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刘毅词汇(中级)5000 lesson 11

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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LESSON 11

1.Abode1 n.住处 同:residence
The woodcutter’s abode was a house in the forest.

2.Annual adj.一年一次的 同:yearly
The company allows us an annual vacation of two weeks.

3.Coax2 v.诱哄 同:cajole
The mother coaxed3 the boy to take the medicine, but he refused to take it.

4.Colleague n.同事 同:associate
The teacher’s colleagues taught his classes while he was ill.

5.Dispense4 v.分配 同:distribute
The Red Across dispensed5 food and clothing to the flood victims.

6.Gingerly adv.极度小心;谨慎的 同: cautiously
In the darkness, he turned to the left, stepping gingerly.

7.Hug v.抱紧 同: embrace
The mother hugged her lost child and kissed him.

8.Humiliate6 v.使丢脸 同:disgrace
The boys humiliated7 their parents by behaving badly in front of the guest.

9.Obstruct8 v.阻隔;遮断 同:impede9
The mountain roads were obstructed10 by falling rocks.

10.Overthrow11 v.推翻 同:upset
The government was overthrown12.

11.Recapture v.收复 同:retake
The soldiers recaptured the city lost to the enemy.

12.Slim adj.细长的 同:slender
He was very slim, being six feet tall and weighting only 130 pounds.

13.Vicinity n. 1.附近 同:neighborhood 2.接近
There are no houses for sale in this vicinity.
The vicinity of the apartment to his office was an advantage on rainy days.

14.Arctic n.北极地区 反:antarctic
The Arctic has an extremely cold winter.

15.Attic13 n.阁楼;顶楼 反:basement
We store trunks in the attic of the house.

16.Diminish v.减少 反:enlarge
Poor crops so diminished the food supply that people were starving.

17.Dishonest adj.不诚实的 反:candid14
A person who lies, cheats, or steals is dishonest.

18.Drunken adj.醉的 反:sober
The noisy drunken man on the street was soon arrested by the police.

19.Foe15 n.敌人 反:friend
The person who holds ill feelings against you is your foe.

20.Foresee v.预知 反:retrospect16
He foresaw that his journey would be delayed by bad weather.

21.Jolly adj.愉快的 反:gloomy
Everyone at the party was very jolly, and didn’t want to leave the party.

22.Maximum n.最大量 反:minimum
Sixteen miles in a day was the maximum distance we could walk.

23.Mistress n.女主人 反:master
She felt she was no longer mistress in her own house when her husband’s mother came to stay.

24.Prefix17 n. 前缀词缀 反:suffix18
“Under” in underline, “dis-” in disappear, and ”pre-” in prepaid are prefixes19.

25.Relax v.松懈;放松 反:strain
Discipline can’t be relaxed until the last day of school has passed.

26.Superficial adj.肤浅 反:internal
The speaker had only a superficial knowledge of the subject.

27.Allege20 v.声称
The storekeeper alleged21 that the boy had stolen some fruit.

28.Current adj.现在的
We read the daily newspaper to keep up with the current situation.

29.Exalt22 v.赞扬
They were exalted23 by their son’s success.

30.Expand v.膨胀
The balloon expanded as it was filled with air.

31.Industrialize v.使工业化
We have to make our every effort to industrialize our country.

32.Justify24 v.证明为正当
Your wish to go for walk does not justify your leaving the baby alone in the house.

33.Prescribe v. 1.开处方 2.规定
The doctor prescribed a new medicine for the pain in my joints25.
Good citizens do what the laws prescribe.

34.Presume v.推测
John didn’t say when he would return, but I presume he’ll be back for dinner.

35.Slaughter26 n.屠宰
The cattle were sent to the city for slaughter.

36.Statistics n.统计表;统计学
These statistics show that the population of the country will be doubled in ten years.

37.Supplement n.附刊
Today’s newspaper has a supplement on the new automobile27 models.

38.Trifle n.琐事
You will not succeed if you waste your time on trifles such as movies and dances.

39.Withdraw n.收回
He quickly withdrew his hand from the hot stove.

40.Armor n.铁甲
Nothing could break through the armor of the new tank.

