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刘毅词汇(中级)5000 lesson 1

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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第一课的单词

Barren adj.贫瘠的 同:sterile1
The barren land could produce little food.

Bump v.碰撞 同:collide
The room was dark and I bumped my head against the door.

Devise v.设计;发明 同:invent
He devised a new method for teaching the blind.

Exert v.使用 同:use
My wife’s been exerting a lot of pressure on me to change my job.

Intrigue2 1. n.阴谋 同:conspiracy3 2. v.引起…的兴趣
The king’s younger brother took part in the intrigue to make himself king.
The book’s unusual title intrigued4 me into reading it.

Oath n.宣誓;誓言 同:pledge
He placed his right hand on the Bible as he spoke5 the oath of office.

Postpone6 v.延期 同:adjourn7
The had to postpone their trip because of rain.

Refuge n.避难所;避难 同:shelter
The cat took refuge from the dog behind a tree.

Regain8 n.恢复 同:recover
It took her a long time to regain her health.

Shatter v.破灭;粉碎 同:smash
Their hope of finding him alive was shattered when his dead body was found.

Tease v.嘲弄 同:vex9
At school, the other children always teased me because I was fat.

Tilt10 v.倾斜 同:incline
He tilted11 his chair back too far and fell on the floor.

Version 1. n.翻译 同:translation 2. n.叙述
Do you have the English version of this book?
Your version of the accident differs from that of the other witness.

Absurd adj.荒谬的 反:reasonable
His belief that he was too clever to be cautht in his wrongdoing was absurd.

Alien adj.外国的 反:domestic
After ten years his alien speech was still noticeable.

Amiable12 adj.和蔼可亲的 反:spiteful
She is an amiable girl and gets along with everyone in the office.

Ban v.禁止 反:allow
In most countries the sale of liquor to children is banned.

Figurative adj.比喻的 反:literal
“The sweet temper” is a figurative expression,but “sweet coffee” is not.

Genuine adj.真正的 反:false
Her wedding ring is made of genuine diamond.

Hoist13 v.升起 反:lower
They hoist the national flag at six o’clock every morning.

Incorrect adj.不正确的 反:accurate
The newspaper gave an incorrect account of the traffic accident.

Massive adj.巨大的 反:tiny
The house was build on a massive rock.

Stale adj.不新鲜的 反:fresh
There was only a piece of stale cake left in the refrigerator.

Thrive v.茂盛 反:decline
Most floers will not thrive without water and sunshine.

Wholesale14 n.批发 反:retail15
The buy at wholesale and sell at retail.

Annoy v.骚扰 n. annoyance16
The baby is always annoying his sister by pulling her hair.

Celebrate v.庆祝 n. celebration
We celebrated17 Christmas with trees and presents.

Diplomat18 n.外交家 n. diplomacy19
The unsociable person is hardly fit for a diplomat.

Foresee v.预知 adj. foreseeable
It is impossible to foresee whether she’ll be well enough to come home from hospital next month.

Induce v.说服 n. inducement
We couldn’t induce the old lady to travel by air.

Mobilize v.动员 n. mobilization
Our country is in great danger;we must mobilize the army.

Precede v.在前 n. precedent20
Mr. Eisenhower preceded Mr. Kennedy as president of the United States.

Predetermine v.预先决定 adj. predeterminate
Some people believe that man’s destiny is predetermined.

Prevail v.流行 adj. prevalent
Making resolutions on New Year’s Day is a custom that still prevails.

Subtle adj.精致的;淡的 n. subtlety21
Her subtle smile made him curious.

Transact22 v.办理 n. transaction
The man transacts23 many affairs connected with the purchase of a home.

Treason n.叛国 adj. treasonous
Helping24 the enemies of one’s country is an apparent treason.

Utilize25 v.利用 n. utility
How can we utilize his knowledge and skill to our advantage?

Bosom26 n.胸
She wore a flower on the bosom of her dress.

Diploma n.文凭
When a person has successfully completed a certain course of study, he is given a diploma by the
school.

Dramatic adj.戏剧的
The meeting between the mother and her blind son was dramatic.

Fume27 n.烟;气体
The strong fumes28 of the automobile29 exhaust early choked him.

Hurrah30 n.欢呼声
“hurrah!” they shouted as the team scored again.

Miniature 1. n.缩小之模型 2. n.缩小物
In the museum there is a miniature of the ship “Mayflower.”
The child was playing on the floor with his collection of miniature farm animals.

