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大学英语精读预备1册 lesson 2

时间:2006-01-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:999999   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Good Manners1


We say that a person2 has good manners if he or she is polite3, kind and helpful4 to others5. Every one likes a person with good manners. But no one likes a person with bad or careless6 manners. “yes,” you say , “but what are good manners ?how do I know what to do and what not to do ?”
Here are some examples of these things. They tell you what a person with good manners does or does not do.
He never laughs at people when they are in trouble7. Instead8, he tries to help them. He is always kind, never cruel9, either10 to people or to animals. When people are waiting for a bus, or in a post office, he takes his turn. He does not push12 to the front. On the bus, he gives his seat13 to an old person or a lady. If he, by accident14, knocks15 someone16, or gets in their way, he says, “excuse me” or “I am sorry”.
He says “Please” when he asks somebody17 to help. He says “thank you” when he receives18 something. He stands up when he speaks to a lady or an older person. And he does not sit down when the other person does. He does not speak or laugh loudly in public19.
However20, different countries have different manners. When you enter21 a house in some Asian22 countries, it is good manners to take off11 your shoes. In European23 countries, even24 though25 shoes sometime26 become very dirty, this is not done. In Japan, the guest27 and host28 bow29 each other. But in some other countries they only nod30 or shake31 hands. A guest in a Chinese house never finishes a drink. He leaves32 a little to show that he has had33 enough. In England a guest always finishes a drink to show that he was34 enjoyed it.
But no matter how different the manners are, people all over the world agree35 that good manners really mean to be kind and helpful to others, especially36 those older or weaker than ourselves37. If you remember this, you will not go very far wrong.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 manners foJzbe     
n.礼貌;规矩
参考例句:
  • You should mend your manners.你的态度应当纠正。
  • His manners are rough,but he is a kind man at heart.他虽然举止粗鲁,但心地善良。
2 person QMBxI     
n.人
参考例句:
  • I would never trust in that kind of person.我绝不会相信那种人。
  • She is the very person I wanted to see.她正是我要见的人。
3 polite i2wzX     
adj.有礼貌的,客气的;斯文的,有教养的
参考例句:
  • It's not polite to stare at a girl in the face.盯着姑娘的脸瞧是不礼貌的。
  • She is a polite girl.她是一个文雅的姑娘。
4 helpful Ndaxc     
adj.有帮助的,有用的,
参考例句:
  • Computers are very useful and helpful.电脑非常有用,也有益。
  • I try to be very helpful.我尽量使自己有助于人。
5 others mmczaZ     
prep.(pl.)另外的人
参考例句:
  • Learning from others is important.向别人学习很重要。
  • She is always ready to help others.她总是乐于助人。
6 careless rTayF     
adj.疏忽的,粗心的,不注意的,马马虎虎的
参考例句:
  • A careless driver is a danger to the public.粗心的驾驶员对于公众是一种危险。
  • You are always so careless.你做事总这么毛糙。
7 trouble tmqwF     
n.苦恼,麻烦;故障;动乱;vt.麻烦 vi.费神
参考例句:
  • I hate to trouble you.我真不愿麻烦你。
  • The trouble is that he doesn't have enough money.麻烦在于他缺钱。
8 instead c6uxQ     
adv.代替;顶替
参考例句:
  • She decided to leave here on Sunday instead of Monday.她决定星期日而不是星期一离开这里。
  • Will you go to the party instead of me?你替我赴宴好吗?
9 cruel 3yrxz     
adj.残酷的,残忍的;痛苦的,引起痛苦的
参考例句:
  • Tigers are cruel by nature.老虎生性残忍。
  • The cruel man abandoned his wife and child.那个狠心的男人舍弃了妻小。
10 either pq6x9     
adj.任一,两方的;prep.任一,随便任一个;conj.或,也
参考例句:
  • I have bought two books,you can have either.我买了两本书,你要哪一本都可以。
  • I don't think either of them are at home.我想他们中任何一个都不在家。
11 off 7Ilxf     
adj.远的;休假的,空闲的;adv.走开,出发,隔断;prep.离开,脱落,在...之外
参考例句:
  • You'd better cool off first.你最好先冷静下来。
  • I need some time off.我需要一些时间休息。
12 push iS7x9     
vt.推;使突出,使伸出,使延伸;大力推进,推行;通过,促使;vi.推;推进;伸展
参考例句:
  • Don't push against me!别推我!
  • If you always push him too hard,he may make mistakes.要是你总逼他太紧,他可能会出错。
13 seat jZyxF     
n.座,座位,位子,席位;所在地;vt.使坐下,使就座,设座于
参考例句:
  • Go back to your seat.回到你的坐位去。
  • Which seat do you prefer?你更喜欢哪个位置?
