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刘毅词汇 5000 lesson 17

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson17

1.Blunder n.错误 同:mistake

It was his great blunder to have ordered the soldiers to attack the enemy in the daytime.

2.Brink1 n.边缘 同:verge2

He fell over the brink of the cliff, but he was only slightly hurt.

3.Cab n.计程车 同:taxi

It is very hard to catch a cab in the rush hour.

4.Cast v.掷;抛 同:fling

The fisherman cast their nets into the sea.

5.Component3 n.成分 同:ingredient

A chemist can separate a medicine into its components4.

6.Convention n. 1.习俗 同:custom 2.会议

It is a matter of convention that men should open doors for ladies.

Businessmen attended conventions to learn of new developments and products.

7.Expel v.驱逐 同:banish5

A pupil who cheats or steals may be expelled from school.

8.Notable adj.显著的 同:remarkable6

China has made notable development since 1978.

9.Spectacle n. 1.景象 同:sight 2.(复数)眼镜

The sunrise as seen from the top of the mountain was a great spectacle.

The old man bought a new pair of spectacles.

10.Tackle n. 1.用具 同:equipment v. 2.捕捉

He bought some fishing tackle in the store.

The robber tried to run away, but a brave man ran and tackled him.

11.Throng7 n.群众 同:crowd

At the railroad station I saw throngs8 of passengers waiting for their trains.

12.Waver v.摆动 同:sway

As I opened the window, the flame waved and then went out.

13.Affirmative adj.肯定的 反:negative

Her final answer to my question would be affirmative.

14.Amid prep.在其中 反:around

The woman teacher stood amid the crowd of little children.

15.Appease9 v.使平静 反:stir

The angry man was not appeased10 until I said I was sorry.

16.Eternal adj.永恒的 反:momentary11

Most religionsn the world promise eternal life after one’s death.

17.Gallant12 adj. 1.勇敢的 反:timid 2.壮丽的

Mr. Johnson was one of the most gallant soldiers in our unit during World War II.

Our garden was is gallant with roses and tulips.

18.Gratify v.使满足 反:disappoint

Now that she has a job in France, she can gratify her desire to see Paris.

19.Petty adj.细小的 反:significant

The children’s quarrels usually concern a petty problem.

20.Sturdy adj.坚强的 反:weak

Children need sturdy clothes, because they like to play so violently.

21.Tropical adj.热带的;很热的 反:polar

It is very hard to work in such tropical weather.

22.Zoology13 n.动物学 反:botany

Zoology and botany(植物学) are the two main branches of biology(生物学).

23.Administer v.管理

In the United States, the Secretary of State administers foreign affairs.

24.Coordinate14 v.调和

If we coordinate our efforts we should be able to defeat the enemy.

25.Deprive v.剥夺

They deprived the criminal of his right to vote.

26.Heritage n.遗产

Many foreigners say that Chinese have a great cultural heritage.

27.Insert v.插入

He inserted the key into the lock, but found it was a wrong key.

28.Irritate v.激怒

When she has a headache, the slightest noise irritates her.

29.Legitimate15 adj.正当的

The boy couldn’t give a legitimate reason for being absent from school.

30.Margin16 n. 1.边缘 2.余裕

He made some important notes in the margin of the book.

Allow a margin of money for unexpected expenses.

31.Punctual adj.守时的

She’s never punctual in answering letters; she’s always late.

32.Restrain v.抑制

She could not restrain her curiosity to see what was in the box.

33.Sensitive adj.敏感的

The girl is very sensitive about her ugly appearance.

34.Significant adj.重大的

October 1, 1949, was a significant day for china.

35.Altar n.祭坛

The altars is the most sacred part of a church or temple.

36.Bounce n.反跃

I caught the ball on the first bounce.

37.Bugle17 n.号角 [bju:ɡl]

Bugles18 have been used in military forces for sounding calls and orders.

38.Charcoal19 n.炭

We cooked our food over burning charcoal.

39.Crisis n.危机

The patient passed the crisis, and began to regain20 his strength.

40.Deputy n.代理人

John will be my deputy while I am away.

41.Grind v.磨碎(成粉)

The stone was grind into dust.

42.Missionary21 n.传教士

The missionary will be sent to Africa to teach and spread Christianity基督教 there.

43.Premier22 n.首相

Winston Chichill is one of the well-known premiers23 of Great Britain.

44.Recruit n.新会员;新兵

The recruits were already given their uniforms, and now they are being drilled on the parade ground.

