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刘毅词汇 5000 lesson 7

时间:2005-04-25 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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LESSON 7

1.Batter1 v.重击 同:beat
There is someone battering2 at the door you’d better let him in.

2.Clutch v.紧握 同:grasp
The mother clutched her baby in her arms.

3.Contemplate3 v.审视;考虑 同:ponder
The police contemplated4 various kinds of trouble after the football match between the two universities.

4.Garbage n.垃圾 同:refuse
Please leave your garbage in a can outside the door.

5.Obstacle n.障碍 同:obstruction
A fallen tree across the road was an obstacle to our car.

6.Pious5 adj.虔诚的 同:religious
She is a pious woman who goes to church every morning.

7.Regulate v. 1.管理 同:control 2.调整
The school adopted new rules to regulate the behavior of students.
My watch is losing time; I will have to regulate it.

8.Riot n.暴动 同:religious
The riot during the election was put down by the police.

9.Shovel6 n.铲子 同:spade
We had better move this tree to our garden. Would you please bring the shovel?

10.Stately adj.堂皇的 同:majestic
We were much impressed by the general’s stately appearance.

11.Tow v.拖 同:draw
They towed the wrecked7 car to the nearest garage.

12.Upset v.扰乱 同:overturn
Her plans were upset by the change of the weather.

13.Vex8 v.激怒 同:annoy
His father was vexed9 by the child’s impolite behavior.

14.Communism n.共产主义
Communism is expressed in various movements, but Russian sovietism if often referred to as a good sample.

15.Dignify10 v.使尊荣 反:degrade
They dignified11 her job by giving her a special title.

16.Disaster n.灾难 反:fortune
A great flood, fire, earthquake, or great loss of money is a disaster.

17.Gloom n.幽暗 反:brightness
The maple12 shade provided him with a rich gloom for sleeping.

18.Hospitable13 adj.善于待客的 反:hostile
He is hospitable to anybody; he likes to give attention to the needs of others.

19.Infant n.婴儿 反:adult
The woman was carrying and infant in he arms.

20.Mature adj.成熟的 反:immature
You mustn’t be jealous when your sister gets presents; you must learns to behavior in a more mature way.

21.Prejudice n.偏见 反:fairness
She has a prejudice against popular music.

22.Simplify v.简化 反:complicate
The theory was simplified to make it easier to understand.

23.Tranquil14 adj.宁静的 反:noisy
After he retired15, he lived a tranquil life in the country.

24.Unworthy adj.无价值的 反:valuable
You shouldn’t trust him; he is unworthy of your trust.

25.Valid16 adj.正确的 反:invalid
His objections to the plan on the basis of cost are valid.

26.Ally v.联合
The workers of the factories allied17 against the big employers and asked them for better wages.

27.Approximate 1. adj.近似的 2. v.接近
The approximate length of a meter is 40 inches; the exact length is 39.37 inches.
Your account of what happened approximates truth,but there are several samll errors.

28.Athlete n.运动员
The young athlete was much admired for his speed.

29.Certify18 v.证明
This diploma certifies19 that you have completed high school.

30.Coincide v.一致
My religious beliefs and yours do not coincide.

31.Convey v.传送
A truck conveyed my furniture to my new home.

32.Discreet20 adj.言行谨慎的
It wasn’t discreet of you to call him around midnight.

33.Evolve v.发展
The British political system has evolved over several centuries.

34.Identify v. 1.视为同一 2.认明
The good king identified the wellbeing of his people with his own.
I could identify the coat at once; it was my brother’s.

35.Radiate v.发出
The sun radiates light and heat.

36.Supervise v.监督
The architect supervised the building of the house.

37.Torrent21 n.急流
A torrent of water swept down the valley.

38.Anniversary n.周年
My parents invited their friends to their 30th wedding anniversary.

39.Barracks n. pl.兵营
You can’t expect soldiers to live in a barracks like that.

40.Creed22 n.教条
“honesty is the best policy” was his creed through his whole life.

41.Drip v.滴下
We have to fix the roof; water is dripping down from the ceiling.

