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新视野大学英语读写教程词汇 第二册 Unit 10b

时间:2010-12-18 06:25来源:互联网 提供网友:hs400652   字体: [ ]

<TITLE>New Words</TITLE>
||<1>dot         |n. |[C] a small round mark |点;小圆点
||||Join the dots up to complete the drawing. |把小圆点连接起来,完成这幅画。
||||Her skirt was blue with white dots. |她的短裙是蓝底白点。
|||vt. |mark sth. with a dot |加小点
||||Your handwriting is difficult to read because you don't dot your i's. |你写的字很难认,因为你写的i上面不加小点。
||||The doctor dotted the location of the first incision1 with a pen before he picked up a scalpel. |医生在拿起手术刀之前用笔在第一切口处作个记号。
||<2>drift |vi.    |move slowly on water or in the air |飘动;漂流
||||She watched the birds as they drifted up into the sky. |她看着鸟儿飞上天空。
||||Early that morning, a mist drifted in from the sea. |那天一早从海上飘来了一层薄雾。
|@|<3>explode |vi.    |1. burst with a lot of force and a loud noise |爆炸
||||A bomb exploded at London's busy railway station this morning. |今晨一枚炸弹在伦敦繁忙的火车站爆炸。
||||He was driving so fast that his car tire exploded. |他车开得太快,以致车胎都爆了。
||||2. suddenly increase in number, amount, or degree |急剧增加;激增
||||The rapidly exploding population in some countries is a serious problem for their governments. |一些国家迅速增长的人口成了其政府面临的严重问题。
||||Even economists3 were shocked to see the inflation4 rate explode overnight. |甚至经济学家对通货膨胀一夜之间爆发也感到震惊。
||<4>lightning |n.|[U] flash of bright light in the sky during a storm |闪电
||||There was a flash of lightning and then it started raining. |先是一道闪电,接着就开始下起雨来。
||||That tree was struck by lightning last week. |那棵树上星期被闪电击中。
||<5>outward     |ad.|toward the outside |向外
||||The door opens outward. |这扇门向外开。
||||New suburbs are pushing outward into previously5 wooded areas. |新的郊区正向以前的森林地带推进。
||<6>weed |v.|take out wild plants from the ground |除杂草
||||I've been busy weeding in the garden. |我一直忙着在园子里除杂草。
||||I'm weeding the vegetable garden—would you like to help? |我正在为菜园除草,你愿意帮忙吗?
||<7> <em>underclothes</em> |n.     |(pl.) |内衣;贴身衣服
|| | |All his underclothes, his sports socks and his trousers were smeared6 with dirt. |他所有的内衣、运动袜和裤子都被弄脏了。
||<8>stagger7 |vi. |walk or move unsteadily as if about to fall |蹒跚;摇晃
||||She staggered9 and fell. |她踉踉跄跄地摔倒了。
||||After he was attacked, he managed to stagger to the phone and to call for help. |遭到袭击后,他摇摇晃晃地走到电话亭打电话求救。
|@ |<9>expose |vt.    |1. fail to protect sb. from sth. dangerous or harmful |使暴露
||||Don't expose your skin to the sun too much. |不要长时间把皮肤暴露在阳光下。
||||The soldiers were exposed to great danger. |士兵们面临着极大的危险。
||||2. make sth. secret known |揭露;将...暴光
||||His remark exposed his ignorance10 of the subject. |他的话暴露了他对该学科的无知。
||||The newspaper story exposed him as a cheat. |新闻报道揭露出他是一个骗子。
||<10> <em>exposed</em> |a.     |not covered or protected |暴露的;未受保护的
||||You should cover your exposed skin with suntan lotion11. |皮肤露在外面的部分你应该擦上防晒伤。
||||The exposed electric wire is very dangerous. |那根裸电线十分危险。
||<11>luxury |n.     |1. [U] great comfort and pleasure, such as one gets from expensive houses, cars, etc. |奢侈;奢华
||||a luxury hotel/car |豪华旅馆/高档汽车
||||2. [C] sth. expensive but one does not really need |奢侈品
||||We can't afford many luxuries. |我们买不起很多奢侈品。
||||It would be a luxury to be able to have a day off work. |能休一天假是一件奢侈的事。
|@ |<12>sector12 |n.     |1. [C] a part of an area that is separated from others |区域
||||There is an enemy attack in the southern sector. |敌人在南部地区发动进攻。
