英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

21世纪大学英语读写教程第二册 Unit5

时间:2006-02-21 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yxdzgd5   字体: [ ]
特别声明:本栏目内容均从网络收集或者网友提供,供仅参考试用,我们无法保证内容完整和正确。如果资料损害了您的权益,请与站长联系,我们将及时删除并致以歉意。
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

UNIT 5

Text A

Pre-reading Activities
First Listening
1. Before you listen to the tape, briefly1 describe the forms of financial support that students in China or elsewhere can get. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
Scholarships grants student loans part-time jobs work/study programs parents

Second Listening
Then, as you listen to the tape the first time, circle the form(s) of aid that Priscilla is most interested in.
2. In your experience (or imagination!), is the conversation on the tape very different from what usually happens at a university financial aid office?

Holding Onto a Dream

While preparing to graduate from high school in 1987, Priscilla Vazquez waited anxiously for her letter from the University of Washington, hoping she would be the first person in her family to attend college. When the acceptance letter arrived, she was overjoyed.
There was just one problem: The University of Washington didn't have any grant money to give Priscilla. It offered her only a small loan and expected her family to come up with the rest. "My family was making enough money to get by, but not enough to pay that much for me to go to school," she said.
Priscilla called the financial-aid office for advice. They told her that prospective2 students seeking more financial aid are eligible3 only if they have lived apart from their parents for a minimum of two years. During that time, their parents cannot have claimed them as a dependent on the family's tax forms. "Hearing this, I was totally stunned," Priscilla recalls. "I realized I was going to have to take some time off, work, become financially independent from my parents, and then reapply to school. Postponing4 my dream hurt, but it was the only possibility."
Within a month, Priscilla had found a job at a restaurant and moved into a cheap apartment in a poor neighborhood of Seattle. She also signed up for a job-training program in the city, to learn to be a secretary. It was a hard lifestyle to adjust to. "I got up at 6 a.m. for a long commute5 to school, finished class at 2 p.m., started work at three, got off my shift at 11 p.m., and then I came back home and collapsed6."
Priscilla soon found that her restaurant job just didn't pay enough for her to make ends meet. "So I went to the landlord of my apartment building and asked if there was any cleaning work I could do. Since he felt sorry for me, he agreed to give me thirty hours a month."
The job-training program was designed to last six months. Priscilla finished it in four. "They taught me various office skills and word-processing programs. I also learned to answer the phone in an office setting, and write proper business letters," she said. The program helped Priscilla find employment as a secretary with a small company. "It was my first decent job," she says. "I was nineteen years old, living on my own, and making $15,000 a year."
Priscilla reapplied to the University of Washington and was accepted. She qualified8 for financial aid because she had been independent from her parents for more than two years. As of the fall of 1990, Priscilla was finally a college student — working full-time9 during the day as a secretary and going to school full-time at night.
Balancing work and school was difficult. "I was staying up late studying, and going to work early every morning. I was having a hard time concentrating in class, and a hard time on the job because I was so tired," she says. But she ended up with two A's in her first semester anyway.
Priscilla decided10 to pursue an archaeology11 major, and in the summer of 1992, she got her first opportunity to really test out her interest in the subject. The archaeological field school of Washington State University was sponsoring a summer research project at a site alongside the Snake River in Washington. Priscilla threw herself into the work, and the project supervisors12 were impressed. At the end of the summer, one of the professors offered her a job. "He said,‘We just got a contract for a project in North Dakota. We want to hire you if you're willing to take a semester off from school.'" The offer was a diversion from Priscilla's pursuit of her BA. "But by then I no longer doubted that I would ultimately finish school, so I felt comfortable grabbing this opportunity," she says.
When the North Dakota project ended, Priscilla moved to California, where she could live rent-free with one of her brothers. "I ended up working three jobs, trying to make as much money as I could," she recalls. "I was tired of working full-time and being a full-time student. My goal was to save enough money to let me go back to school, study full-time and work only part-time." Priscilla's brother ran a house-cleaning service, and he agreed to give her work. And she decided to enroll13 at a local community college where the tuition was much cheaper.
Priscilla took some art classes (she was an amateur photographer) and helped organize a gallery exhibit of students' artwork, including her own. In the spring of 1994, she graduated from Wenatchee Valley College with a two-year Associate of Arts degree. After graduating, Priscilla applied7 to the University of Washington once more. She was accepted and enrolled14 in the fall of 1994. Not having to work so many hours allowed her to make school her priority. "This was such a luxury, I was almost sorry to graduate!" Priscilla laughs. "But I was awarded my BA in January of 1996."
As Priscilla looks back on her years of struggle to make her dream come true, she is cautiously encouraging toward others working their way through school. "To balance work and school, you have to know yourself," she says. "You have to know what you can take and what you can't take. You need a lot of discipline, and you have to stay focused, even when you run into barriers and distractions16 and delays. But mostly you need determination. If you get put down once, just get back up there and keep fighting."
(949 words)

