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21世纪大学英语读写教程第三册 Unit7

时间:2006-02-21 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yxdzgd5   字体: [ ]
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Unit 7

Text A

Pre-reading Activities

Before you listen to the passage
1. Take a minute with a partner to match the sports in Column A with the playing areas in Column B. Then in Column C, list all the things (equipment, special clothing, etc.) that are necessary to each of the sports.
Column A
baseball
bowling1
golf
running
soccer (football)
tennis
Column B
alley2
course
court
diamond
field (pitch)
track
Column C
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____

Now listen to the passage
2. Which sport is it about? Compare your equipment list with the equipment mentioned on the tape. What attracts you to the activities that you enjoy in your spare time? How important is it to you to "do them right"?

So What's So Bad About Being So-So?

Lisa Wilson Strick

The other afternoon I was playing the piano when my seven-year-old walked in. He stopped and listened for a while, then said: "You don't play that thing very well, do you, Mom?"
No, I don't. My performance would make any serious music student weep, but I don't care. I've enjoyed playing the piano badly for years.
I also enjoy singing badly and drawing badly. I'm not ashamed of my incompetence3 in these areas. I do one or two other things well and that should be enough for anybody. But it gets boring doing the same things over and over. Every now and then it's fun to try something new.
Unfortunately, doing things badly has gone out of style. It used to be a mark of class if a lady or a gentleman sang a little, painted a little, played the violin a little. You didn't have to be good at it; the point was to be fortunate enough to have the leisure time for such pursuits. But in today's competitive world we have to be "experts" even in our hobbies.
You can't tone up your body by pulling on your gym shoes and jogging around the block a couple of times anymore. Why? Because you'll be laughed off the street by the "serious runners" — the ones who run twenty miles or more a week in their sixty-dollar running suits and fancy shoes. The shoes are really a big deal. If you say you're thinking about taking up almost any sport, the first thing the "serious" types will ask is what you plan to do about shoes. Leather or canvas? What type of soles? Which brand? This is not the time to mention that the gym shoes you wore in high school are still in pretty good shape. As far as sports enthusiasts6 are concerned, if you don't have the latest shoes you are hopelessly committed to embarrassing yourself.
The runners aren't nearly so snobbish7 as the dancers, however. In case you didn't know, "going dancing" no longer means putting on a pretty dress and doing a few turns around the dance floor with your favorite man on Saturday night. "Dancing" means squeezing into tights and leg warmers, then sweating through six hours of warm-ups, five hours of ballet and four hours of jazz classes. Every week. Never tell anyone that you "like to dance" unless this is the sort of activity you enjoy.
Have you noticed what this is doing to our children? "We don't want that nerd on our soccer team," I overheard a ten-year-old complain the other day. "He doesn't know a goal kick from a head shot." As it happens, the "nerd" that the boy was talking about was my son, who did not — like some of his friends — start soccer instruction at age three. I'm sorry, Son, I guess I blew it. In my day, when we played baseball, we expected to give a little instruction to the younger kids who didn't know how to play. It didn't matter if they were terrible; we weren't out to slaughter8 the other team. Sometimes we didn't even keep score. To us, sports were just a way of having a good time.
I don't think kids have as much fun as they used to. Competition keeps getting in the way. The daughter of a neighbor is a nervous wreck9 worrying about getting into the best tennis school. "I was a late starter," she told me, "and I only get to practice five or six hours a week, so my technique may not be up to their standards." The child is nine. She doesn't want to be a tennis player when she grows up; she wants to be a nurse. I asked what she likes to do for fun in her free time. She seemed to think it was an odd question. "Well, I don't actually have a lot of free time," she said. "Homework and tennis and piano lessons kind of eat it all up. I have piano lessons three times a week now, so I have a good shot at getting into the all-state orchestra."
Ambition, drive and the desire to excel are all great within limits, but I don't know where the limits are anymore. I know a woman who's been complaining for years that she hasn't got the time to study a foreign language. I've pointed10 out that an evening course in French or Italian would take only a couple of hours a week, but she keeps putting it off. I suspect that what she hasn't got the time for is to become completely fluent within one year — and that any lower level of accomplishment11 would embarrass her. Instead she spends her evenings watching TV and tidying up her closets — occupations at which no particular expertise12 is expected.
I know lots of other people, too, who avoid activities they might enjoy because they lack the time or the energy to tackle them "seriously." It strikes me as so silly. We are talking about recreation. I have nothing against self-improvement. But when I hear a teenager muttering "practice makes perfect" as he grimly makes his four-hundred-and-twenty-seventh try at hooking the basketball into the net left-handed, I wonder if some of us aren't improving ourselves right into the insane asylum13.
I think it's time we put a stop to all this. For sanity14's sake, each of us should vow15 to take up something new this week — and to make sure we never master it completely. Sing along with grand opera. Make peculiar16-looking objects out of clay. I can tell you from experience that a homemade cake still tastes pretty good even if it doesn't look perfect. The point is to enjoy being a beginner again; to rediscover the joy of creative fooling around. If you find it difficult, ask any two-year-old to teach you. Two-year-olds have a gift for tackling the impossible with enthusiasm; repeated failure hardly discourages them at all.
As for me, I'm getting a little out of shape, so I'm looking into golf. A lot of people I know enjoy it, and it doesn't look too hard. Given a couple of lessons, I should be stumbling gracelessly around the golf course and playing badly in no time at all.
(1,050 words)

