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刘毅词汇 5000 lesson 4

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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第四课的单词

Bellow1 v.吼叫 同:roar
He bellowed2 with pain when the tooth was pulled out.

Beverage3 n.饮料 同:drink
In some countries, it is illegal to sell alcoholic4 beverages5 on Sundays.

Calculate v.计算 同:compute
You must calculate all the advantages and disadvantages before coming to a discussion.

Glamour6 n.魔力 同:charm
The glamour of the life of an actress made her give up her study.

Outfit7 n.用具 同:equipment
She bought him a baseball outfit for his birthday.

Rascal8 n.流氓 同:rogue
Two rascals9 tricked the old man out of his money.

Render v.1.给予 同:give 2.致使
The organization renders great service to the community.
His fatness renders him unable to touch his toes.

Safeguard n.保持 同:protection
Keeping clean is a safeguard against disease.

Schedule 1.n.时刻表 同:timetable v.排定
According to the production schedule, the factory is supposed to turn out a hundred cars a day.
The President’s speech is scheduled on next Friday.

Strap10 n.皮带 同:thong
The general wore straps11 on the shoulders of his uniform.

Tomb n.坟墓 同:grave
When the king died the people placed his body in a large tomb made of stone.

Transmit v.传送 同:convey
Her illness was transmitted to other members of the family.

Wrath12 n.愤怒 同:rage
The king’s unjust laws raised a great wrath among the people.

Baggy13 adj.松弛的 反:tight
Old people sometimes have baggy skin under their eyes.

Beneficial adj.有益的 反:harmful
The new hospital will be beneficial to the poor people.

Disgust 1.n.憎恶 反:favor 2.v.令人厌恶的
The smell of the rotten meat filled her with disgust.
The impolite manner of that man disgusted many people.

Drought n.干旱 反:flood
The water level in the reservoir was low because of the long drought.

Exterior14 adj.外部的 反:interior
The exterior surface of the house was bleached15 by the sunlight.

Eliminate v.削减 反:include
A part of the program was eliminated to save time.

Gorgeous adj.华丽的 反:shabby
Children shouted when they saw the peacock spread his gorgeous tail.

Illegal adj.不合法的 反:lawful
He was arrested for the illegal sale of guns.

Lad n.少年 反:lass
We lived on a peaceful farm when I was a lad.

Retain v.保留 反:lose
In the United States most married women do not retain their maiden16 names.

Tilt17 v.倾斜 反:erect
You tilt your head forward when you bow.

Veto 1.n.否决 反:approval 2.v.否决
The governor’s veto kept the bill from becoming a law.
His parents vetoed his plan to buy a new motorcycle.

Abbreviate18 v.减缩 n.abbreviation
His book was abbreviated19 and appeared in a public magazine.

Available adj.可利用的;可获得的 v. avail
There were no tickets available for Friday’s music performance.

Bribe20 n.贿赂 n. bribery
The judge was accused of taking a bribe to free the prisoner.

Chat n.闲谈 adj. chatty
The woman chatted on the phone for almost an hour.

Contempt v.轻视 adj. contemptible
We feel contempt for a liar22 or a thief.

Fraction n.部分 adj. fractional
She’s careful with her money and spends only a fraction of her earnings23.

Idol24 n.偶像;神像 v. idolize
A stone idol stood at the entrance of the village.

Inherit v.继承 n.inheritance
After the farmer’s death his wife and children will inherit the farm.

Reproduce v.再生 adj.reproductive
She reproduced the contents her husband’s letter from memory.

Shrink v.萎缩 n.shrinkage
Washing wool in hot water will make it shrink.

Tempt21 v.引诱 n.temptation
The sight of the food tempted25 the hungry man to steal.

Vital adj.生命的;致命的 v.vitalize
He was lucky that the bullet had not entered a vital organ.

Abuse 滥用 1.v 2.n
Don’t abuse your health by working when you ought to be sleeping or resting.
His abuse of power has turned his friends against him.

Brand 1.n.品牌 2.v.烙印
What brand of cigarette do you want to smoke?
On big farms, cattle are usually branded to identify the owner of them.

Compress v.压缩
Compressed air has a great deal of force when it released.

Corridor n.走廊
You will find Room 101 at the end of the corridor.

Hatch v.1.图谋;计划 2.孵
The spies hatched a scheme to steal government secrets.
We hatch the eggs by keeping them in a warm place.

Imply v.暗示
Her letter implies that she wishes to meet you.

Logic26 n.逻辑;理学
Logic is not the science of belief, but science of proof or evidence.

Merchandise n.商品
The store had a large stock of merchandise.

Preside v.主持
The mayor presided over the town meeting.

Procure27 v.1.取得 2.促成
They procured28 the money needed to build the hospital.
The traitors29 procured the death of the prince.

Ruffle30 v.弄绉
A sudden breeze ruffled31 the surface of the calm lake.

Soar v.高升
The price of sugar soars when sugar is scare.

Surplus n.剩余
He kept enough corn to feed his cattle and sold the surplus.

