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刘毅词汇(中级)5000 lesson 6

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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LESSON 6

1.Avenue n.大街 同:road
Many people walked down the avenue through the center of the park.

2.Bestow1 v.赠予 同:confer
The president of the college bestowed2 honors on the best students.

3.Brim 1.n.(杯,碗,盘等的)边 同:brink3 2.n.(帽的)缘
Please don’t fill my cup up to the brim.
The wide brim of her hat protected her face from the sun.

4.Drastic adj.激烈的 同:extreme
Drastic changes are necessary to improve the government of the country.

5.Insight n.洞察力 同:penetration
We study science to gain insight into the world we live in.

6.Plea n.1辩解 同:pretext4 2.恳求
The driver’s plea was that he did not see the stop sign.
The kind man answered her plea for aid.

7.Prestige n.声望 同:reputation
The doctor had great prestige among the members of his profession.

8.Ripple5 n.涟漪 同:wave
Throw a stone into still water and watch the ripples6 spread in rings.

9.Shrill7 adj.声音尖锐的 同:sharp
The boys mother shouted his name in a shrill voice.

10.Stray v.迷路 同:wander
The little lamb had strayed from the flock; we couldn’t find it.

11.Trend n.趋势 同:tendency
The trend of modern living is away from many old customs.

12.Wreath n.花环 同:garland
Many people hang wreaths on the window at Christmas.


13.Abstract adj.抽象的 反:concrete
Some authors are not popular because their writings are too abstract.

14.Accumulate v.积聚 反:scatter
Through the years he accumulated sufficient money to buy a farm.

15.Ample adj.充足的;广大的 反:scanty
He has received ample praise for the work he did.

16.Corrupt8 adj.腐败的 反:conscientious
If a government official accepts money to do things that he ought not to do, we say that he is corrupt.

17.Extinct adj.灭种的 反:existent
Many animals that lived thousands of years ago are now extinct.

18.Illuminate9 v. 1.照明 反:darken 2.说明
The room was illuminated10 by four large lamps.
Our interesting teacher could illuminate almost any subject we studied.

19.Incredible adj.难以置信的 反believable
These results are incredible; I can’t believe that they are accurate.

20.Lament11 v.哀悼 反:rejoice
All the people lamented12 the death of their President.

21.Profound adj.极深的 反:shallow
Having taken the medicine, he fell into a profound sleep,

22.Systematic13 adj.有系统的;有组织的 反:disorderly
They made a systematic search for the lost car.

23.Vivid adj.鲜明的 反:dull
The terrible car accident is still vivid in my mind.

24.Betray v. 1.辜负;出卖 2.显示
She betrayed her friends by breaking her promise.
The boys wet shoes betrayed the fact that he had walked in the rain.

25.Comical adj.滑稽的
That’s a comical hat you’re wearing, with all those flowers!

26.Drowsy15 adj.昏昏欲睡
Warm weather makes everyone become drowsy.

27.Embarrass v.使困窘
They were embarrassed because there was not enough food for all the guests.

28.Fabric16 n. 1.布;质地 2.结构
Suits and dresses are made of cloths of different fabric.
The whole fabric of society was changed by the war.

29.Hesitate v.犹豫
I hesitated about taking his side until I knew the whole story.

30.Pregnant adj.怀孕的
The newly wedded17 woman has been pregnant for five month.

31.React v.反应
He reacted to my question with much surprise.

32.Repulse18 v.击退
Our soldiers repulsed19 the enemy forces, which invaded the front line area.

33.Tenant20 n.客房
That building has apartments for one hundred tenants21.

34.Unconscious adj.无知觉的
He was knocked unconscious when the car struck him.

35.Aristocrat22 n.贵族
For many years only aristocrats23 were members of the government.

36.Biography n.传记
After reading a biography of Lincoln I was able to tell many stories about the President.

37.Channel n.海峡;水道
There’s a channel in the middle of the old street to help water flow away when it rains.

