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刘毅词汇 5000 lesson 13

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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LESSON 13

1.Appeal v. 1.恳请 同:implore1 2.吸引
The government is appealing to everyone to save water.
The music is too old-fashioned to appeal to people any longer.

2.Bustle2 n.喧扰的活动 同:fuss
There was a great bustle as the children got ready for the party.

3.Crave3 v.渴望 同:fuss
I’m craving4 for a cup of tea. I’ve not had one all day.

4.Discord5 n.争论 同:disagreement
Various discords6 have arisen in the university over this question.

5.Drill n.练习 同:training
The English teacher gave the class plenty of drills in pronunciation.

6.Eventually adv.最后 同:ultimately
We waited more than an hour for him, but eventually we had to leave without him.

7.Futile7 adj.无用的 同:vain
Please don’t waste time by asking such futile questions.

8.Ingredient n.成分 同:component
The ingredients of a cake usually include eggs, sugar, and flour.

9.Predict v.预测 同:foretell
The weather service predicts heavy rain for tomorrow.

10.Raid n.突然搜索 同:attack
During their raid on the house, the police found a lot of dangerous drugs.

11.Repel8 v.击退 同:repulse
The enemy in the city was repelled9 by our troops.

12.Rouse v.激励 同:awaken
The speaker tried to rouse the massed from their lack of interest.

13.Tolerate v.容忍 同:endure
I can’t tolerant your bad manners any longer.

14.Utmost adj.极端的 同:extreme
She was standing10 at the utmost edge of the cliff to kill herself.

15.Assault n.攻击 反:defense
We are ready to meet the enemy’s assault on our fort.

16.Hostile adj.怀有敌意的 反:hospitable
Their hostile looks showed that I was unwelcome.

17.Independent adj.自立的 反:dependent
Since she inherited her father’s fortune, she is completely independent of her husband.

18.Inevitable11 adj.不可避免的 反:avoidable
They ran short of money during the tour, and their return was inevitable.

19.Link v.连接 反:separate
The new road links all the towns in the state.

20.Obscure adj.偏僻的 反:distinct
We had difficulty in finding the obscure path through the forest.

21.Optimism n.乐观 反:pessimism
The candidate’s optimism about his chances of winning encouraged his supporters.

22.Serene12 adj.宁静的 反:agitated
He kept serene and calm, knowing nothing of the dangers, which surrounded him.

23.Submit v.屈服 反:conquer
No one would submit silently to such an insult.

24.Summit n.顶峰 反:bottom
At last the mountain climbers reached the summit of the mountain.

25.Unique adj.唯一的 反:common
This proposal seems to be the unique solution to our problem.

26.Vacuum n.真空 反:fullness
For that experiment you need a complete vacuum.

27.Veteran adj.老练的 n.老手 反:apprerntice
At the age of 12, the boy was already a veteran traveler, having flown all over the world with his father.

28.Abide14 v. 1.容忍 2.遵守
A good housekeeper15 can’t abide dust.
If you join the club you must abide by its rules.

29.Allegiance v.忠诚
His allegiance to his country lasted all his life.

30.Analyze16 v.分析
The food was analyzed17 and found to contain small amounts of poison.

31.Consume v.用尽
He consumed almost all the money he earned last summer.

32.Dictate18 v. 1.口述 2.指定
The president of the company dictated19 a letter to his secretary.
The country that won the war dictated the terms of peace to the conquered country.

33.Fluent adj.流畅的
He is very fluent in English, but not in French,

34.Friction20 n.摩擦
Friction against the rock, combined with the weight of the climber, caused his rope to break.

35.Miser21 n.吝啬鬼
A miser liver poorly in order to save money and keep it.

36.Monarch22 n.帝王
The national band played for the visiting monarch.

37.Partition n.划分
The partition of the country into two parts caused many problems.

38.Qualify v.使胜任
Being the son of a member of parliament doesn’t qualify him to talk about politics.

39.Succession n.连续
After a succession of warm days, the weather became cold.

40.Tribute n. 1.贡物 2.表示尊敬
Many conquered nations had to pay tribute to the rulers of ancient Rome.
By erecting23 this statue we have paid a tribute to the memory of the founder24 of our college.

41.Clue n.线索
The police could find no fingerprints25 or other clues to help them in solving the robbery.

42.Cluster n.串
She bought two clusters of grapes for her little son.

43.Flush v. 1.脸红 2.泛滥
Her face flushed when she could not answer the easy question.
The stream was flushing after the heavy rain.

44.Germ n.细菌
The wound must be kept clean so that germs do not infect it.

45.Grunt26 v.抱怨声
“I’m too tired,” he grunted27, and then fell asleep again.

46.Junction28 n.会合处
The two rivers make their junction near the sea.

47.Pinch v.捏
He pinched fruit to see if it was soft.

48.Prairie n.大草原
The prairie was ideal for growing wheat.

49.Rim13 n.边;缘
The basketball hit the rim of the basket and bounced off.

50.Shove v.推挤
There was a lot of pushing and shoving to get on the bus.

51.Stammer29 v.口吃
“Th-th-thank” you “v-v-very” much, he stammered30.

