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21世纪大学英语读写教程第二册 Unit1

时间:2006-02-21 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yxdzgd5   字体: [ ]
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Unit 1

Text A

Pre-reading Activities
First Listening
1. You're about to hear a conversation about Winston Churchill. Before you listen, take a look at the words below. Which do you think you're likely to hear when people discuss Churchill? Then, as you listen to the tape the first time, circle the words you hear.
prime minister author painter politician World War I romantic fearless serious passionate1 World War II

Second Listening
Read the following questions first to prepare yourself to answer them to the best of your ability.
2. What was the argument about? Which side do you believe?
3. What do you know about Winston Churchill as British prime minister? What about his personality—do you have any impressions of him as a human being?

Winston Churchill—His Other Life

Mary Soames

My father, Winston Churchill, began his love affair with painting in his 40s, amid disastrous2 circumstances. As First Lord of the Admiralty in 1915, he had been deeply involved in a campaign in the Dardanelles that could have shortened the course of a bloody3 world war. But when the mission failed, with great loss of life, Churchill paid the price, both publicly and privately4: He was removed from the Admiralty and lost his position of political influence.
Overwhelmed by the disaster — "I thought he would die of grief," said his wife, Clementine — he retired5 with his family to Hoe Farm, a country retreat in Surrey. There, as Churchill later recalled, "The muse6 of painting came to my rescue!"
One day when he was wandering in the garden, he chanced upon his sister-in-law sketching8 with watercolours. He watched her for a few minutes, then borrowed her brush and tried his hand — and the muse worked her magic. From that day forward, Winston was in love with painting.
Delighted with anything that distracted Winston from the dark thoughts that overwhelmed him, Clementine rushed off to buy whatever paints and materials she could find. Watercolours, oil paints, paper, canvas — Hoe Farm was soon filled with everything a painter could want or need.
Painting in oils turned out to be Winston's great love — but the first steps were strangely difficult. He contemplated10 the blank whiteness of his first canvas with unaccustomed nervousness. He later recalled:
"Very hesitantly I selected a tube of blue paint, and with infinite precaution made a mark about as big as a bean on the snow-white field. At that moment I heard the sound of a motorcar in the drive and threw down my brush in a panic. I was even more alarmed when I saw who stepped from the car: the wife of Sir John Lavery, the celebrated11 painter who lived nearby.
"'Painting!' she declared. 'What fun. But what are you waiting for? Let me have the brush — the big one.' She plunged13 into the paints and before I knew it, she had swept several fierce strokes and slashes15 of blue on the absolutely terrified canvas. Anyone could see it could not hit back. I hesitated no more. I seized the largest brush and fell upon my wretched victim with wild fury. I have never felt any fear of a canvas since."
Lavery, who later tutored Churchill in his art, said of his unusual pupil's artistic16 abilities: "Had he chosen painting instead of politics, he would have been a great master with the brush."
In painting, Churchill had discovered a companion with whom he was to walk for the greater part of his life. Painting would be his comfort when, in 1921, the death of his mother was followed two months later by the loss of his and Clementine's beloved three-year-old daughter, Marigold. Overcome by grief, Winston took refuge at the home of friends in Scotland — and in his painting. He wrote to Clementine: "I went out and painted a beautiful river in the afternoon light with red and golden hills in the background. Many loving thoughts.... Alas17, I keep feeling the hurt of Marigold."
Life and love and hope slowly revived. In September 1922 another child was born to Clementine and Winston: myself. In the same year, Winston bought Chartwell, the beloved home he was to paint in all its different aspects for the next 40 years.
My father must have felt a glow of satisfaction when in the mid-1920s he won first prize in a prestigious18 amateur art exhibition held in London. Entries were anonymous19, and some of the judges insisted that Winston's picture — one of his first of Chartwell — was the work of a professional, not an amateur, and should be disqualified. But in the end, they agreed to rely on the artist's honesty and were delighted when they learned that the picture had been painted by Churchill.
Historians have called the decade after 1929, when Winston again fell from office, his barren years. Politically barren they may have been, as his lonely voice struggled to awaken20 Britain to the menace of Hitler, but artistically21 those years bore abundant fruit: of the 500-odd Churchill canvases in existence, roughly half date from 1930 to 1939.
Painting remained a joy to Churchill to the end of his life. "Happy are the painters," he had written in his book Painting as a Pastime, "for they shall not be lonely. Light and colour, peace and hope, will keep them company to the end of the day." And so it was for my father.
(776 words)