New Words

so-so
a.& ad.(infml) neither very bad(ly) nor very good/well 不好也不坏的(地)

mom
n. (美口)妈妈

incompetence
n. the lack of skill or ability to do a task successfully 不胜任,不称职

* competence4
n. skill or ability to do a task successfully 能力;称职

boring
a. dull and uninteresting 乏味的;令人厌倦的

leisure
n. time free from work or other duties; spare time 闲暇

gym
n. (infml) (=gymnasium) a room or hall with apparatus17 for physical exercise 体操馆;健身房

gym shoe
n. 体操鞋,球鞋

sole
n. the bottom part of a shoe or sock 鞋底;袜底
a. being the only one; belonging to one and no others 唯一的;独占的

enthusiast5
n. a person who is very interested in sth. 热衷于…的人

squeeze
vt. 1. force or press (sb. or sth. into a small space) 硬塞,硬挤
2. press firmly from two sides 挤压,榨
n. 1. an act of pressing in from two sides 挤压,榨
2. tight economic circumstances 经济困难;拮据

tights
n. [复]女用(连)裤袜

leg warmers
n. [复]暖腿套

warm-up
n. an act or a period of preparation for physical exercise, a performance, etc. 准备活动;准备练习

* overhear
vt. hear (sb., a conversation, etc.) without the knowledge of the speaker(s); hear by chance 偷听到;无意中听到

goal kick
n. 球门球
* slaughter
vt. 1. kill (an animal), esp. for food; kill (people or animals) violently and in large numbers 屠宰;屠杀
2. (infml) defeat (sb.) badly in sports or games (口)使惨败

wreck
n. 1. (usu. sing) (infml) a person whose health, esp. mental health, has been seriously damaged 受到严重损害的人
2. a ship lost at sea; a plane, car, etc. which is badly damaged in an accident 遇难船只;失事飞机等的残骸
vt. cause (a ship) to be destroyed; (fig.) destroy, ruin 造成(船舶等)失事;(喻)破坏

orchestra
n. a (usu. large) group of people playing various musical instruments together 管弦乐队

limit
n. (oft. pl.) the greatest extent of sth. that is possible or allowed 限度;范围
vt. keep within a certain size, amount, number, area, or place; restrict 限制;限定

limited
a. small in amount, power and not able to increase 有限的

tidy
vt. make (sb. or sth.) neat or in order 使整洁,使整齐
a. neat and in order; liking18 things to be neatly19 arranged 整洁的;爱整洁的

* recreation
n. an activity done for enjoyment20 when one is not working 消遣,娱乐

self-improvement
n. improvement of one's character, mind, etc., by one's own efforts 自我改进,自我修养

grimly
ad. in a determined21 manner 坚定地;不屈地

* insane
a. 1. 精神病患者的;为疯人而设的
2. (of people or their acts) mad (患)精神病的;精神失常的

asylum
n. 收容所;精神病院

insane asylum
n. a mental hospital 精神病院

sanity
n. the state of having a normal healthy mind; the state of being sensible or reasonable; good sound judgement 神智健全;清醒,明智

opera
n. 歌剧

peculiar-looking
a. 奇形怪状的

peculiar
a. 1. odd, strange 奇特的,古怪的
2. (to) belonging, relating only (to a particular person, place or time) 独有的,特有的

clay
n. 黏土

homemade
a. made at home, rather than in a shop or factory 家制的;做得简单粗糙的

discourage
vt. take away (sb.'s) confidence or (sb.'s) hope of doing sth. 使泄气,使灰心