41.Buzz v.使作嗡嗡声
The radio should be fixed28; it buzzed whenever I turn it on.

42.Cancer n.癌
A great many cancers can be cured, but only if properly treated before they have begun to spread.

43.Collapse29 v. 1.倒塌 2.折叠
The roof collapsed30 as a result of the fire.
This table can be collapsed, so I can store it easily when I’m not using it.

44.Contemporary adj. 1.同时代的 2.现代的
In 1066 William landed in England, and a contemporary Englishman wrote the report of his landing.
Our teacher reads the books of many contemporary authors to us.

45.Exile v.放逐
The political leaders were exiled to an island far away from the country.

46.Infantry31 n.步兵
Men in the infantry often march long distance.

47.Monk32 n.修道士
He left his successful business and life of luxury to become a monk.

48.Orchard33 n.果园
These oranges come from an orchard in Florida.

49.Pirate n.海盗
The terrible pirates attacked a merchant ship again.

50.Sullen34 adj.闷闷不乐的
That boy becomes sullen if he is punished by is teacher.

51.Telescope n.望远镜
He was studying the stars through a telescope.

52.Usher35 n.引导员
The usher of the theater helped us find our seats.

练习:从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.The medical bills during my long sickness have _____ my savings36.
2.Drivers must not exceed a(an) _____ of 60 miles an hour on this road.
3.The cut is not deep. It is a (an) _____ cut.
4.Let’s stop working and _____ for an hour.
5.We didn’t take our bathing suits, because we could _____ that the water would be cold.
6.The fine quality of the clothes _____ its high price.
7.What punishment does the law _____ for this crime?
8.They _____ Napoleon to the island of St.Helena.
9.He was so disappointed with the world that he decided37 to be a(an) _____ .
10.It is disagreeable to have to sit at the breakfast table with a(an) _____ person.

答案:
1. diminished 2. maximum 3. superficial 4. relax 5. foresee
6. justifies38 7. prescribe 8. exiled 9. monk 10.sullen


