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新视野大学英语读写教程词汇 第一册 unit04 a

时间:2010-12-17 05:59来源:互联网 提供网友:wokan222   字体: [ ]

<TITLE>New Words</TITLE>
|@|<1>impression|n.|[C] an opinion or feeling about sb. or sth. |印象
||||He has made a good impression on me. |他给我留下了很好的印象。
||||My first impression of him was favorable. |我对他的第一印象很好。
|@|<2>conscious|a.|1. noticing or realizing sth. |有意识的;意识到的
||||The children were conscious of their mother's unhappiness. |孩子们意识到了母亲的不快。
||||I became conscious of someone watching me. |我意识到有人在看着我。
||||2. awake and knowing what is happening around |清醒的;有知觉的
||||The patient was conscious. |这位病人处于清醒状态。
||||He was found lying beside the road, covered in blood but still conscious. |人们发现他躺在路边,浑身上下都是血,可神志还是清醒的。
||<3> <em>consciously<em> |ad.    |aware of having done sth. |有意识地;有知觉地
||||I don't think she's consciously rude to everyone. |我想她不是有意对大家无礼的。
||||He did not consciously remember meeting her. |他不记得见过她。
||<4>reaction|n.|[C] the way a person or thing responds to sth. |反应
||||What was his reaction to your idea?  |他对你的想法有什么反应?
||||Culture often influences our reaction to events. |文化往往影响我们对各种事件的反应。
|@|<5>range|vi. |vary between certain limits |(在一定范围内)变动,变化
||||Prices range from $10 to $25. |价格从10美元到25美元不等。
||||There were 120 students whose ages ranged from 10 to 18. |共有120名学生,他们的年龄从10岁到18岁不等。
||||1. [sing.] the area of power, responsibility, etc. that sb. has |(职责等的)范围
||||I would like to help, but what you ask is out of my range. |我很想帮忙,但你问的事是我所不知道的。
||||When he was criticized, he said it was outside his range of responsibility. |批评他时,他说这事超出了他的职责范围。
||||2. [sing., U] the distance over which sth. can be sent, heard or seen |(视觉、听觉的)范围;射程
||||The enemy were within range of our guns. |敌人处在我们大炮的射程之内。
||||The plane has been out of the range of our vision. |我们已经看不见飞机了。
|@|<6>introduction |n. |1. [C] the act of telling people each other's names when they first meet |介绍,引见
||||He made the self-introduction and everyone shook hands with him. |他作了自我介绍,大家都与他握了手。
||||Our first speaker needs no introduction. |我们的第一位发言者就不必介绍了。
||||2. [U] the act of bringing sth. into use for the first time |引进,采用
||||The introduction of new methods increased the efficiency greatly. |新方法的采用大大提高了效率。
||||With the introduction of new drugs, more patients have been saved. |新药的引进挽救了更多病人的生命。
||<7>spouse|n.|[C]a husband or wife |配偶
||||It is said that most women live longer than their spouses1. |据说大部分妻子都要比她们的丈夫活得长。
||<8>interview|n.|1. [C, U] a formal meeting at which people are asked questions in order to find out whether they are suitable for a job, course of study, etc. |面试
||||A job interview is important for both the interviewer and the interviewee.  |招聘面试对雇主和应聘人都很重要。
||||I was invited for interview with the company. |我被这家公司邀去面试。
||||2. [C] an occasion when people are asked questions about their lives, experiences, or opinions for a newspaper, TV program, etc. |采访,访谈
||||He refused a TV interview. |他拒绝电视采访。
||||The new Prime Minister gave his first interview last night. |新首相昨晚首次接受采访。
|||vt.|ask sb. questions during an interview  |面试;采访
||||They interviewed seven people for the job. |他们为这工作面试了七个人。
||||He was interviewed by a reporter about his ideas. |记者就他的想法采访了他。