Parcel n.包裹
On her birthday her arms were filled with gift parcels.

Pill n.药丸
The pill stuck in his throat but an extra drink of water washed it down.

Racket n.喧哗
The students made a big racket as they left the school.

Rhyme n.音
The poet used the word “flight” as a rhyme for the word “night”.

Scar n.疤
The man looks terrible; he has many scars on his cheeks.

Sculpture n.雕刻
There are many famous sculptures in the museum.

Skip v.跳
When I read a book, I usually skip over; he uninteresting part.

练习:本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1. Few plants and animals _____in the desert.
2. Owing to the possibility of rises in prices and wages,it is not easy to _____ the cost of producing this article in our factory.
3. The room was so dark that I _____ my head against the door.
4. The king’s younger brother took part in the _____ to make himself king.
5. In the United States the sale of liquor to children is _____.
6. The unsociable person is hardly fit a(an)_____.
7. When I read a book I usually _____ over the uninteresting part.
8. The poet used the word “gold” as a(an) _____ for the word “cold.”
9. “_____!”they shouted as the team scored again.
10. They _____ the national flag at six o’clock every morning.

答案:
1.thrive 2.predetermine 3.bumped 4.intrigue 5.banned
6.diplomat 7.skip 8.rhyme 9.Hurrah 10.hoist