14 accident eJByw     
n.事故,意外的事
参考例句:
  • He had a traffic accident.他出了交通事故。
  • An accident was happened yesterday.昨天发生了一起事故。
15 knocks 50a8ca2c5dc5f77c4aefd130d51e00d9     
n.短促的敲打(声)( knock的名词复数 );爆震声;敲击声;敲门(或窗等)声v.敲,击,打( knock的第三人称单数 );(心)怦怦跳;把…撞击成(某种状态);批评
参考例句:
  • This kind of news knocks you back a bit, doesn't it? 这种消息使你有点儿吃惊,是吗? 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • That book really knocks me out. 那本书确实引起了我的共鸣。 来自《简明英汉词典》
16 someone Cwvw3     
pron.某人,有人
参考例句:
  • I can hear someone knocking.我听到有人敲门。
  • Someone wants to see her.有人找她。
17 somebody EwPw4     
n.重要人物;pron.某人,有人
参考例句:
  • Somebody is using the computer.有人在用电脑。
  • He seems to be somebody.他似乎是个重要人物。
18 receives 7587ec3e10e7c0a2032fc022bb45b1fe     
v.收到( receive的第三人称单数 );接到;接纳;接待
参考例句:
  • The hospital receives a good deal of money in donations. 这家医院收到捐赠来的大笔款项。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • China Daily receives dispatches from all parts of the world. 《中国日报》收到世界各地发来的电讯。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
19 public ESExy     
adj.公开的,众所周知的,公众的;n.公共场合,公众,同好者
参考例句:
  • Most children go to public school.大多数孩子上的是公立学院。
  • She is shy of speaking in public.她怯于在公众面前讲话。
20 however 5c2xL     
adv.然而;conj.然而,可是,不过
参考例句:
  • It's raining hard.However,I still want to go there.虽然下着大雨,我还是想去那儿。
  • However, this does not always happen.然而,这种情况并不总是发生。
21 enter eZAzU     
vt.进入,参加,开始;vi.进去,参加;n.回车键,输入,回车
参考例句:
  • Do not enter the danger zone!切勿进入危险区!
  • The sign means that cars cannot enter.这种标志表示汽车不能入内。
22 Asian 3NkyT     
adj.亚洲的;n.亚洲人
参考例句:
  • She won two gold medals in the Asian Games.在亚洲运动会上她赢得了两枚金牌。
  • An Asian is a person born or living in Asia.亚洲人是指出生或居住在亚洲的人。
23 European 8nTxh     
adj.欧洲的,发生在欧洲的;n.欧洲人
参考例句:
  • France is a european nation.法国是个欧洲国家。
  • I am not very familiar with European history.我对欧洲历史不太熟悉。
24 even EiUzR     
adj.平坦的,偶数的,相等的;adv.甚至,恰好,正当
参考例句:
  • It was cold yesterday,but it's even colder today. 昨天冷,今天更冷了。
  • He's the best teacher even though he has the least experience.尽管他经验最少,但教得最好。
25 though lIRzS     
conj.虽然,尽管;即使;可是,不过,然而;adv.可是,不过,然而
参考例句:
  • It's quite pleasant today,though the wind is rather cool.尽管风有点凉,今天天气还是很不错的。
  • I will have a try even though I should fail.哪怕失败,我也要试一下。
26 sometime CwGw2     
adv.将来某一时候;改天
参考例句:
  • He came sometime last month.上个月某个时候他曾经来过。
  • It will happen sometime and somewhere.有朝一日这总会在什么地方发生的。
27 guest CeIxt     
n.客人,宾客,顾客,旅客
参考例句:
  • We must prepare a room for our guest.我们必须为客人预备一个房间。
  • He is an unwelcome guest.他是个不受欢迎的客人。
28 host OcxxC     
n.主机,主人,主持人,东道主;v.主持,做东
参考例句:
  • Who will be the host for tonight's program?谁是今晚的节目主持人?
  • The host greeted us at the gate.主人在大门口迎接我们。
29 bow XRfyS     
n.弓,船头,鞠躬;v.鞠躬,弯腰
参考例句:
  • There's a flag on the bow of his boat.在他的船头有一面旗子。
  • We bow to the teacher.我们向老师鞠个躬。
30 nod ZGwxX     
n.点头,打盹,摆动;v.点头,打盹,使...摆动
参考例句:
  • The kids smile and nod.孩子们微笑着点头。
  • At last she began to nod.最后,她开始打瞌睡了。
31 shake dz6wP     
n./vt.(shook;shaken)震动;颤抖;vi.摇动,摇
参考例句:
  • Let's shake hands and be friends.让我们握手做朋友。
  • Shake,shake,shake your shoulders,shake them up and down.耸耸肩,从上到下耸耸肩。
32 leaves b1xxm     
n.树叶,花瓣; leaf 的复数; leave 的单数第三人称现在式
参考例句:
  • The walk was covered with leaves.这人行道上满是树叶。
  • Will you check on the time the train leaves?请你核对一下火车开出的时间好吗?
33 had FeBxb     
vbl.have的过去式和过去分词;conj.有
参考例句:
  • I just had a good idea!我有个好主意!
  • The boy had a small branch of a tree in his hand.这个男孩手上拿一条小树枝。
34 was bglwv     
v.(is,am的过去式)是,在
参考例句:
  • He said he was right.他说他是正确的。
  • He was cold and hungry.他又冷又饿。
35 agree DKSyI     
vi.同意,赞成,承认,适合;vt.同意
参考例句:
  • I totally agree with you.我完全同意你的看法。
  • They could not agree about who should do the work.对于谁该做这项工作,他们意见不一致。
36 especially inCxy     
adv.特别,尤其,格外;专门地,主要地
参考例句:
  • I like to swim,especially in the sea.我喜欢游泳,尤其喜欢在大海中游泳。
  • I am especially by math problems.我对数学问题特别感兴趣。
37 ourselves 340ze     
pron.我们自己
参考例句:
  • We walked home by ourselves.我们独自走回家。
  • We fight only for ourselves!我们只为自己而战!
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TAG标签:   大学英语  精读  预备  lesson
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