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新视野大学英语读写教程词汇 第一册 unit02 a

时间:2010-12-17 05:52来源:互联网 提供网友:wokan222   字体: [ ]

  <TITLE>New Words</TITLE>
  |@|<1>concern|n.|1.[U] a feeling of worry |担心;忧虑
  ||||In the story the parents show their great concern for their daughter. |故事里,父母对他们的女儿表现出极大的担心。
  ||||The recent rise in crime is a matter of great public concern. |近来犯罪的增多是公众非常担忧的事情。
  ||||2.[C] sth. that makes sb. worried |关心的事;担心的事
  ||||His main concern is to be able to provide money for his family. |他主要关心的是为家里赚钱。
  ||||Your private life is not my concern. |你的私生活与我无关。
  |||vt.|1.make sb. feel worried |使担心;使忧虑
  ||||It isn't your problem—don't concern yourself with it. |这不是你的问题,你用不着担心。
  ||||What concerns me most is that despite pay increases, production has not improved. |最令我担心的是虽然工资增加了,生产却没有上去。
  ||||2.be about sth. |涉及,与...有关系
  ||||This article concerns the issue of generation gap. |这篇文章讲的是代沟问题。
  ||||This study concerns couples' expectations of marriage. |这项研究涉及夫妻对婚姻的期待。
  ||<2>click|vi.|make a short, sharp sound |发出咔嗒声
  ||||The key clicked in the lock. |钥匙在琐里咔嗒响了一声。
  ||||Her shoes clicked against the floor as she walked. |她走动时,鞋在地板上咔噔咔噔作响。
  |||n.|[C] a short, sharp sound |咔嗒声
  ||||The door opened with a click. |门咔嗒一声开了。
  ||||I heard a click, and then the phone went dead. |我听到咔嗒一声电话就挂了。
  ||<3>blast|vi.|produce a lot of noise, esp. music |发出响亮的声音(尤指音乐)
  ||||Music blasted from the radio. |收音机里猛地响起了音乐。
  ||||A machine gun blasted just outside the tent. |帐篷外,机关枪突然嘟嘟嘟地响起来。
  |||vt.|break up by explosion |爆破
  ||||They had to blast their way through the mountainside. |他们不得不沿着山坡炸出一条路来。
  ||||The first shot missed and blasted a hole in the wall. |第一枪打偏了,在墙上炸出了一个洞。
  |||n.|[C] an explosion |爆炸
  ||||The blast completely destroyed the building. |爆炸彻底摧毁了这栋建筑。
  ||||The blast killed 168 people and hurt hundreds. |爆炸炸死了168人,炸伤了数百人。
  |@|<4>forth|ad.|out; forward |出来;向外
  ||||The sun came forth from behind the clouds. |太阳从云后出来。
  ||||The house was still burning with thick black smoke pouring forth. |房子还在燃烧,冒出浓浓的黑烟。
  |@|<5>burst|vi.|(burst, burst) move somewhere suddenly or quickly, esp. into or out of a place |冲,闯
  ||||Several students burst into the schoolmaster's office just as he was about to leave. |校长正要离开时,几个学生闯进了他的办公室。
  ||||She burst out of the room without saying a single word. |她什么也没说,冲出了房间。
  ||<6>horrible|a.|1.very bad or unpleasant |糟糕的;使人不愉快的
  ||||This tastes horrible! |真难吃!
  ||||The weather has been really horrible all week. |这一周天气真是糟糕透了。
  ||||2.shocking; frightening |可怕的;令人恐惧的
  ||||What a horrible story! |可怕的故事!
  ||||It's horrible to hear that so many people in the world are hungry and don't have food. |听到世界上有这么多人挨饿,没东西吃,感到很可怕。
  |@|<7>stuff|n.|[U] sth. that one does not know the correct name |东西
  ||||What's the green stuff at the bottom of the bottle? |瓶底上那绿色的是什么东西?