练习:从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1. The _____ of Hollywood draws many young people there every year.
2. Parents _____ some of their characteristics to their children.
3. The scientists could _____ when the spaceship would reach the moon.
4. Please straighten the flag ; it is _____ a little bit to the left.
5. A(An) _____ of three months ruined the wheat crops.
6. She _____ so much that it was hard to understand her letters.
7. I feel nothing but _____ for such dishonest behavior.
8. It is hard to _____ water in the desert.
9. The bank keeps a large _____ of money in reserve.
10. Mother’s smile _____ that she had forgiven us.

答案:
1. glamour 2. transmit 3. calculate 4. tilted32 5. drought
6. abbreviated 7. contempt 8. procure 9. surplus 10. implied


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 bellow dtnzy     
v.吼叫,怒吼;大声发出,大声喝道
参考例句:
  • The music is so loud that we have to bellow at each other to be heard.音乐的声音实在太大,我们只有彼此大声喊叫才能把话听清。
  • After a while,the bull began to bellow in pain.过了一会儿公牛开始痛苦地吼叫。
2 bellowed fa9ba2065b18298fa17a6311db3246fc     
v.发出吼叫声,咆哮(尤指因痛苦)( bellow的过去式和过去分词 );(愤怒地)说出(某事),大叫
参考例句:
  • They bellowed at her to stop. 他们吼叫着让她停下。
  • He bellowed with pain when the tooth was pulled out. 当牙齿被拔掉时,他痛得大叫。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
3 beverage 0QgyN     
n.(水,酒等之外的)饮料
参考例句:
  • The beverage is often colored with caramel.这种饮料常用焦糖染色。
  • Beer is a beverage of the remotest time.啤酒是一种最古老的饮料。
4 alcoholic rx7zC     
adj.(含)酒精的,由酒精引起的;n.酗酒者
参考例句:
  • The alcoholic strength of brandy far exceeds that of wine.白兰地的酒精浓度远远超过葡萄酒。
  • Alcoholic drinks act as a poison to a child.酒精饮料对小孩犹如毒药。
5 beverages eb693dc3e09666bb339be2c419d0478e     
n.饮料( beverage的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • laws governing the sale of alcoholic beverages 控制酒类销售的法规
  • regulations governing the sale of alcoholic beverages 含酒精饮料的销售管理条例
6 glamour Keizv     
n.魔力,魅力;vt.迷住
参考例句:
  • Foreign travel has lost its glamour for her.到国外旅行对她已失去吸引力了。
  • The moonlight cast a glamour over the scene.月光给景色增添了魅力。
7 outfit YJTxC     
n.(为特殊用途的)全套装备,全套服装
参考例句:
  • Jenney bought a new outfit for her daughter's wedding.珍妮为参加女儿的婚礼买了一套新装。
  • His father bought a ski outfit for him on his birthday.他父亲在他生日那天给他买了一套滑雪用具。
8 rascal mAIzd     
n.流氓;不诚实的人
参考例句:
  • If he had done otherwise,I should have thought him a rascal.如果他不这样做,我就认为他是个恶棍。
  • The rascal was frightened into holding his tongue.这坏蛋吓得不敢往下说了。
9 rascals 5ab37438604a153e085caf5811049ebb     
流氓( rascal的名词复数 ); 无赖; (开玩笑说法)淘气的人(尤指小孩); 恶作剧的人
参考例句:
  • "Oh, but I like rascals. "唔,不过我喜欢流氓。
  • "They're all second-raters, black sheep, rascals. "他们都是二流人物,是流氓,是恶棍。
10 strap 5GhzK     
n.皮带,带子;v.用带扣住,束牢;用绷带包扎
参考例句:
  • She held onto a strap to steady herself.她抓住拉手吊带以便站稳。
  • The nurse will strap up your wound.护士会绑扎你的伤口。
11 straps 1412cf4c15adaea5261be8ae3e7edf8e     
n.带子( strap的名词复数 );挎带;肩带;背带v.用皮带捆扎( strap的第三人称单数 );用皮带抽打;包扎;给…打绷带
参考例句:
  • the shoulder straps of her dress 她连衣裙上的肩带
  • The straps can be adjusted to suit the wearer. 这些背带可进行调整以适合使用者。
12 wrath nVNzv     
n.愤怒,愤慨,暴怒
参考例句:
  • His silence marked his wrath. 他的沉默表明了他的愤怒。
  • The wrath of the people is now aroused. 人们被激怒了。
13 baggy CuVz5     
adj.膨胀如袋的,宽松下垂的
参考例句:
  • My T-shirt went all baggy in the wash.我的T恤越洗越大了。
  • Baggy pants are meant to be stylish,not offensive.松松垮垮的裤子意味着时髦,而不是无礼。
14 exterior LlYyr     
adj.外部的,外在的;表面的
参考例句:
  • The seed has a hard exterior covering.这种子外壳很硬。