* stumble
vi. 1. walk in a clumsy way 跌跌撞撞地走
2. speak or perform with many mistakes or hesitations22 结结巴巴地说话

gracelessly
ad. not attractively or elegantly; in a clumsy manner 不优美地,笨拙地

grace
n. 1. elegance23 in movement or behaviour 优美;风度
2. kindness; willingness to do what is right 善意;体谅

graceful24
a. 1. (of movement or shape) attractive to see 优美的
2. (of a speech or feeling) suitably and pleasantly expressed 优雅的;得体的

* gracious
a. polite, kind and pleasant, esp. to people of a lower social position 亲切的,和蔼的

Phrases and Expressions

tone up
make (one's body) stronger, fitter, etc. 使更强壮,使更健康

pull on
put (sth.) on by pulling 穿上,戴上

a big deal
sth. important 了不起的事,大事

take up
start to learn or practice (a hobby) 开始从事

in good shape
in good condition 处于良好状况

be committed to
care a lot about (a cause, one's job. etc.); be loyal to (a particular ideal) 献身于,忠诚于

squeeze into
force or press into a narrow or restricted space 硬塞进…,硬挤入…

as it happens
(used before saying sth. surprising) actually; in fact 碰巧,偶然

blow it
(俚)把这事弄得一团糟

keep score
(在比赛中)记分

get in the way (of sth./of -ing); get in sb.'s way
prevent or interfere25 with sth.; prevent sb. from doing sth.; block sb.'s progress 妨碍;挡道

kind of
(infml) somewhat; to some extent (口)有点儿;可以这么说

eat up
use (sth.) in large quantities 消耗;用完

have a shot at
(infml) attempt to do (sth.) (口)尝试;试着去做(某事)

put off
delay (doing sth.) 推迟;拖延

tidy up
make (sb./oneself/sth.) neat and orderly 整理,收拾

put a stop to
ensure that a process, habit, etc., ends and will not be repeated 制止,使停止

make sth. out of
construct, create or prepare sth. by combining materials or putting parts together 用…做出…

fool around
behave in a manner that isn't serious; waste time; do sth. just for fun (口)闲荡,混日子