  ||||I don't know how we're going to get all this stuff into the car. |我不知道我们如何将这些东西全部搬进车里去。
  |||vt.|push sth. into a space |填;塞
  ||||The pillow was stuffed with feathers. |枕头里塞满了羽毛。
  ||||The rooms are stuffed with antiques and priceless treasures. |这几间房子都塞满了古董和无价之宝。
  ||<8>rhythm|n.|[C, U] a regular repeated pattern of sounds or movements |节奏
  ||||I'm not keen on the tune but I love the rhythm. |我不特别喜欢那曲调,但喜欢它的节奏。
  ||||You need to feel the rhythm of the music in order to dance properly. |为了跳好舞,你需要感受音乐的节奏。
  ||<9>grab|vt.|take sth. suddenly or roughly |抓住,夺得
  ||||Helen grabbed the toy car from her little brother. |海伦抢去了弟弟手上的玩具汽车。
  ||||She grabbed her clothes and ran out when the alarm went off. |警报响起时,她抓起衣服就往外跑。
  |@|<10>thorough|a.|including every possible detail |全面的,彻底的
  ||||The doctor gave the patient a thorough check-up. |医生为病人做了全面检查。
  ||||The police made a thorough search of the house and found the child hiding under a chair. |警察彻底搜查了那所房子,发现孩子藏在椅子下。
  ||<11> <em>thoroughly</em> |ad.  |carefully and completely |完全地;彻底地
  ||||We thoroughly enjoyed our holiday. |我们假期玩得非常开心。
  ||||Eating only thoroughly cooked foods will reduce your risk of illness. |只吃完全煮熟的食物可以减少生病的危险。
  |★|<12>makeup|n.|[U] paint, powder, creams, etc. that people put on their face |化妆品
  ||||She hadn't taken off her stage makeup yet when I saw her. |我见到她时她还没有缷去戏妆。
  ||||After I put on my makeup, I'll be ready to go with you to the restaurant. |我化好妆后,就准备和你去饭馆。
  ||<13>toast|n.|1. [U] bread made brown by heating |烤面包
  ||||He had toast for breakfast. |他早餐吃了烤面包。
  ||||She had a slice of toast and a cup of coffee. |她吃了一块烤面包,喝了一杯咖啡。
  ||||2. [C] an act of drinking, esp. in order to thank sb., wish sb. luck, etc. |祝酒,干杯
  ||||We drank a toast to our teacher's health. |我们干杯祝老师身体健康。
  ||||I'd like to propose a toast to the bride and groom. |我提议为新娘新郎干杯。
  |||vt.|hold up one's glass and wish sb. success, happiness, luck, etc. |祝酒,干杯
  ||||Let's toast the friendship between our two countries. |让我们为两国的友谊干杯。
  ||||Let's toast Edward for a job well done. |让我们为爱德华出色的工作干杯。
  |@|<14>disgusting|a.|very unpleasant |令人厌恶的,令人反感的
  ||||A bad egg has a disgusting smell. |臭蛋味道很难闻。
  ||||Rubbish was piled everywhere—it was disgusting. |到处堆着垃圾,真叫人恶心。
  ||<15>bug|vt.|(infml.) bother; annoy; trouble |打扰;使烦恼
  ||||It really bugs me when people come around without calling first. |有些人不先打电话就来,实在讨厌。
  ||||It just bugs me that I have to work so many extra hours for no extra money. |我必须加班加点地干这么多小时,却没有额外的工钱,实在让人烦恼。
  |■|<16>eyeliner|n.|[C] |描眼膏;眼线笔
  ||||French eye-liners are well-known to the world. |法国眼线笔世界有名。
  ||||She was wearing thick, black eyeliner. |她描了浓浓的黑色眼线。
  |■|<17>tattoo|n.|[C] patterns made by putting ink into the skin |文身
  ||||She said she hated to see the tattoo on his arm. | 她说她讨厌看见他手臂上的刺纹。
  ||||He has a tattoo of a snake on his left arm. |他的左臂刺了一条蛇。
  |||vt.|have patterns made by putting ink into the skin |在身上刺文身
  ||||He had the words "I love you" tattooed on his chest. |他胸前文着“我爱你”的字样。
  ||||The man's left arm was tattooed with a snake. |这男人的左臂刺了一条蛇。
  ||<18>pierce|vt.|make a hole in |穿孔于,打眼于
  ||||Many women have pierced their ears. |很多女士都扎了耳朵眼。
