英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

新视野大学英语读写教程词汇 第二册 Unit 1b

时间:2010-12-18 05:57来源:互联网 提供网友:wokan222   字体: [ ]

<TITLE>New Words</TITLE>
|@|<1>spite |n. |(in ~ of) despite; regardless of |虽然;尽管
|| | |They went out in spite of the rain. |尽管下雨,他们还是外出了。
|| | |In spite of all of his efforts he failed. |尽管他作了种种努力,但还是失败了。
||<2>clash  |vi. |1. disagree about sth. |不一致;冲突
|| | |The couple clashed on the question of where to spend their holidays.  |夫妻俩对上哪儿去度假意见不一致。
|| | |Richard clashed frequently with Goldsmith. |理查德和戈德史密斯经常意见相左。
|| | |2. come to a fight |冲突
|| | |They clashed with the police in the street. |他们在街上和警察发生了冲突。
|| | |The two armies clashed near the boundary this morning. |今晨两支军队在边境附近发生了交火。
|| |n. |1. [C] an argument |不一致;争论
|| | |There is a clash between the two party leaders. |两党的领导人之间发生了争执。
|| | |There is a clash of interests in this project. |这个项目中存在着利益上的冲突。
|| | |2. [C] a short fight |冲突
|| | |The demonstration1 ended in a violent clash with the police. |示威游行最后以与警察发生激烈冲突结束。
|| | |There were violent clashes downtown. |在市中心发生了暴力冲突。
|@|<3>tradition  |n. |[C, U] beliefs or customs passed down from one generation to the next |传统
|| | |By tradition, people play jokes on April 1. |根据传统习俗,人们在四月一日相互捉弄和开玩笑。
|| | |It's a tradition to sing "Jingle2 Bells" on Christmas. |圣诞节唱“铃儿响叮当”是一种传统。
||<4> <em>adjustment</em> |n. |[C, U] the act of adjusting |调整
|| | |I made a few very minor3 adjustments to the decoration, which in general it had been excellent. |我对装饰做了几处小修改, 但总体来说装饰棒极了。
|| | |The room was full of dancers, all making last-minute adjustments to their costumes. |满屋子是舞蹈演员,都在对演出服做最后的调整。
||<5>honeymoon4 |n. |[C] a holiday taken by a couple who have just got married; (fig.) a period of good feeling or good relations |蜜月期;(喻)短暂的和谐期
|| | |I haven't had a holiday for ten years, not since our honeymoon. |自蜜月以后,整整10年我都没有休过假。
|| | |As he tries to deal with the problems, he may find that his political honeymoon is over. |当他设法处理那些问题时,他会发现自己的政治蜜月期已经结束。
||<6>marvelous |a. |(BrE marvellous) extremely good; wonderful |非常好的;绝妙的
|| | |It's marvelous how he's managed to climb that far. |他竟然能爬那么远,真是不可思议。
|| | |The performance is simply marvelous. |演出精彩极了!
|@|<7>amusement |n. |1. [U] the feeling of being amused |愉快,快乐
|| | |She could not cover her amusement at his mistake. |对他的错误,她禁不住觉得好笑。
|| | |To everybody's amusement, the actor fell off the stage. |那个演员从舞台上掉了下来,大家都感到好笑。
|| | |2. [C] sth. that makes time pass pleasantly |娱乐(消遣)活动
|| | |The hotel offers its guests a wide variety of amusements. |这家旅馆为客人们提供各式各样的娱乐活动。
|| | |Outdoor amusement will relax you after a day's work in office. |在办公室里呆了一整天之后,户外娱乐活动可使你得到放松。
|▲|<8>hostility5 |n. |[U] unfriendly behavior or feeling towards sb. |敌意;敌对
|| | |There is now open hostility between the two leaders. |两位领导人之间的敌意已经公开化了。
|| | |Their friendship is regarded with hostility. |人们对他们的友谊持敌视态度。
|@|<9>moreover |ad. |what's more; in addition |此外;而且
|| | |I don't want to go skating; moreover, the ice is too thin. |我不想去滑冰;再说,冰也太薄了。
|| | |The idea was not good; moreover, it would have been too expensive. |这个建议不太好,而且实施起来花费也太大。
||<10> <em>anymore</em> |ad. |(used in negatives) (not) any longer |再也(不)
|| | |Money doesn't seem to matter to him anymore. |金钱似乎对他已无关紧要了。
|| | |People are not interested in movie anymore. |现在人们对看电影不再感兴趣。
||<11>distress6 |vt. |make sb. feel very upset |使痛苦;使苦恼
