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刘毅词汇 5000 lesson 19

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Lesson19

1.Cite v.引用 同:quote

He cited a paragraph from the book to prove his statement.

2.Esteem1 n.尊敬 同:respect

All his friends held him in high esteem, for he was very sincere and diligent2.

3.Grumble3 v.抱怨 同:mutter

He was always grumbling4 about his low salary.

4.Hideous5 adj.丑恶的 同:horrible

The old woman had such a hideous face that the girls couldn’t even get close to her.

5.Loiter v.闲荡 同:linger

She loitered along the street, looking into all the show windows.

6.Rip v.撕开 同:tear

She ripped her stocking on a sharp nail.

7.Specs n.眼镜 同:eyeglasses

She has very poor eyesight; she can read nothing without her specs.

8.Threshold n.开端;人口 同:doorway6

Scientists are now on the threshold of a better understanding of how the human brain works.

9.Token n.象征 同:symbol

All the family wore black as a token of their grief.

10.Traitor7 n.卖国贼 同:betrayer

The traitor sold our important military secrets to enemy.

11.Uphold v.支持;确认 同:support

The judge upheld the decision of the lower court.

12.Yawn v.打呵气 同:gape8

He jawed9 several times during the lecture; he was not interested in it.

13.Advocate 1. v.主张 反:object 2. n.拥护者

The professor advocates building more schools than roads.

Many scientists who supported the production of atomic bombs are advocates of peace.

14.Denial n.否认 反:acceptance

The minister asked the newspaper to print a denial of the untrue story.

15.Depart v.离开 反:arrive

We arrived in the village in the morning, and departed that night.

16.Flexible adj.易弯曲的 反:stiff

Leather and rubber are flexible; glass and iron are not.

17.Formidable adj.难以克服的 反:feeble

The enemy’s attack was more formidable than we had expected.

18.Gale10 n.强风 反:breeze

The old tree at the top of the hill was blown down in the gale.

19.Sane11 adj.神志清明的 反:crazy

The court judged the man sane and therefore responsible for his acts.

20.Underworld n.地狱 反:heaven

Those who live by vice12 and crime would go to the underworld after death.

21.Vanity n. 1.虚荣心 反:humbleness13 2.空幻

The girl’s vanity made her look in the mirror often.

Fame, power, wealth-all is vanity before death.

22.Convict 1. v.宣告有罪 2. n.罪犯

The judge convicted the accused man of theft.

The policeman was chasing a convict who escaped from prison last night.

23.Employee n.员工

That large factory has more than 1000 employees who make cars.

24.Envy n.羡慕

Some boys were full of envy when they saw my new bicycle.

25.Impose v.加(负担,惩罚于)

The judge imposed a fine of 500$ on the guilty man.

26.Invest v.投资

If I had any money, I would invest it in land.

27.Legislate14 v.立法

In the united states the congress has the power to legislate.

28.Maintain v.保持

He maintained a speed of 60 miles an hour on the highway.

29.Petition n.请愿

The people signed a petition to stop destruction of the historic buildings.

30.Reconcile v.和解

They quarreled last week but now they are completely reconciled.

31.Sensation n. 1.感觉 2.骚动;大事件

I knew the train had stopped, but I had the sensation that it was moving backwards15.

The show was a great sensation for several weeks.

32.Sociable16 adj.好交际的

The secretary doesn’t seem sociable; she likes to be left in office alone.

33.All-out adj.完全

He made an all-out effort to be the best students in his class.

34.Aptitude17 n.才能

The student shows a great aptitude for languages; he can learn a foreign language much faster than others.

35.Axis18 n.轴

It takes 24 hours for the earth to make one rotation19 on its axis.

36.Budget n.预算

They planned a monthly budget for their family.

37.Cargo20 n.(船,飞机等所载)货物

A cargo of steel was lost at sea.

38.Clergy21 n.牧师

Members of the clergy are serious students of religion.

39.Cripple n.跛子

He became a cripple as a result of the accident.

40.Dodge22 v.闪避

The man jumped aside to dodge the speeding truck.

41.Grin v.露齿而笑

The boy grinned with pleasure when I gave him candy.

42.Headquarters n.总部

The policeman was ordered to report to the police headquarters.

43.Retort v.反驳

“your question is not worth answering,” he retorted.

44.Textile n.织物

We need to produce more textiles, especially silk and cotton.

