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刘毅词汇(中级)5000 lesson 2

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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第二课的单词

Apparatus1 n.仪器 同:equipment
The town has recently purchased some new fire-fighting apparatus.

Assert v.断言 同:insist
The witness asserted that the salesman was dishonest.

Assign v.分派 同:allot2
He was pleased that he was assigned such an easy task in the company.

Compensate3 v.赔偿 同:reward
He gave me a new knife to compensate for the one of mine he lost.

Deem v.认为 同:consider
He would deem it an honor if the minister came to see him.

Inviolable adj.不可侵犯的 同:sacred
Freedom of action is one of the inviolable rules of human behavior.

Specimen4 n.标本 同:sample
He collects specimens5 of all kinds of rocks and minerals.

Stimulate6 v.刺激;鼓舞 同:excite
The beating of a drum on the battlefield stimulated7 the soldiers to fight more bravely.

Tendency n.趋势 同:inclination8
Boys have a stronger tendency to fight than girls.

Testify v.证明 同:prove
He testified that the car was being driven slowly at the time of the accident.

Tourist n.观光客 同:traveller
Each year, many foreign tourists visit Taiwan for sight-seeing.

Utility n.效用 同:usefulness
Their furniture was chosen for utility rather than for elegance9.

Blunt adj.钝的 反:sharp
Too much alcohol makes all your senses blunt.

Elastic10 adj.有弹性的 反:inflexible11
Toy balloons , sponges and steel springs are elastic.

Exit n. 1.出口 反:entrance 2.离去
He left the building through the rear exit.
When the cat came in, the little mouse made a hasty exit.

Fatigue12 n.疲劳 反:vigor13
He was pale with fatigue after his sleepless14 night.

Heir n.(男)继承人 反:heiress
When he died, his young nephew was the only heir to his great wealth.

Inflate15 v.膨胀 反:deflate
As the currency of a country is inflated16, the prices of goods begin to rise.

Plump 1. adj.丰满 反:thin 2. v.忽然落下
She is too plump to fit into this dress.
Utterly17 exhausted18, she plumped down on a chair.

Recall v. 1.忆起 反:forget 2.召回
Mother could recalled stories that she had heard years ago.
The government recalled the general after he lost the battle.

Shun19 v.避开 反:encounter
You can hardly shun meeting her if you and she both work in the same office.

Sneer20 v.轻蔑;嘲笑 反:admire
The mean girl sneered21 at the poor girl’s cheap clothes.

Adjoin v.临近 adj. adjoining
Canada and Mexico adjoin the United States of America.

Ally 1. v.同盟 n. alliance 2. n.同盟
Great Britain, France and Italy were allied22 during the First World War.
Great Britain and the United States were allies in both World Wars.

Chaste23 adj.贞洁的 n. chastity
Her parents teach her to be chaste and decent in her behavior.

Confide24 v. 1.依赖(告知秘密) n. confidence 2.信任
When she was a child she always confided25 her problems to her sister.
We can’t confide in his words , for he often breaks his promises.

Defy v.藐视 n. defiance26
The driver of the car was defying the traffic law by speeding.

Disrupt v. 1.使中断 2.使分裂 adj. disruptive
An accident has disrupted railway service into and out of the city.
Slavery seemed likely to disrupt the Union.

Enable v.使能够 n. ability
The bird’s large wings enable it to fly very fast.

Fantastic adj.怪诞的 n. fantasy
The wall was covered with many fantastic pictures and photographs.

Impact n.冲击 adj. impactive
The force of the impact threw the driver out of the car.

Interfere27 v.干涉 n. interference
It is best not to interfere in other people’s arguments.

Minimize v.将…减至最小程度 n. minimum
You can minimize the dangers of driving, by taking care to obey all he rules of the road.

Narrate28 v.叙述 adj. narrative29
Shall I narrate a strange experience of mine?

Visual adj.视觉的 n. vision
The contrasting colors created an interesting visual effect.

Appliance n.. 1.电器用品 2.应用
The modern house has many useful electrical appliances.
The appliance of electricity to household tasks makes house.

Brood 1. n.孵;窝 2. v.沉思
There are twelve chickens in this brood.
She brooded on her past mistakes so much that she became ill.

Fringe n.边缘
The woodcutter had a little house on the fringe of the forest.

Gravel30 n.碎石
The path to the house was covered with gravel.

Hut n.小屋
In the storm, they found a shabby hut in the forest.

Lure31 1. n.诱饵 2. v.引诱
The fisherman had some bright colored lures32 to attract fish.
The hope of high profits lured33 him into questionable34 dealings.

Perch35 1. n.栖身处 2. v.栖息
The bird flew down from its perch in the cage.
The bird perched on the woman’s shoulder.

Retail36 n.零售
Most people buy meat and groceries at retail.