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1 abode hIby0     
n.住处,住所
参考例句:
  • It was ten months before my father discovered his abode.父亲花了十个月的功夫,才好不容易打听到他的住处。
  • Welcome to our humble abode!欢迎光临寒舍!
2 coax Fqmz5     
v.哄诱,劝诱,用诱哄得到,诱取
参考例句:
  • I had to coax the information out of him.我得用好话套出他掌握的情况。
  • He tried to coax the secret from me.他试图哄骗我说出秘方。
3 coaxed dc0a6eeb597861b0ed72e34e52490cd1     
v.哄,用好话劝说( coax的过去式和过去分词 );巧言骗取;哄劝,劝诱
参考例句:
  • She coaxed the horse into coming a little closer. 她哄着那匹马让它再靠近了一点。
  • I coaxed my sister into taking me to the theatre. 我用好话哄姐姐带我去看戏。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
4 dispense lZgzh     
vt.分配,分发;配(药),发(药);实施
参考例句:
  • Let us dispense the food.咱们来分发这食物。
  • The charity has been given a large sum of money to dispense as it sees fit.这个慈善机构获得一大笔钱,可自行适当分配。
5 dispensed 859813db740b2251d6defd6f68ac937a     
v.分配( dispense的过去式和过去分词 );施与;配(药)
参考例句:
  • Not a single one of these conditions can be dispensed with. 这些条件缺一不可。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • They dispensed new clothes to the children in the orphanage. 他们把新衣服发给孤儿院的小孩们。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
6 humiliate odGzW     
v.使羞辱,使丢脸[同]disgrace
参考例句:
  • What right had they to bully and humiliate people like this?凭什么把人欺侮到这个地步呢?
  • They pay me empty compliments which only humiliate me.他们虚情假意地恭维我,这只能使我感到羞辱。
7 humiliated 97211aab9c3dcd4f7c74e1101d555362     
感到羞愧的
参考例句:
  • Parents are humiliated if their children behave badly when guests are present. 子女在客人面前举止失当,父母也失体面。
  • He was ashamed and bitterly humiliated. 他感到羞耻,丢尽了面子。
8 obstruct sRCzR     
v.阻隔,阻塞(道路、通道等);n.阻碍物,障碍物
参考例句:
  • He became still more dissatisfied with it and secretly did everything in his power to obstruct it.他对此更不满意,尽在暗里使绊子。
  • The fallen trees obstruct the road.倒下的树将路堵住了。
9 impede FcozA     
v.妨碍,阻碍,阻止
参考例句:
  • One shouldn't impede other's progress.一个人不应该妨碍他人进步。
  • The muddy roads impede our journey.我们的旅游被泥泞的道路阻挠了。
10 obstructed 5b709055bfd182f94d70e3e16debb3a4     
阻塞( obstruct的过去式和过去分词 ); 堵塞; 阻碍; 阻止
参考例句:
  • Tall trees obstructed his view of the road. 有大树挡着,他看不到道路。
  • The Irish and Bristol Channels were closed or grievously obstructed. 爱尔兰海峡和布里斯托尔海峡或遭受封锁,或受到了严重阻碍。
11 overthrow PKDxo     
v.推翻,打倒,颠覆;n.推翻,瓦解,颠覆
参考例句:
  • After the overthrow of the government,the country was in chaos.政府被推翻后,这个国家处于混乱中。
  • The overthrow of his plans left him much discouraged.他的计划的失败使得他很气馁。
12 overthrown 1e19c245f384e53a42f4faa000742c18     
adj. 打翻的,推倒的,倾覆的 动词overthrow的过去分词
参考例句:
  • The president was overthrown in a military coup. 总统在军事政变中被赶下台。
  • He has overthrown the basic standards of morality. 他已摒弃了基本的道德标准。
13 attic Hv4zZ     
n.顶楼,屋顶室
参考例句:
  • Leakiness in the roof caused a damp attic.屋漏使顶楼潮湿。
  • What's to be done with all this stuff in the attic?顶楼上的材料怎么处理?
14 candid SsRzS     
adj.公正的,正直的;坦率的
参考例句:
  • I cannot but hope the candid reader will give some allowance for it.我只有希望公正的读者多少包涵一些。
  • He is quite candid with his friends.他对朋友相当坦诚。
15 foe ygczK     
n.敌人,仇敌
参考例句:
  • He knew that Karl could be an implacable foe.他明白卡尔可能会成为他的死敌。
  • A friend is a friend;a foe is a foe;one must be clearly distinguished from the other.敌是敌,友是友,必须分清界限。
16 retrospect xDeys     
n.回顾,追溯;v.回顾,回想,追溯
参考例句:
  • One's school life seems happier in retrospect than in reality.学校生活回忆起来显得比实际上要快乐。
  • In retrospect,it's easy to see why we were wrong.回顾过去就很容易明白我们的错处了。
17 prefix 1lizVl     
n.前缀;vt.加…作为前缀;置于前面
参考例句:
  • We prefix "Mr."to a man's name.我们在男士的姓名前加“先生”。
  • In the word "unimportant ","un-" is a prefix.在单词“unimportant”中“un”是前缀。
18 suffix AhMzMc     
n.后缀;vt.添后缀
参考例句:
  • We add the suffix "ly" to make the adjective "quick" into the adverb " quickly ".我们在形容词“ quick”后加“ly” 构成副词“quickly”。