New Words

Overjoyed
a. extremely pleased; full of joy 万分高兴的,欣喜若狂的

loan
n. 1. sth. which is lent, esp. money 贷款;借出的东西
2. the act of lending 借;出借
vt. (esp. AmE) lend (主美) 借出;贷予

financial aid
n. 经济资助

*prospective
a. potential, possible 可能成为…的;未来的;预期的

*eligible
a. fulfilling the conditions necessary for some special privilege or status 符合被推选条件的;合格的

minimum
n. & a. (of) the smallest possible amount, degree, etc. 最小量(的);最低程度(的)

*minimal
a. as little as possible 最小的;尽可能少的

claim
vt. 1. ask for, take, or state that one should have (sth. to which one has a right) 对…提出要求
2. say that sth. is true 声称;主张
n. 1. (书面)要求;索赔
2. 声称;主张

dependent, dependant17
n. a person who depends on another for a home, food, etc. 依赖他人生活者;受扶养者
a. (on, upon) needing the help or support of sb. or sth. else 依赖的;依靠的

reapply
vi. apply again 再次申请,重新申请

postpone18
vt. (until, to) delay; move to some later time 延迟;使延期
job-training
职业培训

landlord
n. a person from whom sb. rents a room, a building, land, etc. 房东;地主

word-processing
n. [计]文字处理,文字信息处理

setting
n. 1. the place or type of surroundings where sth. is located or takes place 环境;背景
2. 调节(点)
3. (舞台等的)布景

employment
n. 1. paid work 职业,工作
2. the state of being employed 雇佣
3. the act of using 使用

unemployment
n. 1. the state of being unemployed19 失业
2. the number of people without work 失业人数

archaeology
n. 考古学

field school
a place outside of campus for educational activities 教学与科研实验基地

opportunity
n. a favourable20 moment or occasion 机会;时机

sponsor
vt. 1. support by paying some or all of the expenses connected with sth. 资助;赞助
2. 发起;主办
n. 1. 赞助人;保人
2. 发起者;主办者

alongside
prep. & ad. next to; in addition to 在(…)旁边;和(…)在一起

*diversion
n. 1. a turning aside from a course, activity or use 转向;转移;偏离
2. sth. that amuses 娱乐;消遣

ultimately
ad. 1. in the end; finally 最终地;最后地
2. fundamentally 首要地;基本地,根本地

ultimate
a. 1. (the) last or farthest distant; being at the end or happening in the end 最远的;最后的;终极的
2. considered as an origin or base, fundamental 根源的,基本的

rent-free
ad. & a. without payment of rent 不收租金地(的)

rent
n. money paid regularly for the use of a room, building, TV set, etc. 租金
vt. 1. pay rent for the use of 租用
2. allow to be used in return for rent 出租

*enrol(l)
v. make (oneself, or another person) officially a member of a group (使)注册入学;(使)入学;(使)入会