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 sterile orNyQ     
adj.不毛的,不孕的,无菌的,枯燥的,贫瘠的
参考例句:
  • This top fits over the bottle and keeps the teat sterile.这个盖子严实地盖在奶瓶上,保持奶嘴无菌。
  • The farmers turned the sterile land into high fields.农民们把不毛之地变成了高产田。
2 intrigue Gaqzy     
vt.激起兴趣,迷住;vi.耍阴谋;n.阴谋,密谋
参考例句:
  • Court officials will intrigue against the royal family.法院官员将密谋反对皇室。
  • The royal palace was filled with intrigue.皇宫中充满了勾心斗角。
3 conspiracy NpczE     
n.阴谋,密谋,共谋
参考例句:
  • The men were found guilty of conspiracy to murder.这些人被裁决犯有阴谋杀人罪。
  • He claimed that it was all a conspiracy against him.他声称这一切都是一场针对他的阴谋。
4 intrigued 7acc2a75074482e2b408c60187e27c73     
adj.好奇的,被迷住了的v.搞阴谋诡计(intrigue的过去式);激起…的兴趣或好奇心;“intrigue”的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • You've really intrigued me—tell me more! 你说的真有意思—再给我讲一些吧!
  • He was intrigued by her story. 他被她的故事迷住了。
5 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
6 postpone rP0xq     
v.延期,推迟
参考例句:
  • I shall postpone making a decision till I learn full particulars.在未获悉详情之前我得从缓作出决定。
  • She decided to postpone the converastion for that evening.她决定当天晚上把谈话搁一搁。
7 adjourn goRyc     
v.(使)休会,(使)休庭
参考例句:
  • The motion to adjourn was carried.休会的提议通过了。
  • I am afraid the court may not adjourn until three or even later.我担心法庭要到3点或更晚时才会休庭。
8 regain YkYzPd     
vt.重新获得,收复,恢复
参考例句:
  • He is making a bid to regain his World No.1 ranking.他正为重登世界排名第一位而努力。
  • The government is desperate to regain credibility with the public.政府急于重新获取公众的信任。
9 vex TLVze     
vt.使烦恼,使苦恼
参考例句:
  • Everything about her vexed him.有关她的一切都令他困惑。
  • It vexed me to think of others gossiping behind my back.一想到别人在背后说我闲话,我就很恼火。
10 tilt aG3y0     
v.(使)倾侧;(使)倾斜;n.倾侧;倾斜
参考例句:
  • She wore her hat at a tilt over her left eye.她歪戴着帽子遮住左眼。
  • The table is at a slight tilt.这张桌子没放平,有点儿歪.
11 tilted 3gtzE5     
v. 倾斜的
参考例句:
  • Suddenly the boat tilted to one side. 小船突然倾向一侧。
  • She tilted her chin at him defiantly. 她向他翘起下巴表示挑衅。
12 amiable hxAzZ     
adj.和蔼可亲的,友善的,亲切的
参考例句:
  • She was a very kind and amiable old woman.她是个善良和气的老太太。
  • We have a very amiable companionship.我们之间存在一种友好的关系。
13 hoist rdizD     
n.升高,起重机,推动;v.升起,升高,举起
参考例句:
  • By using a hoist the movers were able to sling the piano to the third floor.搬运工人用吊车才把钢琴吊到3楼。
  • Hoist the Chinese flag on the flagpole,please!请在旗杆上升起中国国旗!
14 wholesale Ig9wL     
n.批发;adv.以批发方式;vt.批发,成批出售
参考例句:
  • The retail dealer buys at wholesale and sells at retail.零售商批发购进货物,以零售价卖出。
  • Such shoes usually wholesale for much less.这种鞋批发出售通常要便宜得多。
15 retail VWoxC     
v./n.零售;adv.以零售价格
参考例句:
  • In this shop they retail tobacco and sweets.这家铺子零售香烟和糖果。
  • These shoes retail at 10 yuan a pair.这些鞋子零卖10元一双。
16 annoyance Bw4zE     
n.恼怒,生气,烦恼
参考例句:
  • Why do you always take your annoyance out on me?为什么你不高兴时总是对我出气?
  • I felt annoyance at being teased.我恼恨别人取笑我。
17 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
18 diplomat Pu0xk     
n.外交官,外交家;能交际的人,圆滑的人
参考例句:
  • The diplomat threw in a joke, and the tension was instantly relieved.那位外交官插进一个笑话,紧张的气氛顿时缓和下来。
  • He served as a diplomat in Russia before the war.战前他在俄罗斯当外交官。
19 diplomacy gu9xk     
n.外交;外交手腕,交际手腕
参考例句:
  • The talks have now gone into a stage of quiet diplomacy.会谈现在已经进入了“温和外交”阶段。
  • This was done through the skill in diplomacy. 这是通过外交手腕才做到的。
20 precedent sSlz6     
n.先例,前例;惯例;adj.在前的,在先的
参考例句:
  • Is there a precedent for what you want me to do?你要我做的事有前例可援吗?
  • This is a wonderful achievement without precedent in Chinese history.这是中国历史上亘古未有的奇绩。
21 subtlety Rsswm     
n.微妙,敏锐,精巧;微妙之处,细微的区别
参考例句:
  • He has shown enormous strength,great intelligence and great subtlety.他表现出充沛的精力、极大的智慧和高度的灵活性。
  • The subtlety of his remarks was unnoticed by most of his audience.大多数听众都没有觉察到他讲话的微妙之处。
22 transact hn8wE     
v.处理;做交易;谈判
参考例句:
  • I will transact my business by letter.我会写信去洽谈业务。
  • I have been obliged to see him;there was business to transact.我不得不见他,有些事物要处理。
23 transacts a2574e90ca5f01026315620a11a66d7b     
v.办理(业务等)( transact的第三人称单数 );交易,谈判
参考例句:
  • He transacts business with a large number of stores. 他与很多商店进行交易。 来自辞典例句
  • He transacts business with stores all over the country. 他与全国各地的商店做交易。 来自互联网
24 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
25 utilize OiPwz     
vt.使用,利用
参考例句:
  • The cook will utilize the leftover ham bone to make soup.厨师要用吃剩的猪腿骨做汤。
  • You must utilize all available resources.你必须利用一切可以得到的资源。
26 bosom Lt9zW     
n.胸,胸部;胸怀;内心;adj.亲密的
参考例句:
  • She drew a little book from her bosom.她从怀里取出一本小册子。
  • A dark jealousy stirred in his bosom.他内心生出一阵恶毒的嫉妒。
27 fume 5Qqzp     
n.(usu pl.)(浓烈或难闻的)烟,气,汽
参考例句:
  • The pressure of fume in chimney increases slowly from top to bottom.烟道内压力自上而下逐渐增加,底层住户的排烟最为不利。
  • Your harsh words put her in a fume.你那些难听的话使她生气了。
28 fumes lsYz3Q     
n.(强烈而刺激的)气味,气体
参考例句:
  • The health of our children is being endangered by exhaust fumes. 我们孩子们的健康正受到排放出的废气的损害。
  • Exhaust fumes are bad for your health. 废气对健康有害。
29 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
30 hurrah Zcszx     
int.好哇,万岁,乌拉
参考例句:
  • We hurrah when we see the soldiers go by.我们看到士兵经过时向他们欢呼。
  • The assistants raised a formidable hurrah.助手们发出了一片震天的欢呼声。
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