Stride n.大步
Great strides have been made in science since 1900.

Swarm37 1. n.群 2. v.蜂拥
A swarm of people surrounded the car to see the famous actress in it.
Rural populations swarmed38 into near by towns.

Twig39 n.小树枝
The tree bears so many apples that the twigs40 seem almost broken down.

Wade41 v.涉水
The bridge is far away from here; we’d better wade across the stream.

Wrinkle n.皱纹
She is beginning to get many wrinkles around her eyes.
 

练习:从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.The police _____ it necessary for the town’s safety to arrest more speeders.
2.A large building may have a heating _____ by which all the rooms are steam-heated.
3.Many firms _____ their workers when they are hurt at work.
4._____ material has the quality of springing back to its original shape after being bent42 or stretched.
5.They have not yet recovered from their _____ of overworking.
6.I asked him to look after my bags because I can _____ in him.
7.The idea that machines could be made to fly seemed _____ a hundred years ago.
8.I walked the floor to and fro with heavy _____ as if excited to fury.
9.The soldiers _____ across the stream when they saw the bridge had been destroyed.
10.It is natural that the _____ price is higher than the wholesale43 price.

答案:
1.deemed 2.apparatus 3.compensate 4.elastic 5.fatigue
6.confide 7.fantastic 8.strides 9.waded44 10.retail


