块。
25 possessed xuyyQ     
adj.疯狂的;拥有的,占有的
参考例句:
  • He flew out of the room like a man possessed.他像着了魔似地猛然冲出房门。
  • He behaved like someone possessed.他行为举止像是魔怔了。
26 intensity 45Ixd     
n.强烈,剧烈;强度;烈度
参考例句:
  • I didn't realize the intensity of people's feelings on this issue.我没有意识到这一问题能引起群情激奋。
  • The strike is growing in intensity.罢工日益加剧。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   大学英语  读写教程  第三册  unit
顶一下
(7)
77.8%
踩一下
(2)
22.2%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