|@|<9>encounter|n.|[C] a meeting with sb. by chance |意外(或偶然)相遇
||||He had a chance encounter with a friend this morning. |今天早上他偶然遇到了一位朋友。
||||His first encounter with Wilson was back in 1989. |他第一次与威尔逊相遇是在1989年。
|||vt.|meet sb. or sth. without planning to |意外遇到;遭遇
||||If you take up this assignment, you are likely to encounter many difficulties. |如果你承担这个任务,会遇到许多困难。
||||I encountered a friend of mine on the street yesterday. |昨天在街上我偶然遇到了一位老朋友。
|@|<10>focus|v.|(on) give special attention to one particular person or thing |使(注意力等)集中
||||The children's attention was focused on the stage. |孩子们的注意力都集中在舞台上。
||||We must focus on increasing our home markets. |我们必须把注意力放在拓展国内市场上。
|||n.|[sing.] the thing, person, situation, etc. that people pay special attention to |中心,集中点
||||She has been the focus of everyone's attention since she came to the university. |她自从进了大学就一直是大家关注的焦点。
||||In today's lecture the focus will be on communication through body language. |今天讲座的重点是用肢体语言进行交际。
|★|<11>persuasive2|a.|able to make other people believe or do sth. |有说服力的,能使人相信的
||||His arguments are not persuasive. |他的论据没有说服力。
||||He is a very persuasive speaker. |他是一位非常能取信于人的演讲者。
||<12>presentation |n. |[C] an event at which a person describes or explains a product or idea |描述,陈述
||  | |I was asked to give a short presentation on the aim of the plan. |人们要求我就这计划的目的作一个简短的陈述。
||  | |I'm going to ask each of you to make a short presentation.|我准备要求你们每个人作一个简短的陈述。
|@|<13>physical|a.|1. having to do with one's body |身体的,肉体的
||||Your son appears to be in good physical health. |你儿子看来身体很健康。
||||Physical activity encourages good health.  |体育活动有助于健康。
||||2. having to do with things that can be seen |物质的,有形的
||||physical objects |实物
||||He was concerned with physical world, while his brother was more interested in spiritual matters. |他关心的是物质世界,而他弟弟感兴趣的是精神世界。
|@|<14>rate|n.|1. [C] the speed at which sth. happens |速度
||||He works at a very fast rate. |他工作速度非常快。
||||Children develop physically3 and emotionally at different rates. |儿童的身体和情感发育的速度是不同的。
||||2. [C] the number of times sth. happens within a certain period |比率,率
||||There is a high accident rate in this factory. |这个工厂的事故率很高。
||||The unemployment rate in Australia rose to 6.5% in February. |澳大利亚的失业率2月份上升到了6.5%。
||<15>pitch|n.|[U] the highness or lowness of a voice or a musical note |声音或音调的高低度
||||He raised his voice to an even higher pitch. |他的声音提得更高了。
||||Her voice has a very high pitch. |她的嗓音非常尖。
||<16>tone4|n.|[C] the sound of  sb.'s voice that shows what they are feeling |声调;语气,口气
||||Her tone showed that her patience was limited. |她的语气表示她的耐心是有限度的。
||||Don't speak to me in that tone of voice. |不要用那种语气来跟我说话。
||<17>absorbed|a. |so interested in sth. that one does not notice anything else |专注的;全神贯注的
||||The child seemed completely absorbed. |那个孩子似乎完全被吸引住了。
||||He was so absorbed in watching the children playing game that he forgot to buy vinegar. |他如此专注地看孩子们玩游戏以至于忘了去买醋。
|■|<18>how-to|a.|(infml.) giving information on how to do a particular thing |提供入门知识的;教你怎样做的
||||How-to books on gardening sell well in this bookstore. |园艺入门的书在这家书店很畅销。
||||The magazine used to have a regular how-to section. |这本杂志以前有一个定期的“教你做”专栏。