out of shape
not fit 处于不良的(健康)状况

in no time
very quickly 立刻,马上

Proper Names

Lisa Wilson Strick
莉莎·威尔逊·斯特里克(女子名)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 bowling cxjzeN     
n.保龄球运动
参考例句:
  • Bowling is a popular sport with young and old.保龄球是老少都爱的运动。
  • Which sport do you 1ike most,golf or bowling?你最喜欢什么运动,高尔夫还是保龄球?
2 alley Cx2zK     
n.小巷,胡同;小径,小路
参考例句:
  • We live in the same alley.我们住在同一条小巷里。
  • The blind alley ended in a brick wall.这条死胡同的尽头是砖墙。
3 incompetence o8Uxt     
n.不胜任,不称职
参考例句:
  • He was dismissed for incompetence. 他因不称职而被解雇。
  • She felt she had been made a scapegoat for her boss's incompetence. 她觉得,本是老板无能,但她却成了替罪羊。
4 competence NXGzV     
n.能力,胜任,称职
参考例句:
  • This mess is a poor reflection on his competence.这种混乱情况说明他难当此任。
  • These are matters within the competence of the court.这些是法院权限以内的事。
5 enthusiast pj7zR     
n.热心人,热衷者
参考例句:
  • He is an enthusiast about politics.他是个热衷于政治的人。
  • He was an enthusiast and loved to evoke enthusiasm in others.他是一个激情昂扬的人,也热中于唤起他人心中的激情。
6 enthusiasts 7d5827a9c13ecd79a8fd94ebb2537412     
n.热心人,热衷者( enthusiast的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • A group of enthusiasts have undertaken the reconstruction of a steam locomotive. 一群火车迷已担负起重造蒸汽机车的任务。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Now a group of enthusiasts are going to have the plane restored. 一群热心人计划修复这架飞机。 来自新概念英语第二册
7 snobbish UhCyE     
adj.势利的,谄上欺下的
参考例句:
  • She's much too snobbish to stay at that plain hotel.她很势利,不愿住在那个普通旅馆。
  • I'd expected her to be snobbish but she was warm and friendly.我原以为她会非常势利,但她却非常热情和友好。
8 slaughter 8Tpz1     
n.屠杀,屠宰;vt.屠杀,宰杀
参考例句:
  • I couldn't stand to watch them slaughter the cattle.我不忍看他们宰牛。
  • Wholesale slaughter was carried out in the name of progress.大规模的屠杀在维护进步的名义下进行。
9 wreck QMjzE     
n.失事,遇难;沉船;vt.(船等)失事,遇难
参考例句:
  • Weather may have been a factor in the wreck.天气可能是造成这次失事的原因之一。
  • No one can wreck the friendship between us.没有人能够破坏我们之间的友谊。
10 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
11 accomplishment 2Jkyo     
n.完成,成就,(pl.)造诣,技能
参考例句:
  • The series of paintings is quite an accomplishment.这一系列的绘画真是了不起的成就。
  • Money will be crucial to the accomplishment of our objectives.要实现我们的目标,钱是至关重要的。
12 expertise fmTx0     
n.专门知识(或技能等),专长
参考例句:
  • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我们赞叹不已。
  • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.让你真正在专业技术上有一个全新的突破。
13 asylum DobyD     
n.避难所,庇护所,避难
参考例句:
  • The people ask for political asylum.人们请求政治避难。
  • Having sought asylum in the West for many years,they were eventually granted it.他们最终获得了在西方寻求多年的避难权。
14 sanity sCwzH     
n.心智健全,神智正常,判断正确
参考例句:
  • I doubt the sanity of such a plan.我怀疑这个计划是否明智。
  • She managed to keep her sanity throughout the ordeal.在那场磨难中她始终保持神志正常。
15 vow 0h9wL     
n.誓(言),誓约;v.起誓,立誓
参考例句:
  • My parents are under a vow to go to church every Sunday.我父母许愿,每星期日都去做礼拜。
  • I am under a vow to drink no wine.我已立誓戒酒。
16 peculiar cinyo     
adj.古怪的,异常的;特殊的,特有的
参考例句:
  • He walks in a peculiar fashion.他走路的样子很奇特。
  • He looked at me with a very peculiar expression.他用一种很奇怪的表情看着我。
17 apparatus ivTzx     
n.装置,器械;器具,设备
参考例句:
  • The school's audio apparatus includes films and records.学校的视听设备包括放映机和录音机。
  • They had a very refined apparatus.他们有一套非常精良的设备。
18 liking mpXzQ5     
n.爱好;嗜好;喜欢
参考例句:
  • The word palate also means taste or liking.Palate这个词也有“口味”或“嗜好”的意思。
  • I must admit I have no liking for exaggeration.我必须承认我不喜欢夸大其词。
19 neatly ynZzBp     
adv.整洁地,干净地,灵巧地,熟练地
参考例句:
  • Sailors know how to wind up a long rope neatly.水手们知道怎样把一条大绳利落地缠好。
  • The child's dress is neatly gathered at the neck.那孩子的衣服在领口处打着整齐的皱褶。
20 enjoyment opaxV     
n.乐趣;享有;享用
参考例句:
  • Your company adds to the enjoyment of our visit. 有您的陪同,我们这次访问更加愉快了。
  • After each joke the old man cackled his enjoyment.每逢讲完一个笑话,这老人就呵呵笑着表示他的高兴。
21 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
22 hesitations 7f4a0066e665f6f1d62fe3393d7f5182     
n.犹豫( hesitation的名词复数 );踌躇;犹豫(之事或行为);口吃
参考例句:
  • His doubts and hesitations were tiresome. 他的疑惑和犹豫令人厌烦。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The cool manipulators in Hanoi had exploited America's hesitations and self-doubt. 善于冷静地操纵这类事的河内统治者大大地钻了美国当局优柔寡断的空子。 来自辞典例句
23 elegance QjPzj     
n.优雅;优美,雅致;精致,巧妙
参考例句:
  • The furnishings in the room imparted an air of elegance.这个房间的家具带给这房间一种优雅的气氛。
  • John has been known for his sartorial elegance.约翰因为衣着讲究而出名。
24 graceful deHza     
adj.优美的,优雅的;得体的
参考例句:
  • His movements on the parallel bars were very graceful.他的双杠动作可帅了!
  • The ballet dancer is so graceful.芭蕾舞演员的姿态是如此的优美。
25 interfere b5lx0     
v.(in)干涉,干预;(with)妨碍,打扰
参考例句:
  • If we interfere, it may do more harm than good.如果我们干预的话,可能弊多利少。
  • When others interfere in the affair,it always makes troubles. 别人一卷入这一事件,棘手的事情就来了。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  读写教程  第三册  unit
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