||||They relocated to a quieter sector of the camp where they could talk comfortably. |他们搬到营地的一个安静区域,以便能更舒适地谈话。
||||2. [C] a part of business, trade, etc. |部门;行业
||||In the financial sector, banks and insurance companies have both lost a lot of money. |在金融界,银行和保险公司都蒙受了很大损失。
||||New government's policy is to change state industries from the public sector to the private sector. |新政府的政策是将国有工业由公转私。
||<13>thunder|vi.    |make a loud noise in the sky, usually after a flash of lightning |打雷;发出雷鸣般的响声
||||A voice thundered in my ear. |一个声音在我耳边轰鸣。
||||The train thundered by, shaking the house. |列车呼啸而过,房子都震动起来。
|||n.|[U] the sudden noise that comes after a flash of lightning |雷;雷声
||||We had thunder and lightning last night. |昨夜雷电交加。
||||The thunder from the storm kept him awake all night. |暴风雨中雷声隆隆,使他一宿无眠。
||<14>heir2 |n.     |[C] sb. with the legal right to receive money, property, etc. when the owner dies |继承人
||||Despite having a large family, they still had no son and heir. |尽管家里人口众多,他俩仍然没有儿子作继承人。
||||She made her fourth son heir. |她将第四子选作继承人。
|& |<15>roomy |a.     |having plenty of space |宽敞的
||||a roomy car |一辆宽敞的汽车
||||They live in a roomy flat on the first floor. |他们住在一楼一套宽敞的公寓里。
||<16>layout|n.     |[C] a way in which the parts of sth. are arranged according to a plan |布局;安排
||||The layout of the house is more a series of spaces opening on to each other than separate rooms. |那幢房子的各个房间不是相互隔断的,而是都相通的。
||||Application forms are often very different in layout and length. |申请表格的格式和长度往往差别很大。
||<17>mat |n.     |[C] a piece of material for covering part of a floor |席子;垫子
||||She put the glass mats on the table. |她把杯垫放在桌上。
||||Pubs usually have beer mats to put the glasses on and protect the tables. |酒吧里通常有小垫子供放啤酒杯用,同时还可保护桌面。
|& |<18>tatami |n.| |榻榻米(日本人铺在房内地板上的稻草垫)
||||He didn't know that it was rude to step on tatami while wearing shoes. |他不知道穿着鞋上榻榻米是不礼貌的。
|@ |<19>limb |n.     |[C] an arm or leg |肢;翼
||||She sat down to rest her tired and aching limbs13. |她坐下来让疲劳酸痛的四肢放松一下。
||||The students mostly had injuries to their lower limbs. |这些学生大多数下肢有伤。
||<20>flesh |n.     |[U] the soft part of the body which is between the skin and the bones, or the soft inner part of a fruit |肉;果肉
||||The trap had cut deeply into the rabbit's flesh. |诱捕器深深地嵌入了兔子的肉里。
||||To make apple sauce, you have to remove the skins from the apples and use only the flesh. |要做苹果酱,你必须削去苹果皮,只用果肉。
||<21>chap |n.     |[C] a man |小伙子
||||He's a friendly sort of chap. |他是个挺友好的小伙子。
||||Be a good chap and open the door for me, would you? |乖孩子,给我开开门好吗?
||<22>glimpse |n.     |[C] a quick look |一瞥
||||One glimpse at himself in the mirror was enough. |他只是想朝镜子里看一下自己。
||||I caught a glimpse of the driver, but I doubt I would recognize her if I saw her again. |我只见过那个司机一面,我不知道如果再见到她时能否认得出来。
||<23>bandage |n.     |[C] a long narrow piece of cloth which is tied around an injury |绷带
||||She offered to put a bandage on his arm. |她主动提出为他包扎手臂。
||||She was wearing a bandage round her head. |她头上缠着绷带。
||<24>sway |vi.    |move slowly from one side to another |摇摆;摇动
||||The trees are swaying in the wind. |树在风中摇摆。
||||She swayed as she danced. |她跳舞时摆动身子。
||<25>slope |n.     |1. [C] the side of a hill or mountain |山坡
||||There's a very sharp slope just before you reach the top of the mountain. |在你到达山顶之前有一段非常陡的山坡。
||||It was a beautiful day and there were lots of people on the snowy slopes. |天气很好,积雪的山坡上人很多。
||||2. [C] a piece of ground that has one end higher than the other |斜坡