  ||||Rose underwent emergency surgery after a bullet pierced her lung. |一颗子弹穿了她的肺后,罗斯做了紧急手术。
  ||<19>bolt|vi.|move fast or run away suddenly |奔;窜
  ||||The noise of the explosion made the horses bolt. |一声爆响,把那些马吓跑了。
  ||||Before I could say a word, she turned and bolted out the front door. |不等我说话,她转身就窜出了前门。
  |@|<20>upset|a.|feeling ill, worried, or anxious |不适的;心烦的;苦恼的
  ||||Phone and tell the teacher that you get an upset stomach. |打电话告诉老师你的胃不舒服。
  ||||I was quite upset at losing my purse. |我丢了钱包,心里非常不快。
  |||vt.|(upset, upset) make sb. worried, anxious, or ill |使心烦;使苦恼;使不适
  ||||The news of his son's disappearance upset him. |他儿子失踪的消息使他心烦意乱。
  ||||What upsets me most is the fact that she told a lie. |最让我不安的是她撒了谎。
  ||<21>knot|n.|1. [C] an uncomfortable feeling, esp. in the stomach, caused by fear, anger, etc. |紧张(感);心窝揪紧
  ||||a knot of fear |一阵恐惧
  ||||There was a knot of tension in his stomach. |他感到一阵紧张。
  ||||2. [C] a join made by tying rope, cloth, etc. |(绳索、布条等打成的)结
  ||||Please tie a knot at the end of rope. |请在绳子的一端打个结。
  ||||Can you help me undo the knot? |帮我打开这个结好吗?
  ||<22>awful|a.|very bad or unpleasant; terrible |糟糕的;可怕的
  ||||It would be awful if they found out. |如果他们知道了真相,那就糟了。
  ||||I felt awful about not being able to help. |我帮不上忙,心里很难受。
  ||<23>@tune|n.|[C] a number of musical notes that form a pleasing pattern of sound |曲调;旋律
  ||||I can't remember the tune of that song. |我记不起那首歌的调子。
  ||||I've heard that tune before, but I don't know the words to the song. |我听过这个曲子,但记不起歌词了。
  ||<24> <em>tuneless</em>|a.|without tune; not having a pleasant tune |不成调的;不悦耳的
  ||||A young man walked by, singing a tuneless song. |一个年轻人从身边走过,哼着不成调的歌。
  ||||The song is tuneful, but her voice is tuneless. |歌很有旋律,可她的嗓子不动听。
  |@|<25>offensive|a.|causing offence; unpleasant |讨厌的;令人不快的
  ||||There are complaints that the advertisement was offensive to women. |有人投诉说这则广告是对女性的冒犯。
  ||||There is an offensive smell in the room. |房间里有难闻的气味。
  |▲|<26>lyric|n.|[C] (~s) words of a song, esp. a popular song |歌词
  ||||I like the lyrics of this song. |我喜欢这首歌的歌词。
  ||||He wrote some great music, but the lyrics he wrote weren't that good. |他创作了一些好音乐,但他写的歌词不怎么样。
  |@|<27>appeal|vi.|1. (to) attract; interest |使喜欢;吸引
  ||||This music is too old-fashioned to appeal to young people any longer. |这音乐太老,不能再吸引年轻人。
  ||||The idea of working abroad really appeals to me. |到国外工作对我真的有吸引力。
  ||||2. make a strong request for help, support, etc. |恳请;呼吁
  ||||The police are appealing to the public for any information about the murder victim. |警方呼吁公众提供有关被害者的情况。
  ||||The police have appealed to anyone with information to come forward and talk to them. |警察呼吁所有知情的人来和他们谈谈。
  |@|<28>rid|a.|no longer annoyed by sb. or sth. unpleasant or unwanted |摆脱...的
  ||||Just give him the money and you can be rid of him. |给他点钱,你就可以摆脱他了。
  ||||Take the medicine, and you can get rid of this cold. |把药吃了,感冒就好了。
  |||vt.|(rid, rid) make sb. or sth. free from sth. unpleasant or unwanted |使摆脱,使去掉
  ||||You must rid yourself of these old-fashioned ideas. |你必须抛掉这些陈旧的观念。
  ||||Will science finally rid us of this disease? |科学最终会让我们根除这种疾病吗?