||<19>stride5|vi.|(strode6, stridden) walk with long steps |大踏步走,阔步行进
||||He strode up to the house. |他迈开大步走向屋子。
||||She came striding7 along to meet me. |她跨步上来迎接我。
|||n.|[C] a long step |大步
||||She reached the door in only three strides8. |她跨了三步就到了门口。
||||I was only a stride from him when I saw him. |看见他时我与他只有一步之遥。
|@|<20>impress|vt.|make sb. feel admiration9 and respect |给...留下深刻的印象
||||He impressed me as a hard-working man. |他给我的印象是工作很努力。
||||I'm very impressed with what's happening. |目前所发生的一切给我留下很深的印象。
|@|<21>shake|n.|[C] an act of moving sth. up and down or from side to side |摇动,摇晃
||||He answered "no" with a shake of his head. |他摇头回答道“不”。
||||Give the bottle a good shake before opening it. |开启前把瓶子好好摇一下。
||<22> <em>handshake<em> |n. |[C] the act of shaking sb.'s hand |握手
||||He came to the door to welcome me with a handshake. | 他走到门口同我握手表示欢迎。
||||Her handshake was warm and firm. |她的握手热情而有力。
||<23>consistent10|a.|always having the same opinions, standards, behavior, etc. |一致的;一贯的
||||It is our consistent policy that we will achieve unity11 through peaceful means. |和平统一是我们的一贯政策。
||||The results are consistent with earlier research. |这次的结果和先前的研究没有出入。
||<24> <em>consistently12<em> |adv.     |in a consistent way |一致地;一贯地
|| | |She worked consistently hard. |她一向工作努力。
|| | |He was consistently generous and kind. |他一向慷慨善良。
||<25>address|vt.|make a formal speech to a large group of people |向...作正式讲话, 对...发表演说
||||He is to address a conference on human rights next week. |下周他将就人权问题会议向会议发表演说。
||||He addressed an audience of 10,000 supporters. |他向上万支持者作讲话。
|@|<26>match|vt.|be suitable for a particular person, thing, or situation |和...相一致,和...相配
||||Does this shirt match these trousers? | 这件衬衫和裤子相配吗?
||||We need to buy some chairs to match our dining table. |我们应买些与餐桌相配的椅子。
|@|<27>depress|vt.|make sb. feel unhappy |使抑郁,使沮丧
||||The thought of going to work tomorrow really depresses me. |想到明天要上班我就心烦。
||||It depressed13 everyone that no progress was made during the negotiations14. |谈判毫无进展,大家都感到失望。
||<28> <em>depressed<em> |a. |very unhappy |抑郁的,沮丧的
||||He was depressed about losing all his money. |她所有的钱都赔了,感到十分沮丧。
||||I feel more and more depressed. |我感到越来越沮丧。
||<29>audience|n.|[C] a group of people who watch or listen to a play, concert, speech, etc. |观众,听众
||||The audience was/were wild with joy. |观众欣喜若狂。
||||The audience was/were clapping for 10 minutes. |观众足足拍了十分钟的手。
|@|<30>contact|n.|1. [U] a state in which two people or things touch each other |接触
||||The disease is spread by contact with animals. |这种疾病通过与动物的接触传播。
||||His fingers were briefly15 in contact with the ball. |他的手指触摸了一下球。
||||2. [U] communication with a person, organization, etc. |联系;交往
||||I've lost contact with most of my schoolmates. |我已与我大多数校友失去了联系。
||||We stay in contact by email. |我们通过电子邮件保持联系。
|@|<31>relax|v.|make or become less worried or annoyed |(使)放松,(使)轻松
||||This holiday will give you a chance to relax. |这次假期会给你一个放松的机会。
||||A hot bath will help to relax you. |洗个热水澡会帮助你放松。
||<32> <em>relaxed<em>|a.|feeling calm and not worried or annoyed |松弛的,放松的
||||Suitable exercises will make you relaxed in mind and body. |适当的锻炼会令你身心舒展。
||||He wants to live a relaxed life. |他想过悠闲自在的生活。