New Words

amid
prep.in the middle of, among 在…之中

* disastrous
a. extremely bad; terrible 灾难性的,糟透的

lord
n. (in Britain) title of some officials of very high rank(英)大臣;大人,阁下

admiralty
n. (the A~)(in Britain) government department in charge of the navy (英)海军部

campaign
n. 1. a series of planned military actions 战役
2. a planned series of activities, esp. in politics and business 运动

bloody
a. 1. very violent, with a lot of wounding and killing22 血腥的
2. covered with blood 血污的

mission
n. 1. (usu. military) duty or purpose for which people are sent somewhere [常指军事]任务
2. 天职,使命

privately
ad. 1. not publicly 非公开地
2. personally; secretly 在涉及私(个)人方面;秘密地

private
a. 1. personal; secret 私(个)人的;秘密的
2. not public 非公开的

disaster
n. (a)sudden great misfortune 灾难,天灾;祸患

* grief
n. a feeling of extreme sadness 悲哀

* grieve
v. suffer from grief or great sadness (为…而)悲伤;伤心

retreat
n. 1. a place into which one can go for peace and safety 隐居处
2. 撤退;避难
vi. move back or leave a center of fighting or other activity 撤退;退避

muse, Muse
n. 1. (in Greek mythology) one of the nine goddesses of poetry, music, etc. 缪斯(希腊神话中司文艺的九位女神之一)
2. a force or person that inspires sb. to write, paint, etc. 创作灵感

rescue
n. help which gets sb. out of a dangerous or unpleasant situation 救助;救援
vt. 救助;救援

sister-in-law
n. sister of one's husband or wife 姑子;姨子;嫂子;弟媳

sketch7
v. make a quick, rough drawing (of sth.) 素描,速写
n. 素描,速写

watercolo(u)r
n. 水彩(颜料);水彩画

magic
n. 魔法,法术
a. 有魔力的

* distract
vt. (from) take (one's mind, sb.) off sth. 转移(注意力); 使转移注意力

* canvas
n. 1. a piece of strong heavy cloth used for an oil painting 帆布画布
2. a completed oil painting 油画

* contemplate9
vt. look at in a serious or quiet way, often for some time (默默地)注视,凝视

blank
a. 1. without writing, print or other marks 空白的
2. expressionless;without understanding 无表情的;茫然的

unaccustomed
a. not used (to sth.); not usual (对某物)不习惯的;不寻常的

accustomed
a. regular; usual 惯常的,通常的

hesitantly
ad. not doing sth. quickly or immediately for one's uncertainty23 or worry about it 犹豫不决地

infinite
a. extremely great in degree or amount; without limits or end 无限的;极大的

precaution
n. 1. carefulness 防备,预防
2. an action taken to avoid sth. dangerous or unpleasant 预防措施

bean
n. 豆;蚕豆

motorcar
n. a car 汽车

alarm
vt. excite with sudden fear or anxiety 使惊恐;使忧虑
n. 1. a sudden feeling of fear or anxiety 惊恐;忧虑
2. a warning of danger 警报

plunge12
vi. (into, in) 1. rush suddenly and deeply into sth. 投身于
2. suddenly fall in a particular direction 纵身投入;一头扎入

fierce
a. 1. angry, violent and cruel 暴怒的;凶猛的;残酷的
2. (of heat, strong feelings) very great 强烈的

* slash14
n. a long sweeping24 cut or blow 砍;挥击
vt. cut with long sweeping forceful strokes;move or force with this kind of cutting movement 砍,砍击;猛挥

absolutely
ad. completely;without conditions 完全地;绝对地

* terrify
vt. fill with terror or fear 恐吓,使惊吓

* wretched
a. very unhappy or unfortunate 不幸的;可怜的

victim
n. sb. or sth. hurt or killed as a result of other people's actions, or of illness, bad luck, etc. 牺牲者,受害者;牺牲品

* fury
n. 1. a wildly excited state (of feeling or activity) 狂热;激烈
2. (a state of) very great anger 狂怒

artistic
a. 1. of. concerning art or artists 艺术的;艺术家的
2. made with inventive skill or imagination 富有艺术性的

companion
n. mate; one who associates with or accompanies another 同伴;伴侣

beloved
a. much loved; darling 深爱的;亲爱的

overcome
vt. 1. (often pass.) (by, with) (of feelings) take control and influence one's behavior [常被动](感情等)压倒,使受不了
2. win a victory over; defeat 克服;战胜

* refuge
n. (a place that provides) protection or shelter from harm, danger or unhappiness 避难(所);庇护(所)

alas
int. a cry expressing grief, sorrow or fear 唉(表示悲伤、忧愁、恐惧等)

* revive
v. 1. regain25 strength, consciousness, life, etc.;bring (sb. or sth.) back to strength, consciousness, life, etc. (使)复苏;(使)重振活力
2. become active, popular, or successful again 恢复生机;复兴;重新流行

glow
n. a feeling of warmth or pleasure 热烈
vi. emit a soft light 发光

amateur
a. & n. (a person who is) not professional 业余(水平)的(运动员、艺术家等)

entry
n. 1. a person or thing taking part in a competition, race, etc. 参赛一员
2. entrance; the act of entering or the right to enter 进入;进入权