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 apparatus ivTzx     
n.装置,器械;器具,设备
参考例句:
  • The school's audio apparatus includes films and records.学校的视听设备包括放映机和录音机。
  • They had a very refined apparatus.他们有一套非常精良的设备。
2 allot uLVyr     
v.分配;拨给;n.部分;小块菜地
参考例句:
  • The government is ready to allot houses in that area.政府准备在那个地区分配住房。
  • Who will she allot the easy jobs to?她把轻活儿分给谁呢?
3 compensate AXky7     
vt.补偿,赔偿;酬报 vi.弥补;补偿;抵消
参考例句:
  • She used her good looks to compensate her lack of intelligence. 她利用她漂亮的外表来弥补智力的不足。
  • Nothing can compensate for the loss of one's health. 一个人失去了键康是不可弥补的。
4 specimen Xvtwm     
n.样本,标本
参考例句:
  • You'll need tweezers to hold up the specimen.你要用镊子来夹这标本。
  • This specimen is richly variegated in colour.这件标本上有很多颜色。
5 specimens 91fc365099a256001af897127174fcce     
n.样品( specimen的名词复数 );范例;(化验的)抽样;某种类型的人
参考例句:
  • Astronauts have brought back specimens of rock from the moon. 宇航员从月球带回了岩石标本。
  • The traveler brought back some specimens of the rocks from the mountains. 那位旅行者从山上带回了一些岩石标本。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 stimulate wuSwL     
vt.刺激,使兴奋;激励,使…振奋
参考例句:
  • Your encouragement will stimulate me to further efforts.你的鼓励会激发我进一步努力。
  • Success will stimulate the people for fresh efforts.成功能鼓舞人们去作新的努力。
7 stimulated Rhrz78     
a.刺激的
参考例句:
  • The exhibition has stimulated interest in her work. 展览增进了人们对她作品的兴趣。
  • The award has stimulated her into working still harder. 奖金促使她更加努力地工作。
8 inclination Gkwyj     
n.倾斜;点头;弯腰;斜坡;倾度;倾向;爱好
参考例句:
  • She greeted us with a slight inclination of the head.她微微点头向我们致意。
  • I did not feel the slightest inclination to hurry.我没有丝毫着急的意思。
9 elegance QjPzj     
n.优雅;优美,雅致;精致,巧妙
参考例句:
  • The furnishings in the room imparted an air of elegance.这个房间的家具带给这房间一种优雅的气氛。
  • John has been known for his sartorial elegance.约翰因为衣着讲究而出名。
10 elastic Tjbzq     
n.橡皮圈,松紧带;adj.有弹性的;灵活的
参考例句:
  • Rubber is an elastic material.橡胶是一种弹性材料。
  • These regulations are elastic.这些规定是有弹性的。
11 inflexible xbZz7     
adj.不可改变的,不受影响的,不屈服的
参考例句:
  • Charles was a man of settled habits and inflexible routine.查尔斯是一个恪守习惯、生活规律不容打乱的人。
  • The new plastic is completely inflexible.这种新塑料是完全不可弯曲的。
12 fatigue PhVzV     
n.疲劳,劳累
参考例句:
  • The old lady can't bear the fatigue of a long journey.这位老妇人不能忍受长途旅行的疲劳。
  • I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已从虚弱和疲劳中恢复过来了。
13 vigor yLHz0     
n.活力,精力,元气
参考例句:
  • The choir sang the words out with great vigor.合唱团以极大的热情唱出了歌词。
  • She didn't want to be reminded of her beauty or her former vigor.现在,她不愿人们提起她昔日的美丽和以前的精力充沛。
14 sleepless oiBzGN     
adj.不睡眠的,睡不著的,不休息的
参考例句:
  • The situation gave her many sleepless nights.这种情况害她一连好多天睡不好觉。
  • One evening I heard a tale that rendered me sleepless for nights.一天晚上,我听说了一个传闻,把我搞得一连几夜都不能入睡。
15 inflate zbGz8     
vt.使膨胀,使骄傲,抬高(物价)
参考例句:
  • The buyers bid against each other and often inflate the prices they pay.买主们竞相投标,往往人为地提高价钱。
  • Stuart jumped into the sea and inflated the liferaft.斯图尔特跳到海里给救生艇充气。
16 inflated Mqwz2K     
adj.(价格)飞涨的;(通货)膨胀的;言过其实的;充了气的v.使充气(于轮胎、气球等)( inflate的过去式和过去分词 );(使)膨胀;(使)通货膨胀;物价上涨
参考例句:
  • He has an inflated sense of his own importance. 他自视过高。
  • They all seem to take an inflated view of their collective identity. 他们对自己的集体身份似乎都持有一种夸大的看法。 来自《简明英汉词典》
17 utterly ZfpzM1     
adv.完全地,绝对地
参考例句:
  • Utterly devoted to the people,he gave his life in saving his patients.他忠于人民,把毕生精力用于挽救患者的生命。
  • I was utterly ravished by the way she smiled.她的微笑使我完全陶醉了。
18 exhausted 7taz4r     
adj.极其疲惫的,精疲力尽的
参考例句:
  • It was a long haul home and we arrived exhausted.搬运回家的这段路程特别长,到家时我们已筋疲力尽。
  • Jenny was exhausted by the hustle of city life.珍妮被城市生活的忙乱弄得筋疲力尽。
19 shun 6EIzc     
vt.避开,回避,避免
参考例句:
  • Materialists face truth,whereas idealists shun it.唯物主义者面向真理,唯心主义者则逃避真理。
  • This extremist organization has shunned conventional politics.这个极端主义组织有意避开了传统政治。
20 sneer YFdzu     
v.轻蔑;嘲笑;n.嘲笑,讥讽的言语
参考例句:
  • He said with a sneer.他的话中带有嘲笑之意。
  • You may sneer,but a lot of people like this kind of music.你可以嗤之以鼻,但很多人喜欢这种音乐。
21 sneered 0e3b5b35e54fb2ad006040792a867d9f     
讥笑,冷笑( sneer的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He sneered at people who liked pop music. 他嘲笑喜欢流行音乐的人。
  • It's very discouraging to be sneered at all the time. 成天受嘲讽是很令人泄气的。
22 allied iLtys     
adj.协约国的;同盟国的
参考例句:
  • Britain was allied with the United States many times in history.历史上英国曾多次与美国结盟。