52.Technical adj.工艺的
He is studying automobile31 repairs at a technical school.

53.Tint32 n.淡色
The picture was painted in several tints33 of blue.

练习:从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.The principal would not _____ smoking or drinking in the school building.
2.Blue and red _____ to me ,but I don’t like gray or yellow
3.Death is _____; it comes to everyone.
4.The two village were _____ together by a tunnel built recently.
5.It was such a(an) _____ summer night that we went out for a walk around the peaceful lake.
6.We can _____ water into two colorless gases , hydrogen and oxygen.
7.The shy girl _____ when a strange man spoke34 to her.
8.Have any _____ been found that can help the police find the criminal.
9.She _____ the heavy table against the wall to sweep the room.
10.There was a band of gold around the _____ of the cup.

答案:
1. tolerate 2. appeal 3. inevitable 4. linked 5. serene
6. analyze 7. flushed 8. clues 9.shoved 10.rim


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 implore raSxX     
vt.乞求,恳求,哀求
参考例句:
  • I implore you to write. At least tell me you're alive.请给我音讯,让我知道你还活着。
  • Please implore someone else's help in a crisis.危险时请向别人求助。
2 bustle esazC     
v.喧扰地忙乱,匆忙,奔忙;n.忙碌;喧闹
参考例句:
  • The bustle and din gradually faded to silence as night advanced.随着夜越来越深,喧闹声逐渐沉寂。
  • There is a lot of hustle and bustle in the railway station.火车站里非常拥挤。
3 crave fowzI     
vt.渴望得到,迫切需要,恳求,请求
参考例句:
  • Many young children crave attention.许多小孩子渴望得到关心。
  • You may be craving for some fresh air.你可能很想呼吸呼吸新鲜空气。
4 craving zvlz3e     
n.渴望,热望
参考例句:
  • a craving for chocolate 非常想吃巧克力
  • She skipped normal meals to satisfy her craving for chocolate and crisps. 她不吃正餐,以便满足自己吃巧克力和炸薯片的渴望。
5 discord iPmzl     
n.不和,意见不合,争论,(音乐)不和谐
参考例句:
  • These two answers are in discord.这两个答案不一样。
  • The discord of his music was hard on the ear.他演奏的不和谐音很刺耳。
6 discords d957da1b1688ede4cb4f1e8f2b1dc0ab     
不和(discord的复数形式)
参考例句:
  • There are many discords in this family. 在这个家庭里有许多争吵。
  • The speaker's opinion discords with the principles of this society. 演讲者的意见与本会的原则不符。
7 futile vfTz2     
adj.无效的,无用的,无希望的
参考例句:
  • They were killed,to the last man,in a futile attack.因为进攻失败,他们全部被杀,无一幸免。
  • Their efforts to revive him were futile.他们对他抢救无效。
8 repel 1BHzf     
v.击退,抵制,拒绝,排斥
参考例句:
  • A country must have the will to repel any invader.一个国家得有决心击退任何入侵者。
  • Particles with similar electric charges repel each other.电荷同性的分子互相排斥。
9 repelled 1f6f5c5c87abe7bd26a5c5deddd88c92     
v.击退( repel的过去式和过去分词 );使厌恶;排斥;推开
参考例句:
  • They repelled the enemy. 他们击退了敌军。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The minister tremulously, but decidedly, repelled the old man's arm. 而丁梅斯代尔牧师却哆里哆嗦地断然推开了那老人的胳臂。 来自英汉文学 - 红字
10 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
11 inevitable 5xcyq     
adj.不可避免的,必然发生的
参考例句:
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
12 serene PD2zZ     
adj. 安详的,宁静的,平静的
参考例句:
  • He has entered the serene autumn of his life.他已进入了美好的中年时期。
  • He didn't speak much,he just smiled with that serene smile of his.他话不多,只是脸上露出他招牌式的淡定的微笑。
13 rim RXSxl     
n.(圆物的)边,轮缘;边界
参考例句:
  • The water was even with the rim of the basin.盆里的水与盆边平齐了。
  • She looked at him over the rim of her glass.她的目光越过玻璃杯的边沿看着他。
14 abide UfVyk     
vi.遵守;坚持;vt.忍受
参考例句:
  • You must abide by the results of your mistakes.你必须承担你的错误所造成的后果。
  • If you join the club,you have to abide by its rules.如果你参加俱乐部,你就得遵守它的规章。
15 housekeeper 6q2zxl     
n.管理家务的主妇,女管家
参考例句:
  • A spotless stove told us that his mother is a diligent housekeeper.炉子清洁无瑕就表明他母亲是个勤劳的主妇。
  • She is an economical housekeeper and feeds her family cheaply.她节约持家,一家人吃得很省。
16 analyze RwUzm     
vt.分析,解析 (=analyse)
参考例句:
  • We should analyze the cause and effect of this event.我们应该分析这场事变的因果。
  • The teacher tried to analyze the cause of our failure.老师设法分析我们失败的原因。
17 analyzed 483f1acae53789fbee273a644fdcda80     