45.Thigh23 n.大腿;股

The fisherman’s boots came up to his thighs24.

46.Toilet n.洗手间

The youngest child has not yet learned how to use the toilet.

练习来啦!

从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.The _____ who had helped the enemy during the war was killed by the people .

2.She is very obedient to her boss , but often _____ about him when he is out .

3.Your _____ is of no use ; we hae proof .

4.I do not _____ building large factories in our town , for they may be a source of pollution .

5.He suffered from mental disorder25 last year , but is now _____ enough to do the work .

6.He had no _____ in his fingers after he had burned them .

7.Edison had a remarkable26 _____ for inventing new things .

8.He _____ quickly when I threw my shoe at him .

9.A(An) _____ is not able to move or walk properly .

10.“It’s none of your business , ” she _____ .

1. tratitor 2. grumbles27 3. denial 4. advocate 5. sane 6. sensation 7. aptitude 8. dodged28 9. cripple 10. retorted


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 esteem imhyZ     
n.尊敬,尊重;vt.尊重,敬重;把…看作
参考例句:
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • The veteran worker ranks high in public love and esteem.那位老工人深受大伙的爱戴。
2 diligent al6ze     
adj.勤勉的,勤奋的
参考例句:
  • He is the more diligent of the two boys.他是这两个男孩中较用功的一个。
  • She is diligent and keeps herself busy all the time.她真勤快,一会儿也不闲着。
3 grumble 6emzH     
vi.抱怨;咕哝;n.抱怨,牢骚;咕哝,隆隆声
参考例句:
  • I don't want to hear another grumble from you.我不愿再听到你的抱怨。
  • He could do nothing but grumble over the situation.他除了埋怨局势之外别无他法。
4 grumbling grumbling     
adj. 喃喃鸣不平的, 出怨言的
参考例句:
  • She's always grumbling to me about how badly she's treated at work. 她总是向我抱怨她在工作中如何受亏待。
  • We didn't hear any grumbling about the food. 我们没听到过对食物的抱怨。
5 hideous 65KyC     
adj.丑陋的,可憎的,可怕的,恐怖的
参考例句:
  • The whole experience had been like some hideous nightmare.整个经历就像一场可怕的噩梦。
  • They're not like dogs,they're hideous brutes.它们不像狗,是丑陋的畜牲。
6 doorway 2s0xK     
n.门口,(喻)入门;门路,途径
参考例句:
  • They huddled in the shop doorway to shelter from the rain.他们挤在商店门口躲雨。
  • Mary suddenly appeared in the doorway.玛丽突然出现在门口。
7 traitor GqByW     
n.叛徒,卖国贼
参考例句:
  • The traitor was finally found out and put in prison.那个卖国贼终于被人发现并被监禁了起来。
  • He was sold out by a traitor and arrested.他被叛徒出卖而被捕了。
8 gape ZhBxL     
v.张口,打呵欠,目瞪口呆地凝视
参考例句:
  • His secretary stopped taking notes to gape at me.他的秘书停止了记录,目瞪口呆地望着我。
  • He was not the type to wander round gaping at everything like a tourist.他不是那种像个游客似的四处闲逛、对什么都好奇张望的人。
9 jawed 4cc237811a741e11498ddb8e26425e7d     
adj.有颌的有颚的
参考例句:
  • The color of the big-jawed face was high. 那张下颚宽阔的脸上气色很好。 来自辞典例句
  • She jawed him for making an exhibition of himself, scolding as though he were a ten-year-old. 她连声怪他这样大出洋相,拿他当十岁的孩子似的数落。 来自辞典例句
10 gale Xf3zD     
n.大风,强风,一阵闹声(尤指笑声等)
参考例句:
  • We got our roof blown off in the gale last night.昨夜的大风把我们的房顶给掀掉了。
  • According to the weather forecast,there will be a gale tomorrow.据气象台预报,明天有大风。
11 sane 9YZxB     
adj.心智健全的,神志清醒的,明智的,稳健的
参考例句:
  • He was sane at the time of the murder.在凶杀案发生时他的神志是清醒的。
  • He is a very sane person.他是一个很有头脑的人。
12 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
13 humbleness OcsxS     
n.谦卑,谦逊;恭顺
参考例句:
  • Neither riches nor honours can corrupt him; neither poverty nor humbleness can make him swerve from principle; and neither threats nor forces can subdue him. 富贵不能淫, 贫贱不能移,威武不能屈。
  • Consciousness is the mother of progress; humbleness is the source of degeneration. 1自觉心是进步之母,自贱心是堕落之源。
14 legislate 090zF     
vt.制定法律;n.法规,律例;立法
参考例句:
  • Therefore,it is very urgent to legislate for the right of privacy.因此,为隐私权立法刻不容缓。
  • It's impossible to legislate for every contingency.为每一偶发事件都立法是不可能的。
15 backwards BP9ya     
adv.往回地,向原处,倒,相反,前后倒置地
参考例句:
  • He turned on the light and began to pace backwards and forwards.他打开电灯并开始走来走去。
  • All the girls fell over backwards to get the party ready.姑娘们迫不及待地为聚会做准备。
16 sociable hw3wu     
adj.好交际的,友好的,合群的
参考例句:
  • Roger is a very sociable person.罗杰是个非常好交际的人。
  • Some children have more sociable personalities than others.有些孩子比其他孩子更善于交际。
17 aptitude 0vPzn     
n.(学习方面的)才能,资质,天资
参考例句:
  • That student has an aptitude for mathematics.那个学生有数学方面的天赋。
  • As a child,he showed an aptitude for the piano.在孩提时代,他显露出对于钢琴的天赋。
18 axis sdXyz     
n.轴,轴线,中心线;坐标轴,基准线
参考例句:
  • The earth's axis is the line between the North and South Poles.地轴是南北极之间的线。
  • The axis of a circle is its diameter.圆的轴线是其直径。
19 rotation LXmxE     
n.旋转;循环,轮流
参考例句:
  • Crop rotation helps prevent soil erosion.农作物轮作有助于防止水土流失。
  • The workers in this workshop do day and night shifts in weekly rotation.这个车间的工人上白班和上夜班每周轮换一次。
20 cargo 6TcyG     
n.(一只船或一架飞机运载的)货物
参考例句:
  • The ship has a cargo of about 200 ton.这条船大约有200吨的货物。
  • A lot of people discharged the cargo from a ship.许多人从船上卸下货物。
21 clergy SnZy2     
n.[总称]牧师,神职人员
参考例句:
  • I could heartily wish that more of our country clergy would follow this example.我衷心希望,我国有更多的牧师效法这个榜样。
  • All the local clergy attended the ceremony.当地所有的牧师出席了仪式。
22 dodge q83yo     
v.闪开,躲开,避开;n.妙计,诡计
参考例句:
  • A dodge behind a tree kept her from being run over.她向树后一闪,才没被车从身上辗过。
  • The dodge was coopered by the police.诡计被警察粉碎了。
23 thigh RItzO     
n.大腿;股骨
参考例句:
  • He is suffering from a strained thigh muscle.他的大腿肌肉拉伤了,疼得很。
  • The thigh bone is connected to the hip bone.股骨连着髋骨。
24 thighs e4741ffc827755fcb63c8b296150ab4e     
n.股,大腿( thigh的名词复数 );食用的鸡(等的)腿
参考例句:
  • He's gone to London for skin grafts on his thighs. 他去伦敦做大腿植皮手术了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The water came up to the fisherman's thighs. 水没到了渔夫的大腿。 来自《简明英汉词典》
25 disorder Et1x4     
n.紊乱,混乱;骚动,骚乱;疾病,失调
参考例句:
  • When returning back,he discovered the room to be in disorder.回家后,他发现屋子里乱七八糟。
  • It contained a vast number of letters in great disorder.里面七零八落地装着许多信件。
26 remarkable 8Vbx6     
adj.显著的,异常的,非凡的,值得注意的
参考例句:
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
27 grumbles a99c97d620c517b5490044953d545cb1     
抱怨( grumble的第三人称单数 ); 发牢骚; 咕哝; 发哼声
参考例句:
  • He grumbles at his lot instead of resolutely facing his difficulties. 他不是果敢地去面对困难,而是抱怨自己运气不佳。
  • I'm sick of your unending grumbles. 我对你的不断埋怨感到厌烦。
28 dodged ae7efa6756c9d8f3b24f8e00db5e28ee     
v.闪躲( dodge的过去式和过去分词 );回避
参考例句:
  • He dodged cleverly when she threw her sabot at him. 她用木底鞋砸向他时,他机敏地闪开了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He dodged the book that I threw at him. 他躲开了我扔向他的书。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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