|| | |Please don't distress yourself. |请别悲伤。
|| | |The erratic7 motion of the plane distressed8 me to no end. |飞机的颠簸让我担心极了。
|| |n. |[U] a feeling of extreme unhappiness |痛苦,苦恼
|| | |Her death was a great distress to all the family. |他去世使全家人感到万分悲痛。
|| | |Two in distress makes sorrow less.| 同病相怜。
||<12>devise|vt. |create or invent a new way of doing sth. |设计;发明
|| | |The teacher has devised a new method of teaching foreign languages. |那位老师发明了一种教授外语的新方法。
|| | |He devised a plan for getting the jewels out of the country. |他想出了一个把珠宝带出国的计划。
||<13>mechanism9 |n. |[C] a way of behaving that helps sb. deal with a problem |行为方式;机制
|| | |Rabbits, too, have their survival mechanisms10. |兔子也有自己的生存之道。
|| | |Her offensive way is just a defense11 mechanism. |她的咄咄逼人不过是出于防卫心理。
||<14>cope |vi. |be able to deal with sth. difficult |应付;处理
|| | |The local government has successfully coped with the problems of environmental pollution. |当地政府成功地解决了环境污染问题。
|| | |It's a tough job but I'm sure he'll cope. |这是一项艰难的工作,但我肯定他能克服困难,完成任务。
|*|<15>repression13|n. |1. [U] control of strong feelings |(对情感或欲望的)压抑;抑制
|| | |The repression of one's true feelings is wrong. |抑制自己的真实情感是不对的。
|| | |He felt that much unhappiness was because of repression. |他感到许多的不快都是由压抑引起的。
|| | |2. [U] cruel and severe control of a large group of people |镇压
|| | |They were a people who knew repression; they had suffered under a totalitarian ruler their entire lives. |他们这个民族深知压迫之苦,他们一生都遭受独裁者的统治。
|| | |The political repression in this country is imposed by severe fear. |这个国家的政治镇压是通过恐怖行动来实施的。
|@|<16>acceptable |a. |good enough; satisfactory |可接受的;合意的
|| | |I would not call the breakfast great, but it was generally acceptable. |我不认为早餐好极了,但基本上也还过得去。
|| | |Some low-fat cheeses have quite an acceptable flavor but some taste like rubber. |有些低脂奶酪味道不错,但有些吃起来就味同嚼蜡了。
|■|<17>regression|n. |[U] a return to an earlier stage of development |回归;倒退
|| | |The psychologist believed that the man was experiencing regression as a result of dealing14 with a new situation. |心理学家认为那男子因面临新形势而正处于行为回归阶段。
|| | |Regression is a psychological state that a person should guard against. |行为倒退是我们应该提防的心理状态。
||<18> <em>irresponsible</em> |a.     |not responsible |不负责任的
|| | |Police blame higher crime rates on irresponsible parents who allow their teenage children to stay out all night. |警方把犯罪率上升归因于不负责任的家长,他们任由自己十多岁的孩子在外彻夜不归。
|| | |It was highly irresponsible of him to leave the children alone in the house. |他把孩子们单独留在家,极不负责。
|@|<19>isolate |vt. |keep sb. or sth. apart from other people or things| 使孤立;使隔离
|| | |When a person has an infectious disease, he is usually isolated16 from other people. |人患传染病时通常与他人隔离。
|| | |She kept herself almost isolated from her colleagues. |她几乎不与同事来往。
|*|<20>isolation17 |n. |[U] the state of being isolated |隔离;孤立
|| | |They live in complete isolation in a mountain. |他们在山里过着完全与世隔绝的生活。
|| | |fight in isolation |孤军奋战
|@|<21>reject     |vt.    |1. refuse to accept sth. |拒绝;不接受
|| | |She rejected his offer of marriage. |她拒绝了他的求婚。
|| | |He was rejected by the army because of his poor sight. |他由于视力差而未被接受入伍。
|| | |2. throw sth. away |抛弃,丢弃
|| | |Damaged products were rejected by our quality control. |受损的产品经检验不合格而报废。
|| | |She rejected all the buns that were burned. |她剔弃所有烘焦的小甜圆面包。
||<22> <em>rejection18</em>|n. |[C, U] the act of not accepting |拒绝;不接受