v.分析( analyze的过去式和过去分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析
参考例句:
  • The doctors analyzed the blood sample for anemia. 医生们分析了贫血的血样。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The young man did not analyze the process of his captivation and enrapturement, for love to him was a mystery and could not be analyzed. 这年轻人没有分析自己蛊惑著迷的过程,因为对他来说,爱是个不可分析的迷。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 dictate fvGxN     
v.口授;(使)听写;指令,指示,命令
参考例句:
  • It took him a long time to dictate this letter.口述这封信花了他很长时间。
  • What right have you to dictate to others?你有什么资格向别人发号施令?
19 dictated aa4dc65f69c81352fa034c36d66908ec     
v.大声讲或读( dictate的过去式和过去分词 );口授;支配;摆布
参考例句:
  • He dictated a letter to his secretary. 他向秘书口授信稿。
  • No person of a strong character likes to be dictated to. 没有一个个性强的人愿受人使唤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
20 friction JQMzr     
n.摩擦,摩擦力
参考例句:
  • When Joan returned to work,the friction between them increased.琼回来工作后,他们之间的摩擦加剧了。
  • Friction acts on moving bodies and brings them to a stop.摩擦力作用于运动着的物体,并使其停止。
21 miser p19yi     
n.守财奴,吝啬鬼 (adj.miserly)
参考例句:
  • The miser doesn't like to part with his money.守财奴舍不得花他的钱。
  • The demon of greed ruined the miser's happiness.贪得无厌的恶习毁掉了那个守财奴的幸福。
22 monarch l6lzj     
n.帝王,君主,最高统治者
参考例句:
  • The monarch's role is purely ceremonial.君主纯粹是个礼仪职位。
  • I think myself happier now than the greatest monarch upon earth.我觉得这个时候比世界上什么帝王都快乐。
23 erecting 57913eb4cb611f2f6ed8e369fcac137d     
v.使直立,竖起( erect的现在分词 );建立
参考例句:
  • Nations can restrict their foreign trade by erecting barriers to exports as well as imports. 象设置进口壁垒那样,各国可以通过设置出口壁垒来限制对外贸易。 来自辞典例句
  • Could you tell me the specific lift-slab procedure for erecting buildings? 能否告之用升板法安装楼房的具体程序? 来自互联网
24 Founder wigxF     
n.创始者,缔造者
参考例句:
  • He was extolled as the founder of their Florentine school.他被称颂为佛罗伦萨画派的鼻祖。
  • According to the old tradition,Romulus was the founder of Rome.按照古老的传说,罗穆卢斯是古罗马的建国者。
25 fingerprints 9b456c81cc868e5bdf3958245615450b     
n.指纹( fingerprint的名词复数 )v.指纹( fingerprint的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Everyone's fingerprints are unique. 每个人的指纹都是独一无二的。
  • They wore gloves so as not to leave any fingerprints behind (them). 他们戴着手套,以免留下指纹。 来自《简明英汉词典》
26 grunt eeazI     
v.嘟哝;作呼噜声;n.呼噜声,嘟哝
参考例句:
  • He lifted the heavy suitcase with a grunt.他咕噜着把沉重的提箱拎了起来。
  • I ask him what he think,but he just grunt.我问他在想什麽,他只哼了一声。
27 grunted f18a3a8ced1d857427f2252db2abbeaf     
(猪等)作呼噜声( grunt的过去式和过去分词 ); (指人)发出类似的哼声; 咕哝着说
参考例句:
  • She just grunted, not deigning to look up from the page. 她只咕哝了一声,继续看书,不屑抬起头来看一眼。
  • She grunted some incomprehensible reply. 她咕噜着回答了些令人费解的话。
28 junction N34xH     
n.连接,接合;交叉点,接合处,枢纽站
参考例句:
  • There's a bridge at the junction of the two rivers.两河的汇合处有座桥。
  • You must give way when you come to this junction.你到了这个路口必须让路。
29 stammer duMwo     
n.结巴,口吃;v.结结巴巴地说
参考例句:
  • He's got a bad stammer.他口吃非常严重。
  • We must not try to play off the boy troubled with a stammer.我们不可以取笑这个有口吃病的男孩。
30 stammered 76088bc9384c91d5745fd550a9d81721     
v.结巴地说出( stammer的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He stammered most when he was nervous. 他一紧张往往口吃。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Barsad leaned back in his chair, and stammered, \"What do you mean?\" 巴萨往椅背上一靠,结结巴巴地说,“你是什么意思?” 来自英汉文学 - 双城记
31 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
32 tint ZJSzu     
n.淡色,浅色;染发剂;vt.着以淡淡的颜色
参考例句:
  • You can't get up that naturalness and artless rosy tint in after days.你今后不再会有这种自然和朴实无华的红润脸色。
  • She gave me instructions on how to apply the tint.她告诉我如何使用染发剂。
33 tints 41fd51b51cf127789864a36f50ef24bf     
色彩( tint的名词复数 ); 带白的颜色; (淡色)染发剂; 痕迹
参考例句:
  • leaves with red and gold autumn tints 金秋时节略呈红黄色的树叶
  • The whole countryside glowed with autumn tints. 乡间处处呈现出灿烂的秋色。
34 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
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