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刘毅词汇 5000 lesson 12

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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LESSON 12

1.Appropriate 1. adj.适合的 同:proper 2.占有 v. 同:embezzle
Thick , woolen1 clothes would not be appropriate for a hot summer day.
You should not appropriate other people’s belongings2 without their permission.

2.Coarse adj.粗鲁的 同:vulgar
You mustn’t use such coarse language when talking to innocent young girls.

3.Legend n.传奇 同:tradition
The stories about king Arthur and his Knights3 of the Round Table are legends, not history.

4.Mischief4 n.伤害 同:harm
He apologized for the mischief his false story had caused.

5.Persist v. 1.坚持 同:insist 2.持续 同:remain
If you persist in breaking the law you will go to prison.
In spite of washing, many stains persisted on the tablecloth5.

6.Prudent6 adj.谨慎的 同:careful
In order to make a prudent decision, you must consider all of the possibilities carefully.

7.Simultaneous adj.同时的 同:coincident
Everyone in the audience burst into simultaneous applause.

8.Splash v.溅(水,泥等) 同:spatter
The children were splashing water on each other in the swimming pool.

9.Stubborn adj.固执的 同:obstinate
The stubborn boy refused to listen to reasons for not going out in the rain.

10.Symptom n.征兆 同:token
A cough is sometimes a symptom of a serious disease.

11.Trait n.特点 同:characteristic
The chief traits in the American character are generosity7 and energy.

12.Vile8 adj.极坏的 同:evil
She has a vile temper; it is impossible to live with her.

13.Adequate adj.足够的 反:insufficient
His wages are not adequate to support his wife and children.

14.Careless adj. 1.粗心的 反:attentive9 2.不关心的
A boy who is careless in what the does will never succeed.
The brave soldiers did their duty, careless of dangers and discomforts10.

15.Chaos11 n.混合 反:order
His room was in a state of chaos after the burglar had left.

16.Eminent12 adj.闻名的 反:common
The most eminent doctors treated the king in his illness.

17.Enlarge v.扩大 反:reduce
The factory was enlarged to make room for more machinery13.

18.Fertile adj.肥沃的 反:sterile
This land is fertile; it is rich in material needed to sustain plant growth.

19.Futile14 adj.无效的 反:useful
All his attempts to unlock the door were futile, because he was using the wrong key.

20.Grim adj.严厉的 反:mild
The judge’s expression was grim when he told them they were to be shot.

21.Impolite adj.不礼貌的 反:courteous
It is impolite behavior to smoke in a crowded bus.

22.Vague adj.模糊的 反:distinct
The directions were so vague that it was impossible to complete the assignment.

23.Astronomy n.天文学
Astronomy deals with the motion of the sun, moon and stars.

24.Controversy15 n.争论
There was a controversy about the location of the new school.

25.Hazard n.危险
The ice on the roads is a hazard for driving and walking.

26.Magnify v.放大
A lens magnifies the size of the words on the paper.

27.Nominate v.提名
Three times we nominated Tom for president of our club, but he was never elected.

28.Provoke v. 1.激怒 2.引起
The dog is very dangerous when it is provoked.
Don’t throw one bone to two dogs; you will only provoke a fight between them.

29.Recite v.背诵
My daughter is going to recite a poem at he Mother’s Day program.

30.Restore v. 1.归还 2.重建
The honest boy restored the money he had found to its owner.
It took more than a year to restore the ancient castle.

31.Tension n. 1.拉紧 2.紧张状态
If you increase the tension of that violin string it will break.
The doctor said I was suffering from nervous tension.

32.Tyrant16 n.暴君
There is no tyrant who admit that he is a tyrant.

33.Vigor17 n.体力
The vigor of a person’s body lessens18 as he grows old.

34.Blot19 n. 1.污点 2.缺点
The spilled ink left a blot on the letter paper.
The ugly advertisement is a blot on the beautiful landscape.

35.Caress20 n.抚抱
His mother’s caress calmed the frightened child.

36.Chuckle21 v.低声轻笑
He was chuckling22 to himself as he read that funny story.

37.Claw n.爪
The cat usually catches a mouse with its claws.

38.Craft n. 1.手工艺 2.船舰
The arts and crafts of the people are an important part of their cultures.
All kinds of craft come into New York harbor every day.