||||The roof is at a slope of 30°. |屋顶呈30度斜角。
||||The garden was on a south-facing slope which caught the sun. |花园位于可以照到阳光的朝南的斜坡上。
||<26>uneasy14 |a.     |worried or anxious about sth. |心神不安的;担心的
||||I'm uneasy about the future. |我对未来很感忧虑。
||||She has a rather uneasy relationship with her mother-in-law. |她与婆婆的关系很不融洽。
|@ |<27>heal |v.     |(cause to) become healthy again |(使)愈合;(使)康复
||||The soup will help to heal the broken bone. |这种汤有利于治好骨折。
||||His broken heart will take a long time to heal. |他破碎的心需要很久才能愈合。
||<28>radiation |n.     |[U] |(核)辐射
||||With nuclear power, there is always the fear that there will be a release of harmful radiation. |对核能,人们总担心会有有害的放射性物质泄漏。
||||Many soldiers suffered radiation sickness after being present, without protection, at the early atomic tests. |在未作防护参与早期的原子试验后,许多军人患了由辐射引起的疾病。
||<29>atomic |a.  | |原子的
||||an atomic bomb |原子弹
||<30>dizzy |a.     |feeling unable to stand steadily8 |头晕目眩的
||||After another glass of whisky I began to feel dizzy. |又喝了一杯威士忌酒后,我开始感到头晕。
||||Going without sleep for a long time makes me feel dizzy. |长时间没有睡觉使我头晕目眩。
||<31>gum |n.     |1. [C] firm pink flesh at the base of the teeth |牙龈
||||If you brush your teeth too hard, your gums may start to bleed. |如果刷牙时太用力, 齿龈就会开始出血。
||||2. [U] |口香糖
||||It's impolite to talk to others while you are chewing gum. |一边嚼口香糖一边和人交谈是不礼貌的。
||<32>bowel15 |n.     |(~s) |肠
||||Eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables can reduce the risk of bowel cancer. |多吃新鲜的水果和蔬菜能够减少肠癌的危险。
||<33>ghost |n.     |[C] |幽灵;鬼
||||Do you believe in ghosts? |你相信有鬼吗?
||||He looked as if he had seen a ghost. |他那样子好像看见了鬼似的。
||<34> <em>after-effect</em> |n.     |[C] a bad effect that continues for a long time after the thing that caused it |(不良)后果;副作用
||  |  |He felt sleepy; that was the after-effect of the drug. |他感到困倦,那是药的副作用。
||  |  |His love affair had left a bitter after-effect. |他的那段情史留下苦涩的后果。
|@ |<35>historical |a.     |relating to history or the past |历史上的
||||Many historical documents were destroyed when the library was bombed. |许多历史文献在图书馆遭轰炸时被毁。
||||We have no historical evidence for it. |这方面我们没有掌握历史证据。
<TITLE>Phrases and Expressions</TITLE>
||<36>break off |1. (cause to) become separated from the main part |(使)折断
|||The door handle has broken off. |门把手已经断了。
|||Mary broke off some of the chocolate to give to the children. |玛丽把巧克力掰开,分了一些给孩子们。
|||2. stop doing sth. or end a relationship |中止;中断
|||Our trading connection has broken off owing to a disagreement over prices. |我们的贸易往来由于价格上的分歧而中止。
|||She broke off with her old classmates when she went away to college. |她上大学后,就和原来的同班同学断绝了往来。
||<37>sink into |gradually go into a worse condition |恶化,陷入更糟糕状态
|||Don't let yourself sink into despair. |不要让你自己陷入绝望的境地。
|||Don't allow yourself to sink into grief16. |可别让自己沉浸在悲痛之中。
||<38>wanting in sth.|not having enough of sth. |某物不足;缺少某物
|||His behavior was wanting in politeness. |他的行为有失礼貌。
|||I think she's perhaps a little wanting in charm17. |我想她大概是不够迷人。
||<39>expect sth. of sb. |hope or think it likely that sb. will do sth. |对某人有...期望;指望某人做
||    |The whole family expects great things of him. |全家人对他寄于厚望。
||    |Don't expect too much of him. |不要对他期望太高。
||<40>remain of |be left or still present after other parts have been removed or used or dealt with |从...留下;剩下
|||What will remain of the old city if the new road is built through the center? |如果穿越市中心修一条新公路,那么老城还剩下什么呢?
