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刘毅词汇 5000 lesson 18

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson18

1.Adorn1 v.装饰;美化 同:decorate

He adorned2 his story with all sorts of adventures that never happened.

2.Baggage n.行李 同:luggage

I need a man to carry my baggage to the train.

3.Bunch n.串;束 同:cluster

We sent him a bunch of flowers on his birthday.

4.Clap v.鼓掌 同:applaud

The children clapped when he finished his speech on children’s day.

5.Deliberate adj. 1.从容不迫 同:considerate v. 2.考虑同:reflect

A statesman should be deliberate in his political speeches.

We were deliberating whether we should buy a new motorcar.

6.Enclose v. 1.围以篱笆,墙 同:surround 2.附寄

We are going to enclose our back yard to keep dogs out.

I enclosed a check or 10$ with the letter.

7.Frontier n.边界 同:border

There were many guards and soldiers along the frontier.

8.Implement4 n.工具 同:tool

Plow5 and threshing machine are farm implements6.

9.Leap n.跳跃 同:jump

He went over the fence with a single leap.

10.Luster3 n.光辉 同:brilliance7

This shampoo adds more luster to your hair than any other brand.

11.Perfume n.香味 同:fragrance8

We enjoyed the perfume of the flowers in the garden.

12.Swear v.发誓 同:pledge

Will you swear to the truth of your statement?

13.Acquire v.获得 反:lose

You must work hard to acquire a good command of a foreign language.

14.Benevolent9 adj.慈善的 反:malevolent10

The free food was given to a beggar by a benevolent person.

15.Compliment n.称赞 反:reprimand

The famous actress was used to hearing audience’s compliments.

16.Courtesy n.礼貌 反:impoliteness

Giving one’s seat to a lady in a crowded bus is a sign of courtesy.

17.Equivalent adj.相等的 反:different

He changed his pounds for the equivalent amount of dollars.

18.Ingenious adj.敏捷的 反:clumsy

My brother is so ingenious that he will think of a way to do the work more easily.

19.Internal adj.内部的 反:external

An accident often causes internal injuries as well as cuts and wounds.

20.Irresponsible adj.无责任感的 反:reliable

An irresponsible person deserves to be blamed and punished.

21.Miserable11 adj.可怜的 反:happy

The child is cold, hungry, and tired, so of course he is miserable.

22.Respond v.回应 反:ask

When John insulted Tom, he responded with a kick.

23.Tentative adj.暂时的 反:decisive

We’ve made tentative plans for a holiday but haven’t decided12 anything certain yet.

24.Appetite n.食欲

The disgusting food made me lose appetite.

25.Assume v. 1.假定 2.担当

They assumed that the war would end in six months, but it proved wrong in a short time.

He assumed the responsibility for planning and preparing the picnic.

26.Conform v.遵从

A citizen is expected to conform to the law of his country.

27.Defer13 v. 1.延期 2.顺从

The ship deferred14 its sailing because of bad weather.

Do you always defer to your parent’s wishes?

28.Distract v.转移

What can we do to distract her mind from sorrow?

29.Mutual15 adj.相互的

A family has a mutual affection when each person likes the others and is liked by them.

30.Pacify16 v.使镇定

She pacified17 the crying child by giving him milk.

31.Prominent adj. 1.明显的 2.著名的

She hung the picture in a prominent position in the living room,

Several prominent people were present at the meeting.

32.Receipt n. 1.收据 2.领收

Ask the shop for a receipt when you pay the bill.

Please notify me upon receipt of the package.

33.Variable adj.易变的

The amount of heat produced by this electrical apparatus18 is variable by turning a small handle.

34.Associate 1. v.结交 2. n.伙伴

Don’t associate with bad and dishonest boys.

He has been my associate in several business enterprises.

35.Chauffeur19 n.司机

They rented a car with a chauffeur for the winter trip.

36.Dump v.卸下

Don’t dump that trash in the middle of the path.

37.Dye v.染色

Many women like to dye their hair blonde.

38.Feat20 n.伟绩

The first flight into space was a brilliant feat.