* anonymous
a. (of a person) with name unknown;(of a letter, painting, etc.) written or created by an unidentified person 名字不详的;匿名的

disqualify
vt. make or declare unfit, unsuitable, or unable to do sth. 取消…的资格;使不适合;使不能

rely
vi. (on, upon) 1. have trust or confidence (in) 信任;信赖
2. depend with full trust or confidence 依赖

* historian
n. a person who studies history and/or writes about it 历史学家

* barren
a. (of land) unproductive (土地等)贫瘠的,荒芜的

awaken
vt. 1. (to) cause to become conscious of 使意识到
2. cause to wake up 唤醒

* menace
n. a threat or danger 威胁

abundant
a. plentiful26; more than enough 丰富的;充足的

abundance
n. a great quantity; plenty 丰富;充裕;大量

odd
a. 1. (infml.) (after numbers) a little more than the stated number [常用以构成复合词]…以上的;…出头的
2. strange or unusual 奇特的;古怪的
3. 奇数的,单数的

existence
n. the state of existing 存在;实有

* pastime
n. hobby;sth. done to pass time in a pleasant way 消遣,娱乐

Phrases and Expressions

pay the price
experience sth. unpleasant because one has done sth. wrong, made a mistake, etc. 付出代价

come to sb.'s rescue
help sb. when he/she is in danger or difficulty 解救某人,救助某人

chance upon
meet by chance; find by chance 偶然碰见;偶然发现

try one's hand
attempt (to do sth.), esp. for the first time 尝试

plunge into
begin to do sth. suddenly; enter without hesitation27 突然或仓促地开始某事;突然冲入

before one knows it
before one has time to consider the course of events 转眼之间,瞬息之间

fall upon
attack fiercely 猛攻,猛扑

take refuge
seek protection from danger or unhappiness 避难

rely on
trust, or confidently depend on 依赖,依靠

fall from office
lose a position of authority to which sb. was elected or appointed 离位,下台

awaken to
cause to become conscious of 使意识到

bear fruit
produce successful results 结果实;有成果

date from
have existed since 始自

keep sb. company
stay with sb. so that he/she is not alone 陪伴某人

Proper Names

Winston Churchill
温斯顿·丘吉尔(1874—1965,英国保守党政治家、首相[1940—1945,1951—1955]、作家)

Mary Soames
玛丽·索姆斯

First Lord of the Admiralty
(英国)海军大臣

Dardanelles
达达尼尔海峡(位于亚洲小亚细亚半岛同欧洲巴尔干半岛之间)

Clementine
克莱门泰因(女子名)

Surrey
萨里郡(英国英格兰郡名)

John Lavery
约翰·莱佛利

Marigold
玛丽戈尔德(女子名)

Chartwell
查特威尔(宅名)