|■|<33>lighten|v.|1. make or become more cheerful |(使)轻松,(使)愉快
||||Her mood lightened. |她情绪好起来了。
||||She told a joke to lighten the atmosphere. |她讲了个笑话来缓和一下气氛。
||||2. make or become less heavy or forceful |(使)减轻,(使)放松
||||Taking on of a new secretary lightened her workload16 considerably17. |雇用一位新秘书大大减轻了她的工作量。
||||Their burden lightened every day. |他们的负担一天天减轻。
|@|<34>powerful|a.|1. able to influence or control what people do or think |有影响力的;能控制他人的
||||He was one of the most powerful men in the area. |他是这个地区最有影响力的人之一。
||||Her argument is powerful. |她的论据充分有力。
||||2. physically strong |强壮的,强健有力的
||||An athlete should have a powerful body. |运动员应该有强壮的体魄。
||||He looked tall and powerful. |他看上去个子高大、身体强壮。
|@|<35>entertainment|n. |[C, U] things that are intended to amuse or interest people |娱乐;供消遣的东西
||||The club provides a wide choice of entertainment. |该俱乐部提供多种娱乐项目。
||||Many people in the city worked in the entertainment industry. |这个城市有许多人在娱乐业工作。
|@|<36>roar |vi.|make a loud noise by laughing or shouting |大声叫喊,咆哮;大笑
||||The audience roared in delight. |观众高兴得欢呼起来。
||||He roared with laughter at the joke. |听到这笑话,他哈哈大笑。
||||The patient roared with pain. |那个病人疼得大喊大叫。
|★|<37>brood|vi.|think and worry about sth. a lot |沉思;担忧
||||He sat there, brooding18 about his failure. |他坐在那儿,默默地思考自己的失败。
||||You're not still brooding over what he said, are you? |你不会仍在想着他说的那些话吧?
<TITLE>Phrases and Expressions</TITLE>
||<38>make up one's mind  |make up one's mind make a decision |下定决心,打定主意
|| |Have you made up your mind where to go for your holiday? |去哪儿度假,你拿定主意了吗?
|| |I can't make up my mind between these two dishes. |这两道菜到底选哪一道,我拿不定主意。
||<39>range from... to... |vary from... to... |(在一定范围内)从...到...变化,变动
||   |The price of beer ranged from 50 cents to $5 during the summer season. |夏季,啤酒价格从50美分到5美元不等。
||   |She has had a number of different jobs, ranging from translator to swimming instructor19. |从当翻译到当游泳教练,她从事过一些不同的工作。
||<40>be committed to    |be willing to work hard at sth. |献身于,投入于
|||As a person who loves peace, he is committed to peace between countries.|作为一个热爱和平的人,他致力于国与国之间的和平事业。
|||If you want to get ahead in life, you must be committed to achieving your dreams. |要想取得人生的成功,你就必须全身心投入实现你的梦想。
||<41>be absorbed in|be so involved in an activity that one cannot think about other things |全神贯注于,专心于
|||I was so absorbed in my own thoughts that I didn't hear him talking to me. |我当时非常入神地在沉思,没听到他和我说话。
|||She was absorbed in the book. |她全神贯注地在看那本书。
||<42>fix one's eyes on|look at a thing or person carefully |凝视,盯住看
|||She walked into the room and fixed20 her eyes on the person she wanted to talk to. |她走进房间,眼睛凝视着那个她想进行谈话的人。
|||I couldn't help fixing my eyes on this picture. |我情不自禁地凝视着那幅画。
||<43>drive sb. crazy|make sb. feel very angry or annoyed |逼得某人发疯
|| |His carelessness drove his girlfriend mad. |他的粗心大意令他的女朋友受不了。
|| |That noise is driving me crazy. |那噪音真让我受不了。
||<44>at one's best|in the best state |处于最佳状态
|||This is an example of his work at his best. |这代表了他创作高峰时期的作品。
|||I don't really feel at my best today. |我觉得今天我不在最佳状态。
||<45>lighten up|(used to tell sb.) not to be so serious about sth. |放轻松;别太当真
|||You need to light up a bit. |你需要放松点。
|||Hey, lighten up! It's only a game, you know! |喂,别太当真!你知道,这不过是游戏!