  ||<29> <em>piercing</em> |n. |[C] a hole made through part of one's body in order to wear jewelry there |刺穿的孔
  ||||She has piercings in both of her ears. |她两耳都打了耳朵眼。
  ||||Body massage and ear piercing are offered at the small shop. |这家小店提供身体按摩和穿耳孔服务。
  |@|<30>negative|a.|1.bad or harmful |不好的;负面的;消极的
  ||||I'm feeling very negative about my job—in fact I'm thinking about finding a new one. |我觉得我的工作很没劲,事实上我正考虑找一份新工作。
  ||||All this had a negative effect on my work. |所有这些对我的工作都产生了负面影响。
  ||||2.saying or meaning no |否定的
  ||||What is the negative form of this word? |这个词的否定形式是什么?
  ||||He gave a negative answer without any explanation. |他没有解释,只是给了否定回答。
  |@|<31>influence|n.|[C, U] an effect on sb. or sth. |影响;作用
  ||||The fact that he's rich and famous had no influence on our decision. |他有钱有名气,但这不会影响我们的决定。
  ||||The parents were worried about the influence of Western films and TV programs on their children. |父母们担心西方电影和电视节目会影响孩子。
  |||vt.|have an effect on |影响
  ||||You must decide for yourself. Don't let anyone else influence you. |你必须自己决定,别受他人的影响。
  ||||How much does TV advertising really influence what people buy?| 电视广告对人们购物的影响到底有多少?
  |@|<32>patience|n.|[U] the quality of being able to remain calm, esp. when there is a difficulty or one has to wait a long time |耐心;忍耐(性)
  ||||I'm sorry. I've got no patience with people who don't even try. |对不起,我不能容忍那些连试一下都不肯的人。
  ||||This type of medical research requires great patience. |这种医学研究需要极大的耐心。
  ||<33>anchor|n.|1.[C] sb. or sth. that provides support and a feeling of safety |依靠,靠山
  ||||Parents need to be an anchor for their children. |父母应当是孩子的靠山。
  ||||Dad was the anchor of the family and I could always go to him for help. |爸爸是家里人的依靠,我随时可以去找他帮忙。
  ||||2. [C] a heavy metal object that is dropped into the water from a boat in order to keep the boat in one place |锚
  ||||In the morning we weighed anchor and sailed on. |清晨我们起锚继续航行。
  ||||We dropped anchor a few yards offshore. |我们在离岸几码远的地方抛锚。
  ||<34>identity|n.|[C] who or what a person or thing is |身份;本体
  ||||To escape the police, he had to conceal his identity. |为了躲避警方,他不得不隐瞒身份。
  ||||She applied for a teaching job under a false identity. |她用假身份申请从事教书工作。
  <TITLE>Phrases and Expressions</TITLE>
  ||<35>along with|together with |一起,一道
  |||Along with hundreds of others, she lost her job when the factory closed. |工厂倒闭,她和其他几百名工人一起失去了工作。
  |||The mother was saved from the fire along with her baby. |母亲和婴儿都被从火中救了出来。
  ||<36>turn off|stop using a piece of equipment by moving a switch |关闭
  |||Please turn all the lights off as you leave the building; we can't afford to waste power. |离开时请将所有的灯关掉,我们浪费不起电。
  |||She turned off the water, dried herself, and dressed in jeans and a shirt. |她把水关掉,擦干身上的水,然后穿上牛仔裤和衬衫。
  ||<37>burst into|1. enter a place suddenly |闯入
  |||She burst into the manager's office and demanded to speak to him. |她冲入经理办公室,要求当面跟他说话。
  |||His partner was so excited about the news that he burst into the room to tell him. |他的伙伴听到这消息非常激动,冲进房间去告诉他。
  |||2. start suddenly |突然开始
  |||She burst into laughter. |她突然笑了起来。
  |||Afterwards, she went straight to the ladies' room and burst into tears. |然后,她径直走进卫生间哭了起来。
  ||<38>over and over| again and again; repeatedly |一再,反复
  |||Read the word over and over until you can say it correctly. |一遍一遍地读这个单词,直到你读对了为止。
  |||They kept asking the same question over and over again. |他们反复问同一个问题。
  ||<39>reach for|move one's hand or arm in order to touch or hold sth. |伸手去摸;伸手去取
  |||There was no time for me to reach for my gun. |我来不及伸手掏枪。
  |||There was a noise outside, so Bill reached for his flashlight. |比尔听到外面的声响,便伸手去拿手电筒。
  ||<40>turn up|increase the amount of heat, sound, etc. by moving a switch |调大,开大
  |||He turned the heat up because it was very cold inside the house. |他把暖气开大了点,因为屋里非常冷。
  |||Is the sound turned up too loud for you? |你看这声音是否开得太大了?