38.Cherish v. 1.珍爱 2.怀抱(希望等)
The old woman cherishes the girl as if she were her daughter.
All the women cherished the hope of their husband’s safe return from fishing on the sea.

39.Daze24 v.使晕眩
A blow on the head dazed him so that he could not find his way home.

40.Dismay v.惊慌
He was dismayed by the sight of the burning house.

41.Haul v.拖
The logs were loaded on the wagons25 and hauled to the mill by horses.

42.Mess n.肮脏的一团
I’ve never seen so much mess and disorder14 anywhere.

43.Mound26 n.土堆
The explorers climbed a mound to survey the land around them.

44.Ranch27 n.大农场
The children spent the summer vocation28 on their grandfather’s ranch.

45.Repeal29 v.撤消
The new government repealed30 many old laws.

46.Rumble31 n.隆隆声
She was awakened32 during the storm by the rumbles33 of thunder.

47.Tuck v.折;卷
She tucked up her shirt and climbed over the fence.

练习:从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.His _____ rose when the boys learned that his father was a ship’s captain.
2.The best _____ to success is hard work.
3.His story of having seen a ghost seemed _____ to his family.
4.The _____ judge accepted money to let the prisoner go unpunished.
5.The big searchlight _____ a spot a mile away.
6.She _____ me by asking me whether I really liked her.
7.A man who _____ his country deserves the death penalty.
8.The mother was _____ when her son confessed he had robbed a store.
9.She _____ her wedding ring throughout her life.
10.Congress is discussing whether that law should be _____ or not.

答案:
1. prestige 2. avenue 3. incredible 4. corrupt 5. illuminates34
6. embarrassed 7. betrays 8. dismayed 9. cherished 10.repealed