Adolf. Hitler
希特勒(1889—1945,纳粹德国元首)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 passionate rLDxd     
adj.热情的,热烈的,激昂的,易动情的,易怒的,性情暴躁的
参考例句:
  • He is said to be the most passionate man.据说他是最有激情的人。
  • He is very passionate about the project.他对那个项目非常热心。
2 disastrous 2ujx0     
adj.灾难性的,造成灾害的;极坏的,很糟的
参考例句:
  • The heavy rainstorm caused a disastrous flood.暴雨成灾。
  • Her investment had disastrous consequences.She lost everything she owned.她的投资结果很惨,血本无归。
3 bloody kWHza     
adj.非常的的;流血的;残忍的;adv.很;vt.血染
参考例句:
  • He got a bloody nose in the fight.他在打斗中被打得鼻子流血。
  • He is a bloody fool.他是一个十足的笨蛋。
4 privately IkpzwT     
adv.以私人的身份,悄悄地,私下地
参考例句:
  • Some ministers admit privately that unemployment could continue to rise.一些部长私下承认失业率可能继续升高。
  • The man privately admits that his motive is profits.那人私下承认他的动机是为了牟利。
5 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
6 muse v6CzM     
n.缪斯(希腊神话中的女神),创作灵感
参考例句:
  • His muse had deserted him,and he could no longer write.他已无灵感,不能再写作了。
  • Many of the papers muse on the fate of the President.很多报纸都在揣测总统的命运。
7 sketch UEyyG     
n.草图;梗概;素描;v.素描;概述
参考例句:
  • My sister often goes into the country to sketch. 我姐姐常到乡间去写生。
  • I will send you a slight sketch of the house.我将给你寄去房屋的草图。
8 sketching 2df579f3d044331e74dce85d6a365dd7     
n.草图
参考例句:
  • They are sketching out proposals for a new road. 他们正在草拟修建新路的计划。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • "Imagination is busy sketching rose-tinted pictures of joy. “飞舞驰骋的想象描绘出一幅幅玫瑰色欢乐的场景。 来自英汉文学 - 汤姆历险
9 contemplate PaXyl     
vt.盘算,计议;周密考虑;注视,凝视
参考例句:
  • The possibility of war is too horrifying to contemplate.战争的可能性太可怕了,真不堪细想。
  • The consequences would be too ghastly to contemplate.后果不堪设想。
10 contemplated d22c67116b8d5696b30f6705862b0688     
adj. 预期的 动词contemplate的过去分词形式
参考例句:
  • The doctor contemplated the difficult operation he had to perform. 医生仔细地考虑他所要做的棘手的手术。
  • The government has contemplated reforming the entire tax system. 政府打算改革整个税收体制。
11 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
12 plunge 228zO     
v.跳入,(使)投入,(使)陷入;猛冲
参考例句:
  • Test pool's water temperature before you plunge in.在你跳入之前你应该测试水温。
  • That would plunge them in the broil of the two countries.那将会使他们陷入这两国的争斗之中。
13 plunged 06a599a54b33c9d941718dccc7739582     
v.颠簸( plunge的过去式和过去分词 );暴跌;骤降;突降
参考例句:
  • The train derailed and plunged into the river. 火车脱轨栽进了河里。
  • She lost her balance and plunged 100 feet to her death. 她没有站稳,从100英尺的高处跌下摔死了。
14 slash Hrsyq     
vi.大幅度削减;vt.猛砍,尖锐抨击,大幅减少;n.猛砍,斜线,长切口,衣衩
参考例句:
  • The shop plans to slash fur prices after Spring Festival.该店计划在春节之后把皮货降价。
  • Don't slash your horse in that cruel way.不要那样残忍地鞭打你的马。
15 slashes 56bb1b94ee9e9eea535fc173e91c6ee0     
n.(用刀等)砍( slash的名词复数 );(长而窄的)伤口;斜杠;撒尿v.挥砍( slash的第三人称单数 );鞭打;割破;削减
参考例句:
  • They report substantial slashes in this year's defense outlays. 他们报道今年度国防经费的大量削减。 来自辞典例句
  • Inmates suffered injuries ranging from stab wounds and slashes to head trauma. 囚犯们有的被刺伤,有的被砍伤,而有的头部首创,伤势不一而足。 来自互联网
16 artistic IeWyG     
adj.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;善于艺术创作的
参考例句:
  • The picture on this screen is a good artistic work.这屏风上的画是件很好的艺术品。
  • These artistic handicrafts are very popular with foreign friends.外国朋友很喜欢这些美术工艺品。
17 alas Rx8z1     
int.唉(表示悲伤、忧愁、恐惧等)
参考例句:
  • Alas!The window is broken!哎呀!窗子破了!
  • Alas,the truth is less romantic.然而,真理很少带有浪漫色彩。
18 prestigious nQ2xn     
adj.有威望的,有声望的,受尊敬的
参考例句:
  • The young man graduated from a prestigious university.这个年轻人毕业于一所名牌大学。
  • You may even join a prestigious magazine as a contributing editor.甚至可能会加入一个知名杂志做编辑。
19 anonymous lM2yp     
adj.无名的;匿名的;无特色的
参考例句:
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行为。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公开。
20 awaken byMzdD     
vi.醒,觉醒;vt.唤醒,使觉醒,唤起,激起
参考例句:
  • Old people awaken early in the morning.老年人早晨醒得早。
  • Please awaken me at six.请于六点叫醒我。
21 artistically UNdyJ     
adv.艺术性地
参考例句:
  • The book is beautifully printed and artistically bound. 这本书印刷精美,装帧高雅。
  • The room is artistically decorated. 房间布置得很美观。
22 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
23 uncertainty NlFwK     
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
24 sweeping ihCzZ4     
adj.范围广大的,一扫无遗的
参考例句:
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
25 regain YkYzPd     
vt.重新获得,收复,恢复
参考例句:
  • He is making a bid to regain his World No.1 ranking.他正为重登世界排名第一位而努力。
  • The government is desperate to regain credibility with the public.政府急于重新获取公众的信任。
26 plentiful r2izH     
adj.富裕的,丰富的
参考例句:
  • Their family has a plentiful harvest this year.他们家今年又丰收了。
  • Rainfall is plentiful in the area.这个地区雨量充足。
27 hesitation tdsz5     
n.犹豫,踌躇
参考例句:
  • After a long hesitation, he told the truth at last.踌躇了半天,他终于直说了。
  • There was a certain hesitation in her manner.她的态度有些犹豫不决。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  读写教程  第二册  unit
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