  • We are painting the exterior wall of the house.我们正在给房子的外墙涂漆。
15 bleached b1595af54bdf754969c26ad4e6cec237     
漂白的,晒白的,颜色变浅的
参考例句:
  • His hair was bleached by the sun . 他的头发被太阳晒得发白。
  • The sun has bleached her yellow skirt. 阳光把她的黄裙子晒得褪色了。
16 maiden yRpz7     
n.少女,处女;adj.未婚的,纯洁的,无经验的
参考例句:
  • The prince fell in love with a fair young maiden.王子爱上了一位年轻美丽的少女。
  • The aircraft makes its maiden flight tomorrow.这架飞机明天首航。
17 tilt aG3y0     
v.(使)倾侧;(使)倾斜;n.倾侧;倾斜
参考例句:
  • She wore her hat at a tilt over her left eye.她歪戴着帽子遮住左眼。
  • The table is at a slight tilt.这张桌子没放平,有点儿歪.
18 abbreviate nytz9     
v.缩写,使...简略,缩短
参考例句:
  • She had lost the power to abbreviate the remaining steps of the way.她丧失了缩短这最后几步路的能力。
  • It is seldom acceptable to abbreviate words in formal writing.在正式的书面语中使用缩写语通常是不能接受的。
19 abbreviated 32a218f05db198fc10c9206836aaa17a     
adj. 简短的,省略的 动词abbreviate的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He abbreviated so much that it was hard to understand his article. 他的文章缩写词使用太多,令人费解。
  • The United States of America is commonly abbreviated to U.S.A.. 美利坚合众国常被缩略为U.S.A.。
20 bribe GW8zK     
n.贿赂;v.向…行贿,买通
参考例句:
  • He tried to bribe the policeman not to arrest him.他企图贿赂警察不逮捕他。
  • He resolutely refused their bribe.他坚决不接受他们的贿赂。
21 tempt MpIwg     
vt.引诱,勾引,吸引,引起…的兴趣
参考例句:
  • Nothing could tempt him to such a course of action.什么都不能诱使他去那样做。
  • The fact that she had become wealthy did not tempt her to alter her frugal way of life.她有钱了,可这丝毫没能让她改变节俭的生活习惯。
22 liar V1ixD     
n.说谎的人
参考例句:
  • I know you for a thief and a liar!我算认识你了,一个又偷又骗的家伙!
  • She was wrongly labelled a liar.她被错误地扣上说谎者的帽子。
23 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
24 idol Z4zyo     
n.偶像,红人,宠儿
参考例句:
  • As an only child he was the idol of his parents.作为独子,他是父母的宠儿。
  • Blind worship of this idol must be ended.对这个偶像的盲目崇拜应该结束了。
25 tempted b0182e969d369add1b9ce2353d3c6ad6     
v.怂恿(某人)干不正当的事;冒…的险(tempt的过去分词)
参考例句:
  • I was sorely tempted to complain, but I didn't. 我极想发牢骚,但还是没开口。
  • I was tempted by the dessert menu. 甜食菜单馋得我垂涎欲滴。
26 logic j0HxI     
n.逻辑(学);逻辑性
参考例句:
  • What sort of logic is that?这是什么逻辑?
  • I don't follow the logic of your argument.我不明白你的论点逻辑性何在。
27 procure A1GzN     
vt.获得,取得,促成;vi.拉皮条
参考例句:
  • Can you procure some specimens for me?你能替我弄到一些标本吗?
  • I'll try my best to procure you that original French novel.我将尽全力给你搞到那本原版法国小说。
28 procured 493ee52a2e975a52c94933bb12ecc52b     
v.(努力)取得, (设法)获得( procure的过去式和过去分词 );拉皮条
参考例句:
  • These cars are to be procured through open tender. 这些汽车要用公开招标的办法购买。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • A friend procured a position in the bank for my big brother. 一位朋友为我哥哥谋得了一个银行的职位。 来自《用法词典》
29 traitors 123f90461d74091a96637955d14a1401     
卖国贼( traitor的名词复数 ); 叛徒; 背叛者; 背信弃义的人
参考例句:
  • Traitors are held in infamy. 叛徒为人所不齿。
  • Traitors have always been treated with contempt. 叛徒永被人们唾弃。
30 ruffle oX9xW     
v.弄皱,弄乱;激怒,扰乱;n.褶裥饰边
参考例句:
  • Don't ruffle my hair.I've just combed it.别把我的头发弄乱了。我刚刚梳好了的。
  • You shouldn't ruffle so easily.你不该那么容易发脾气。
31 ruffled e4a3deb720feef0786be7d86b0004e86     
adj. 有褶饰边的, 起皱的 动词ruffle的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • She ruffled his hair affectionately. 她情意绵绵地拨弄着他的头发。
  • All this talk of a strike has clearly ruffled the management's feathers. 所有这些关于罢工的闲言碎语显然让管理层很不高兴。
32 tilted 3gtzE5     
v. 倾斜的
参考例句:
  • Suddenly the boat tilted to one side. 小船突然倾向一侧。
  • She tilted her chin at him defiantly. 她向他翘起下巴表示挑衅。
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