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 bestow 9t3zo     
v.把…赠与,把…授予;花费
参考例句:
  • He wished to bestow great honors upon the hero.他希望将那些伟大的荣誉授予这位英雄。
  • What great inspiration wiII you bestow on me?你有什么伟大的灵感能馈赠给我?
2 bestowed 12e1d67c73811aa19bdfe3ae4a8c2c28     
赠给,授予( bestow的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • It was a title bestowed upon him by the king. 那是国王赐给他的头衔。
  • He considered himself unworthy of the honour they had bestowed on him. 他认为自己不配得到大家赋予他的荣誉。
3 brink OWazM     
n.(悬崖、河流等的)边缘,边沿
参考例句:
  • The tree grew on the brink of the cliff.那棵树生长在峭壁的边缘。
  • The two countries were poised on the brink of war.这两个国家处于交战的边缘。
4 pretext 1Qsxi     
n.借口,托词
参考例句:
  • He used his headache as a pretext for not going to school.他借口头疼而不去上学。
  • He didn't attend that meeting under the pretext of sickness.他以生病为借口,没参加那个会议。
5 ripple isLyh     
n.涟波,涟漪,波纹,粗钢梳;vt.使...起涟漪,使起波纹; vi.呈波浪状,起伏前进
参考例句:
  • The pebble made a ripple on the surface of the lake.石子在湖面上激起一个涟漪。
  • The small ripple split upon the beach.小小的涟漪卷来,碎在沙滩上。
6 ripples 10e54c54305aebf3deca20a1472f4b96     
逐渐扩散的感觉( ripple的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The moon danced on the ripples. 月亮在涟漪上舞动。
  • The sea leaves ripples on the sand. 海水在沙滩上留下了波痕。
7 shrill EEize     
adj.尖声的;刺耳的;v尖叫
参考例句:
  • Whistles began to shrill outside the barn.哨声开始在谷仓外面尖叫。
  • The shrill ringing of a bell broke up the card game on the cutter.刺耳的铃声打散了小汽艇的牌局。
8 corrupt 4zTxn     
v.贿赂,收买;adj.腐败的,贪污的
参考例句:
  • The newspaper alleged the mayor's corrupt practices.那家报纸断言市长有舞弊行为。
  • This judge is corrupt.这个法官贪污。
9 illuminate zcSz4     
vt.照亮,照明;用灯光装饰;说明,阐释
参考例句:
  • Dreams kindle a flame to illuminate our dark roads.梦想点燃火炬照亮我们黑暗的道路。
  • They use games and drawings to illuminate their subject.他们用游戏和图画来阐明他们的主题。
10 illuminated 98b351e9bc282af85e83e767e5ec76b8     
adj.被照明的;受启迪的
参考例句:
  • Floodlights illuminated the stadium. 泛光灯照亮了体育场。
  • the illuminated city at night 夜幕中万家灯火的城市
11 lament u91zi     
n.悲叹,悔恨,恸哭;v.哀悼,悔恨,悲叹
参考例句:
  • Her face showed lament.她的脸上露出悲伤的样子。
  • We lament the dead.我们哀悼死者。
12 lamented b6ae63144a98bc66c6a97351aea85970     
adj.被哀悼的,令人遗憾的v.(为…)哀悼,痛哭,悲伤( lament的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • her late lamented husband 她那令人怀念的已故的丈夫
  • We lamented over our bad luck. 我们为自己的不幸而悲伤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 systematic SqMwo     
adj.有系统的,有计划的,有方法的
参考例句:
  • The way he works isn't very systematic.他的工作不是很有条理。
  • The teacher made a systematic work of teaching.这个教师进行系统的教学工作。
14 disorder Et1x4     
n.紊乱,混乱;骚动,骚乱;疾病,失调
参考例句:
  • When returning back,he discovered the room to be in disorder.回家后,他发现屋子里乱七八糟。
  • It contained a vast number of letters in great disorder.里面七零八落地装着许多信件。
15 drowsy DkYz3     
adj.昏昏欲睡的,令人发困的
参考例句:
  • Exhaust fumes made him drowsy and brought on a headache.废气把他熏得昏昏沉沉,还引起了头疼。
  • I feel drowsy after lunch every day.每天午饭后我就想睡觉。
16 fabric 3hezG     
n.织物,织品,布;构造,结构,组织
参考例句:
  • The fabric will spot easily.这种织品很容易玷污。
  • I don't like the pattern on the fabric.我不喜欢那块布料上的图案。
17 wedded 2e49e14ebbd413bed0222654f3595c6a     
adj.正式结婚的;渴望…的,执著于…的v.嫁,娶,(与…)结婚( wed的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • She's wedded to her job. 她专心致志于工作。
  • I was invited over by the newly wedded couple for a meal. 我被那对新婚夫妇请去吃饭。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 repulse dBFz4     
n.击退,拒绝;vt.逐退,击退,拒绝
参考例句:
  • The armed forces were prepared to repulse any attacks.武装部队已作好击退任何进攻的准备。
  • After the second repulse,the enemy surrendered.在第二次击退之后,敌人投降了。