  • It described the meaning of suffix array and also how to built it.它描述的含义,后缀数组以及如何建立它。
19 prefixes 735e5189fad047c92ac9f292e73ed303     
n.前缀( prefix的名词复数 );人名前的称谓;前置代号(置于前面的单词或字母、数字)
参考例句:
  • The prefixes cis and trans are frequently applied to disubstituted cycloalkanes. 词头顺和反常用于双取代的环烷烃。 来自辞典例句
  • Why do you use so many prefixes while talking? 你说起话来,怎么这么多中缀? 来自互联网
20 allege PfEyT     
vt.宣称,申述,主张,断言
参考例句:
  • The newspaper reporters allege that the man was murdered but they have given no proof.新闻记者们宣称这个男人是被谋杀的,但他们没提出证据。
  • Students occasionally allege illness as the reason for absence.学生时不时会称病缺课。
21 alleged gzaz3i     
a.被指控的,嫌疑的
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • alleged irregularities in the election campaign 被指称竞选运动中的不正当行为
22 exalt 4iGzV     
v.赞扬,歌颂,晋升,提升
参考例句:
  • She thanked the President to exalt her.她感谢总统提拔她。
  • His work exalts all those virtues that we,as Americans,are taught to hold dear.他的作品颂扬了所有那些身为美国人应该珍视的美德。
23 exalted ztiz6f     
adj.(地位等)高的,崇高的;尊贵的,高尚的
参考例句:
  • Their loveliness and holiness in accordance with their exalted station.他们的美丽和圣洁也与他们的崇高地位相称。
  • He received respect because he was a person of exalted rank.他因为是个地位崇高的人而受到尊敬。
24 justify j3DxR     
vt.证明…正当(或有理),为…辩护
参考例句:
  • He tried to justify his absence with lame excuses.他想用站不住脚的借口为自己的缺席辩解。
  • Can you justify your rude behavior to me?你能向我证明你的粗野行为是有道理的吗?
25 joints d97dcffd67eca7255ca514e4084b746e     
接头( joint的名词复数 ); 关节; 公共场所(尤指价格低廉的饮食和娱乐场所) (非正式); 一块烤肉 (英式英语)
参考例句:
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on gas mains. 各种各样的伸缩接头被安装在煤气的总管道上了。
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on steam pipes. 各种各样的伸缩接头被安装在蒸气管道上了。
26 slaughter 8Tpz1     
n.屠杀,屠宰;vt.屠杀,宰杀
参考例句:
  • I couldn't stand to watch them slaughter the cattle.我不忍看他们宰牛。
  • Wholesale slaughter was carried out in the name of progress.大规模的屠杀在维护进步的名义下进行。
27 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
28 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
29 collapse aWvyE     
vi.累倒;昏倒;倒塌;塌陷
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做了一次彻底的调查分析。
30 collapsed cwWzSG     
adj.倒塌的
参考例句:
  • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地瘫倒在地板上。
  • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。
31 infantry CbLzf     
n.[总称]步兵(部队)
参考例句:
  • The infantry were equipped with flame throwers.步兵都装备有喷火器。
  • We have less infantry than the enemy.我们的步兵比敌人少。
32 monk 5EDx8     
n.和尚,僧侣,修道士
参考例句:
  • The man was a monk from Emei Mountain.那人是峨眉山下来的和尚。
  • Buddhist monk sat with folded palms.和尚合掌打坐。
33 orchard UJzxu     
n.果园,果园里的全部果树,(美俚)棒球场
参考例句:
  • My orchard is bearing well this year.今年我的果园果实累累。
  • Each bamboo house was surrounded by a thriving orchard.每座竹楼周围都是茂密的果园。
34 sullen kHGzl     
adj.愠怒的,闷闷不乐的,(天气等)阴沉的
参考例句:
  • He looked up at the sullen sky.他抬头看了一眼阴沉的天空。
  • Susan was sullen in the morning because she hadn't slept well.苏珊今天早上郁闷不乐,因为昨晚没睡好。
35 usher sK2zJ     
n.带位员,招待员;vt.引导,护送;vi.做招待,担任引座员
参考例句:
  • The usher seated us in the front row.引座员让我们在前排就座。
  • They were quickly ushered away.他们被迅速领开。
36 savings ZjbzGu     
n.存款,储蓄
参考例句:
  • I can't afford the vacation,for it would eat up my savings.我度不起假,那样会把我的积蓄用光的。
  • By this time he had used up all his savings.到这时,他的存款已全部用完。
37 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
38 justifies a94dbe8858a25f287b5ae1b8ef4bf2d2     
证明…有理( justify的第三人称单数 ); 为…辩护; 对…作出解释; 为…辩解(或辩护)
参考例句:
  • Their frequency of use both justifies and requires the memorization. 频繁的使用需要记忆,也促进了记忆。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
  • In my judgement the present end justifies the means. 照我的意见,只要目的正当,手段是可以不计较的。
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