|| | |The company's rejection made him disappointed. |公司回绝了他,令他很失望。
|| | |I've applied19 for ten jobs, but all I've got back is rejections20. |我申请了十份工作,但都被回绝了。
utilize21">|@|<23>utilize |vt. |(BrE utilise) use; make use of |使用
|| | |You may be able to utilize their assistance. |你或许能用得上他们的帮助。
|| | |You should utilize your abilities in a suitable job. |你应该在合适的工作上发挥自己的才能。
|@|<24>deal |vi. |(dealt, dealt) (with) take action, esp. to solve a problem |对付;应付;处理
|| | |However, not all problems can be dealt with mathematically. |然而,不是所有问题都可以用数学方法来解决的。
|| | |They should deal properly and fairly with any complaint. |他们应该合理、公正地处理任何投诉。
||<25>hostile |a. |1. angry and very unfriendly toward sb. |怀有敌意的,敌对的
|| | |She found his attitude to her obviously hostile. |她发现他对自己的态度明显怀有敌意。
|| | |She gave him a hostile look. |她怀有敌意地看了他一眼。
|| | |2. of an enemy |敌方的,好战的
|| | |a hostile army |敌军
|| | |hostile forces |敌方力量
|@|<26>recognition |n.  |[sing., U] the act of realizing and accepting that sth. is true |承认;认可
|| | |There is a growing recognition of the need for more preventive treatment. |越来越多的人认识到对于预防措施的需求。
|| | |Alice is moved by Richard's recognition of her importance in his life. |理查德承认爱丽丝在他生命中很重要,这让爱丽丝非常感动。
|@|<27>temporary |a. |lasting only for a short time |暂时的
|| | |France has agreed to a temporary suspension of military activities. |法国同意暂停军事行动。
|| | |I've got a temporary secretarial job, but I'm hoping to find something more permanent. |我有个临时的秘书工作,但我希望能找到更固定的职业。
||<28>recovery |n. |1. [sing., U] return to a normal state |恢复;痊愈
|| | |He's now well on the way to recovery. |他在顺利地康复。
|| | |He's past recovery. |他已毫无康复的希望。
|| | |2. [U] the act of getting sth. back that is lost |重获;复得
|| | |the recovery of stolen goods |追回赃物
|| | |the recovery of a fallen city |收复失陷城市
|@|<29>favorable |a. |(BrE favourable) |
|| | |1. giving sb. or sth. an advantage |有利的
|| | |favorable winds |顺风
|| | |The position of his shop is favorable to business. |他的商店所处的位置有利于做生意。
|| | |2. giving or showing agreement |赞成的
|| | |It's encouraging to receive a favorable report on one's work. |收到一份对自己工作表示赞同的报告很令人鼓舞。
|| | |We found that most people were favorable to the idea. |我们发现大多数人都赞成这个意见。
||<30>symptom |n.|1. [C] a sign of a bad condition or problem |迹象;征兆
|| | |He recognizes the symptoms, but refuses to admit that he has made a mistake. |他承认这些迹象,但不愿承认自己是犯了错误。
|| | |The Government must not ignore these symptoms of present economic problems. |政府不应忽视这些能反映当前经济问题的现象。
|| | |2. [C] a sign that shows an illness |症状
|| | |First the doctor asked me to describe my symptoms. |医生首先让我描述自己的症状。
|| | |All the symptoms point to a cold. |所有的症状都表明是感冒。
||<31>distinction|n. |1. [sing.] a special or unique quality |特点;特征
|| | |Our company has the distinction of being the only travel agent located in this area. |我们公司是这个地区唯一的一家旅行社。
|| | |2. [C] a difference between two things |区别;差别
|| | |There is no obvious distinction between the twins. |那对孪生儿之间没有明显差异。
|| | |There's a clear distinction between the forms of speech in the two regions. |两地方言有明显差异。
|| | |3. [U] the quality of being excellent |卓越;杰出
|| | |a dancer of distinction |凤毛麟角的舞蹈家
|| | |a writer of distinction |著名作家
|@|<32>appreciate|vt. |1. understand and enjoy |欣赏;赏识
|| | |You can't fully12 appreciate Shakespeare in translation. |通过翻译的文字,你是没法充分赏析莎士比亚的作品的。
|| | |2. be grateful for sth. |对...表示感谢