  ||<41>turn down|reduce the amount of heat, sound, etc. by moving a switch |调小,开小
  |||She could not bear the music and turned down the volume. |她受不了这种音乐,于是把音量关小了。
  |||Can you turn the TV down? I'm trying to work. |你能把电视的声音开小点吗?我正想静心工作呢。
  ||<42>as well as|in addition to |除...之外;和
  |||He's worked in Japan as well as Italy.| 他在日本工作过,也在意大利工作过。
  |||Flowers are chosen for their scent as well as their look. |选花既要闻其香,又要观其色。
  ||<43>turn on|cause water, gas, etc. to flow or equipment to operate |打开开关
  |||Please turn on the light for me; it's getting dark. |天黑了,请给我开开灯。
  |||Jack turned on his computer and checked his email. |杰克打开电脑,查看电子邮件。
  ||<44>as usual|in the way that happens most of the time |像往常一样,照例
  |||Everything went on as usual, as if nothing had happened. |一切照常进行,好像什么也没发生过。
  |||As usual, they'd left the children at home with the babysitter. |像往常一样,他们将孩子留在家里由保姆看管。
  ||<45>in peace and quiet|calmly; in a peaceful state |平静地
  |||I'm tired—can't you just leave me in peace and quiet? |我累了,你不能让我静一静吗?
  |||I wish she would just leave me in peace and quiet so that I can think about the problem without interruption. |我希望她能让我静一静,这样我可以不受干扰,好好想一想这个问题。
  ||<46>wake up| (cause to) stop sleeping |(使)醒来
  |||Wake up, Jimmy, it's 8: 00. |醒醒,吉米,八点钟了!
  |||I'll wake you up when it's time to leave. |到了走的时候我会叫醒你。
  ||<47>make one's blood boil| make sb. angry |使某人生气
  |||Her tuneless music made her father's blood boil. |她那难听的音乐使她父亲很生气。
  |||Whenever I think about it, it makes my blood boil. |我一想起它就生气。
  ||<48>get rid of |1. free oneself from sth. unwanted or unpleasant |摆脱;除去
  |||I've tried all sorts of medicines to get rid of this cold. |为了治好感冒,我已经试了各种药物。
  |||This is an effective way to get rid of weeds. |这是一种除草的有效方法。
  |||2. throw away or destroy sth. that one does not want|丢弃;扔掉
  |||We're moving, so we have to get rid of a lot of our old furniture. |我们要搬家,不得不扔掉很多旧家具。
  |||We should encourage the governments of the world to get rid of all nuclear weapons. |我们应该鼓励各国政府销毁所有的核武器。
  ||<49>knots in one's stomach|an unpleasant tight feeling |紧张,不安
  |||He said he felt knots in his stomach. |他说他感到不安。
  |||She had knots in her stomach before meeting his parents for the first time. |她第一次见他的父母时感到紧张。
  ||<50>in any case|no matter what happens |无论如何;不管怎样
  |||The cost may be lower than we first thought, but in any case it will still be a lot. |费用也许比我们当初想象的低,但无论如何仍相当可观。
  |||I don't understand why you're against it. In any case, I'm going to try. |我不明白为什么你不同意,无论如何我要试一试。
  ||<51>talk sth. over| talk about sth. thoroughly and seriously, esp. in order to settle a problem or reach a decision |商议;讨论
  |||If you're worried about this change of career, why don't you talk it over with your family? |如果你对这次变换职业担心的话,为什么不和家人商量一下呢?
  |||She wanted me to go to her office to talk things over. |她要我到她办公室把事情谈清楚。
  <TITLE>Proper Names</TITLE>
  ||<52>Sandy | |桑迪(人名)
  ||<53>Steve Finch | |史蒂夫·芬奇(人名)
  ||<54>Jane | |简(人名)

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