|||Nothing remained of the body but bones and ashes. |那尸体除了骨头和灰烬什么也不剩了。
||<41>make for |move in a particular direction |朝...走去;朝...前进
|||It's getting late; we'd better make for home. |天晚了,我们最好回家吧。
|||After the concert, the crowd made for the nearest door. |音乐会结束后,人群朝着最近的那个出口涌去。
||<42>take sb. in |let sb. stay in one's house |收留;接纳
|||He was homeless, so we took him in. |他无家可归,所以我们收留了他。
|||Some of the local people take in students to add to their income. |一些当地人为学生提供住宿以增加收入。
||<43>be seized with |be suddenly affected18 by a strong feeling |被(强烈的感情)影响或支配
|||We were seized with a sudden impulse19 to run. |我们突然萌生了一种想跑的冲动。
|||I was suddenly seized with a feeling of loneliness. |我突然产生了一种孤独感。
||<44>give way to |be replaced by sth. newer, better, or different |被...取代
|||Glass has given way to high-tech20 materials. |玻璃由高科技材料取代。
|||Due to the efforts made by the two sides, conflicts have given way to cooperation. |由于双方的努力,冲突已转化为合作。
||<45>go into |change to a different state or condition, usu. a worse one |陷入
|||Fur sales went into a sharp decline21. |毛皮销量直线下滑。
|||The thieves have gone into hiding. |盗贼已躲藏起来。
<TITLE>Proper Names</TITLE>
||<46>Hiroshima  | |广岛(日本本州岛西南岸港市,1945年8月6日美国在此投下第一颗原子弹)
||<47>Kaz Tanaka | |田中和子(日本女子名)
||<48>Los Alamos | |洛斯阿拉莫斯(美国新墨西哥州中北部城镇,著名的原子能研究中心)


1 incision w4Dy7     
  • The surgeon made a small incision in the patient's cornea.外科医生在病人的眼角膜上切开一个小口。
  • The technique involves making a tiny incision in the skin.这项技术需要在皮肤上切一个小口。
2 heir 3dVxj     
  • The King's eldest son is the heir to the throne.国王的长子是王位的继承人。
  • We don't recognised him to be the lawful heir.我们不承认他为合法继承人。
3 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 inflation 4bqz8     
  • Gold prices are often seen as an indicator of inflation.黃金价格常常被看作是通货膨胀的指标。
  • The inflation of the airbed took several minutes.给空气床垫充气花了几分钟时间。
5 previously bkzzzC     
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
6 smeared c767e97773b70cc726f08526efd20e83     
弄脏; 玷污; 涂抹; 擦上
  • The children had smeared mud on the walls. 那几个孩子往墙上抹了泥巴。
  • A few words were smeared. 有写字被涂模糊了。
7 stagger QGmzk     
  • The unexpected blow did not stagger his resolution.这个意外打击并没有动摇他的决心。
  • We can't hold the two meetings at the same time,we must stagger them.这两个会不能同时开得错一下。
8 steadily Qukw6     
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
9 staggered 6012b5293d0c7397efd784be681cd35c     
  • The injured woman staggered to her feet. 受伤的女人摇摇晃晃地站起身来。
  • I was staggered at the amount of money the ring cost. 那戒指那么贵,我非常吃惊。
10 ignorance Mc4z9     
  • The relation of disease to poverty and ignorance is easy to see.疾病与贫穷、无知之间的关系是显而易见的。
  • Maybe it is all due to my own ignorance.也许是我少见多怪。
11 lotion w3zyV     
  • The lotion should be applied sparingly to the skin.这种洗液应均匀地涂在皮肤上。
  • She lubricates her hands with a lotion.她用一种洗剂来滑润她的手。
12 sector yjczYn     
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
13 limbs 8db8ebd9499664a8ddd2fbbc07b882c2     
肢( limb的名词复数 ); 大树枝; 肢体
  • For a while, she lost the use of her limbs. 好一会儿她四肢都动弹不得。
  • The prisoner's limbs flailed violently because of the pain. 那囚犯因为疼痛,四肢剧烈地抖动着。
14 uneasy 8kDwf     
  • He feels uneasy today.他今天心里感到不安。
  • She had an uneasy feeling that they were still following her.她有一种他们仍在跟踪她的不安感觉。
15 bowel Bszzy     
  • Irritable bowel syndrome seems to affect more women than men.女性比男性更易患肠易激综合征。
  • Have you had a bowel movement today?你今天有排便吗?
16 grief DfHxP     
  • Don't allow yourself to sink into grief,it can do no good.不要使自己陷入悲哀之中,这样一点好处也没有。
  • After her mother died,she abandoned herself to grief.母亲死后,她沉浸于悲痛之中。
17 charm prVzK     
  • With all imperfections the short play has a real charm.尽管有不少缺欠,这出小戏仍颇具魅力。
  • He could resist her charm no longer.他再也抗拒不住她的魅力。
18 affected TzUzg0     
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
19 impulse 6cWzP     
  • She wrote that letter on impulse.她一时冲动写了这封信。
  • I don't know how to resist my impulse.我不知道怎样抑制自己的感情冲动。
20 high-tech high-tech     
  • The economy is in the upswing which makes high-tech services in more demand too.经济在蓬勃发展,这就使对高科技服务的需求量也在加大。
  • The quest of a cure for disease with high-tech has never ceased. 人们希望运用高科技治疗疾病的追求从未停止过。
21 decline K9gyw     
  • I must decline to show favour to any of the candidates.我必须拒绝偏袒任何一位候选人。
  • The birthrate is on the decline.出生率在下降。
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