*tuition
n. (esp. AmE) the price of or payment for instruction (主美)学费

photographer
n. 摄影师

photograph
vt. make pictures of 给…拍照;拍摄
n. 照片;相片

gallery
n. 1. a room, hall, or building where works of art are shown and sometimes offered for sale 画廊,美术馆
2. 长廊,走廊

exhibit
n. 1. (AmE) exhibition; a public show of objects (美)展览;展出
2. 展览品,陈列品
vt. show (in public) 展览,展出,陈列

artwork
n. 1. work of art 艺术作品;艺术制品
2. [总称] 插图

associate degree
n. a degree given after two years of study in the US, usu. at a junior college (某些美国高等专科学校授予的低于学士学位的)准学士学位

Associate of Art degree
准文学士学位

priority
n. 1. sth. that needs attention, consideration, service, etc., before others 优先考虑的事
2. the state or right of coming before others in position or time 优先(权)

prior
a. coming or planned before 在前的,在先的
luxury
n. 1. a pleasure which one does not often have the opportunity to enjoy 难得享受到的愉悦
2. great comfort as provided without worry about the cost 奢侈;奢华的生活

cautiously
ad. 谨慎地;十分小心地

cautious
a. acting21 carefully to avoid danger 谨慎的;十分小心的

*caution
n. the quality of using great care and attention, esp. in order to avoid danger 小心,谨慎,慎重

distraction15
n. the act of distracting or the state of being distracted; sth. that distracts 分心,精神不集中;分心的事

determination
n. 1. the ability to make firm decisions and act in accordance with them 坚定;果断;决断力
2. the fixing of sth. exactly; the deciding of sth. 测定;决定

Phrases and Expressions

hold onto
try to keep; stick to; not give up 抓住;坚持

come up with
1. manage to produce (a sum of money needed) 提供(钱款)
2. think of and suggest (a plan, reply, etc.) 提出,想法

get by
1. have enough money for one's needs or way of life (勉强)对付过去
2. be good enough but not very good; be acceptable 过得去

apart from
separately from 与…分离着

take (time) off (from sth.)
leave (school, a job, etc.) for a period of time 暂时放下(学业、工作等);休假

move into
go and live in (a different place) 搬入,迁入

sign up for sign an agreement to take part in sth. 签约从事

make (both) ends meet
get just enough money for all one's needs 使收支相抵;勉强维持生计

as of
(AmE) from (the time stated) (美)自…起

stay up
not go to bed 不睡觉

throw oneself into
do or take part in eagerly and actively22 投身于;积极从事

end up with
get in the end 结果是;以…告终

end up doing sth.
eventually do sth. different(ly) than planned 以…结束,以…告终

make one's dream come true
realize what one has wished for or dreamed of 使梦想成真

work one's way through school
pay for one's own education by work 靠做工挣钱完成学业

can ('t) take sth.
can ('t) bear or deal with (trouble, hard work, etc.) 能(不能)经受(困难、艰苦努力等)

get put down
be defeated 被击败

Proper Names

Priscilla Vazquez
普丽西拉·瓦日奎兹

Seattle
西雅图(美国华盛顿州西部港市)

North Dakota
北达科他州(美国州名)