39.Nasty adj. 1.令人作呕的 2.恶劣的

The medicine has a nasty smell and a nastier taste.

Be tactful when you tell him because he has a very nasty temper.

40.Plunder21 v.抢劫

The pirates entered the harbor and began to plunder the town.

41.Speck22 n.污点

I found a few specks23 of dirt on the wallpaper.

42.Strife24 n.争吵

There has always been strife between the two countries.

43.Strip v.剥去

The monkey stripped the banana by taking off the skins.

44.Tutor n.私人教师

Her farther employed a tutor for her during her long illness.

45.Twinkle v.闪烁

His eyes twinkled with delight when he heard the news that he had passed the entrance examination.

练习来啦!

从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.A(An) _____ person takes enough time to make up his mind .

2.When the violinist finished playing , the audience _____ for two minutes .

3.An axe25 is a useful _____ to cut trees .

4.He polished the metal until it had a fine _____ .

5.Giving money to help the Red Cross is a(an) _____ act .

6.He _____ that the train would be on time ; but it left the platform twenty minutes later .

7.His military service was _____ until he finished college .

8.He rapidly _____ his clothes and jumped into the pool .

9.Some children had a _____ instead of going to school

10.Most high school students want to _____ with foreign students to learn their languages .

1. deliberate 2. clapped 3. implement 4. luster 5. benevolent 6. assumed 7. deferred 8. stripped 9. tutor 10. associate