42.Hound n.猎犬
A good hound should have a sharp sense of smell.

43.Jerk 1. v.急动 2. n.急动
As the water was unexpectedly hot, he jerked his hand out.
As he stopped the car with a jerk, we were all thrown to the floor.

44.Mold v.塑造
The artist molded the clay into a figure of a child.

45.Paste n.浆糊
The clerk used thick paste to put the label on the package.

46.Patron n. 1.老主顾 2.赞助人
She has been a patron of this store for many years.
The patrons of the museum contributed the money for the new museum building.

47.Razor n.刮胡刀
John shaved off his beard with an electric razor.

48.Slap v.掌掴
She slapped the boy on the cheek for disobedience, and he began to cry.

49.Suicide n.自杀
The police think that the death was by suicide.

50.Telegraph n.电报
Mother sent me a message by telegraph that she would arrive home by afternoon plane.

练习:从本期的生词中选出适当的填空。

1.On T.V. we watched the _____ parade of our armed forces.
2.The _____ old woman made every effort to go worship each time she could.
3.Try to _____ your explanation for the little children.
4._____ descended23 upon the family when they heard the bad news.
5.Such a silly story is _____ of belief.
6.The rain came down in a(an) _____ during the thunderstorm.
7.Your answers are correct; they _____ with the answers in the book..
8.The new shop across the road has taken away some of my best _____.
9.We usually send an urgent message by _____.
10.When her husband died of a fever, she committed.

答案:
1. stately 2. pious 3. simplify 4. Gloom 5. unworthy
6. torrent 7. coincide 8. patrons 9. telegraph 10.suicide