39.Dainty adj.娇嫩的
The violet and the dandelion are dainty spring flowers, which could be seen in early March.

40.Hermit23 n.隐士;隐居
He lives in that forest alone; he is enjoying the hermit’s life.

41.Panel n.讨论会
Professor Wang participated in a panel to discuss the energy crisis.

42.Phenomenon n.现象
Snow in Egypt is an almost unknown phenomenon of nature.

43.Spectator n.观众
There were many spectators at the National Football League.

44.Thrash v.鞭打
The host of the market thrashed the little boy for stealing apples.

练习:从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.His _____ speech and manners show that he is not accustomed to polite society.
2.The monkey didi a lot of _____ before it was caught and put back in its cage; it broke a number of things.
3.The doctor made his diagnosis24 after studying the patient’s _____.
4.After the failure of electricity supplies the city was in complete _____.
5.Washington was _____ as general and as President.
6.The _____ of the bow gives speed to the arrow.
7.He is well over sixty,but works with young men with great ______.
8.The carpenter shaped and fitted the wood into a cabinet with great _____.
9.Father always _____ when he reads the funny magazines.
10.Lightning is an electrical _____ .

答案:
1. coarse 2. mischief 3. symptoms 4. chaos 5. eminent
6.tension 7. vigor 8. craft 9. chuckles25 10. phenomenon