|| | |I appreciate your concern for me. |很感谢你对我的关心。
|| | |I'd appreciate it if you lend me some money. |你要能借我些钱,我将感激不尽。
||<33>acquisition |n.  |[U] the act of gaining sth. |获得,得到
|| | |He spent hundreds of hours in the acquisition of skill at playing the piano. |他花了数百小时掌握弹钢琴的技巧。
|| | |The children progressed in the acquisition of basic skills. |孩子们在掌握基本技能方面取得了进步。
alleviate22">|@*|<34>alleviate |vt. |make sth. less serious |减轻,缓和
|| | |They alleviated23 their boredom24 by singing songs while they waited. |他们通过唱歌来减轻等待时的烦躁。
|| | |We want to help alleviate their lack of food. |我们想帮助他们缓解粮食短缺的状况。
|@|<35>interact |vi. |1.(with) communicate with sb. |交流
|| | |Linda has a problem of interacting with other children in her class. |琳达不能和班里别的孩子交流。
|| | |To be a good teacher, you have to interact well with all sorts of students. |要成为一个好老师,你必须能和各种各样的学生很好地交流。
|| | |2. have an effect on each other |互相作用;互相影响
|| | |We learned about how people and their environment interact. |我们了解了人和环境怎样相互作用。
|| | |There will be a true global village in which telephones, computers, and televisions interact. |将会出现一个由电话、计算机和电视机联系起来的真正的地球村。
|@|<36>considerable |a.   |fairly large or great |相当大的;相当多的
|| | |A considerable amount of research was done here by our science department. |我们科学部承担了这里大量的研究工作。
|| | |Attracting tourists to the area is going to take considerable effort. |吸引旅游者来这个地区看来得付出相当大的努力。
|@|<37>furthermore |ad.  |in addition to what has been said; moreover |此外;而且
|| | |The house is too small, and, furthermore, it's too far from the city. |房子太小,而且离城里太远。
|| | |I don't know what happened to Rupert Ford25 and, furthermore, I don't care. |我不知道鲁珀特·福特碰到了什么事,而且我也不关心。
<TITLE>Phrases and Expressions</TITLE>
||<38>adjust to  |get used to a new situation |适应
|| |The human body can quickly adjust itself to changes in temperature. |人体能很快地自行调节,以适应气温变化。
|| |I can't adjust to living on my own. |我无法适应独立生活。
||<39>familiar to |well known to |为...所熟悉
|| |The facts are familiar to every schoolboy. |这些事实是每个中小学男生都熟知的。
|| |The house looked strangely familiar to her. |奇怪的是这座房子在她看来似曾相识。
||<40>culture shock |confusion caused by contact with a culture other than one's own |文化冲击;文化震撼
|| |I get culture shock every time I come back to this country. |每次回到这个国家我都会经历文化冲击。
|| |For seasoned travelers, culture shock is only a short-term problem. |对于经常旅游的人来说,文化冲击只是一个短期的问题。
||<41>tired of (doing) sth. |no longer wanting sth. or wanting to do sth. |厌烦(做)某事
|| |I'm tired of your lame15 excuses. |你的那些牵强的借口,我已经听厌了。
|| |I'm tired of watching TV; let's go for a walk. |电视我已经看腻了,我们去散散步吧。
||<42>separate from |keep people or things apart from each other |把...分开;分离
|| |This patient should be separated from the others. |这个病人应该与其他患者隔离。
|| |In some way, in the rush to get out of the building I got separated from my mother. |我急急忙忙冲出大楼的时候不知怎么就和妈妈走散了。
||<43>prevent from |stop sb. or sth. from doing sth. |阻止;防止
|| |Nobody can prevent us from getting married. |任何人也阻止不了我们结婚。
|| |His broken leg prevented him from walking. |他腿断了,无法行走。
||<44>recover from |return to a normal state from an illness, accident, shock, etc. |从(疾病、事故、震惊等)中恢复
|| |He's now fully recovered from the shock. |他现在已完全从震惊中恢复了过来。
|| |He never really recovered from the sadness of his wife's death. |他从未真正从丧妻的悲伤中走出来。
||<45>go through |experience a particular process |经历;经受
|| |Has the new law gone through all its stages yet? |新的法律通过了各个阶段的程序没有?