45.Salvation24 n.救助

He proposed government loans for the salvation of several shaky business companies.

46.Standstill n.停顿

When I was walking along the street, a car came to a standstill near me.

47.Trample25 v.践踏

The herd26 of wild cattle trampled27 the farmer’s crops.

48.Yoke28 n.支配

Slaves are under the yoke of their masters.

练习来啦!

从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.His failure to lock the door was a serious _____ .

2.Just before Christmas there are _____ of people in the streets .

3.We were all _____ to learn that you had passed the examination .

4.Bananas are _____ fruit ; apples are not .

5.A ship with all its sails is a(an) _____ sight .

6.A swimmer should _____ the movements of his arms and legs .

7.The people _____ the cruel king of his power , and drove him out of the country ,

8.New _____ to our music club are always welcome .

9.They _____ the eggshells to powder and give it to the hens with their food .

10.The Battle of Waterloo was a(an) _____ in Napoleon’s career .

1. blunder 2. throngs 3. gratified 4. tropical 5.gallant 6. coordinate 7.deprived 8. recruits 9. grind 10.crisis


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 brink OWazM     
n.(悬崖、河流等的)边缘,边沿
参考例句:
  • The tree grew on the brink of the cliff.那棵树生长在峭壁的边缘。
  • The two countries were poised on the brink of war.这两个国家处于交战的边缘。
2 verge gUtzQ     
n.边,边缘;v.接近,濒临
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • She was on the verge of bursting into tears.她快要哭出来了。
3 component epSzv     
n.组成部分,成分,元件;adj.组成的,合成的
参考例句:
  • Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每个零件在装配前都经过仔细检查。
  • Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的组成部分。
4 components 4725dcf446a342f1473a8228e42dfa48     
(机器、设备等的)构成要素,零件,成分; 成分( component的名词复数 ); [物理化学]组分; [数学]分量; (混合物的)组成部分
参考例句:
  • the components of a machine 机器部件
  • Our chemistry teacher often reduces a compound to its components in lab. 在实验室中化学老师常把化合物分解为各种成分。
5 banish nu8zD     
vt.放逐,驱逐;消除,排除
参考例句:
  • The doctor advised her to banish fear and anxiety.医生劝她消除恐惧和忧虑。
  • He tried to banish gloom from his thought.他试图驱除心中的忧愁。
6 remarkable 8Vbx6     
adj.显著的,异常的,非凡的,值得注意的
参考例句:
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
7 throng sGTy4     
n.人群,群众;v.拥挤,群集
参考例句:
  • A patient throng was waiting in silence.一大群耐心的人在静静地等着。
  • The crowds thronged into the mall.人群涌进大厅。
8 throngs 5e6c4de77c525e61a9aea0c24215278d     
n.人群( throng的名词复数 )v.成群,挤满( throng的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • She muscled through the throngs of people, frantically searching for David. 她使劲挤过人群,拼命寻找戴维。 来自辞典例句
  • Our friends threaded their way slowly through the throngs upon the Bridge. 我们这两位朋友在桥上从人群中穿过,慢慢地往前走。 来自辞典例句
9 appease uVhzM     
v.安抚,缓和,平息,满足
参考例句:
  • He tried to appease the crying child by giving him candy.他试图给那个啼哭的孩子糖果使他不哭。
  • The government tried to appease discontented workers.政府试图安抚不满的工人们。
10 appeased ef7dfbbdb157a2a29b5b2f039a3b80d6     
安抚,抚慰( appease的过去式和过去分词 ); 绥靖(满足另一国的要求以避免战争)
参考例句:
  • His hunger could only be appeased by his wife. 他的欲望只有他的妻子能满足。
  • They are the more readily appeased. 他们比较容易和解。
11 momentary hj3ya     
adj.片刻的,瞬息的;短暂的
参考例句:
  • We are in momentary expectation of the arrival of you.我们无时无刻不在盼望你的到来。
  • I caught a momentary glimpse of them.我瞥了他们一眼。
12 gallant 66Myb     