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1 adorn PydzZ     
vt.使美化,装饰
参考例句:
  • She loved to adorn herself with finery.她喜欢穿戴华丽的服饰。
  • His watercolour designs adorn a wide range of books.他的水彩设计使许多图书大为生色。
2 adorned 1e50de930eb057fcf0ac85ca485114c8     
[计]被修饰的
参考例句:
  • The walls were adorned with paintings. 墙上装饰了绘画。
  • And his coat was adorned with a flamboyant bunch of flowers. 他的外套上面装饰着一束艳丽刺目的鲜花。
3 luster n82z0     
n.光辉;光泽,光亮;荣誉
参考例句:
  • His great books have added luster to the university where he teaches.他的巨著给他任教的大学增了光。
  • Mercerization enhances dyeability and luster of cotton materials.丝光处理扩大棉纤维的染色能力,增加纤维的光泽。
4 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
5 plow eu5yE     
n.犁,耕地,犁过的地;v.犁,费力地前进[英]plough
参考例句:
  • At this time of the year farmers plow their fields.每年这个时候农民们都在耕地。
  • We will plow the field soon after the last frost.最后一场霜过后,我们将马上耕田。
6 implements 37371cb8af481bf82a7ea3324d81affc     
n.工具( implement的名词复数 );家具;手段;[法律]履行(契约等)v.实现( implement的第三人称单数 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • Primitive man hunted wild animals with crude stone implements. 原始社会的人用粗糙的石器猎取野兽。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • They ordered quantities of farm implements. 他们订购了大量农具。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
7 brilliance 1svzs     
n.光辉,辉煌,壮丽,(卓越的)才华,才智
参考例句:
  • I was totally amazed by the brilliance of her paintings.她的绘画才能令我惊歎不已。
  • The gorgeous costume added to the brilliance of the dance.华丽的服装使舞蹈更加光彩夺目。
8 fragrance 66ryn     
n.芬芳,香味,香气
参考例句:
  • The apple blossoms filled the air with their fragrance.苹果花使空气充满香味。
  • The fragrance of lavender filled the room.房间里充满了薰衣草的香味。
9 benevolent Wtfzx     
adj.仁慈的,乐善好施的
参考例句:
  • His benevolent nature prevented him from refusing any beggar who accosted him.他乐善好施的本性使他不会拒绝走上前向他行乞的任何一个乞丐。
  • He was a benevolent old man and he wouldn't hurt a fly.他是一个仁慈的老人,连只苍蝇都不愿伤害。
10 malevolent G8IzV     
adj.有恶意的,恶毒的
参考例句:
  • Why are they so malevolent to me?他们为什么对我如此恶毒?
  • We must thwart his malevolent schemes.我们决不能让他的恶毒阴谋得逞。
11 miserable g18yk     
adj.悲惨的,痛苦的;可怜的,糟糕的
参考例句:
  • It was miserable of you to make fun of him.你取笑他,这是可耻的。
  • Her past life was miserable.她过去的生活很苦。
12 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
13 defer KnYzZ     
vt.推迟,拖延;vi.(to)遵从,听从,服从
参考例句:
  • We wish to defer our decision until next week.我们希望推迟到下星期再作出决定。
  • We will defer to whatever the committee decides.我们遵从委员会作出的任何决定。
14 deferred 43fff3df3fc0b3417c86dc3040fb2d86     
adj.延期的,缓召的v.拖延,延缓,推迟( defer的过去式和过去分词 );服从某人的意愿,遵从
参考例句:
  • The department deferred the decision for six months. 这个部门推迟了六个月才作决定。
  • a tax-deferred savings plan 延税储蓄计划
15 mutual eFOxC     
adj.相互的,彼此的;共同的,共有的
参考例句:
  • We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。
  • Mutual interests tied us together.相互的利害关系把我们联系在一起。
16 pacify xKFxa     
vt.使(某人)平静(或息怒);抚慰
参考例句:
  • He tried to pacify the protesters with promises of reform.他试图以改革的承诺安抚抗议者。
  • He tried to pacify his creditors by repaying part of the money.他为安抚债权人偿还了部分借款。
17 pacified eba3332d17ba74e9c360cbf02b8c9729     
使(某人)安静( pacify的过去式和过去分词 ); 息怒; 抚慰; 在(有战争的地区、国家等)实现和平
参考例句:
  • The baby could not be pacified. 怎么也止不住婴儿的哭声。
  • She shrieked again, refusing to be pacified. 她又尖叫了,无法使她平静下来。
18 apparatus ivTzx     
n.装置,器械;器具,设备
参考例句:
  • The school's audio apparatus includes films and records.学校的视听设备包括放映机和录音机。
  • They had a very refined apparatus.他们有一套非常精良的设备。
19 chauffeur HrGzL     
n.(受雇于私人或公司的)司机;v.为…开车
参考例句:
  • The chauffeur handed the old lady from the car.这个司机搀扶这个老太太下汽车。
  • She went out herself and spoke to the chauffeur.她亲自走出去跟汽车司机说话。
20 feat 5kzxp     
n.功绩;武艺,技艺;adj.灵巧的,漂亮的,合适的
参考例句:
  • Man's first landing on the moon was a feat of great daring.人类首次登月是一个勇敢的壮举。
  • He received a medal for his heroic feat.他因其英雄业绩而获得一枚勋章。
21 plunder q2IzO     
vt.劫掠财物,掠夺;n.劫掠物,赃物;劫掠
参考例句:
  • The thieves hid their plunder in the cave.贼把赃物藏在山洞里。
  • Trade should not serve as a means of economic plunder.贸易不应当成为经济掠夺的手段。
22 speck sFqzM     
n.微粒,小污点,小斑点
参考例句:
  • I have not a speck of interest in it.我对它没有任何兴趣。
  • The sky is clear and bright without a speck of cloud.天空晴朗,一星星云彩也没有。
23 specks 6d64faf449275b5ce146fe2c78100fed     
n.眼镜;斑点,微粒,污点( speck的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Minutes later Brown spotted two specks in the ocean. 几分钟后布朗发现海洋中有两个小点。 来自英汉非文学 - 百科语料821
  • Do you ever seem to see specks in front of your eyes? 你眼睛前面曾似乎看见过小点吗? 来自辞典例句
24 strife NrdyZ     
n.争吵,冲突,倾轧,竞争
参考例句:
  • We do not intend to be drawn into the internal strife.我们不想卷入内乱之中。
  • Money is a major cause of strife in many marriages.金钱是造成很多婚姻不和的一个主要原因。
25 axe 2oVyI     
n.斧子;v.用斧头砍,削减
参考例句:
  • Be careful with that sharp axe.那把斧子很锋利,你要当心。
  • The edge of this axe has turned.这把斧子卷了刃了。
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