|| |Caterpillars go through several stages of growth. |蝴蝶的一生要经历好几个发育阶段。


1 demonstration 9waxo     
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
2 jingle RaizA     
  • The key fell on the ground with a jingle.钥匙叮当落地。
  • The knives and forks set up their regular jingle.刀叉发出常有的叮当声。
3 minor e7fzR     
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年轻的男演员在这出新戏里被分派担任一个小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分财产给了他。
4 honeymoon ucnxc     
  • While on honeymoon in Bali,she learned to scuba dive.她在巴厘岛度蜜月时学会了带水肺潜水。
  • The happy pair are leaving for their honeymoon.这幸福的一对就要去度蜜月了。
5 hostility hdyzQ     
  • There is open hostility between the two leaders.两位领导人表现出公开的敌意。
  • His hostility to your plan is well known.他对你的计划所持的敌意是众所周知的。
6 distress 3llzX     
  • Nothing could alleviate his distress.什么都不能减轻他的痛苦。
  • Please don't distress yourself.请你不要忧愁了。
7 erratic ainzj     
  • The old man had always been cranky and erratic.那老头儿性情古怪,反复无常。
  • The erratic fluctuation of market prices is in consequence of unstable economy.经济波动致使市场物价忽起忽落。
8 distressed du1z3y     
  • He was too distressed and confused to answer their questions. 他非常苦恼而困惑,无法回答他们的问题。
  • The news of his death distressed us greatly. 他逝世的消息使我们极为悲痛。
9 mechanism zCWxr     
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
10 mechanisms d0db71d70348ef1c49f05f59097917b8     
n.机械( mechanism的名词复数 );机械装置;[生物学] 机制;机械作用
  • The research will provide direct insight into molecular mechanisms. 这项研究将使人能够直接地了解分子的机理。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He explained how the two mechanisms worked. 他解释这两台机械装置是如何工作的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 defense AxbxB     
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
12 fully Gfuzd     
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
13 repression zVyxX     
  • The repression of your true feelings is harmful to your health.压抑你的真实感情有害健康。
  • This touched off a new storm against violent repression.这引起了反对暴力镇压的新风暴。
14 dealing NvjzWP     
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
15 lame r9gzj     
  • The lame man needs a stick when he walks.那跛脚男子走路时需借助拐棍。
  • I don't believe his story.It'sounds a bit lame.我不信他讲的那一套。他的话听起来有些靠不住。
16 isolated bqmzTd     
  • His bad behaviour was just an isolated incident. 他的不良行为只是个别事件。
  • Patients with the disease should be isolated. 这种病的患者应予以隔离。
17 isolation 7qMzTS     
  • The millionaire lived in complete isolation from the outside world.这位富翁过着与世隔绝的生活。
  • He retired and lived in relative isolation.他退休后,生活比较孤寂。
18 rejection FVpxp     
  • He decided not to approach her for fear of rejection.他因怕遭拒绝决定不再去找她。
  • The rejection plunged her into the dark depths of despair.遭到拒绝使她陷入了绝望的深渊。
19 applied Tz2zXA     
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
20 rejections 159b16c2797ee6b20f045c2047ca4afc     
拒绝( rejection的名词复数 ); 摒弃; 剔除物; 排斥
  • Most writers endure a number of rejections before being published. 大部分作家经历无数次的退稿才守得云开,作品得到发表。
  • Supervise workers and monitors production quality to minimize rejections. 管理工人,监控生产质量,减少退货。
21 utilize OiPwz     
  • The cook will utilize the leftover ham bone to make soup.厨师要用吃剩的猪腿骨做汤。
  • You must utilize all available resources.你必须利用一切可以得到的资源。
22 alleviate ZxEzJ     
  • The doctor gave her an injection to alleviate the pain.医生给她注射以减轻疼痛。
  • Nothing could alleviate his distress.什么都不能减轻他的痛苦。
23 alleviated a4745257ebd55707de96128297f486e1     
减轻,缓解,缓和( alleviate的过去式和过去分词 )
  • It is always completely alleviated by total gastrectomy. 全胃切除永远完全缓解症状。
  • Toxicity problem in manufacturing and storage might be alleviated by coating beryllium with aluminum. 但如果用铝包覆铍,则可避免加工过程中及储存期间的中毒问题。
24 boredom ynByy     
  • Unemployment can drive you mad with boredom.失业会让你无聊得发疯。
  • A walkman can relieve the boredom of running.跑步时带着随身听就不那么乏味了。
25 Ford KiIxx     
  • They were guarding the bridge,so we forded the river.他们驻守在那座桥上,所以我们只能涉水过河。
  • If you decide to ford a stream,be extremely careful.如果已决定要涉过小溪,必须极度小心。
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论