19 repulsed 80c11efb71fea581c6fe3c4634a448e1     
v.击退( repulse的过去式和过去分词 );驳斥;拒绝
参考例句:
  • I was repulsed by the horrible smell. 这种可怕的气味让我恶心。
  • At the first brush,the enemy was repulsed. 敌人在第一次交火时就被击退了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
20 tenant 0pbwd     
n.承租人;房客;佃户;v.租借,租用
参考例句:
  • The tenant was dispossessed for not paying his rent.那名房客因未付房租而被赶走。
  • The tenant is responsible for all repairs to the building.租户负责对房屋的所有修理。
21 tenants 05662236fc7e630999509804dd634b69     
n.房客( tenant的名词复数 );佃户;占用者;占有者
参考例句:
  • A number of tenants have been evicted for not paying the rent. 许多房客因不付房租被赶了出来。
  • Tenants are jointly and severally liable for payment of the rent. 租金由承租人共同且分别承担。
22 aristocrat uvRzb     
n.贵族,有贵族气派的人,上层人物
参考例句:
  • He was the quintessential english aristocrat.他是典型的英国贵族。
  • He is an aristocrat to the very marrow of his bones.他是一个道道地地的贵族。
23 aristocrats 45f57328b4cffd28a78c031f142ec347     
n.贵族( aristocrat的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Many aristocrats were killed in the French Revolution. 许多贵族在法国大革命中被处死。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • To the Guillotine all aristocrats! 把全部贵族都送上断头台! 来自英汉文学 - 双城记
24 daze vnyzH     
v.(使)茫然,(使)发昏
参考例句:
  • The blow on the head dazed him for a moment.他头上受了一击后就昏眩了片刻。
  • I like dazing to sit in the cafe by myself on Sunday.星期日爱独坐人少的咖啡室发呆。
25 wagons ff97c19d76ea81bb4f2a97f2ff0025e7     
n.四轮的运货马车( wagon的名词复数 );铁路货车;小手推车
参考例句:
  • The wagons were hauled by horses. 那些货车是马拉的。
  • They drew their wagons into a laager and set up camp. 他们把马车围成一圈扎起营地。
26 mound unCzhy     
n.土墩,堤,小山;v.筑堤,用土堆防卫
参考例句:
  • The explorers climbed a mound to survey the land around them.勘探者爬上土丘去勘测周围的土地。
  • The mound can be used as our screen.这个土丘可做我们的掩蔽物。
27 ranch dAUzk     
n.大牧场,大农场
参考例句:
  • He went to work on a ranch.他去一个大农场干活。
  • The ranch is in the middle of a large plateau.该牧场位于一个辽阔高原的中部。
28 vocation 8h6wB     
n.职业,行业
参考例句:
  • She struggled for years to find her true vocation.她多年来苦苦寻找真正适合自己的职业。
  • She felt it was her vocation to minister to the sick.她觉得照料病人是她的天职。
29 repeal psVyy     
n.废止,撤消;v.废止,撤消
参考例句:
  • He plans to repeal a number of current policies.他计划废除一些当前的政策。
  • He has made out a strong case for the repeal of the law.他提出强有力的理由,赞成废除该法令。
30 repealed 3d9f89fff28ae1cbe7bc44768bc7f02d     
撤销,废除( repeal的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The Labour Party repealed the Act. 工党废除了那项法令。
  • The legislature repealed the unpopular Rent Act. 立法机关废除了不得人心的租借法案。
31 rumble PCXzd     
n.隆隆声;吵嚷;v.隆隆响;低沉地说
参考例句:
  • I hear the rumble of thunder in the distance.我听到远处雷声隆隆。
  • We could tell from the rumble of the thunder that rain was coming.我们根据雷的轰隆声可断定,天要下雨了。
32 awakened de71059d0b3cd8a1de21151c9166f9f0     
v.(使)醒( awaken的过去式和过去分词 );(使)觉醒;弄醒;(使)意识到
参考例句:
  • She awakened to the sound of birds singing. 她醒来听到鸟的叫声。
  • The public has been awakened to the full horror of the situation. 公众完全意识到了这一状况的可怕程度。 来自《简明英汉词典》
33 rumbles 5286f3d60693f7c96051c46804f0df87     
隆隆声,辘辘声( rumble的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • If I hear any rumbles I'll let you know. 我要是听到什么风声就告诉你。
  • Three blocks away train rumbles by. 三个街区以外,火车隆隆驶过。
34 illuminates 63e70c844c6767d7f38403dcd36bb8a5     
v.使明亮( illuminate的第三人称单数 );照亮;装饰;说明
参考例句:
  • The light shines on from over there and illuminates the stage. 灯光从那边照进来,照亮了舞台。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The sun illuminates the sky. 太阳照亮了天空。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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