adj.英勇的,豪侠的;(向女人)献殷勤的
参考例句:
  • Huang Jiguang's gallant deed is known by all men. 黄继光的英勇事迹尽人皆知。
  • These gallant soldiers will protect our country.这些勇敢的士兵会保卫我们的国家的。
13 zoology efJwZ     
n.动物学,生态
参考例句:
  • I would like to brush up my zoology.我想重新温习一下动物学。
  • The library didn't stock zoology textbooks.这家图书馆没有动物学教科书。
14 coordinate oohzt     
adj.同等的,协调的;n.同等者;vt.协作,协调
参考例句:
  • You must coordinate what you said with what you did.你必须使你的言行一致。
  • Maybe we can coordinate the relation of them.或许我们可以调和他们之间的关系。
15 legitimate L9ZzJ     
adj.合法的,合理的,合乎逻辑的;v.使合法
参考例句:
  • Sickness is a legitimate reason for asking for leave.生病是请假的一个正当的理由。
  • That's a perfectly legitimate fear.怀有这种恐惧完全在情理之中。
16 margin 67Mzp     
n.页边空白;差额;余地,余裕;边,边缘
参考例句:
  • We allowed a margin of 20 minutes in catching the train.我们有20分钟的余地赶火车。
  • The village is situated at the margin of a forest.村子位于森林的边缘。
17 bugle RSFy3     
n.军号,号角,喇叭;v.吹号,吹号召集
参考例句:
  • When he heard the bugle call, he caught up his gun and dashed out.他一听到军号声就抓起枪冲了出去。
  • As the bugle sounded we ran to the sports ground and fell in.军号一响,我们就跑到运动场集合站队。
18 bugles 67a03de6e21575ba3e57a73ed68d55d3     
妙脆角,一种类似薯片但做成尖角或喇叭状的零食; 号角( bugle的名词复数 ); 喇叭; 匍匐筋骨草; (装饰女服用的)柱状玻璃(或塑料)小珠
参考例句:
  • Blow, bugles, blow, set the wild echoes flying. "响起来,号角,响起来,让激昂的回声在空中震荡"。
  • We hear the silver voices of heroic bugles. 我们听到了那清亮的号角。
19 charcoal prgzJ     
n.炭,木炭,生物炭
参考例句:
  • We need to get some more charcoal for the barbecue.我们烧烤需要更多的碳。
  • Charcoal is used to filter water.木炭是用来过滤水的。
20 regain YkYzPd     
vt.重新获得,收复,恢复
参考例句:
  • He is making a bid to regain his World No.1 ranking.他正为重登世界排名第一位而努力。
  • The government is desperate to regain credibility with the public.政府急于重新获取公众的信任。
21 missionary ID8xX     
adj.教会的,传教(士)的;n.传教士
参考例句:
  • She taught in a missionary school for a couple of years.她在一所教会学校教了两年书。
  • I hope every member understands the value of missionary work. 我希望教友都了解传教工作的价值。
22 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
23 premiers 9d9d255de3724c51f4d4a49dab49b791     
n.总理,首相( premier的名词复数 );首席官员,
参考例句:
  • The Vice- Premiers and State Councillors assist the Premier in his work. 副总理、国务委员协助总理工作。 来自汉英非文学 - 中国宪法
  • The Premier, Vice-Premiers and State Councillors shall serve no more than two consecutive terms. 总理、副总理、国务委员连续任职不得超过两届。 来自汉英非文学 - 中国宪法
24 salvation nC2zC     
n.(尤指基督)救世,超度,拯救,解困
参考例句:
  • Salvation lay in political reform.解救办法在于政治改革。
  • Christians hope and pray for salvation.基督教徒希望并祈祷灵魂得救。
25 trample 9Jmz0     
vt.踩,践踏;无视,伤害,侵犯
参考例句:
  • Don't trample on the grass. 勿踏草地。
  • Don't trample on the flowers when you play in the garden. 在花园里玩耍时,不要踩坏花。
26 herd Pd8zb     
n.兽群,牧群;vt.使集中,把…赶在一起
参考例句:
  • She drove the herd of cattle through the wilderness.她赶着牛群穿过荒野。
  • He had no opinions of his own but simply follow the herd.他从无主见,只是人云亦云。
27 trampled 8c4f546db10d3d9e64a5bba8494912e6     
踩( trample的过去式和过去分词 ); 践踏; 无视; 侵犯
参考例句:
  • He gripped his brother's arm lest he be trampled by the mob. 他紧抓着他兄弟的胳膊,怕他让暴民踩着。
  • People were trampled underfoot in the rush for the exit. 有人在拼命涌向出口时被踩在脚下。
28 yoke oeTzRa     
n.轭;支配;v.给...上轭,连接,使成配偶
参考例句:
  • An ass and an ox,fastened to the same yoke,were drawing a wagon.驴子和公牛一起套在轭上拉车。
  • The defeated army passed under the yoke.败军在轭门下通过。
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