BA
Bachelor of Arts 文学士;学士

Wenatchee Valley College
韦纳奇河谷学院(位于华盛顿州韦纳奇市)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
2 prospective oR7xB     
adj.预期的,未来的,前瞻性的
参考例句:
  • The story should act as a warning to other prospective buyers.这篇报道应该对其他潜在的购买者起到警示作用。
  • They have all these great activities for prospective freshmen.这会举办各种各样的活动来招待未来的新人。
3 eligible Cq6xL     
adj.有条件被选中的;(尤指婚姻等)合适(意)的
参考例句:
  • He is an eligible young man.他是一个合格的年轻人。
  • Helen married an eligible bachelor.海伦嫁给了一个中意的单身汉。
4 postponing 3ca610c0db966cd6f77cd5d15dc2b28c     
v.延期,推迟( postpone的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • He tried to gain time by postponing his decision. 他想以迟迟不作决定的手段来争取时间。 来自辞典例句
  • I don't hold with the idea of postponing further discussion of the matter. 我不赞成推迟进一步讨论这件事的想法。 来自辞典例句
5 commute BXTyi     
vi.乘车上下班;vt.减(刑);折合;n.上下班交通
参考例句:
  • I spend much less time on my commute to work now.我现在工作的往返时间要节省好多。
  • Most office workers commute from the suburbs.很多公司的职员都是从郊外来上班的。
6 collapsed cwWzSG     
adj.倒塌的
参考例句:
  • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地瘫倒在地板上。
  • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。
7 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
8 qualified DCPyj     
adj.合格的,有资格的,胜任的,有限制的
参考例句:
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有资格当真正的文学家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我们必须看到我们还缺乏有资质的专家。
9 full-time SsBz42     
adj.满工作日的或工作周的,全时间的
参考例句:
  • A full-time job may be too much for her.全天工作她恐怕吃不消。
  • I don't know how she copes with looking after her family and doing a full-time job.既要照顾家庭又要全天工作,我不知道她是如何对付的。
10 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
11 archaeology 0v2zi     
n.考古学
参考例句:
  • She teaches archaeology at the university.她在大学里教考古学。
  • He displayed interest in archaeology.他对考古学有兴趣。
12 supervisors 80530f394132f10fbf245e5fb15e2667     
n.监督者,管理者( supervisor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • I think the best technical people make the best supervisors. 我认为最好的技术人员可以成为最好的管理人员。 来自辞典例句
  • Even the foremen or first-level supervisors have a staffing responsibility. 甚至领班或第一线的监督人员也有任用的责任。 来自辞典例句
13 enroll Pogxx     
v.招收;登记;入学;参军;成为会员(英)enrol
参考例句:
  • I should like to enroll all my children in the swimming class.我愿意让我的孩子们都参加游泳班。
  • They enroll him as a member of the club.他们吸收他为俱乐部会员。
14 enrolled ff7af27948b380bff5d583359796d3c8     
adj.入学登记了的v.[亦作enrol]( enroll的过去式和过去分词 );登记,招收,使入伍(或入会、入学等),参加,成为成员;记入名册;卷起,包起
参考例句:
  • They have been studying hard from the moment they enrolled. 从入学时起,他们就一直努力学习。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He enrolled with an employment agency for a teaching position. 他在职业介绍所登了记以谋求一个教师的职位。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 distraction muOz3l     
n.精神涣散,精神不集中,消遣,娱乐
参考例句:
  • Total concentration is required with no distractions.要全神贯注,不能有丝毫分神。
  • Their national distraction is going to the disco.他们的全民消遣就是去蹦迪。
16 distractions ff1d4018fe7ed703bc7b2e2e97ba2216     
n.使人分心的事[人]( distraction的名词复数 );娱乐,消遣;心烦意乱;精神错乱
参考例句:
  • I find it hard to work at home because there are too many distractions. 我发觉在家里工作很难,因为使人分心的事太多。
  • There are too many distractions here to work properly. 这里叫人分心的事太多,使人无法好好工作。 来自《简明英汉词典》
17 dependant GmAz6     
n.依靠的,依赖的,依赖他人生活者
参考例句:
  • The dependent dependant cannot live independently.依靠别人的被赡养者不能独立生活。
  • The fact that the woman is still regarded as the man's dependant.再加上女人仍被看作是男人的附属品这一事实。
18 postpone rP0xq     
v.延期,推迟
参考例句:
  • I shall postpone making a decision till I learn full particulars.在未获悉详情之前我得从缓作出决定。
  • She decided to postpone the converastion for that evening.她决定当天晚上把谈话搁一搁。
19 unemployed lfIz5Q     
adj.失业的,没有工作的;未动用的,闲置的
参考例句:
  • There are now over four million unemployed workers in this country.这个国家现有四百万失业人员。
  • The unemployed hunger for jobs.失业者渴望得到工作。
20 favourable favourable     
adj.赞成的,称赞的,有利的,良好的,顺利的
参考例句:
  • The company will lend you money on very favourable terms.这家公司将以非常优惠的条件借钱给你。
  • We found that most people are favourable to the idea.我们发现大多数人同意这个意见。
21 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
22 actively lzezni     
adv.积极地,勤奋地
参考例句:
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   大学英语  读写教程  第二册  unit
顶一下
(11)
91.7%
踩一下
(1)
8.3%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