  • Allied forces sustained heavy losses in the first few weeks of the campaign.同盟国在最初几周内遭受了巨大的损失。
23 chaste 8b6yt     
adj.贞洁的;有道德的;善良的;简朴的
参考例句:
  • Comparatively speaking,I like chaste poetry better.相比较而言,我更喜欢朴实无华的诗。
  • Tess was a chaste young girl.苔丝是一个善良的少女。
24 confide WYbyd     
v.向某人吐露秘密
参考例句:
  • I would never readily confide in anybody.我从不轻易向人吐露秘密。
  • He is going to confide the secrets of his heart to us.他将向我们吐露他心里的秘密。
25 confided 724f3f12e93e38bec4dda1e47c06c3b1     
v.吐露(秘密,心事等)( confide的过去式和过去分词 );(向某人)吐露(隐私、秘密等)
参考例句:
  • She confided all her secrets to her best friend. 她向她最要好的朋友倾吐了自己所有的秘密。
  • He confided to me that he had spent five years in prison. 他私下向我透露,他蹲过五年监狱。 来自《简明英汉词典》
26 defiance RmSzx     
n.挑战,挑衅,蔑视,违抗
参考例句:
  • He climbed the ladder in defiance of the warning.他无视警告爬上了那架梯子。
  • He slammed the door in a spirit of defiance.他以挑衅性的态度把门砰地一下关上。
27 interfere b5lx0     
v.(in)干涉,干预;(with)妨碍,打扰
参考例句:
  • If we interfere, it may do more harm than good.如果我们干预的话,可能弊多利少。
  • When others interfere in the affair,it always makes troubles. 别人一卷入这一事件,棘手的事情就来了。
28 narrate DFhxR     
v.讲,叙述
参考例句:
  • They each narrate their own tale but are all inextricably linked together.她们各自讲述自己的故事,却又不可避免地联系在一起。
  • He once holds the tear to narrate a such story to mine.他曾经含着泪给我讲述了这样的一个故事。
29 narrative CFmxS     
n.叙述,故事;adj.叙事的,故事体的
参考例句:
  • He was a writer of great narrative power.他是一位颇有记述能力的作家。
  • Neither author was very strong on narrative.两个作者都不是很善于讲故事。
30 gravel s6hyT     
n.砂跞;砂砾层;结石
参考例句:
  • We bought six bags of gravel for the garden path.我们购买了六袋碎石用来铺花园的小路。
  • More gravel is needed to fill the hollow in the drive.需要更多的砾石来填平车道上的坑洼。
31 lure l8Gz2     
n.吸引人的东西,诱惑物;vt.引诱,吸引
参考例句:
  • Life in big cities is a lure for many country boys.大城市的生活吸引着许多乡下小伙子。
  • He couldn't resist the lure of money.他不能抵制金钱的诱惑。
32 lures 43e770a1168e7235f5138d9f36ecd3b5     
吸引力,魅力(lure的复数形式)
参考例句:
  • He left home because of the lures of life in the city. 他离家是由于都市生活的诱惑。
  • Perhaps it is the desire for solitude or the chance of making an unexpected discovery that lures men down to the depths of the earth. 可能正是寻觅幽静的去处,或者找个猎奇的机会的欲望引诱着人们进入地球的深处。
33 lured 77df5632bf83c9c64fb09403ae21e649     
吸引,引诱(lure的过去式与过去分词形式)
参考例句:
  • The child was lured into a car but managed to escape. 那小孩被诱骗上了车,但又设法逃掉了。
  • Lured by the lust of gold,the pioneers pushed onward. 开拓者在黄金的诱惑下,继续奋力向前。
34 questionable oScxK     
adj.可疑的,有问题的
参考例句:
  • There are still a few questionable points in the case.这个案件还有几个疑点。
  • Your argument is based on a set of questionable assumptions.你的论证建立在一套有问题的假设上。
35 perch 5u1yp     
n.栖木,高位,杆;v.栖息,就位,位于
参考例句:
  • The bird took its perch.鸟停歇在栖木上。
  • Little birds perch themselves on the branches.小鸟儿栖歇在树枝上。
36 retail VWoxC     
v./n.零售;adv.以零售价格
参考例句:
  • In this shop they retail tobacco and sweets.这家铺子零售香烟和糖果。
  • These shoes retail at 10 yuan a pair.这些鞋子零卖10元一双。
37 swarm dqlyj     
n.(昆虫)等一大群;vi.成群飞舞;蜂拥而入
参考例句:
  • There is a swarm of bees in the tree.这树上有一窝蜜蜂。
  • A swarm of ants are moving busily.一群蚂蚁正在忙碌地搬家。
38 swarmed 3f3ff8c8e0f4188f5aa0b8df54637368     
密集( swarm的过去式和过去分词 ); 云集; 成群地移动; 蜜蜂或其他飞行昆虫成群地飞来飞去
参考例句:
  • When the bell rang, the children swarmed out of the school. 铃声一响,孩子们蜂拥而出离开了学校。
  • When the rain started the crowd swarmed back into the hotel. 雨一开始下,人群就蜂拥回了旅社。
39 twig VK1zg     
n.小树枝,嫩枝;v.理解
参考例句:
  • He heard the sharp crack of a twig.他听到树枝清脆的断裂声。
  • The sharp sound of a twig snapping scared the badger away.细枝突然折断的刺耳声把獾惊跑了。
40 twigs 17ff1ed5da672aa443a4f6befce8e2cb     
细枝,嫩枝( twig的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Some birds build nests of twigs. 一些鸟用树枝筑巢。
  • Willow twigs are pliable. 柳条很软。
41 wade nMgzu     
v.跋涉,涉水;n.跋涉
参考例句:
  • We had to wade through the river to the opposite bank.我们只好涉水过河到对岸。
  • We cannot but wade across the river.我们只好趟水过去。
42 bent QQ8yD     
n.爱好,癖好;adj.弯的;决心的,一心的
参考例句:
  • He was fully bent upon the project.他一心扑在这项计划上。
  • We bent over backward to help them.我们尽了最大努力帮助他们。
43 wholesale Ig9wL     
n.批发;adv.以批发方式;vt.批发,成批出售
参考例句:
  • The retail dealer buys at wholesale and sells at retail.零售商批发购进货物,以零售价卖出。
  • Such shoes usually wholesale for much less.这种鞋批发出售通常要便宜得多。
44 waded e8d8bc55cdc9612ad0bc65820a4ceac6     
(从水、泥等)蹚,走过,跋( wade的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • She tucked up her skirt and waded into the river. 她撩起裙子蹚水走进河里。
  • He waded into the water to push the boat out. 他蹚进水里把船推出来。
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