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 batter QuazN     
v.接连重击;磨损;n.牛奶面糊;击球员
参考例句:
  • The batter skied to the center fielder.击球手打出一个高飞球到中外野手。
  • Put a small quantity of sugar into the batter.在面糊里放少量的糖。
2 battering 98a585e7458f82d8b56c9e9dfbde727d     
n.用坏,损坏v.连续猛击( batter的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • The film took a battering from critics in the US. 该影片在美国遭遇到批评家的猛烈抨击。
  • He kept battering away at the door. 他接连不断地砸门。 来自《简明英汉词典》
3 contemplate PaXyl     
vt.盘算,计议;周密考虑;注视,凝视
参考例句:
  • The possibility of war is too horrifying to contemplate.战争的可能性太可怕了,真不堪细想。
  • The consequences would be too ghastly to contemplate.后果不堪设想。
4 contemplated d22c67116b8d5696b30f6705862b0688     
adj. 预期的 动词contemplate的过去分词形式
参考例句:
  • The doctor contemplated the difficult operation he had to perform. 医生仔细地考虑他所要做的棘手的手术。
  • The government has contemplated reforming the entire tax system. 政府打算改革整个税收体制。
5 pious KSCzd     
adj.虔诚的;道貌岸然的
参考例句:
  • Alexander is a pious follower of the faith.亚历山大是个虔诚的信徒。
  • Her mother was a pious Christian.她母亲是一个虔诚的基督教徒。
6 shovel cELzg     
n.铁锨,铲子,一铲之量;v.铲,铲出
参考例句:
  • He was working with a pick and shovel.他在用镐和铲干活。
  • He seized a shovel and set to.他拿起一把铲就干上了。
7 wrecked ze0zKI     
adj.失事的,遇难的
参考例句:
  • the hulk of a wrecked ship 遇难轮船的残骸
  • the salvage of the wrecked tanker 对失事油轮的打捞
8 vex TLVze     
vt.使烦恼,使苦恼
参考例句:
  • Everything about her vexed him.有关她的一切都令他困惑。
  • It vexed me to think of others gossiping behind my back.一想到别人在背后说我闲话,我就很恼火。
9 vexed fd1a5654154eed3c0a0820ab54fb90a7     
adj.争论不休的;(指问题等)棘手的;争论不休的问题;烦恼的v.使烦恼( vex的过去式和过去分词 );使苦恼;使生气;详细讨论
参考例句:
  • The conference spent days discussing the vexed question of border controls. 会议花了几天的时间讨论边境关卡这个难题。
  • He was vexed at his failure. 他因失败而懊恼。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
10 dignify PugzfG     
vt.使有尊严;使崇高;给增光
参考例句:
  • It does not dignify the human condition. It does not elevate the human spirit.它不能使人活得更有尊严,不能提升人的精神生活。
  • I wouldn't dignify this trash by calling it a novel.这部劣等作品我是不会美称为小说的。
11 dignified NuZzfb     
a.可敬的,高贵的
参考例句:
  • Throughout his trial he maintained a dignified silence. 在整个审讯过程中,他始终沉默以保持尊严。
  • He always strikes such a dignified pose before his girlfriend. 他总是在女友面前摆出这种庄严的姿态。
12 maple BBpxj     
n.槭树,枫树,槭木
参考例句:
  • Maple sugar is made from the sap of maple trees.枫糖是由枫树的树液制成的。
  • The maple leaves are tinge with autumn red.枫叶染上了秋天的红色。
13 hospitable CcHxA     
adj.好客的;宽容的;有利的,适宜的
参考例句:
  • The man is very hospitable.He keeps open house for his friends and fellow-workers.那人十分好客,无论是他的朋友还是同事,他都盛情接待。
  • The locals are hospitable and welcoming.当地人热情好客。
14 tranquil UJGz0     
adj. 安静的, 宁静的, 稳定的, 不变的
参考例句:
  • The boy disturbed the tranquil surface of the pond with a stick. 那男孩用棍子打破了平静的池面。
  • The tranquil beauty of the village scenery is unique. 这乡村景色的宁静是绝无仅有的。
15 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
16 valid eiCwm     
adj.有确实根据的;有效的;正当的,合法的
参考例句:
  • His claim to own the house is valid.他主张对此屋的所有权有效。
  • Do you have valid reasons for your absence?你的缺席有正当理由吗?
17 allied iLtys     
adj.协约国的;同盟国的
参考例句:
  • Britain was allied with the United States many times in history.历史上英国曾多次与美国结盟。
  • Allied forces sustained heavy losses in the first few weeks of the campaign.同盟国在最初几周内遭受了巨大的损失。
18 certify tOozp     
vt.证明,证实;发证书(或执照)给
参考例句:
  • I can certify to his good character.我可以证明他品德好。
  • This swimming certificate is to certify that I can swim one hundred meters.这张游泳证是用以证明我可以游100米远。
19 certifies 9ef675aeec5aa72e0576e2bb0bb20651     
(尤指书面)证明( certify的第三人称单数 ); 发证书给…; 证明(某人)患有精神病; 颁发(或授予)专业合格证书
参考例句:
  • Authority certifies the identity of sites on the internet. 权威负责向Internet网站授予其标识。
  • The paper then certifies this algorithm by infrared image processing. 并且文中使用红外图像对这个算法进行了验证。
20 discreet xZezn     
adj.(言行)谨慎的;慎重的;有判断力的
参考例句:
  • He is very discreet in giving his opinions.发表意见他十分慎重。
  • It wasn't discreet of you to ring me up at the office.你打电话到我办公室真是太鲁莽了。
21 torrent 7GCyH     
n.激流,洪流;爆发,(话语等的)连发
参考例句:
  • The torrent scoured a channel down the hillside. 急流沿着山坡冲出了一条沟。
  • Her pent-up anger was released in a torrent of words.她压抑的愤怒以滔滔不绝的话爆发了出来。
22 creed uoxzL     
n.信条;信念,纲领
参考例句:
  • They offended against every article of his creed.他们触犯了他的每一条戒律。
  • Our creed has always been that business is business.我们的信条一直是公私分明。
23 descended guQzoy     
a.为...后裔的,出身于...的
参考例句:
  • A mood of melancholy descended on us. 一种悲伤的情绪袭上我们的心头。
  • The path descended the hill in a series of zigzags. 小路呈连续的之字形顺着山坡蜿蜒而下。
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