||<46>take sb. or sth. seriously |think sb. or sth. is important and should be given attention to |认为某人或某物重要
|||Don't take him seriously—he's just kidding. |别跟他认真——他只不过是开玩笑。
|||We have to take his proposal seriously. |我们要认真对待他的建议。
<TITLE>Proper Names</TITLE>
||<47>Ailes | |艾尔斯(人名)


1 spouses 3fbe4097e124d44af1bc18e63e898b65     
n.配偶,夫或妻( spouse的名词复数 )
  • Jobs are available for spouses on campus and in the community. 校园里和社区里有配偶可做的工作。 来自辞典例句
  • An astonishing number of spouses-most particularly in the upper-income brackets-have no close notion of their husbands'paychecks. 相当大一部分妇女——特别在高收入阶层——并不很了解他们丈夫的薪金。 来自辞典例句
2 persuasive 0MZxR     
  • His arguments in favour of a new school are very persuasive.他赞成办一座新学校的理由很有说服力。
  • The evidence was not really persuasive enough.证据并不是太有说服力。
3 physically iNix5     
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他浑身不舒服,心绪也很乱。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到极恶心。
4 tone bqFyP     
  • There was a tone of mockery in his voice.他说话的语气含有嘲笑的意味。
  • Holmes used an informal,chatty tone in his essays.霍姆斯在文章中语气轻松随便。
5 stride 7hKyR     
  • In a big stride he came out of the room.他一个箭步出了房间。
  • The boy walked with a confident manly stride.这男孩以自信的男人步伐行走。
6 strode strode     
大踏步走,跨过( stride的过去式 ); (stride的过去式)
  • She strode past him without a backward glance . 她大步从他身边走过,都没有回头瞧他一眼。
  • We strode across the snowy fields. 我们大步流星地穿过雪封的旷野。
7 striding 1399f6bf9716de480765a56193315ef6     
大踏步走,跨过( stride的现在分词 )
  • Without pondering anymore, he started back, striding swiftly. 不敢再思索,他拔起腿就往回走,非常的快。 来自汉英文学 - 骆驼祥子
  • Striding unconcernedly toward them through the inches-deep dust came a priest. 一个教士正踏着一寸多厚的灰尘,泰然自若地向他们走来。
8 strides 3372f3d8ac7d6db0997a8fe6b38d549a     
裤子; 大步( stride的名词复数 ); 步法; 步态; 进展
  • The child could not keep up with his father's strides. 那个孩子跟不上他父亲的步子。
  • That 70-year-old man walked into the park with vigorous strides. 那位七旬老人健步走进公园。
9 admiration afpyA     
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他对风景之美赞不绝口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
10 consistent hYwyU     
  • He has been a consistent friend to the Chinese people.他是中国人民始终如一的朋友。
  • His action is always consistent with his words.他始终言行一致。
11 unity 4kQwT     
  • When we speak of unity,we do not mean unprincipled peace.所谓团结,并非一团和气。
  • We must strengthen our unity in the face of powerful enemies.大敌当前,我们必须加强团结。
12 consistently OYnyU     
  • The Ministry of Finance consistently overestimated its budget deficits. 财政部一贯高估预算赤字。
  • The minister has consistently opposed any relaxation in the law. 部长一向反对法律上的任何放宽。
13 depressed xu8zp9     
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮丧时就感到完全脱离了现实。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.这个坏消息使他的母亲意志消沉。
14 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
15 briefly 9Styo     
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
16 workload fVCzw     
  • An assistant one day a week would ease my workload.每周有一天配一个助手就会减轻我的工作负担。
  • He's always grousing about the workload.他总是抱怨工作量大。
17 considerably 0YWyQ     
  • The economic situation has changed considerably.经济形势已发生了相当大的变化。
  • The gap has narrowed considerably.分歧大大缩小了。
18 brooding brooding     
n.孵卵 adj.沉思的,笼罩的 动词brood的现在分词
  • You're not still brooding over what he said, are you? 你不是还在为他的话闷闷不乐吧?
  • The hen is brooding her eggs. 母鸡正在孵小鸡。
19 instructor D6GxY     
  • The college jumped him from instructor to full professor.大学突然把他从讲师提升为正教授。
  • The skiing instructor was a tall,sunburnt man.滑雪教练是一个高高个子晒得黑黑的男子。
20 fixed JsKzzj     
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
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