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 woolen 0fKw9     
adj.羊毛(制)的;毛纺的
参考例句:
  • She likes to wear woolen socks in winter.冬天她喜欢穿羊毛袜。
  • There is one bar of woolen blanket on that bed.那张床上有一条毛毯。
2 belongings oy6zMv     
n.私人物品,私人财物
参考例句:
  • I put a few personal belongings in a bag.我把几件私人物品装进包中。
  • Your personal belongings are not dutiable.个人物品不用纳税。
3 knights 2061bac208c7bdd2665fbf4b7067e468     
骑士; (中古时代的)武士( knight的名词复数 ); 骑士; 爵士; (国际象棋中)马
参考例句:
  • stories of knights and fair maidens 关于骑士和美女的故事
  • He wove a fascinating tale of knights in shining armour. 他编了一个穿着明亮盔甲的骑士的迷人故事。
4 mischief jDgxH     
n.损害,伤害,危害;恶作剧,捣蛋,胡闹
参考例句:
  • Nobody took notice of the mischief of the matter. 没有人注意到这件事情所带来的危害。
  • He seems to intend mischief.看来他想捣蛋。
5 tablecloth lqSwh     
n.桌布,台布
参考例句:
  • He sat there ruminating and picking at the tablecloth.他坐在那儿沉思,轻轻地抚弄着桌布。
  • She smoothed down a wrinkled tablecloth.她把起皱的桌布熨平了。
6 prudent M0Yzg     
adj.谨慎的,有远见的,精打细算的
参考例句:
  • A prudent traveller never disparages his own country.聪明的旅行者从不贬低自己的国家。
  • You must school yourself to be modest and prudent.你要学会谦虚谨慎。
7 generosity Jf8zS     
n.大度,慷慨,慷慨的行为
参考例句:
  • We should match their generosity with our own.我们应该像他们一样慷慨大方。
  • We adore them for their generosity.我们钦佩他们的慷慨。
8 vile YLWz0     
adj.卑鄙的,可耻的,邪恶的;坏透的
参考例句:
  • Who could have carried out such a vile attack?会是谁发起这么卑鄙的攻击呢?
  • Her talk was full of vile curses.她的话里充满着恶毒的咒骂。
9 attentive pOKyB     
adj.注意的,专心的;关心(别人)的,殷勤的
参考例句:
  • She was very attentive to her guests.她对客人招待得十分周到。
  • The speaker likes to have an attentive audience.演讲者喜欢注意力集中的听众。
10 discomforts 21153f1ed6fc87cfc0ae735005583b36     
n.不舒适( discomfort的名词复数 );不愉快,苦恼
参考例句:
  • Travellers in space have to endure many discomforts in their rockets. 宇宙旅行家不得不在火箭中忍受许多不舒适的东西 来自《用法词典》
  • On that particular morning even these discomforts added to my pleasure. 在那样一个特定的早晨,即使是这种种的不舒适也仿佛给我增添了满足感。 来自辞典例句
11 chaos 7bZyz     
n.混乱,无秩序
参考例句:
  • After the failure of electricity supply the city was in chaos.停电后,城市一片混乱。
  • The typhoon left chaos behind it.台风后一片混乱。
12 eminent dpRxn     
adj.显赫的,杰出的,有名的,优良的
参考例句:
  • We are expecting the arrival of an eminent scientist.我们正期待一位著名科学家的来访。
  • He is an eminent citizen of China.他是一个杰出的中国公民。
13 machinery CAdxb     
n.(总称)机械,机器;机构
参考例句:
  • Has the machinery been put up ready for the broadcast?广播器材安装完毕了吗?
  • Machinery ought to be well maintained all the time.机器应该随时注意维护。
14 futile vfTz2     
adj.无效的,无用的,无希望的
参考例句:
  • They were killed,to the last man,in a futile attack.因为进攻失败,他们全部被杀,无一幸免。
  • Their efforts to revive him were futile.他们对他抢救无效。
15 controversy 6Z9y0     
n.争论,辩论,争吵
参考例句:
  • That is a fact beyond controversy.那是一个无可争论的事实。
  • We ran the risk of becoming the butt of every controversy.我们要冒使自己在所有的纷争中都成为众矢之的的风险。
16 tyrant vK9z9     
n.暴君,专制的君主,残暴的人
参考例句:
  • The country was ruled by a despotic tyrant.该国处在一个专制暴君的统治之下。
  • The tyrant was deaf to the entreaties of the slaves.暴君听不到奴隶们的哀鸣。
17 vigor yLHz0     
n.活力,精力,元气
参考例句:
  • The choir sang the words out with great vigor.合唱团以极大的热情唱出了歌词。
  • She didn't want to be reminded of her beauty or her former vigor.现在,她不愿人们提起她昔日的美丽和以前的精力充沛。
18 lessens 77e6709415979411b220a451af0eb9d3     
变少( lessen的第三人称单数 ); 减少(某事物)
参考例句:
  • Eating a good diet significantly lessens the risk of heart disease. 良好的饮食习惯能大大减少患心脏病的机率。
  • Alcohol lessens resistance to diseases. 含有酒精的饮料会减弱对疾病的抵抗力。
19 blot wtbzA     
vt.弄脏(用吸墨纸)吸干;n.污点,污渍
参考例句:
  • That new factory is a blot on the landscape.那新建的工厂破坏了此地的景色。
  • The crime he committed is a blot on his record.他犯的罪是他的履历中的一个污点。
20 caress crczs     
vt./n.爱抚,抚摸
参考例句:
  • She gave the child a loving caress.她疼爱地抚摸着孩子。
  • She feasted on the caress of the hot spring.她尽情享受着温泉的抚爱。
21 chuckle Tr1zZ     
vi./n.轻声笑,咯咯笑
参考例句:
  • He shook his head with a soft chuckle.他轻轻地笑着摇了摇头。
  • I couldn't suppress a soft chuckle at the thought of it.想到这个,我忍不住轻轻地笑起来。
22 chuckling e8dcb29f754603afc12d2f97771139ab     
轻声地笑( chuckle的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • I could hear him chuckling to himself as he read his book. 他看书时,我能听见他的轻声发笑。
  • He couldn't help chuckling aloud. 他忍不住的笑了出来。 来自汉英文学 - 骆驼祥子
23 hermit g58y3     
n.隐士,修道者;隐居
参考例句:
  • He became a hermit after he was dismissed from office.他被解职后成了隐士。
  • Chinese ancient landscape poetry was in natural connections with hermit culture.中国古代山水诗与隐士文化有着天然联系。
24 diagnosis GvPxC     
n.诊断,诊断结果,调查分析,判断
参考例句:
  • His symptoms gave no obvious pointer to a possible diagnosis.他的症状无法作出明确的诊断。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做一次彻底的调查分析。
25 chuckles dbb3c2dbccec4daa8f44238e4cffd25c     
轻声地笑( chuckle的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Father always chuckles when he reads the funny papers. 父亲在读幽默报纸时总是低声发笑。
  • [Chuckles] You thought he was being poisoned by hemlock? 你觉得他中的会是芹叶钩吻毒吗?
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